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that may be necessary and desirable. Some changes that now appear to have merit require further study. It is the responsibility of the President as Chief Executive to see that needed adjustments and improvements in administrative organization are made. But this he cannot adequately accomplish without proper statutory authority. The present Reorganization Act entirely exempts some 21 administrative agencies from consideration. Furthermore this act expires on January 20, 1941.

I strongly recommend the reenactment of the Reorganization Act, without exemptions. The structure and management of our Government, like the activities and services it performs, must be kept abreast of social and economic change.

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT. THE WHITE HOUSE,

April 11, 1940.

REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. IV 2

Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the House of Repre

sentatives in Congress assembled, April 11, 1940, pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1939, approved April 3, 1939

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

SECTION 1. Transfer of Dominican Customs Receivership. The functions of the Division of Territories and Island Possessions in the Department of the Interior relating to the Dominican Customs Receivership are transferred to the Department of State and shall be administered by the Secretary of State or under his direction and supervision by such agency in the Department of State as he shall designate.

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Sec. 2. Approval of compromises.—The functions of the Attorney General relating to the approval of compromises made in accordance with the provisions of section 7 of the Federal Alcohol Administration Act are transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury, to be exercised by him or under his direction and supervision by such officer in the Department of the Treasury as he shall designate: Provided, That exclusive jurisdiction to compromise cases arising under the Federal Alcohol Administration Act which are pending before the courts or which have been or may hereafter be referred to the Department of Justice for action shall be vested in the Attorney General, and may be exercised by him or by any officer in the Department of Justice desig. nated by him.

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

Sec. 3. Disbursement functions of United States marshals.-All functions relating to disbursement by United States marshals which would otherwise become functions of the Treasury Department on

2 Public Res. No. 75, approved June 4, 1940, provides that Reorganization Plans Nos. III and IV. shall take effect on June 30, 1940, notwithstanding the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1939.

3 53 Stat. 561, 5 U. S. C. 133 et seq.

July 1, 1940, by virtue of the provisions of Executive Order No. 6166 of June 10, 1933, as amended, are transferred to and vested in the Department of Justice to be exercised by United States marshals under the supervision of the Attorney General in accordance with existing statutes pertaining to such functions: Provided, That the Attorney General shall furnish the Secretary of the Treasury, when requested by him, such information as the Treasury Department may require with respect to the amounts of money received and disbursed by marshals and the procedure followed in connection therewith: Provided further, That upon the request of the Secretary of the Treasury, and with the approval of the Attorney General, the facilities of the Department of Justice may be utilized in the disbursement, or aiding in the disbursement, of public moneys of the United States available for expenditure by any agency of the Government.

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT

SEC. 4. Functions of postal disbursements.-All functions relating to the disbursement of the postal revenues and all other funds under the jurisdiction of the Post Office Department and the Postmaster General and the Board of Trustees of the Postal Savings System which would otherwise become functions of the Treasury Department on July 1, 1940, by virtue of Executive Order No. 6166 of June 10, 1933, as amended, are transferred to and vested in (a) the Board of Trustees of the Postal Savings System as to postal savings disbursements, and (6) the Post Office Department as to all other disbursements involved, and such functions shall be exercised by postmasters and other authorized disbursing agents of the Post Office Department and of the Postal Savings System in accordance with existing statutes pertaining to such functions: Provided, That the Postmaster General shall furnish to the Secretary of the Treasury, when requested by him, such information as the Treasury Department may require with respect to the amounts of money received and disbursed by the Post Office Department, its postmasters and other fiscal officers, and the procedure followed in connection therewith: Provided further, That upon request of the Secretary of the Treasury, and with the approval of the Postmaster General, the facilities of the Post Office Department may be utilized in the disbursement, or aiding in the disbursement, of public moneys of the United States available for expenditure by any agency of the Government.

Sec. 5. Transfer of interbuilding messenger functions.-(a) Except as prohibited by section 3 (b) of the Reorganization Act of 1939, the function of regular interbuilding messenger service (including the transportation of mail) and the function of transportation of mail between Government agencies and the city post office, now exercised in the District of Columbia by agencies of the Government, are transferred from such agencies to and consolidated in the Post Office Department and shall be administered by the Postmaster General under such rules and regulations as the President shall prescribe: Provided, That this section shall not apply to the transportation of moneys and securities by armored truck or by other special services, or to messenger service between contiguous buildings.

(6) The Director of the Bureau of the Budget may waive the transfer of any motor vehicle coming within the purview of section 14 of this plan where he finds that the retention of such vehicle is essential to the performance of functions other than those transferred by this section.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Sec. 6. Certain functions of the Soil Conservation Service transferred.—The functions of the Soil Conservation Service in the Department of Agriculture with respect to soil and moisture conservation operations conducted on any lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior are transferred to the Department of the Interior and shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of the Interior through such agency or agencies in the Department of the Interior as the Secretary shall designate.

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Sec. 7. Transfer of Civil Aeronautics Authority.-(a) The Civil Aeronautics Authority and its functions, the Office of the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics and its functions, and the functions of the Air Safety Board are transferred to the Department of Commerce.

(6) The functions of the Air Safety Board are consolidated with the functions of the Civil Aeronautics Authority, which shall hereafter be known as the Civil Aeronautics Board and which shall, in addition to its other functions, discharge the duties heretofore vested in the Air Safety Board so as to provide for the independent investigation of aircraft accidents. The offices of the members of the Air Safety Board are abolished.

(c) The Administrator of Civil Aeronautics, whose functions shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of Commerce, and the Civil Aeronautics Board, which shall report to Congress and the President through the Secretary of Commerce, shall constitute the Civil Aeronautics Authority within

the Department of Commerce: Provided, That the Civil Aeronautics Board shall exercise its functions of rule-making (including the prescription of rules, regulations, and standards), adjudication, and investigation independently of the Secretary of Commerce: Provided further, That the budgeting, accounting, personnel, procurement, and related routine management functions of the Civil Aeronautics Board shall be performed under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of Commerce through such facilities as he shall designate or establish.

SEC. 8. Transfer of Weather Bureau.—The Weather Bureau in the Department of Agriculture and its functions are transferred to the Department of Commerce and shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of Commerce: Provided, That the Department of Agriculture may continue to make snow surveys and to conduct research concerning: (a) relationships between weather and crops, (b) long-range weather forecasting, and (c) relationships between weather and soil erosion.

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

SEC. 9. Transfer of certain functions relating to enforcement of wage payments on public construction. The functions of the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of the Interior under section 2 of the Act of June 13, 1934, entitled“An Act to effectuate the pur

pose of certain statutes concerning rates of pay for labor, by making it unlawful to prevent anyone from receiving the compensation contracted for thereunder, and for other purposes” (48 Stat. 948), are transferred to the Secretary of Labor and shall be administered by him or under his direction and supervision by such agency in the Department of Labor as the Secretary shall designate.

UNITED STATES MARITIME COMMISSION SEC. 10. Transfer of nautical school functions. The functions of the Secretary of the Navy with respect to furnishing, maintaining, and repairing vessels for the use of State marine or nautical schools and with respect to administering grants of funds for the support of such schools are transferred to and shall be administered by the United States Maritime Commission. Jurisdiction over vessels, apparel, charts, books, and instruments now loaned to State marine or nautical schools is transferred from the Secretary of the Navy to the United States Maritime Commission.

FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY SEC. 11. Transfer of certain Interior Department institutions-(a) Saint Elizabeths Hospital.—Saint Elizabeths Hospital in the Department of the Interior and its functions are transferred to the Federal Security Agency and shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. The annual report required to be submitted to the Congress by the superintendent of the Hospital shall be submitted through the Federal Security Administrator. The annual report required to be furnished to the Secretary of the Interior by the Board of Visitors shall be furnished to the Federal Security Administrator.

(6) Freedmen's Hospital.-Freedmen's Hospital in the Department of the Interior and its functions are transferred to the Federal Security Agency and shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator.

(c) Howard University.The functions of the Department of the Interior relating to the administration of Howard University are transferred to the Federal Security Agency and shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. The annual report required to be furnished to the Secretary of the Interior by the president and directors of the University shall be furnished to the Federal Security Administrator. The Office of Education shall continue to make its inspections of and reports on the affairs of Howard University in accordance with the provisions of existing law.

(d) Columbia Institution for the Deaf.—The functions of the Department of the Interior relating to the administration of the Columbia Institution for the Deaf are transferred to the Federal Security Agency and shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. The annual report required to be furnished to the Secretary of the Interior by the president and directors of the Institution shall be furnished to the Federal Security Administrator, and the annual report of the superintendent of the Institution to the Congress shall be submitted through the Federal Security Administrator.

(e) Federal Security Administrator.-The functions transferred by this section shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator through such officers or subdivisions of the Federal Security Agency as the Administrator shall designate.

SEC. 12. Transfer of Food and Drug Administration.—The Food and Drug Administration in the Department of Agriculture and its functions, except those functions relating to the administration of the Insecticide Act of 1910 and the Naval Stores Act, are transferred to the Federal Security Agency and shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. The Chief of the Food and Drug Administration shall hereafter be known as the Commissioner of Food and Drugs.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 13. Transfer of functions of heads of departments. Except as otherwise provided in this Plan, the functions of the head of any department relating to the administration of any agency or function transferred from his department by this Plan are transferred to, and shall be exercised by, the head of the department or agency to which such transferred agency or function is transferred by this Plan.

Sec. 14. Transfer of records, property, and personnel.Except as otherwise provided in this Plan, all records and property (including office equipment) of the several agencies, and all records and property used primarily in the administration of any functions transferred by this Plan, and all personnel used in the administration of such agencies and functions (including officers whose chief duties relate to such administration and whose offices are not abolished) are transferred to the respective agencies concerned, for use in the administration of the agencies and functions transferred by this Plan: Provided, That any personnel transferred to any agency by this section found by the head of such agency to be in excess of the

personnel necessary for the administration of the functions transferred to his agency shall be retransferred under existing law to other positions in the Government service, or separated from the service subject to the provisions of section 10 (a) of the Reorganization Act of 1939.

Sec. 15. Transfer of funds. So much of the unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, or other funds available for the use of any agency in the exercise of any function transferred by this Plan, or for the use of the head of any agency in the exercise of any function so transferred, as the Director of the Bureau of the Budget with the approval of the President shall determine, shall be transferred to the agency concerned for use in connection with the exercise of the function so transferred. In determining the amount to be transferred the Director of the Bureau of the Budget may include an amount to provide for the liquidation of obligations incurred against such appropriations, allocations, or other funds prior to the transfer: Provided, That the use of the unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, or other funds transferred by this section shall be subject to the provisions of section 4 (d) (3) and section 9 of the Reorganization Act of 1939.

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