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belonging to the said A. B.; for which causes, on the other part, the said C. D. obliges himself and his heirs, executors, and successors, conjunctly and severally, without the benefit of discussion, to pay to the said A. B. or his foresaids, at the Mansion House, Grouse Hall, or at such place as the proprietor may from time to time appoint, the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds sterling of yearly rent; the first year's rent to be payable on the signing of these presents, the second year's rent on the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, the third year's rent on the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, the fourth year's rent on the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-six, and the fifth year's rent on the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, with one-fifth part more of each payment in case of failure, and the legal interest of each year's rent, from and after the time when the same becomes due, during the non-payment thereof; and the said C. D. hereby stipulates and engages that he shall care for and protect the game in a fair and propermanner, encourage the different breeds, and in no event shall he be entitled to extirpate or entirely destroy the same; and that he shall not kill more game during the last year of his possession than, having reference to its judicious management, he has killed or ought to have killed in previous years; and in the event of any difference of opinion arising between landlord and tenant in respect of the mode of the management of the game, the same shall be referred to two neutral persons of skill, to be mutually chosen, or their oversman, whose award shall be final; and failing such appointment within ten days after a request to do so is made in writing by on» party to the other, it shall be in the power of either party to apply to the judge ordinary to appoint a skilful person to inspect and report on the premises. And both parties bind and oblige themselves to implement the premises to each other, under the penalty of three hundred pounds sterling, to be paid by the party failing to the party observing or willing to observe the same over and above performances. In witness whereof these presents, written on this and the preceding page, by W. H. of
are subscribed to by us as follows: — Videlicet, by me, D. C, of Pall Mall, London, at , the first
day of June, 1853, before these witnesses, R. F. D., merchant, &c. &c., and W. T., gentleman, ,
and by me, A. B., at street, London, this first day of June, 1853, before these witnesses, R. F. D. &c. &c. &c., and W. T. &c. &c. &c.
R. F. D., witness. A. B.
W. T., witness.
R. F. D., witness. C. D.
W. T., witness.
FISHING IN SEA-WATER LOCHS.
Sea-water lochs in Scotland, particularly those in the western part of it, abound in a great variety of excellent fish, thus offering a fine opportunity to those who are fond of indulging in the sport, should they visit or locate themselves in that wild and picturesque part of the United Kingdom. The sea-water lochs are open to every one for all sorts of fishing, either by rods, lines, or nets, with the exception of trawling or splashing for salmon and salmon trout within a mile of the shore, — the exclusive right to these fish being secured by Act of Parliament to the landed proprietors contiguous to whose shores they may be found within the above named distance; but all other fish may be taken in any way.
In some of the best lochs, turbot, soles, haddock, cod, whiting, mackerel, herring, flounders, skate, gurnet, leith, seithe, and conger eel abound. There are also certain parts of some of these lochs which abound in oysters and lobsters; and fishermen have sometimes brought me scollops and razor-fish; the latter are plentiful, but the former are not so. To enjoy this sport in perfection, a good boat, nets, and lines of all sorts are required, and the aid of a man who thoroughly understands boating and fishing; the latter will be especially necessary to ensure safety as well as success. Those who live in the vicinity of these lochs can alone enjoy this profitable and recreative amusement to any extent, in consideration of the numerous appliances which are requisite. I will first mention the various methods of fishing, with the names of the implements used, and then give such information as I possess upon the different modes of operation.
1st. Deep sea trawl, for taking all sorts of fiat fish, such as turbot, soles, flounders, &c. 2nd. Bag net, used exclusively for salmon. 3rd. Drag net, or traul, used for taking salmon, salmon trout, and any other kind of fish. 4th. Splash net, for all sorts of fish. 5th. Long line, with 500 large hooks, for cod, haddock, skate, conger eel, &c. 6th. Long line, with 500 small hooks, for haddock, whiting, codling, flounders, and gurnet. 7th. Hand line for whiting, codling, flounders, gurnet, &c. 8th. Long leaded line for mackerel, used either sailing or rowing. 9th. Rod fishing with white fly, from the stern of the boat, for leith, seithe, and herring.
As the water is frequently very rough in seawater lochs, and squalls come on very suddenly, a good well-built boat is essentially requisite in order that you may carry on your operations efficiently and securely: in fine weather, during the summer months, a boat of about 12 feet keel will suffice, but in the autumn and winter months, when the weather becomes uncertain, a much larger one will be necessary,— one from 16 to 18 feet keel, with good breadth of beam, i. e. T8^ of her keel; this boat will carry mainsail, foresail, and jib. If she be built of the best materials, copper-fastened, and feathered and finished in the best possible style, she will cost from 151. to 201., exclusive of four oars, the sails, and other requisites, which will amount to about 101. more. The smaller boat would cost about seven pounds: she would require a lug sail, which she would carry well on a fine day with a moderate breeze; but the greatest caution is requisite with a boat of this size at All times, but more especially on a gusty day, as she is easily upset if not properly managed ; and in all lochs you are constantly subject, even in the finest weather, to squalls, but more especially when the wind is at all in the east, or if there be any dark clouds flying about.
On no account put up a sail in a small boat, unless you thoroughly understand the management of sails; and, when hoisted, let the rope which holds the sail, t. e., the sheet, if fastened, be secured only by a slip knot, so that you can unloose it in a moment; but it is safer to have it in hand, through a ring fixed to the gunwale of the boat for the purpose. The rope which secures the sail to the beam, i. e. the halliard, ought not to be tied in a knot, but merely doubled back behind