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be taken out every third day, and be thoroughly dried, and remain out at least for twenty-four hours, as if constantly allowed to remain in the water it would soon become rotten and useless. At the end of every season it ought to be well soaked in bark and catechu, and when thoroughly dried, hung up in a perfectly dry place; by this means, and with proper care, a good net will last for two or three seasons. A good net of this description will cost about 31. When this net is not in use, it ought occasionally to have the benefit of the air on a fine dry day, this being essential to its preservation; and when hung up within it ought to be out of the reach of rats and mice, as they would seriously damage it if they could get access to it; and a precaution of this nature is always necessary, as rats always abound by the sea shore, where houses and farmbuildings are contiguous.
THE BAG NET.'
This net is used exclusively for salmon, and where they abound is most profitable. It is fastened to stakes by the sea coast, or by the sides of sea-water lochs where salmon are known
to pass. It is wide at one end, and at the other there is a bag or purse; it is so constructed, that salmon on having once entered it cannot return. From the bank, at right angles, there is a connecting net, called a leader, which obstructs the passage of the salmon on both sides; and, as they naturally follow this, on their passage being "impeded, get into the first department of the bag net, and from thence through others into the purse or bag, which is kept down by an anchor, and its precise position indicated by a buoy, to which it is attached by a rope.
When the fish are taken out, the purse is merely raised into a boat and the end untied, and the fish thus liberated and secured; without in any way disturbing the position of the net, or displacing the stakes, as the latter being firmly driven into the bottom, remain permanently fixed as long as they are sound. A man must be in constant attendance on this net. It ought to be taken out every third or fourth day, and hung up to dry; being in the meantime replaced by another, two being properly required for each position, for their mutual preservation. One net kept continuously in the water would soon become rotten and unfit for use. Sometimes only one net is used, taken out on Saturday and replaced on Monday. But this is a bad plan.
At the end of the season these nets will require soaking in bark and catechu; and then must be thoroughly dried in the open air before they are put away in some dry place for next season; but even when not in use they must occasionally be taken out on a fine day and have the benefit of the fresh air. It frequently happens at certain periods that large quantities of sea weed are carried up and down by the tide, and fill the meshes of the net; in which case the net must be immediately taken" up, and a clean one substituted, as no fish will come near the net when it is foul. When these occasions arise, there is much trouble and but little profit, as the cleansing of one of these large nets thus foul requires much time, trouble, and perseverance, the weed or reek being very adhesive. Each position for a stake net produces a good rent to the proprietor of the land contiguous to the shore, varying according to the reputation of the locality. These nets are very destructive of the sport of the rod in the contiguous rivers, and are very justly complained of by the amateur fisherman.
FRESH-WATER LOCHS IN SCOTLAND.
The small fresh-water lochs in Scotland abound in trout, and afford excellent sport to those who
are fond of fly-fishing, and who prefer numbers to size; as the trout in these are generally very numerous, but small, so that many dozen may be taken on any favourable day. The lochs being supplied by numerous springs, and the bottoms either rocky or gravelly, and free from mud, the trout are excellent; they, however, differ both in quality and size in different lochs. I have observed that one particular quality and size predominates in each loch. In some you will never take a fish beyond an eighth of a pound; in others they will not exceed a quarter of a pound; in some you will find them about the size of a herring, i. e. half a pound: but where these sizes exist they are always very abundant, so that you may take a large number; in fact, get a rise at almost every throw of your fly. In some the flesh and flavour approaches the redness and taste of salmon; in others the flesh is white, and the flavour that of the ordinary trout, but perfectly sweet.
In some of the largest and deepest lochs, trout of three, four, and five pounds may be taken; but these large fish are neither so abundant, nor are they so easily taken; in fact, they are rather difficult to take, except with a particular fly, or by trolling. The fish are of excellent quality, although their exterior is very dark. The lochs containing these superior fish are so very rare on R
some moors, that perhaps out of a dozen, eleven will contain only small fish. The lochs on the top of the hills seldom contain large fish, the heavy fish being generally found in the lochs in the low ground; these being more extensive and deeper, and being supplied by many small tributary streams, in addition to their own springs, ^ave a larger and better supply of food. For small trout no flies succeed so well as the red hackle, the gnat, and the dun fly, and, towards evening, a small white fly.
If you are not contented with the productiveness of the rod, you may try a more wholesale implement, called an Otter. This is made of wood or cork; the latter material, however, being decidedly the better of the two for the purpose. Its length may be from one to two feet, and half that measure in depth, breadth one inch; the shape that of a boat; a piece of lead screwed into and along the bottom, so that it may move perpendicularly. On one side you must have a small strong wire rail, about four inches in length, projecting about one inch. On this there must be a small ring, to which you will attach your line; by which means you can draw the otter to either the right or left. The end of your line ought to consist of three or four yards of strong gut. To this you may attach your flies, at intervals of from two to three feet; a dozen or