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LORDS.

SAT FIRST.
FRIDAY, MAY 13.
The Lord Strathspey, after the death of his father.

TUESDAY, MAY 17.
The Lord Camoys, after the death of his grandfather.

COMMONS.

NEW WRIT ISSUED. FRIDAY, MAY 13. For Preston, v. Edward Hermon, esquire, deceased.

NEW MEMBERS SWORN.

FRIDAY, MAY 20.
Knaresborough-Thomas Collins, esquire.

THURSDAY, MAY 26.
Preston-William Farrer Ecroyd, esquire.

HANSARD'S

PARLIAMENTARY DEBATES

IN THE

SECOND SESSION OF THE TWENTY-SECOND PARLIAMENT OF THE

UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND,

APPOINTED TO MEET 29 APRIL, 1880, IN THE FORTY-THIRD
YEAR OF THE REIGN OF

HER MAJESTY QUEEN VICTORIA.

FIFTH VOLUME OF SESSION

1881.

My Lords, very few arguments are reHOUSE OF LORDS, quired to induce your Lordships to agree

to that Motion; and for this reason, and Monday, 9th May, 1881. for some others, I shall confine my ob

servations within narrow limits. This

is not the time, and I am not the person, MINUTES.) - PURLIC BILLFirst Reading to give a biographical sketch of one so Bridges (South Wales) * (83).

well known as Lord Beaconsfield, and it

would still less become me to analyze, TIE LATE EARL OF BEACONS. in any degree, his policy or his political FIELD, K.G.

actions. For me to give my approval of ADDRESS TO HER MAJESTY.

these would give a stamp of insincerity

to my remarks, which would be disARL GRANVILLE: My Lords, I pleasing to your Lordships, and which

rise to move the Address of which I would not be creditable to myself. My have given Notice, and which is as fol. Lords, our long experience of Constitulows:

tional Government has convinced nearly an humble Address be presented to all Englishmen that Party Government sty praying that Her Majesty will is necessary for the good working of ions that a Monument be erected in Representative Institutions, and that my of the late Right Honourable the Party organization is needful in order

K.G., with an inscription to establish a strong and efficient Goh sense entertained by the vernment under the Constitution. But, 1 splendid gifts, and of his owing to the same experience, together Parliament and in great with other favouring circumstances, rin giving effect to Her there is no country where the relations of political opponents are

more free (THIRD SERIES.] B

[graphic]

No one

from personal bitterness, none where a rather strong complaint of his having the readiness is greater at the proper done so. I have since learned with ro. moment to drop Party feelings and ex- gret that Lord Beaconsfield had, just clusively to consider that which is for before he received that message from the national dignity. I believe it is for me, swallowed one drug and had inthe dignity of the nation that from time haled another drug, in quantities nicely to time, and on exceptional occasions, adapted so as to enable him to speak Parliament should recognize the public free from the oppression of his complaint services of statesmen, not as a proof of during the time that that speech reuniversal approval of the particular quired for delivery. I cannot help thinkpolicy which they may have pursued, ing that such incidents as these, although for that would be impossible, but as an not very great in themselves-one at the acknowledgment of unusual abilities de beginning, and the other at the end of a voted in eminent positions to the service Parliamentary career which lasted 44 of the State. My Lords, it is impos- years—were proofs of that determinasible for anyone to deny that Lord tion which he possessed, and that conBeaconsfield played a great part in tempt for obstacles which might have English history.

can deny alarmed weaker men. My Lords, I his rare and splendid gifts, and his remember another small fact connected great force of character. No one can with this House which appeared to me deny how long and how continuous have indicative of Lord Beaconsfield's selfbeen his services, both with regard to control and his great patience. Almost the Crown and Parliament. I doubt any man coming into this Assembly as whether to many public men can the Prime Minister, and with a great oraquality of genius be more fitly attri- torical reputation, would have been imbuted. It was by his strong indi- patient for an opportunity of display. I viduality, unaided by adventitious cir- dare say your Lordships remember how cumstances, that he owed his great per silent and how reticent Lord Beaconsfield sonal success. My Lords, I myself, as- was for two or three months after he came sisted by some of those social advantages into your Lordships' House; and it was which Mr. Disraeli was without, came only when an unfounded charge was inade into the House of Commons at an early against him that he took the opportunity age, and six months before he took his of making a speech by which he immeseat in that Assembly. I thus heard diately obtained that holdover your Lordhim make that speech famous for its ships' House which he had so long mainfailure, a speech which I am convinced, stained in “another place.” Some men if it had been made when he was better exercise influence over others by possessknown to the House of Commons, woulding in a stronger degree the qualities have been received with cheers and sym- and the defects of those whom they inpathy, instead of derisive laughter; but fluence. Others produce the same effect which, owing to the prejudices of his from exactly contrary causes. It is proaudience, he was obliged to close with bable that Lord Beaconsfield, with few a sentence, which, like a somewhat prejudices of his own, and more or less similar ejaculation of Mr. Sheridan, tolerant of those of others, belonged to showed the unconquerable confidence the latter class. I never knew a greater which strong men have in their own master, in writing, in speaking, and in power. My Lords, the last time that conversation, of censure and of eulogy. Lord Beaconsfield spoke in this House a His long habit of sparkling literary speech of an argumentative character composition, his facility in dealing with was a few weeks ago. I think it was about epigram, metaphor, antithesis, and even 10 o'clock on the second evening of the alliteration, gave him a singular power debate on Afghanistan that Lord Bea- of coining and applying phrases which consfield sent me a message saying that at once laid hold of the popular mind, he purposed speaking directly. I sent and attached praise or blame to actions back a strong remonstrance. Two noble of the contending Parties in the State. Lords who formerly held Office, and a Lord Beaconsfield had certainly the third with remarkable power of speak- power of appealing in his policy, in his ing, wished to take part in the debate. character, and in his career, to the imaLord Beaconsfield, however, persisted, gination of his countrymen and of foand I thought I was justified in making reigners, a power which was not extin

Earl Granville

guished even by death. With certain them in our ranks, I know no brighter exceptions, Lord Beaconsfield was sin- or more brilliant example than that of gularly tolerant with regard to his poli. Lord Beaconsfield. My Lords, I beg to tical opponents, and very appreciative of move the Resolution of which I have their merits. I believe no more happy given Notice. compliment was ever paid to Lord Pal- THE MARQUESS OF SALISBURY : merston and Lord Russell than by Mr. My Lords, the noble Earl, in the graceDisraeli in the House of Commons; and ful language with which he has moved I have heard one of Mr Cobden's dearest the erection of this last and melancholy friends quote, as the most touching speech tribute to a political opponent, justly he ever heard, the tribute which Mr. said, not only that contested questions Disraeli paid in the House of Commons were in no degree affected by the action to his great and victorious Free Trade that he or your Lordships might take, opponent. I myself can boast of having or by the language that he used, but been treated in this House by'successive also that not many words were needed Leaders of the groa: Conservative Party to commend this Motion to the acceptin it with great kindness and great fair- ance of Parliament. My Lords, it is ness; but I am bound to say that by true that in this case not many words none was that great fairness and for- are needed; because one of the most bearance more remarkably displayed striking phenomena attending on Lord than by Lord Beaconsfield during the Beaconsfield's brilliant and remarkable few years that I had the honour of sit- career has been the deep interest with ting opposite him, and on some previous which, through his illness and after his occasions with regard to Foreign Affairs. death, his fate was followed, not only by My Lords, the noble Duke (the Duke of his own friends and adherents, but by Richmond and Gordon), on Thursday, men of every class and degree in this speaking on the authority of an intimate country, and by distinguished men of friend, told your Lordships how kind great influence and power in other counand good-natured a man in private life tries also. My Lords, whatever else may Lord Beaconsfield was. I believe that be said of the deceased statesman, this, at to be perfectly true, notwithstanding the least, can never be gainsaid-his memory singular power of destructiveness which will ever be associated with many and he possessed, and sometimes exercised. great controverted issues ; but the hisI remember being told by one, to whom torian must always add that, when the the constant devotion of Lord Beacons- fierce struggle was over, and the great field during his life was one of the cha- career was closed, there was no doubt racteristic traits of his character, that what the verdict was of his countrymen not only was he a kind and good-na- upon the services he had rendered. tured man, but that he was singularly This unanimity of opinion with respect sensitive to kindness shown to him by to one whose measures were necessarily others. There is one reason, my Lords, much contested will suggest various exwhy this House should pay respect to planations. That his Friends and Colthe memory of Lord Beaconsfield, which leagues should mourn his loss and reis not altogether of a disinterested cha- gard his memory is only too natural. racter. It has been said of the British I have not the same title to speak on aristocracy, sometimes as a matter of this subject as many of those beside praise, sometimes of blame, that they me have, because my close political are proud, wealthy, and powerful. There connection with him was comparatively is an element, however, of a democratic recent. But it lasted through anxious character mixed with this aristocratic and difficult times, when the chaconstitution of the House of Lords, which racter of men is plainly seen by has certainly added to its wealth and those who work with them. And upon strength, possibly to its pride. It is the me, as I believo upon all others who unexclusiveness which is peculiar to the have worked with him, his patience, Institution. Of the smoothness with his gentleness, his unswerving and unwhich the portals of this Assembly roll selfish loyalty to bis Colleagues and his back before distinguished men, without fellow-labourers, have made an impresreference to caste or to blood, of the sion which will never leave me as long welcome which is given to such, of the as life endures. But these feelings could distinguished place which is assigned to only affect the limited circle of his im

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