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ILLUSTRATING THE

CHARACTER, USAGES, TRADITIONS,

SPORTS AND PASTIMES

OF

THE IRISH PEASANTRY.

BY WILLIAM CARLETON,

Author of "Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry,"
"Fardorougha, the Miser," "Jane Sinclair,"

Valentine M'Clutchy," &c.

DUBLIN:

PUBLISHED BY JAMES DUFFY,

23, ANGLESEA-STREET.

1845.

William Holden, Printer, 10, Abbey-street, Dublin.

955 c.281 tad

ΤΟ

CHARLES GAVAN DUFFY, ESQ.

Editor of the "Nation" Newspaper.

MY DEAR DUFFY,

I know no man who, within the short period of his public life, has done so much to elevate the national mind, purify its taste, and diffuse a healthy intellectual movement among the Irish people; a movement which will do more to foster principles of independence and liberty, and give them permanency among us and our posterity, than any other cause with which I am acquainted. In order to mark my sense, then, of the public benefits you have thus conferred, and are conferring, upon our countrymen, and also, as a very inadequate token of long private friendship and sincere regard, I beg to prefix your name to the following volume.

Believe me to be, my dear Duffy,

Very sincerely and faithfully yours,

W. CARLETON.

Dublin, June 16th, 1845.

061

PREFACE.

The following volume contains a collection of short sketches, that have appeared in various periodicals within the last few years; and as many of them exhibit delineations of several remarkable characters that are strictly national, and consequently not to be found in any other country, at least with the same traits of habit, thought, and feeling, which distinguish them in this, the author was induced to bring them together as a series of those portraits in which the individual always represents not a person but a class. He had, however, still a stronger motive in reference to this, one which, he trusts, will plead his apology, at least with Irishmen. The present state of society is admitted to be, so far as regards the lower classes in Ireland, a transition one. Ignorance, want of education, and other causes, necessarily produced not only characters of a marked and peculiar kind, but also furnished the broad social stages on which they acted. These creations, then, cannot be uninteresting to any mind that takes pleasure in the investigation

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