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1096. Departure of the first Cru-
saders 191

Their Destruction in Hun-
gary and Asia ....

Chiefs of the first Crusade .

I. Godfrey of Bouillon . .

CHAPTER LVII.

THE TURKS OF THE HOUSE OF SELJUK. THEIR REVOLT AGAINST MAHMUD,

CONQUEROR OF HINDOSTAN. TOGRUL SUBDUES PERSIA, AND PROTECTS

THE CALIPHS. DEFEAT AND CAPTIVITY OF THE EMPEROR ROMANUS DIO-

GENES BY ALP ARSLAN. POWER AND MAGNIFICENCE OF MALEK SHAH.

CONQUEST OF ASIA MINOR AND SYRIA. STATE AND OPPRESSION OF JERU-

SALEM. — PILGRIMAGES TO THE nOLY SEPULCHRE.

A.D. Page

The Turks 146

997-1028. Mahmud the Game-

vide 147

His twelve Expeditions into

Hindostan 147

His Character 149

980-1028. Manners and Emigra-

tion of the Turks, or Turk-

mans 151

1038. They defeat the Gaznevides,

and subdue Persia . . . 153

1038-1152. Dynasty of the Selju-

kians 153

1038-1063. Reign and Character of

Togrul Beg 154

1055. He delivers the Caliph of

Bagdad 155

His Investiture .... 156

1063. And Death 157

1050. The Turks invade the Ro-

man Empire .... 157

1063-1072. Reign of Alp Arslan . 157

1065-1068. Conquest of Armenia

and Georgia 158

CHAPTER LVIII.

ORIGIN AND NUMBERS OF THE FIRST CRUSADE. CHARACTERS OF THE LATIN

PRINCES. — THEIR MARCH TO CONSTANTINOPLE. — POLICY OF THE GREEK

EMPEROR ALEXIUS. CONQUEST OF NICK, ANTIOCH, AND JERUSALEM, BY

THE FRANKS. — DELIVERANCE OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE. GODFREY OF

BOUILLON, FIRST KING OF JERUSALEM. INSTITUTIONS OF THE FRENCH

OR LATIN KINGDOM.

1095-1099. The first Crusade . . 178

Peter the Hermit .... 178

1095. Urban II. in the Council of

Placentia 179

Council of Clermont . . . 181

Justice of the Crusades? . 184

Spiritual Motives and Indul-

gences 186

Temporal and Carnal Mo-

tives 189

Influence of Example . . 190

H. Hugh of Vcrmandois,

Robert of Normandy, Ro-

bert of Flanders, Stephen

of Chartres, &C. . . .

III. Raymond of Toulouse .

196

197
CONTENTS OF VOL. VII.

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A.D. Page

Legend of the Holy Lance . 220

Celestial Warriors . . . 221

The State of the Turks and

Caliphs of Egypt . . .222

1098, 1099. Delay of the Franks . 224

1099. Their March to Jerusalem . 224

Siege and Conquest of Jeru-

salem 225

1099, 1100. Election and Reign of

Godfrey of Bouillon . . 228

1099. Battle of Ascalon .... 229

1099-1187. The Kingdom of Jeru-

salem 230

1099-1369. Assise of Jerusalem . 232

Court of Peers 233

Law of Judicial Combats . 234
Court of Burgesses . . . 235

Syrians 236

Villains and Slaves . . . 236

A.D. Page

IV. Bohemond aud Tancred 198

Chivalry 199

1096,1097. March of the Princes

to Constantinople . . . 202

Policy of the Emperor Alex-

ius Comnenus .... 204

He obtains the Homage of

the Crusaders .... 206

Insolence of the Franks . . 208

1097. Their Review and Numbers 209

Siege of Nice 211

Battle of Doryheum . . .212

March through the Lesser

Asia 214

1097-1151. Baldwin founds the

Principality of Edessa . 214

1097, 1098. Siege of Antioch . . 215

1098. Victory of the Crusaders . 218

Their Famine and Distress

at Antioch 218

CHAPTER LIX.

PRESERVATION OF THE GREEK EMPIRE. — NUMBERS, PASSAGE, AND EVENT,

OF THE SECOND AND THIRD CRUSADES. ST. BERNARD. REIGN OF SALADIN

IN EGYPT AND SYRIA. HIS CONQUEST OF JERUSALEM.— NAVAL CRUSADES.

RICHARD THE FIRST OF ENGLAND. POPE INNOCENT THE THIRD; AND THE

FOURTH AND FIFTH CRUSADES. THE EMPEROR FREDERIC THE SECOND.

LOUIS THE NINTH OF FRANCE; AND THE TWO LAST CRUSADES. — EXPULSION

OF THE LATINS OR FRANKS BY THE MAMALUKES.

1097-1118. Success of Alexius . 237

Expeditions bv Land . . 239

1101. The first Crusade .... 239

1147. The second, of Conrad III.

and Louis VII 239

1189. The third, of Frederic I. . 239

Their Numbers .... 240

Passage through the Greek

i Empire 241

Turkish Warfare .... 243

Obstinacy of the Enthusiasm

of the Crusades . . . 246

1091-1153. Character and Mission

of St. Bernard . . . .247

Progress of the Mahometans 249

The'Atabeks of Syria . . 249

1127-1145. Zenghi 249

1145-1174. Noureddin .... 250

1163-1169. Conquest of Egypt by

the Turks 251

1171. End of the Fatimite Caliphs 253

1171-1193. Reign and Character

ofSaladin 254

1187. His Conquest of the Kingdom 256

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A.D. Page

1202. Assembly and Departure of

the Crusade from Venice 294

Siege of Zara 295

Alliance of the Crusaders

with the Greek Prince, the

young Alexius .... 29C

1203.Voyage from Zara to Con-

stantinople 298

Fruitless Negotiation of the

Emperor 300

Passage of the Bosphorus . 301

First Siege and Conquest of

Constantinople by the

Latins 303

Restoration of the Emperor
Isaac Angelus, and his Son

Alexius 805

Quarrel of the Greeks and

Latins 307

1204. The War renewed . . .309

Alexius and his Father de-

posed by Mourzoufle . . 310

Second Siege 310

313

314

315

316

Destruction of the Statues . 317

Pillage of Constantinople

Division of the Spoils . .

Misery of the Greeks

Sacrilege and Mockery .

Destruction of the Statues

The Dukes and Emperors of

Trebir.ond 327

The Despots of Epirus . . 327

1205. The Bulgarian War . . .329

Defeat and Captivitv of Bald-

win 330

Retreat of the Latins . . 331

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