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Carpean Megare?

One Cast India Housel.

Drawn & Engravò by SRuwle.

Pubhshet by J1spome Sucose ir d'M "Serall lorrill April 7-1903.

THE EAST INDIA-HOUSE, LEADENHALL-STREET.

[WITH AN ENGRAVING.] The original building was erected in nia fitting on a globe under a rock on

the year 1926; but it was much the sea-Thore, looking ealt ward. Her enlarged, and the present magnificent right arm leaning on a shield, with the front" conitructed, a few years since, Union cross, holding a trident in her under the direction of Messrs. Jupp and left hand. Her head adorned with a Holland.

rottral crown. Emblems of sovereignty The pediment is in length, from East and victory at sea. Behind Britannia, to Welt, 190 feet, and 60 in height. two boys; one leaning on a cornucoThe centre has a portico with fix Ionic pia, looking up to her, and the other pillars fluted. The frieze is sculptured playing with the riches flowing from with various antique ornaments; and it; emblems of the advantages that the tympanum of the pediment contains accrue from trade and navigation to a number of emblematical figures. posterity. Before Britannia are three

Commerce, represented by Mercury; female figures, representing India, Asia, attended by Navigation, and followed and Africa. India, respectfully bowby Tritons and Sea-Horfes, is intro- ing, presents a caiket of jewels, which ducing Asia to Britannia; at whose feet she

opens with one hand, and discovers the pours out her treasures. The King a Atring of diamonds hanging down. is holding the thield of protection over Alia hulds in her right hand an incensethe head of Britannia and of Liberty, pot, denoting the rich spices and gums who is embraced by her. By the side of the country; and in her left the of his Majesty fits Order, attended by bridle of a camel, a bealt of burthen. Religion and Justice. In the back. Africa as a ttander-by; her head coground is the City Barge, &c. near to vered with the spoils of an elephant; which stand Industry and Integrity. her right hand inactive, and her left on The Thames fills the angle towards the head of a lion. Near the shore an the right hand, and the Ganges the old river-god, representing the river angle towards the East. On the apex Thames; his head covered with flags. is Britannia fitting on a pedestal, to In his right hand (wherewith he leans the east of which is Alia on a cam on an urn pouring out water) holding with Europe on the west, feated on a rudder, to denote a navigable river; a horse, each with the proper emblems. and in his left a cornucopia, to intimate

The principal entrance under the the riches he conveys. At a distance, portico has a handsome pediment over a man cording a bale of goods; thips it, and two windows on each side. going off to sea.

From the hall a long passage extends The Company's arms are placed over southward; on the left side of which the whole, with ituccoed ornaments on are several apartments, occupied by each fide, tasteful and elegant. On the clerks and their desks. It is termi- right and left hands of the chimney are nated by a court, whose sides are offices doors, with handsome frames, and cirof various designations. In it lie two cular pediments; over them feftoons in brass guns, brought from the arsenal of stucco; and above, pannels containing the late Tippoo Sultan. They are re- pictures of Fort St. George and Bommarkable for their length and the tigers' bay. heads on them. The muzzles are re A large folding-door of polished mapresentations of the extended jaws of hogany, Corinthian columns, and apthat ferocious animal, and extremely propriate enrichments, occupies the well executed.

centre of the north wall. On either side On the right hand of the entry is the are mirrors, whose decorations are court.room, a most superb apartment. white and gold. Mathematical iostruThe chimney piece on the east wall is of ments adorn the spaces above the fine marble, and almolt covers that fide. glasses.. The pannels contain paintTwo caryatides of- ftatuary, on pedestals ings of St. Helena and the Cape of of veined marble, richly ornamented, Good Hope. On the west wail is a support the cornice, which, with the grand portico, of the Corinthian order; brackets and other sculptures, are write. and under it an elegant clock. Glalies Direétly over the fire place there is a similar to those on the north wall are tablet of white marble, and on it the placed on each side, with correspondfollowing design in bas-relief : Britan- ing ornaments. The pictures are Forr

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William

William and Tellicherry. The south in a General's uniform; “ bequeathed fide has two ranges of windows; the to the East India Company by William upper fraller than the lower.

Larkin, Esq. wlio served the office of The architrave, frieze, and cornice, Accomptani-General during the admiare in very good proportion. The orna nistration of the most noble Marquis ments of the ceiling are thells com Cornwallis, Governor-General.” A bineri with fcroils. An uncommonly picture of the fame fize, representing fine Turkey carpet covers the floor Warren Hattings, Esq. bequeathed by quite to the walls.

the fame Gentleman, hangs on the left The south-east door opens into a fide of the chimney. small Committee-room, where an ex On the south wall a portrait of the cellent portrait of General Lawrence, Nabob of Arcot, which, with the picin his military dress, hangs over a beans ture of another Nabob at the north end, tilul marble chimney-piece.

make a pleasing contrait in the rich The great north door opens to the

cofume of the Eait to the plain dress old fale.room. The west end is circu- of Mr. Hastings. lar; and over the chair a lky-light.

The following pictures were painted The wall contains three niches, and by Mr. Ward; and form a feries of as many narble statues, in Roman interesting specimens of Indian archi. habits, of Lord Clive, Sir George tecture, which poslefies an air of grand Pucocke, and Major-General Stringer fimplicity not unworthy the study of Lawrence. Those figures all bear the some of our modern builders. date of 1764. Further, on the side wall,

A View of Trichinopoly. Viri Malli, is an excellent statue of Sir Eyre Coote, a curious Rock. The Bramins Bath in 1788. He is represented in his regio dura. Tippy Colum. Tanks, and

The East Face of Ma. mientals. A very considerable number of steps A Choultry at Seringham. The South

Mausoleum of the Emperor Seer Shaw. ascend eastward, for the accommodation of the bidders. On the platform Place.

Entrance to the Pagoda at the same

Two Views of public Choulat the top is a Doric colonade; the

trys. intercolumniations are guarded by ba.

A new fale-room has been erected lustrades. This room receives addi. tional light from several windows on

at the east end of the building, which

is liglited from the cieling. It is rather the north side.

a heavy room, with pilalters, and paintThe room for the Committee of Cor- ings emblematic of the Company's respondence is large, with a handsome commerce. inlaid marble chimney-piece on the In the upper story of the building weit fide. On the east, three windows, is a magnificent room fitted up as a with circular tops. Between them, library, and containing a very rich magnificent mirrors. At the north collection of books. This department end is a handsome dial, communicating is committed to the care of Charles with a vane on the roof, to shew from Wilkins, Efq.a Gentleman well known what quarter the wind blows; together for his uletul researches in Oriental with a clock on very curious brackets. Literature. Two fine globes stand on this side of [In our nert Number will be given an the room.

Engraving, on loont, of the House which On the right hand of the chimney is was originally occupied by tbe East India a good portrait of Marquis Cornwallis, Company]

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ANECDOTE. ALDERMAN BARBER, who, in his called in all the copies in the Bookfel

ume, was one of the most eminent lers’ shops, cancelled the leaf which Printers of the City of London, was

contained the obnoxious passage, threatened with a profecution, by the throughout the whole impression, and House of Lords, for an offensive pasage returned the books, with a new parain a pamphlet that he had printed. graph supplied by Lord Bolingbroke; The Alderman was acquainted with

to ibat when the book was produced Lord Bolingbroke, and his Lordship before the House, and the pallage re. informed him of the danger which ferred to, it was found perfectly unthreatened bim. He immediately exceptionable.

VESTIGES,
COLLECTED AND RECOLLECTED,

BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.

NUMBER IX.

THIS

LONG-LANE, WEST-SMITHFIELD. work, at the corner of Clement's-jane,

has been taken down, appear to me to article may,

in more points of be the most rudely and inartificially view than one, be deemned retro

erected of any, excepting three at the {pective ; because, in the first instance,

south corner of Horier Jane, that, after it refers the reader back to a plate in

a pretty diligent learch, I have been the thirtieth volunie of this Magazine,

able to discover. page 400, containing, as a parallel be.

Admitting then that building, for I iwixt ancient and modern architecture,

should no more term the construction the elegane mansion of the Duke of of ruch holes as thele architecture, Manchetter, the residence of the (then)

than the repair of them, however fond Spanish Amballador, in Manchester- I might be of quaint phrases, " the square, contrasted with, and lure there purluits of architectural innovation," cannot be a stronger, some old houses

has, like other arts, its infancy, meriin Long-lane, West Smithfield, which, dian, and decline : conjectures upon though probably never occupied either

their original foundation must carry by Dukes or Ambassadors, were cer.

the mind back to an era of remote tainly, in former ages, tenanted by antiquity, and, though I am almost persons of considerable opulence. altonithed at the temcrity of the idea,

As these houses, mean as they now throw it at least to the distance of the appear,

and ruinous as some of them reign of Henry the Sixth, about which evidently are, form the object of my period encroachments were not only present investigation, it may, in the made upon the ground of Smithfield, fecond instance, be necessary to observe, by erecting booths for the reception that although the print to which I have of the goods of clothiers,, &c. during alluded contains the representation of the time of Bartholomew Fair, but only three, the whole range of build- permanent houles were built, for ings, which, by a bold figure, may be

their convenience and residence, upsaid to posseís a kind of uniform dilimi on the waite ground, which, lay the larity, beginning at the Original Jack historians, was either a marih, or occuof Newbury, and tracing the line on pied by laylalls, &c. ; which certainly the left, from Alderigate street to gave rise to the name, as well as to within one door of Smithfield, com. many of the buildings in Cloath-fair, prizes more than twenty. Some of and probably to those in Long-lane, these houses, since that which I have which were without the north wall of mentioned in the firlt number of this the priory of St. Bartholomew *; and

* To this Priory the King (Henry II.) granted the privilege of a fair, to be heiden yearly, for three days at Bartholomew tide; at which time the Clothiers of England used to meet the Diapers o: London to lerle their accounts, &c. Here each had their booths or standings as their dealings were wholesale or retail. It is curious to trace, fr m flight vettiges, the exitence of fingular characters. Hither the famous Cicchier of England, Jack of Newbury, as he was called, whole memory ftill lives in the neighbourhood, uitd t relert, and had probably a houle certainly a booth, on or near the ipet that is the subject of this fpeculation. The term of the existence of the fair, which became an whject of Civic gaiety as well as commercial concern, was from three days, extended to three weeks, and, I think, riil orar the middle of the latt (ellry, was continued a fortnight ; it has been well depicted by Ber Jonson ; and its vianos, s tidy Bartholomew Pigs," alluded io hy Shakeiptare. It 18 odd enough that the anniverlaiy of this Saint noul have been conmemorated by the deltruction et pigs. We learn, that in France, after a hig had caused the death of King Philip, ihese animals were prohibited from running in the itreets, though there was in this edict an exception in favour of thole belonging to the Nons of the Abbey St. Antoine. VOL. XLIII. MARCH 1803.

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