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THE

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIEW,

FOR APRIL 1803.

GEORGE ROMNEY.

W

E present our Readers with a next Magazine, to lay before the Public

Portrait of this distinguished an authentic Memoir of this excellent Artist, whose efforts have done so Painter, drawn up from original sources much credit to the arts, and whose of information, by a friend who was works, inferior to none of the present well acquainted with hiin, and whole day, the more they are examineit, will abilities are too well known to require, be confirmed in the celebrity they have an eulogiuin. already obtained.

We hope, in our

ANECDOTE OF DR. RADCLIFFE. T ; :

mates in a dangerous fickness, with nels get the better of my gratitude.” an unusual strain of generosity for him, The Doctor eyed the purse, counted declared he would not touch a fee. the number of days in a minute, and One in Gstedthe other was pofitive. then holding out his hand replied But when the cure was performed, anit Well, I can hold out no longer-Single I the Doctor taking his leave, quoth the could bave refused them for a twelve month patient, “Sir, in this purse I have put but all togeiber they are irresistibie."

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, PERMIT me to ask, through the me. the present time. If these pieces,

dium of your excellent Magazine, which, owing to the small number that if any one of your numerous Cor are printed, and from their being respondents can give me any inforna. distributed ainong the Author's friends tion relative to ibe following questions; only, are loon either loit or forgotten, viz. When the annual prizes given by were collected and published in the the Chancellor of the University of manner of the “ Mulæ Eronenfes," Oxford were first established? and, I prefume that it would be no un. likewise, the names of the Tuccessful welcome present to the Public, and Candidates, both for the Ellays and more particularly to the University of Verles, from the firtt establithnsent to Oxford.

E.

PIND. NEM. S.

spopu.

Ξυν και ποτι Τροίαν
κραταιός Τιλαμών
πόρθησε, και Μέροπας,
και τον μέγαν πολεμισαν
έκπαγλον 'Αλκυονή:
ου τετραορίαςγε πριν
δυώδεκα πίτρων,
ήρωαςτ' επεμβεβαω-
τας ιπποδάμους λεν
δις τόσους. Απειρομάχας
Mx Pantin
λόγον ο μη ξυνιείς» επει
ρίζοντα τι και παθεί έoικεν. .

With bim brave Telamon his plans pursu'd,
And Troy of old, and Cos subdu'd,
And cruh'd that desperate giant's might,
Alcyoneus, renown'd in fight:
But not till he full many a rock had thrown,
And Jath'd twelve steed-drawn chariots down;
And twice twelve charioteers, who grasp'd the rein,
Steed-taming heroes, all were Nain.
He in life's warfare mult a novice be,
Who in this sentiment no sense can see;
Since 'tis molt fit, and in th'event molt sure,
That he, who well hath done, must well endure.

W? are told, that the preceding line, other, and with the whole. But the

“Ηρακλέος or Sico tipos d'una's, whole, fay fome, is a maze without a was introduced merely to express á plan; a labyrinth, whose ciew, like the periphrasis of Thebes. It seems to threads of the goslimar, is invisible. have been considered as a sentence that We seem to have formed our opinion might have been ipared, as an orna- of the Theban bard, rather from such ment out of place. Withdraw it, and of his works as have perifhed, than lament the chafin: for it will be indeed from such as remain. We here find hiatus valdè deflendus. The poem is him energetic and elegant; correct and conducted with such felicity of art, cautious; rapid, but not raving ; soar. and consistency of design, that its parts, ing, but not out of light. We find of whatsoever materials they are com not here numeri lege soluti. Here posed, coalefce and assimilate. We bere are no new words, rolling, like a toro learn that Hercules and his friend, who rent, through the daring dithyrambics. were vanquified in the onset, were ulti. These were among the odes, which mately victorious. Such, we read, is the Horace pronounced inimitable. Vir. · viciffitude of human things. To do and gil, whose custom it was to fetch his to endure is the brave man's portion. clusters from a foreign vintage, has Thus are the poet's moral maxims selected for imitation Pindar's descrip. adapted to the place, time, and occasion. tion of mount Ætna. It forms a part They are ingrafted upon the stock, and of one of thele gymnastic odes. In incorporate with the itory. In the web, Pindar's sublime description truth and thus artificially woven, to use our nature predominate; in Virgil's, effort poet's allusion, every thread is con- and art are most conspicuous, The ducted to its appropriate place, and Mantuan poet has in some of Iris decoloured to advantage. The tints are scriptions surpassed his originals. Here so blended, as to harmonize with each diis alitèr visum eft.

Y.

4.

10.

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LIST OF THE GREEK MSS. WHICH HAVE BEEN BROUGHT BY MR. CLARKE,

OF Jesus Crllege, CAMBRIDGE, FROM PATMOS, NAXOS, AND OTHER
Parts OF GREECE, AND FROM CONSTANTINOPLE.
From Patmos.

3.

Various Copies of the Gospels, and 5. THE Works of Plato, most beautifully written upon vellum, in

of the Epistles, and Acts of the

5 folio. The Scholia, in minute Capi. 6.

Apostles, of different dates. tals. The Colyphon proves that it 7. The Works of Philip the Hermit. was written by John, the Calligraph, 8. The Dialogues of Theodore the Syfur Arethas, Deacon of Patræ, for racusan. 13. Byzaniine Nummi, in the 14th 9. A Work on the Greek Grammar. Year of the Indiction, and the 64047h The Writings of Commentator's of the World (A. C. 896.) in the on the Gospels; and the Works of Reign of Leo, son of Balliuś.

the earliest Fathers of the Church. 2. Lexicon of St. Cyril, of Alexandria. 13: Very ancient Copy of the Evange3. Greek Poetry, accompanied by an liftarium of the Greek Church. cient Greek Mulcal Notes.

14. Ditto ditto. 4. Ditto, ditto.

15. A Work of Philes, of Animals, 5. The Works of Gregory of Nazianzum. Of the Plato, which Professor Por

son calls a Monument of Literature, it From Naxos.

may be oblet ved, that it is the oldett Copies of the Gospels, in Capitals, of Greek Manuscript in the World, with very ancient date.

an express date. Dorville (on Chari. From Mount Athos.

tor, p. 49, 50.) had in his pofleffion a 1. The Orations of Demofthenes.

Manuscript of Euclid. written in the 2. The Works of ten Athenian Orators, tions (Paleographia, p. 42.) having

preceding year; and Montfaucon mensome of which not hitherto known.

seen a Greek MS. lix years older ; but From Conftantinople.

these have now disappeared. The Proi. The Works of Dionysius the Areo- fellor has been long occupied in copy.

pagite, with a curious and learned ing, with infinite labour, the Scholia; Commentary, written on vellum, in and has discovered, by that means, palfolio.

sages from Greek Plays, and from Poets, 2. Complete Copy of the Gospels, that were lolt. He is itill employed in written in the 8th Century.

these relearches.

ORIGINAL LETTER OF MISS TALBOT, AUTHOR OF “REFLECTIONS FOR EVERY DAY IN THE WEEK,” &. A TWELVE MONTHago, dear Mr , more engaging than that of the lead;

I left a letter and a parcel for you; at least, when one is in bad spirits for who thought of your running away (as I know you are too often), there is into Ireland: At length I hear you are norliing that so easily leads me back to returning; but as I suppose your wan. cheerfulness as a plain, good-lumoured dering Itars will not lead you cowards Sermon. It not only curns off one's Oxfordshire, and our kind planets will mind from whatever is at present unprobably keep us there leveral months, eaty to it, but it gives one the molt there is no likelihood of our meeting rational grounds for happiness.

To till after Christmas. I mus, therefore, read liich a bock, is to talk with an leave you some explanation of my par. agreeable friend of the most interesting cel.-In the fire place, I inult remind subjects. If you are for more subline you of what I dare say you have forgot, speculatiuns, more elegance of thought that I am considerably in your debt. and language, Mr. Addison's little book

It may be necessary ton, perhaps, to is as charming a companion as I know put you in mind that, when last I law for a rroming's or an evening's walk. you, you were mightily engaged in idieu - i wish you all happiness forining a pyramid of books, the bulis and hope. when I come to cown, I ikali of which, you told me, was several find you feteled again in a good deal of volumes of philosophy. You must business, very attentive to it, and free know there is another fore of books from all melancholy severies. which I think a much better founda. Had I been a fine, ingenious Lady, I tion of sucta a building; and, not might bave fent you a preity motto. having heard you mention Sermons, ring, or some genteel emenıbrance'; I have sent you a set of Archbishop but, such as I am. do not laugh at me ; Sharpe's, who is one of my favourites. and believe me to te, very sincerely, It may be a stupid fore of talte; but to Your ch obliged and faithful me the frience of the heart is often

I TALBOT

buanie fer

VIEW OF THE ORIGINAL HALL OF THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA

COMPANY.

[graphic]

THE

first Charter for incorporating a and Merchants, and dated December

Company of English Merchants, 31, 1603. The Act, however, which with an exclusive privilege of trading granted this privilege fixed its duration to the East Indies, was granted by to fifteen years; but declared, that if Queen Elizabeth to George Farl of it should prove injurious to the State, Cumberland, 215 Knights, Aldermen, it should be annulled, and the Company

suppressed, • This clause of reserve was owing to the displeasure that the Commons had lately newn on account of a grant, the novelty of which might possibly offend them. The Queen had returned to the House, and had spoken, on this occasion, in a manoer worthy

to serve as a lesson to all Sovereigns : « GentLEMEN," said the, to the Members of the House commissioned to return her thanks, “I am extremely sensible of your attachment, and of the care you have taken to give me an authentic teftimony of it. This affection for my person had determined you to apprize me of a fault I had inadvertently fallen into from ignorance, but in which my will had no share. If your vigilance had not discovered to me the mischiefs which my mistake might have produced, what pain thould I not have felt, who have nothing dearer to me than the affection and preservation of my people? May iny hand suddenly wither! May my heart be struck at once with a deadly blow! before I Mall ever grant particular privileges that my subjects may have reason to complain of. The fplendour of the throne has not so far dazzled my eyes, that I should prefer the abuse of an unbounded authoriry to the use of a power exercised by justice. The bril!iancy of royalty blinds only those Princes who are ignorant of the duties that the crown impoles. i dare believe that I hall not be ranked among such

Monarchs,

fuppressed, on Government's giving Bantam to Queen Elizabeth, who, how, two years' notice to its Members. ever, did not live to receive them, her

The Company's title was, “ The death having taken place on the 24th Governor and Company of Merchants of March preceding. of London trading to the East Indies;" This early success determined the and Alderman Ťhomas Smythe was' Company to form settlements in India; the first preliding Governor. The but not without the consent of the na, members immediately raised 72,000l. tives. Their expeditions thither were but not in one joint stock, or common nothing more than the enterprizes of capital, as in succeeding times, there humane and fair traders. They made having been no joint stock in this themfelves beloved; but they gained Company till the year 1613.

nothing by this good impression, ex. Early in 1601 they sent out their first cept a few factories, and were in no heet for India, under the command of condition to sustain the opposition of Commodore J. Lancaster, consisting of their rivals, the Dutch and Portuguese, one thip of 600, one of 300, two of 200, who were very formidable, being pors and one of 130 tons (as victualler to the fessed of large provinces, well-fortified whole), carrying 480 men, and 27,000l. places, and excellent harbours. in money and goods ; the remainder of Their second feet, consisting of four the 72,000l. which had been raised be. fhips, was sent out in 1604, under Sir ing entirely expended in the purchase Henry Middleton, who returned in of the thips, and in artillery, ammuni 1606, having had the misfortune to tion, provisions, &c.-- The following lose one of his thips at sea. year they arrived at the port of Acheen, It is not our present purpose to go which was at that time a celebrated into a detailed history of the Englithe mart. Previous to Lancaster's arrival, trade to India. We shall, therefore, intelligence had been received of the be brief in the conclusion of this arvictories gained hy the English over ticle. the Spaniards ai rea; and this intelli Although the fifteen years' exclusive gence procured bima very diftinguilhed trade, granted by the charter of Elizareception. The King behaved to him beth to the Eait India Company, was. in the fame manner as if he had been not to expire till 1615, King James, on his equal; he ordered that his own the 31st of May 160g, was prevailed on wives, richly habited, Tould play, in to grant the Company a renewal, which his presence, several airs for dancing rendered it perpetual. The Company on a variety of instruments. This were so encouraged by this new grant, favour was followed by all the com. that they built the largeit merchantpliances that would be withed for, to ship that England ever had till within facilitate the establilhment of a Gafe and these few years part. It was of upwards advantageous commerce. Tlie English of 1000 tons burden, named The Trade's Commodore was received at Bantam in Increase, and, with three others, made the same manner as at the place where he the sixth voyage to India. first landed ; and a hip which he had In the year 1620 the Company ob. dispatched to the Molucca Illands tained leave of the King of Golconda brought him a contiderable cargo of to settle at Madras-Patan, on the cloves and nutmegs. With thele valu. coast of Coromandel, where they were able spices, and the pepper that he took permitted to build the Fort called Si. in at Java and Sumatra, he failed home- George, which place has ever since been wards, and arrived in the Downs in the Company's general factory for the September 1603, bringing letters and trade of the Eait. prelents from the kings of Acheen and In 1637 King Charles erected a sepa. Monarchs. I know that I hold not the sceptre for my own proper advantage, and that I am entirely devoted to fociety, which has put its contdence in me. It is my kappiness to lee that the State has hitherto prolpered under my government; and that my fubjects are worthy that I should yield up my crown and my life for their fakes. Impute not to me the improper meatures I may be engaged in, nor the irre. gularities which may be committed under the sanction of my name. You know that the Ministers of Princes are too often guided by private interetts; that truth feldom reaches the ears of Kings, and that, obliged as they are, from the multiplicity of attairs they are laden with, to fix their attention on those which are of the greatelt importance, it is impossible they should see every thing with their own eyes.

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