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degrees of the Tropic, they came to labours of the present expedition. the capital of the Boetzuanas, contain. Besides a variety, or perhaps a new ing about 1500 houses, and 7000 ‘in. species, of rhinoceros, no less than four habitants. The name of this city is animals of the antelope and bovine geLikitow. So vatt an assemblage of nus, hitherto undescribed, have been dwellings, exceeding the number of discovered, among which, one is stated those in Cape Town, with a population to be allied to that fingular animal the equal, if not superior, excluding the Gnoo, and another in some degree to daves, makes it more than probable, the Hartebreeft ; and the fine arts will that the inhabitants have not only be enriched by the pencil.of the very attained a very considerable pitch of able Artist who accompanies the Expecivilization, but it implies also a more dition.. tban ordinary degree of induttry in “ Notwithstanding the great distance the cultivation of the arts and the pur- that the Boetzuanas are removed from fuits of agriculture.

the Cape, they complained grievously “ Surrounded by a barren country, of certain persons on the frontiers of and bordering to the northward on the colony committing depredations on other tribes of people, remaining in a their cattle and ill-treating their peofixed and sedentary life, and deriving ple. They particularly mention a man little or no support from commerce, of the name of Jan Blom, who, with we are entirely at a loss to conceive his gang, had of late years very much in what manner they contrive to subfiit infelted them; and they concluded, so great a multitude. The details of naturally enough, that all the Colo. their political and domeltic economy nists were like Jan Blom ; and of must furnith new and highly interest- course they were at first guarded and ing matter to add to the history of distruitful of the present Commission ; savage nations. It would be equally which, however, by a residence nearly unaccountable, that in the courte of of a month, sufficiently convinced them 360 years, no correct information of that all Christians were not of the same the Boetzuanas should have been ob- description as Jan Blom and his gang. tained, if it did not occur to us, that “ Humanity shudders in contemno single discovery has been effected,' plating the deplorable Gituation to nor any account of the Southern Angle which the bulk of the native inhabit. of Africa heen made public, except by ants and rightful owners of this coun. occasional and foreign visitors. It may try have been reduced, by the arts and be further added, that the country machinations of such lawless miscre. within the limits of the colony has ants as these. To such are owing the been better known, and more travelled numerous hordes of Bosjesmen, who, by Europeans or fettlers within the last driven by imperious want to attail the five years, than in the whole period of habitations or the flocks of the colo. its colonization prior to the time we nists, are hunted down by the latter mention. At the capture of the co with more eagerness, and destroyed lony, no part of the very extensive with less remorte (for their destruction district of Graaff Reynet appeared in is the cause of triumph), than the vilet any of their charts, except Zwart Kop's or most obnoxious beast of prey: Bay ; nor were there then three men “ The natural disposition of the difin the whole Cape who could point ferent tribes of Hottentots is mild, out, with any degree of accuracy, peaceable, and cheerful ; and, by gen. where it was situated. This dreaded tle usage, might be moulded into any journey of a long month is now be- tape. The habits of life in which they come familiar, and accomplished by a have been brought up naturally incline British Officer, with a couple or three them to a fondness of liberty, and renhorses, in six days.

der them inpatient of confinement and “ With regard to the Boetzuanas, restraint; but they are perhaps, of all their name, their numbers, their fitua- the people in the world who have been tion, and resources, were all fallified accustomed to a loving life, the easiest in the accounts given by those who broken in to conttant labour, and repretended to a knowledge of this na. conciled to a fixed abode. As a proof tion,

of this, we need only refer to the exer. “ The literary world will derive no tions of the Missionaries, whose en. small degree of gratification from the deavours in this country have been

crowned VOL. XLIII. JAN. 1803.

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tots.

crowned with better success than per- of Savage, are poffered with more na. haps in any other. Degraded as this tural endowments, or more apt to people have stood in the page of hif- acquire those of art than the. Hotten. tory, and represented as they have

We could enumerate various generally been at the foot of the scale instances in support of this opinion, of racional animals, we are doubtful were it necefTary; but they are now lo whe her any nation or tribe of men, well and so generally known, that luch falling under the usual denomination details are unnecessary."

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CRAIGNIOGNOMY.

DIALOGUE ILLUSTRATIVE, BY LUCIAN, JUN.

of a fog.

BOOKSELLER descends by a Flight of Stairs, and speaks to the SHOPMAN.
Bookfeller.

Politics and Philofophy, Morality and WHAT the devil has been the mat Medicine, together, like the contents

ter? There was such a noile be of a Magazine. low ftairs, 'whilft I was at breakfast, Shopm. These folio vols of controthat I found it impossible to get verly have so lacerated the Practice of through the first page of Dick Dry's Piety and Whole Duty of Man that last political pamphlet. Hey-day ! they will want binding. How came the upper tier of vols Books. So they will, as surely as if thrown from the shelves, and the lower they had taken the pills of Dr. Laxa. rows in such confusion ? Have we had tive. Send to the fellows, and hid then the Stockwell Ghost here? Or have stop; Put the shelves in order : lay the French and English authors de the papers on the counter. I expect clared war against each other ? If so, the Loungers directly. in spite of the Definitive, we shall have another battle of the books.

Enter an AUTHOR. Shopman. The carpenters, Sil', re Author. Good morning, my little pairing the next house, bave shook them Decimo Sexto : Any news? Bless me ! down. I am sure that ponderous Locke Why your shop's as dusty as the on Human Underitanding has almost Knightsbridge Road in summer. I fee cracked my skull.

every author in it through the medium Books. Then yours is not an Egyptian cranium, as my worthy friend the Books. That's because you are a Magistrate observes. Mercy on us ! great Critic. However, my books have What a noise there fellows make! been a little deranged this morning. What a dust they raise ! One ought to Abundance of works, which I thought have the eyes of Little Eagle, the great nothing could have stirred, an accident Criric, to be able to tell one author has set fying about my ears. I have from another.

heen pelted with my own itock, Shopm. They have so totally difa' Author. Then you have felt that placed the books, that Homer now lies there is some weight in learning. under Virgil.

Bookf. Oh Lord! I have known that Books. Gad, that's the situation in a great while : I have sold many hunwhich some of the Commentators scem dred reams of it by the pound. to have withed to place him ! What Author. None of my works have are those vols at bottom ? I suppose been watted ? treatises on the Bathos.

Books. No! I'll be sworn they have Shopm. No, Sir ! They are Def- all been properly used. curtes and Gaffendi,

Author. Yes! I think, while I have Books. This is like Topsy-turvy, corrected, I have improved the age: the poem that came out yesterday. I Books. You know the Critics said, thought they would have monnied to that you Mould have been improved in their

kindred stars. Why, you block the same way. head, you are mingling Novels and Author. Spiteful dogs! I'll be reSermons, Pious Tracts and Plays, venged of tiem and their works.

Boy:

Books. Then you mean to praise the

Books.
I am, Sir.

[Bowing. latter, I presume.

2d Author. It's fortunate I have met Author. Praise their works! Yes! a with you, Sir, as I wanted to take your likely matter ! If I do, it shall be as I opinion with respect to a work which do Mr. Laudanum's draughts, for their is, as I may fay, a maiden effufion. narcotic properties.

Why the latt Books. Which you want married to pamphlet you sent me was as dull as the Press, put into theets, &c. the Blagdon controversy, which I have 2d Author. Though jocular, Mr. yawned through with greater difficulty Decimo Sexto, you are certainly right; than I once did the folio about the but as, in the Athenian Ityle, I exBrownists and Muggletonians.

pect a portion on the delivery of the Books. One of our Christian Ob. brideservers was observing, that that con. Books. Bless me, Sir! if the bride is tained some pretty writing. I think, so near delivery, I'll have nothing to do from the turn literature has lately with her. taken, we are likely to see all the wit 2d Author. Very well indeed! you and humour of the Scutists and Thom. are quite a wag, Mr. Sexto : but to be ilts, and a hundred other of those serious. I thould be much obliged to weighty authors, whose works, or, as you if you would read this work, which they are more emphatically styled, is moral, political, and philofophical. whose labours, have frequently presled Books. Moral, political, and philosothe Britih prefs, revived. May the phical tree of knowledge, which has pro

2d Author. Yes. I want your opi. duced fruit fo large and pleasantly acri- nion, and your terms: therefore, in monious, flourilh, say I !

order that you may form your judgAuthor. I do not know what fruit ment, I'll leave it with you to read. your metaphorical tree has produced : Books. To read ! absurd! that's the all I can say is, that it has had leaves in old-fashioned way! Perhaps Tonson, abundance ; but we are as itupid as if Lintot, or even Johnny Barber, might we had taken a nap under its shade. have read a new work. I have a surer I wonder where all your diurnal vi- . criterion to form my judgment. Take stors are this morning? Oh! I think I off your hat. spy one.

2d Aurbor.

My hat! Books. What ! that little fellow on Books. Yes! the other side of the way!

2d Author. I did not know it was Author. The same.

necessary to pay you this mark of re. Books. He's a bit of a wit; he ge- fpect in a public shop. nerally passes my shop a dozen times Books. Respect ! nonsense! I want every day, and calls it travelling in the to see your skull. Dilly *

2d Author.

My skull! Author. 'Good ! But I think you

Books. Yes ! Whether it is de. have a customer at lait.

pressed or elevated. Is this wig from Books. What ! that queer fellow Cornhill or Bishopsgate ? that crosses the way, his pockets stuffed 2d Autbor. Sir,Do you mean to affront with papers like the postman's letter. me; this is a Bond-Itreet natural. bags. I'll be hanged if he's not an Books. Well ! take it off, however ; Author ! Smoke his great coat. let me measure your cranium : It feems

Author. Pardon me, it seems to have the futures have never been properly been pretty well smoked already, closed. Gad, I'm afraid to have any

Books. Step into the back ihop ; thing to do with your work ? you'll'there find abundance of amuse 2d Author. Why? ment; there's all the new works; and Books. I am fearful that some of those if you have any objection to their

qua volatile thoughts, those effusions of lity, I am sure, when you consider the fancy, which we call flights, may have price of paper, you'll praise the libe. evaporated. rality of the proprietors with respect to 2d Author. Imposible; because I quantity.

always write in a double night.cap. Enter a SECOND AUTHOR.

Books. Perhaps if your readers were 2d Author. A good morning, dear Sir. to take the hint it would not be amiss. I presume you are Mr. Decimo Sexto? : You know Swift fays, they should

Query, Piccadilly.
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always

always, if possible, place themselves in and, by observing the expence which the situation of the Author. Well ! they bestow upon the outside of their I see no great objection to your work heads, I thall not only be able to de. from any

observations I can make upon termine the value they set upon them, your skull. Perhaps if the learned Dr. but pretty accurately to conjecture, Gall were here, he would say it was too what kind of works they would deem long.

necellary to ornament their inlide. 2d Author. Is that an objection ? Whether they delight in botanical

Bookf. I think not: I had rather writings, which may be deemed flowered have a long-headed author than a roundo paper, Tome of which, by-the-bye, is as bead. I am afraid there are still too highly coloured as the fair readers ; many of these in this country,

whether landscapes in black and white 2. Author. Perhaps that's the reason pleases them ; whether they would why you examine the cranium instead have them adorned with history, maps, of the work ?

sea pieces, domestic scenes, love stories, Books. Certainly I like to revert to emblematical figures, representations firit principles, to fathoni the mine be- of the Mufes, the Arts, Scripture fore I look at the ore, the type before pieces, and a hundred other subjects. the figure, the soil before its produc. 2d Autbor. Upon my word, Mr. tions, the

Decimo Sexto, this is a science equally 2d Author. This is ingenious ! new and ingenious. You'll open the

Books. . It is ; and so useful, that I doors of your authors' and customers' intend to have all my Authors' heads craniums, and form a chart of the cast in plailter, or papier mâchée, or whirlpools, eddies, shoals, and Mallows brass, or models of them, when they of their minds. are mere nobs, turned in wood, and let

Books. Yes! I ball soon be able to them in the windows as they do the ascertain the place of every passion ; buits in the hair-dreslers' shops, so I Mall, as you observe, open their that every pallenger may become a skulls, and fold them up as I do these reviever.

papers. 2:Author. A lucky thought !

2d Aurbor. Bless me! What are Books: I shall carry it still further : you about, Mr. Sexto ? You'll tear my like ship, my taylor, 1 hall never fir manuscript to tatters. without a meafure in my pocket. I Books. Adfo! I beg ten thousand intend, as the lligh German Doktor pardons ; though it would, had it behas given the hint, not only to gage come a fragment, only have made it the capacity of my Authors' skulls, the more valuable. What Mall I do but the dimensions of those of my with it? Put it to the press ? cuftoiners.

2d Author. Pay ne for it, and put it 2d Aiuthor. But you may affront the where you please. latter if you make free with what Books. Pay you for it! though I Hogarth uled to call their idea boxes. like the structure of your sk ull, this

Bocis. Certainly ! I thall therefore demands consideration. If you'll call go another way so work with them. in a few days you shall have an answer : 2. Aubor. How?

I'm like literature, going backward : Books. I Mall apply to their hatters You see I am not one of your coltive and peruke makers ; this you know Critics. You'll excuse me. Good refers to either sex. By the depth of morning. the crown or the cuul,'I shall soon be (Exit AUTHOR one way, Book able to judge of the depth of the wearers;

SELLER anotber.

EXHIBITION AT THE LOUVRE, 1802. THz hafty presumption of youtbful and graces of the smaller pi&ures are

talents every year fills the apart scarcely able to correct it. ments with vait, with gigantic pro This reproach attaches to the piece ductions, which attract the firft notice numbered in the catalogue 280 (the of the curious, and influence their Death of Jocatta). The first object ibat udgment, to ,ttie prejudice of the rest Atrikes the spectator is adipus standof the exhibition; to that the merits ing, exhibiting only the bloody orbita

of his eyes that have just been pulled - The position of eacli figure is graceout, a woman with her bosom bathed ful, the sentiments pure and delicate. in blood, a bloody dagger, &c. But how, with such talent, is it pollible

Historical painting Thould elevate the not to imagine that colour, harmony, soul, awaken sensibility, and rouse the and effect, are likewise constituent parts noble passions : if it is sometimes ale of painting How can that painter lowed to excite even terrific emotions, hope for pardon who not only neglects that Mould be the limit of its efforts; those parts, but appears purposely to it should never produce horror. A neglect them ? description, however terrible it may What is this picture (No. 207) ? be, never causes the same horror, be. Ulyfles commands Altyanax to be cause the imagination only sketches forced out of the arms of his mother such an inage of it as it can support, Andromache. Such is its subject. Is and this image is vague, and lasts but then David returned to the laloon ? for a moment. But a picture, which is But no ; here is not the correctness of a physical truth to the eyes, which has his design, the purity of his details, his a constant existence, and is capable of Itudied composition. Yet here is the renewing the same sensation every mo colour of that matter, his touch, his ment, becomes more insupportable attitudes, even in the very hair of the even than the event itself. It is there. heads. It is something superior to fore rendering a service to young artists imitation. to inform them, that by proceeding.in The Bolognese school is recognized this fallacious track they run the risk in that bold Ityle; but Guido, Leonello of losing themselves; that this style, Spada, Guercino, Albano, Dominiwhich they think severe, is just such cairo, who coinpose, beur no reseinanother as that against which they were blance to each other, nor to their warned upon entering the threshold of master Annibal Caracci ; and thus the new school; and that those whose each of them, independent of the disciples they are, and whom they others, was a great painter. The Arive to imitate, are careful not to ex pupils of Bassan, on the contrary, hibit such favage productions. They intent only on imitating him, have thould be told, that in adopting the at length established a manufactory in severe ftyle, the fame severity hould which Baffan's pieces only are proenter into the design of the figures duced. This is what Mad. Monges and the composition of their pictures ; must be told if she willes to be treated that the art is to conceal art; that if as an artist. If the steps forward as sometimes happy groups appear to be nothing more than an amiable amateur, the effect of chance, it does not thence we cannot find terms to express our follow that figures without grace rapture and to lavish our prailes. Nothould be laid on without choice ; and thing is actually more extraordinary that this is not the way to appear fim- than to see a youthful female come form ple and artless. For instance ; it is not ward in the Saloon with a valt and hecause Jocasta wants grandeur, and ex- learned biltorical production. Bụt the hibits a hideous neck, which impresses thould be apprised that a name, a my mind with all the fatality of the in- durable reputation, is not to be acvoluntary crime of dipus; it is not quired without original calent, pecubecause the two daughters of that un- culiar expression and character. Mad. fortunate mother are mere animated Monges will, I am confident, receive ikeletons that they can inspire me with this ħint with good humour; it comes pity ; it is not becaus Hierophantes from a more sincere admirer than thoie appears like a plantom rising from the who overwhelm her with compliments. tomb that he can excite the holy terror It is by the practice of these precepts produced by the wrath of the Gods. that M. Richard has suddenly attained Young painters hould continually the foremost rank by his lingle linall bear in mind that the enchanting picture (No. 243), Valentina of Milan illufion of the most amiable of all the bewailing, her Confort, allallinated in arts is not destined to create disguit. 1407 by John Duke of Burgundy. She

The same censure will not apply to actually died of grief for his lois. M. Grandin (No. 119). The lubject The unbappy widow is seen feated of his piece is happy. Some thepherds in a valt Gothic apartment, facing a who are disputing the prize of singing window of coloured glass which was in have taken a young ouaiden as umpire. comnion use in thule times. She has

one

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