our extensive Province, on foils differ- For some minutes, from the northern ent from each other, will be beft able to horizon to Aear the zenith, where it deterinine. The writer of the above began to break and vanish, the whole cannot close the subject without ob. space, as far as the eye could wander, Serving, that the Aurora Borealis, was one uniform space of pallid fire. which by some is esteemed an indi: As soon as this broke, deeper and cation of fine weather, has been fre. denser fathes, of the colour of terres. quently and remarkably prevalent since trial matter, crofled and brandilhed in the autumnal equinox, and that on every direction, but with a general Monday, 13th December, about seven approximation towards the South, and P. M. it exceeded any thing of the disappeared entirely in about twenty kind he had witnessed many years. minutes.

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LINDLEY MURRAY, ESQ. This Gentleman's literary character, the troubles in America interrupted

the extensive circulation of his all business of this nature. He then works, and his solicitude for the guard. removed from New York, and spent ed education and the happiness of some time in the country. But im. young persons, will doubtless render patient of an inactive life, and desome traits of his history interesting firous of improving his fortune, he to the publick, especially to those who returned to the city, and engaged have derived benefit from his writings. in the mercantile line. By his dili

Mr. Murray is a native of Pennlyk gence, abilities, and respectable convania, in North America : he was born nexions, he acquired, in the course in the year 1745. His parents were of a few years, a very handsome compersons of respectable character, who petency: he then concluded to retire were solicitous to imbue his mind with from business, and made a correspond. pious and virtuous principles. He ent arrangement of his affairs. He was carefully and regularly educated; purchased a beautiful country reand made a rapid progress in learning. Iidence, a few miles from the city His father, who removed to New York, of New York, where he hoped to and was a diftingujihed merchant there, enjoy much pleasure in rural occupaplaced him, at the age of fifteen, in his tions, and in the social intercourse of counting house, intending to'form him a wide circle of relations and friends. to inercantile bufiness. But this em. But these pleasing prospects soon dir. ployment not agreeing with young appeared; for not long after his deMurray's taste for reading, and desire termination to retire, he was arrested' of improving his mind, he solicited by the hand of sickness. The fever permission to study medicine or law. with which he was afficted left a great His father, perceiving his strong bent' weakness in his limbs ; and his health towards learning, procured for him a and strength became so much impaired private tutor, a person of erudition as to induce him, by the advice of his and relpectability ; under whose care physicians and friends, to try the air and direction he closely applied to and climate of England. In the year liberal studies, and gratified himself 1785, he came to this country ; and in his favourite pursuits. At the age in a short time found himself confiof nineteen, he commenced the study derably relieved in the general state of law, ynder the auspices of a Gentle- of his health, but not to that degree man eminent in the profession; and he as to render it prurlent for him to had the happiness of having for his return to America. He settled in fellow student the celebrated Mr. Jay, Yorkshire ; and purchased a house late Plenipotentiary to our Court. At pleasantly situated about a mile from the expiration of four years, Mr. Mur- York, where he continues to relide. ray was admitted to the bar, and re The weakness of his limbs gradually ceived a license to practise, both as increased, so that, for some years, lie Counsel and Attorney, in all the has found himself incapable of walking Courts of the State of New York. In more than a few steps in the course of a this profession he continued, with in- day, without great inconvenience. He çrealing reputation and success, till is, however, able to ride in his carriage

an hour or two every day; and in fum. to assist the needy in procuring educa mer, he is frequently drawn about his tion for their children ; and to render garden in a chair conveniently made for more comfortable those who are in the purpose. To a person distinguished Straitened circumftances. as Mr. Murray had been for health, The work which Mr. Murray first #trength, and agility, this confinement publithed, and which appears to afford muit have been at first a heavy mif. him peculiar fatisfagion, is, “The fortune. At present, no one would Power of Religion on the Mind, in fuppose him to be under the influence Retirement, Afiction, and at the Apof amiction. Time and reflection seem proach of Death." Having been himto have perfectly reconciled him to self struck and edified with the sentihis situation.

ments expressed by a variety of chaDeprived of the usual occupations racters, at the most folemn period of and amusements of life, and of the life, he naturally thought that others common occasions of doing good to would receive similar imprellions from others, he has very happily and gene- perusing a collection of such teltimoroudly turned his attention to compose nies. Animated by this expectation, literary works, for the benefit, chiefly, he formed the compilation, and interof the rising generation. In this be- spersed it with many occasional obsernevolent employ he has found great various and reflections of his own. fatisfaction, and met with uncommon The book has passed through eleven fuccefs. His English Granimar, with editions. The first imprellion was the Exercises and the Key, has been made wholly at Mr. Murray's own much approved by the public, and expenfe, and given away, chiefly in adopted in most of the principal semi: the neighbourhood of his residence. naries in England. It has paffed Perceiving that the work met with through many large editions in this approbation, he enlarged and imcountry, and heen frequently reprinted proved it. In its present state it bas in Ireland and America. The merit been much praised, and warmly reof this work, and the high character commended to the perælal of all claffes given of it in the different Reviews, of readers. induced his booksellers to offer him Time thus employed, and the rea very considerable sum for the copy- wards of labour thus distributed, preright, which he thought proper to vent that gloom which ill health and accept. The copy right of his Intro. long confinement are so apt to production to the English Reader, the duce, and contribute to render Mr. English Reader itself, and the Sequel Murray cheerful and happy, in a ficuato that Work, together with the tion that many would think must be Abridgment of the Grammar (all of highly distrering. He appears to which have been much commended make the best of his condition, and to for their chaste and judicious execu look at the bright fide of the objects tion), were disposed of for very liberal around him. He is a member of the prices. Mr. Murray's latest work is, fociety called Quakers ; and is much « Le Lecteur François," a book on the respected and esteemed hy them : but plan of the English Reader. It has in all his writings he has scrupulously already received some very favourable avoided introducing, in any hape, and respectable public as well as pri- the peculiar tenets of the lect. On vare testimonies; and it bids fair to moral and religious subjects, he conenhance Mr. Murray's reputation, as a fines himself to the leading principles writer who is folicitous to improve the of piety, and virtue, and to the general taste and understanding, and to form spirit and precepts of christianity. For the heart, of his young readers. The this judicious care, as well as for the cory-right of this work also has been exemplary chaftness of his works, le disposed of very advantageously. But has received particular commendation. this Gentleman's views in writing are He married early in life ; but he has not mercenary. Having begun his no children. Mrs. Murray is a person literary career from disintereited mo. of great merit and respectability ; and tives, he has constantly devoted all the is faithfully and tenderly attached to profits of his works to charitable pure him. Mr. Murray is as highly diftina poses : to the benefit of inttitutions guished by the excellence of his heart for the relief of the poor and distressed; as by the powers of his mind. He

is a most affe&tionate husband, a warm of his life, in conformity with his and sincere friend, a pleasing and in- writings, demonstrates him to be the structive companion. His sentiments uniform, zealous, and judicious friend are liberal and refined ; and the tenour of virtue and of piety.








History of the British Expedition to Egypt; to which is subjoined, A Sketch of

the present State of that Country, and its Means of Defence. Illustrated with Maps, and a Portrait of Sir Ralph Abercrombie. By Robert Thomas Wilson, Lieutenant-Colonel of Cavalry in his Britannic Majesty's Service, and Knight of the Imperial Military Order of Maria Theresa. 410.

the pre eminence of the British rals, equally celebrated for their milipress to the French, on the subject of tary talents, their humanity, and their the late war in Egypt, but such a faith- moderation in the hour of victory. ful and well-written history of its pro The character which the British gress and conclufion as is now offered forces maintained during their reto the publick, by a respectable Field. fidence in Egypt, juftly entitled them Officer, who was an eye-witness of the to the glorious diftinction of being the facts he relates, and could have no Saviours of the Country; whiift that motive to misrepresent any of the of the French stigmatized them with events wbich took place in the course the odious terms of Barbarous Opof a campaign which reflects so much preffors. This difference of conduct glory on the valour and good conduct in the two armies it is one chief ob. of the British army and navy, engaged ject of our Author clearly to establish in the important service of expelling on the balis of truth alone ; avoiding lawless invaders, who liad spread defo. fattery on the one hand, and calumny lation far and wide ; had plundered on the other ; but at the same time the towns and villages they fubdued, stating his facts with becoming freeand massacred thousands of the unfor dom, regardless, as an historian, of tunate inhabitants ; in short, who had those subsequent events which, by committed such cruelties, and practised restoring peace to Furope, may, in the fuch tyrannical extortions, that they opinion of some readers, have rendered had rendered themselves universally it indiscreet, and even impolitic, to detested and abhorred. From this de publish them at the present juncture. plorable situation they were rescued by It was indispensably necessary to the intrepidity, perseverance, and good make this general remark previous to discipline of the British forces under estering upon 20 analyộis of the au.


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thentic narrative now before us; be tested dominion, unless guarded by a cause it is not our intention to repeat force fufficient to command his fecuthe charges contained in this work, rity *. which have been so often, and some In the Deserts of Lybia, and months since, inserted in our news throughout Egypt, a British uniforin papers, and other periodical papers, was equally respected with the turban probably from the fame source of in. of Mahometanisın, and the word of an formation-and which, being now in- Englithman esteemed facred as the controvertibly established by the fanc Koran.'' tion given to Colonel Wilson's faithful It is peculiar to this work, that it record of the events of the illustrious contists of one continued narrative, British campaign in Egypt, in permit. uninterrupted by useless divilions of ting it to be addreiled to « Field. Chapters, and long heads of Chapters, Maral His Royal Highness the Duke which display the modern art of spreadof York, Commarder in Chief," leave ing out the materials of a work to their not the smallest doubt on the mind respecting utmost pollible extent. the real cbarafter of Bonaparte, to whom We have already traced the operamay be justly applied the beautiful. tions of the British feet and army, after lines of Pope

the attempt on Cadiz had been aban. “ Charmed with the whistling of a doned, in our review of Lieutenant name,

Anderson's Journal (See November “ See Cromwell damned to everlasting Magazine), in which the taking por. fame !"

feflion of Malta is fully detailed, we

have therefore only to observe, that The following attestation in the pre- the present history but Nightly men. face mult likewise have its due weight tions a partial dilembarkation of the with the unprejudiced, in the perufal troops at Malta, and an addition made of this interesting history." As to the to the army destined for the conquest of contents, I folemnly declare to the Egypr, by the enlifting five hundred Britilh nation, that I have endeavoured Maltese, who engaged to serve as pioto relate a faithful narrative of a cam neers. Of the itation of the fleet in paign, which, combined with the naval Marmorice Bay, a more particular victories, and their own magnanimity, account is given, and the following have elevated the glory of our country animating description of its departure to the proudest aliitude. Nor should from thence. England pride herself alone on the mi. “ The weather had been very violent litary services of the Egyptian army; for some time, and all the pilots, accur. but the may also boast that the moral tomed to the Egyptian coast, declared, conduct of that army has exalted her that till after the Equinox it would be fame on a foundation more durable madness to attempt a landing. They than victory, erecting her monuments were till then unacquainted with the of honour upon the gratitude and ad. daring fpirit of British Seamen, and iniration of mankind."

saw, to their attonithment, the army “ It was impossible to travel through all embarked on the 28th of February a country (unattended by any escort, 1801 ; yet it was not till the 23d that as was frequently the case, experiencing the feet could weigh anchor, when it the kindelt attentions of friendhip failed with a very fresh breeze. The from every individual of a people, quantity of vessels was such, about hoftile by religion, prejudice, and 175 fail, as to require a complete day former ill usage, to Europeans) wiih- for the whole to assemble in the roads. out reflecting, with conliderable gra- A nobler right could not be beheld. cification, on the causes which pro- The number of ships, the gaiety of duced these acts of hospitality in favour the brave men on board, exciting re. of Englishmen. There was a vanityflections on the awful destiny of the juftly indulged in reflecting, that a expedition, not only as relating to Frenchman could never venture to pass those immediately acting in it, but through the same districts, even when as' affecting the deareft interests of the French army ruled with uncon Great Britain, afforded a scene for cone

This is acknowledged by Vivant Deron. See our review of his “ Travels in Egypt," in our Magazine for November 1802, page 360.


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templation in the highest degree grati or taken. Instead of fevenieen thousand, fying and impressive."

our historian relates, that they were of the landing of the troops from not quite eight tbousand, four ihousand Aboukir Bay, and the disposition of the of whom were killed and wounded feet and transports, no adequate idea in the action, near two thousand were can be formed, but by inspecting the carried off by the boats at the time, or first map illustrating the work, which during the liege of the castle, and the delineates the country comprised with. remainder capitulated in the fort. Sucha in the western branches of the Nile is the fact, and so has the world been from the latelt authorities, more dir. deceived." Here we cannot without tinctly, and in a much more fatif- injustice avoid observing, that Colonel factory manner, than the maps to Wilson says, “ the French Itatement Sonini's and Denon's Travels, for the rests on no other authority than the cultivated lands are marked by dotted ipse dixit of the writer to justify it." shades ; the inundation made by the May not some future French biltorian British army to form a junction with retort the same remark ! indeed we the Lake Mareoris, see page 54 ; the could have wilhed to find some original deep lands and swamps ; the positions document from a Turkish Officer of of the Turkish and of the British rank to corroborate the ipse dixit of the forces, and a variety of other curious English bistorian ; though we have the and interetting obječts, are marked in strongest reason, from other circumthis plan, which extends from Alexan- stances during the late war, to give it dria on the Weitern, and Rosetta on full credit. the Eaitern coast, up the country in a The surrender of Aboukir Castle Southern direction to Sakara, and its on the 18th of March, and the glorious Pyramids on the Western, and to the victory obtained over the French army Hills of Mokattam on the Ealtern sides on the 21tt, led on to a general attack of the Nile.

of the British, by General Menou ; and Subjoined to some remarks on the a.curious plan of the pogtion of the two different landing places of the French armies on that memorable day, eluci. and English forces, p. 17, we find the dating the ample narrative of the action, following note, relating to Bonaparte's muit afford the highest gratification to previous knowledge of the paltry re. all lovers of the military science ; and liitance which Alexandria could oppose every loyal British subject will feel a to him when he first landed near sensible pleasure in reading the various Arabs Tower.--" The Author does incidents minutely related of a battle, not write to detract from the French; which in one day blasted the laurele but it is the duty of an historian to wbich the Great Nation had been so long correct false statements. The boalted acquiring in this country. The French, allault of Alexandria was a contemptible when engaged with our own native as well as cruel action, unworthy alto- troops, were found to be no longer gether of Bonaparte's fame. Policy invincible, and the triumph in every may excuse the gasconade of his dis point of view would have been compatches, but not the wanton storming plete, if it had not been overcast with a of a city, for the sake of itriking terror, melancholy gloom, occasioned by the and fixing an impression of the French much-lamented fate of its gallant vete. name throughout Egypt. The mur ran Commander in Chiet. The cirder of the garrison was a barbarous cumstances attending this unfortunate violence, and the indulgence granted event, cannot be tno generally known, to his troops of a three hours facking as they exhibit the brightelt example of of the place, an act of unjustifiable in. valour, of fortitude, and of patience, bumanity."

under agonizing sufferings, and in Another mil-ftatement of the re the so-much-dreaded hour of death. nowned French General, and the last The enemy's cavalry had advanced that we shall particularile, as not having upon the Britifh infantry, and were on been noticed before, respects his vic- the point of o:erpowering two regitory over the Turks at Aboukir, ments - It was in this coarge of the “ where he describes their force as cavalry that he gallant Sir Ralph Abere amounting to seventeen thousand men, crombie, always anxious to be most the whole of which he stures, in his forwaril in danger, received his mortal dispatches, to have been either killed wound. . On the tirit alarm he had


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