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chose for their relidence Little Britain There was fill another reason for and Aldersgate-Street; for in those the fociety of Grubs chusing this street, early periods not one had crept so far and that was founded upon the same as the Black Horse without Newgate. principle which, perhaps, operated on When their best patrons, the book, the establishment of the College in fellers, I say, had fo snugly feated them- Warwick-lane, because there had, selves, they thought it was literally during the time of the great Earl, bigb time for them to look about; they on the very fpat, been a prodigious therefore chose for their altitudes the Naughter of, and many experiments houses of the street I am celebrating, made on, the carcasses of animals, fome which, from its vicinity to the different of which were of infinite advantage to preffes, from its being the centre of a the bodies of the poor. And “ there is great number of convenient alleys, (once said Mr. Burke) something in courts, and back ways, by which a the very atmosphere of a place which man who had any turn towards topo. has formerly been the seat of science, graphy might get to, or escape from, or the scene of noble actions, which his publisher's Thop without expofing conveys a kind of inspiration to the his perfon to more hazard than that of mind, and frequently leads it to imi. once crossing the high street ; for it will tation.” So, near this spot, lived and be observed by every one who con- died many men, eminent for their fiders, mathematically, the ancient plan learning and genius; such as, Richard of this part of the town, by drawing a and John Gowrie, Thomas Hawley, triangle from the extreme points of the ikilful Robert Glover, William building, that it was similar to a large Bolone, Sir John Writhosley, &c. cobweb; Grub-street was the middle, whose monuments were deltroyed with the other streets, like the principal the church of St. Giles, Cripplegate, Jines, were intersected and bound to by the accidental fire that befel it in gether by a number of courts, passages, the year 1545* : anil in Grub-ftreet lanes, alleys, yards, &c. &c. fo as 10 also lived and died the famous and sender it a very compact whole. laborious Jolin Foxt. Here he com

piled

Stow. + A fair marble monument was set up (says Stow) over the body of John Fox, the famous English Martyrologist, at the end of the south wall of the chancel, with this inscription:

" CHRISTO S. S.
" JOHANNI Foxo, Ecclefiæ Anglicanæ Martyrologo Fideliffimo, Antiqui-
“ fatis Hiftorica Indagatori sagacisfimo, Evangelicæ Veritatis propungatori
“ acerimo Thaumaturgo admirabile: qui Martyres Marianos, tanquam
“ Phenices ex cineribus redivivos præftitit. Patri fuo omni Pietatis
“ Oficio imprimis Calendo, Samuel Foxus illius primogenitus hoc
" Monumentum posuit, non fine Lachrimis.

“ Obiit Die 18 Menfis April 1587.

“ Jam Septuagenarius. “ Vita Vitæ mortalis eft, Spes Vitæ immortalis." This inscription is mostly in Fuller's Church History; who also remarks, that Mr. Fox was so large a reliever of the poor, that it is no wonder he left no legacies at his death; and further adds, " that whereas there passeth, upon good authority, a tradition that he foretold the ruin of the Invincible Armada in 1588, the story is true in itself, though he survived not to see the accomplilhment of his own predi&tion."

It is by no means singular to ascribe to men of fuperior eminence the property of looking into futurity. To produce instances of this propensity on the part of the public, would tire, without informing, the reader. But, in this respect, when such immense preparations were, on the side of the English, made to repel an invasion, which had been threatened long before the death of Fox, surely, when he contidered our situation, and the courage of our countrymen upon their own element, he mutt believe, that it did not require a supernatural genius, or very fuperior intelligence, to foresee that the Spaniards would, nay must, be beaten. Providence in a high degree certainly favoured our naval exertions. But I take it, that the form which difper fed the fleet of our enemies was not, in his prospective view, taken into the confideration

of

piled and printed those great volumes, of learning and talents, though there the acts and monuments of the Church were, perhaps, a hundred others wdo of Rome, and the Martyrdoms of

those thought that they had equal, if not fupethat were burned to death under Queen rior, claims. How the demons of envy Mary for religion. Here, it is laid, and malignity came to hover over this also lived John Speed, the Historian, quarter of the town it is impossible now who was buried in Cripplegate Church to lay ; or why, except for the reason July the 28th, 1629. Another inha. before given, this learned society, like bitant of this distriết was Mr. Richard another that Thall be nameless, was so Smith, a very learned antiquarian, who much the object of attack from the left a mott'noble collection of books light-armed troops quartered in the and manuscripts: he was an Attorney, welt, that even the Barbican, strong and some time Secondary of the Poultry as that fortress once was, proved no Compter. And although the last 1 defence against their paper pellets ? thall mention, certainly the greatest, why its members, who seem to have John Milton, who was buried in the been, if they had been suffered to chancel of the said church 1674. pursue their itudies in peace, inoffensive

We have thus seen that in this, which men, were so " beaten with brains?" is, or rather has been, the most clasical is equally inscrutable. The firft steps street in the town; for it must be ob. that were taken toward that acme of served, that the fraternity which once perfection to which general literature were the highest order of its inhabitants has arrived, it is well known, were by bave, like the Jesuits abroad, been dif- travellers who set out from the Alpersed to every part of the Inland; monry, Weltminster, and the Black those geniuses who have been so much Friars. The first loungers of any emi. ridiculed by vain and idle au:lors, nence, who were supposed to have who seem to conlider gravity, whether been formerly the protectors, and best of bead or countenance, as properties of friends, of the Grub-street writers, little value, either to their proprietors were initiated into their art at the or the public; who have been disposed' booksellers' thops in Little Britain, to treat lightly the most weighty matters, &c.; and the first editions of thoré though entombed in the moit weighty ingenious and celebrated works, Jack volumes *; who have scarcely allowed the Giant Killer, Reynard the Fox, any in this street, but those whom I the Wise Men of Gotham t, Tom have briefly noticed, to have been men Hicathrift, and a hundred others, are of the Martyrologist. However, if his prophecy added any thing to the confidence and comfort of the metropolis, it was unquestionably not without its use; and one laments that he did not live to see the completion of it, in order to have received those praises which his neighbours would have thought due to his fagacity.

* I should extremely doubt whether those beautiful prints of Mr. John Overton, with all their “ rich invention, proper exprefsion, correct design, divine attitudes, and artful contrast," with which the celebrated pieces of the Grub-ftreet authors were embellished, would be so much valued in this age as they were by his cotempo. raries.

+ Swift is an author that now one may safely censure; therefore I shall boldly tell him, that, in my apprehension, he seems totally miltaken in his critique of this learned piece of antiquity.

Let him take to himself what merit he pleases for the fagacity of his discovery of the political tendency of the true history of Reynard the Fox, though in that I as much believe as I do in Nixon that he is also miitaken, that it is prophetic, and obliquely glanced at election events which have lince been verified. But to las, that the Wise Men of Gotham, cum appendice, is a comparison betwixt the ignorance of the ancients and the learning of the moderns, is what no man can bear: it certainly is no futh thing. But having stated what it is not, I do not conceive myself bound to say what it is. It certainly is neither pleasant nor polite to glance either at individuals or bodies; therefore I thall reserve my observations until the work is again reviewed by an author of as much genius as him I have quoted, giving him, at parting, a bine, that I have made a discovery, that he has been more obliged to che Grub-ftreet writers than the world is aware of; for if it had not been for the Giant Killer and

Tom Thumb, it is believed we should never have heard either of the Brobidaagiaus or Lilliputians.

faid to have issued from the pens and their authors had left this quarter, and presses of the street of which I have got into other ftuations, at the same undertaken to be the historian; and time indicate pretty strongly, that they as from small beginnings great works are, by their genius and elegance of are frequently produced, it has been diction, fill to be considered as fick. said, that those not only engendered, risking, though extended, branches, but identified, that elaborate ipecies of from trunksemanating from the Society writing termed Romances and Novels; of Grub-street. many of which, though they shew that

SOME ACCOUNT OF DR. LETTSOM's FOUNTAIN COTTAGE,

CAMBERWELL GROVE, SURRY.

(WITH A VIEW..] In our XLVIIth Number, for May May no dark gults of rising paffion roll

1788, Vol. XIII. we introduced. The brooding tempeft in my troubled “ Some Account of Grove-bill, near Cam

foul; berwell, with an Engraving of the Back of Nor e'er again, to virgin beauty dear, Dr. Lettfom's House to the Garden;" and Thele lades tbe yell of midnight murder cursorily noticed, that a canal was then hear.

(the rein, forcing near the summit of the hill. But who, when headlong vice ufurps At this period, in the valley below, Who Thall the demon's frantic rage rewas a brick hole, in consequence of ftrain!

[ing bloom, the clay dug out for the purpose of Ye generous youths, who, in lite's open. the buildings on Grove-hill, and wlich At eve, delighted, range this peaceful presented an unpleasant object in light gloom,

(chase, of them. We mention thele as an in The baleful fyren from your bosoms itance of improvements which the And found your spotless love on virtue's combination of genius and art may

baft. effect.

In the Grove, near the Canal, it is At the fatal spot where the murder said, that George Barnwell murdered was supposed to have been committed, his uncle; an incident which gave rise rises a Itream of limpid water, which to Lillo's celebrated Tragedy of falls into the canal through a vase, on George Barnwell, or the London which a Naiad in ornamental Itone reMerchant; which has since been com- clines. It is this spring wbich gives memorated in the Rev. Ms. Maurice's the name of Camberwell to the village Poem on Grove-hill, in his usual Itile so called. Round the canal, a walk is of elegance:

carried under the shade of evergreens,

and opens into another, or the ShakYe towering elms, on whose majestic speare's Walk, which is terminated by brows

[Inows, a statue of the Poet, covered by a An hundred rolling years have led their thatched thed, fupported by the trunks Admit me to your dark sequestered reign, of several oak trees, with their branches To roam with contemplation's ftudious cropped, bearing feltoons of foliage and train;

(blade, flowers; and facing the itatue is a pond No savage murderer with a gleaming well stored with filh. No Barnwell, to pollute your facred Shakspeare's Walk is continued to a Shade.

(other fires theet of water which occupies the fite These haunts I seek; nor glow with of the brick hole we have already Than those which friendship's ardent noticed, which is fupplied by pipes warmth inspires;

from the canal, the waterpalling For here humanity's and virtue's friend through an elegant bacon of Portland Delights in rural leisure to unbend; Itone placed near the centre of this The social virtues of his heart displays, sheet of water, riles in a jet d'eau, and And practises whate'er his writings falling again into this reservoir, prepraise.

[tide ray, serves a continual agitation. Oh! while defended from the noon. In its border is erected a cottage of Pensive in this umbrageous bower I ftray, Singular neatness and taste; it is lup,

ported

[graphic]

European Magazine.

D Lettsoms, Fountain Collage, Camberwell Grove, Jurry.

Publichd by J.Asperne, SuccanIr to M? Sewell, at the Bible Crown & Constitution, Comhail July 1-1809.

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