mounted his horse, and finding the faint, was placed in a hammock, and right was seriously engaged, proceeded borne to the depôt, cheered by the thither. When he came near the feeling expressions and bleslings of the ruins, he dispatched his, foldiers as he passed : he was then put with some orders to different brigades, into a boat, accompanied by his Aid and whilst thus alone, fome dragoons de Camp and esteemed friend Sir Tho. of the French cavalry penetrated to mas Dyer, and carried to Lord Keith's the spot, and he was thrown from his ship. There the gallant hero fub. horse. One of them, from the tafel of mitted to painful operations with the his sword supposed to be an Officer, greatest firmness, but the ball could then rode at him, and attempted to cut not be extracted. At length, a mortihim down ; but just as the point of the fication ensued, and he died in the Sword was falling, his natural heroism, evening of the 29th, having always and the energy of the moment, so invi- expresled the greatest solicitude for the gorated the veteran General, that he army, and irritating his mind, from the feized the sword, and wrested it from first moment, with the anxiety to rethe hand ; at that instant the Officer sume his command." was bayonetted by a soldier of the On the controverted subject of taking 42d regiment. Sir Ralph Abercrom the French Itandard, we have the fola bie did not know the moment of his lowing particulars, which may serve to receiving a wound in his thigh, but throw a clearer light on the fingular complained severely of the contusion contest than has hitherto appeared in in his breast, supposed to be given by our public prints.--" In this battle the hilt of the sword in the scuffie. Sir the French standard was taken, Ser. Sidney Sinith was the first Officer who jeant Sinclair, of the 42d regiment, came to Sir Ralph, and who by accident and a private of the Minorca, whose had broke his own sword; which Sir name unfortunately cannot now be Ralph observing, he instantly presented acquired, claimed equally the trophy; him the one he had so gloriously ac and it appears that each merited the quired, and which Sir Sidney means honour ; Serjeant Sinclair first took it, to place on his monument.

but being ordered forwards by an OffiSir Ralph, as the French cavalry cer, he gave it to a private, who was were by this time repulsed, walked to killed. When the Minorca advanced, the redoubt on the right of the guards, the French had recovered the colours ; from which he could command a view but the private wrested them from the of the whole field of battle. At length, man who had possession, and then bayo. General Menou finding that every one netted him. General Regnier states, of his movements had failed, and that that the battalion to which these co. the British lines had suffered no serious lours belonged was composed chiefly impression to juftify the hopes of an

but how Copts came to eventual success, determined on a re carry a standard, on which Le passage treat. About ten o'clock in the morn. de la Scrivia, le passage du Tagliamento, ing the action ceased ; but it was not le passage de l'Ifonzo, la Prise de Graz, till the defeat of the French was thus Le Pont de Lodi, are inscribed, General absolutely assured that Sir Ralph Aber- Regnier can only explain." crombie, who had remained in the bat The observations on the battle, partery, where several times he had nearly ticularly with respect to the errors of been killed by cannon-shot, could be the French General Menou, can only prevailed upon to quit the field. He be judged of by military men ; but we had continued walking about, paying may suppose them impartial, fince, no attention to his wound, only occa upon other occations, Colonel Wilson kionally complaining of a pain in his is liberal of his encomiums on the breatt from the contusion. Officers talents and general good conduct of who went to him in the course of the that Officer. action, returned without knowing But notwithstanding the importance from his manner or appearance that of this victory, we are told by our hiitohe had been wounded, and many only rian, that it by no means decided the ascertained it by seeing the blood fate of Egypt; we are therefore to trickling down his clothes. At last, look for the entire evacuation of the his spirit, when exertion was no longer country by the French, to the sublenecessary, yielded to nature; he became quent luccelles of the British army


of Copts ;

under the command of that diftin. sterling ; and the French derived, in guithed Officer General Hutchinson, addition, sufficient lupplies in kind for whose talents and exertions were equal their armies." to those of his renowned predeceffor. “ ln a military point of view, Egypt A regular feries of military operations is of valt importance. The Ottoman on the part of the Britih forces, related Empire totters, and India muit He with candour and precision, conduct terror-itruck, if France Thould ever the reader to the final complete accom be allowed the pofTeffion.”. plishment of the great object of the The policy of France is too deep, expedition. The difficulties the Ge- her enmity too rooted, not to devise neral had to furmount, the hardships means, in process of time, for the deendured by the troops, the description ttruction of the Englith power in India; of the country, and of the inhabitants, and Egypt approaches ioo near to this furnish interelting and curious mate valuable colony. rials for the remainder of the history Our Author here introduces an anec. of the campaign, - which cannot be dote, communicated to him by a Briabridged, for they are brougiit within til Nobleman, most justly, celebrated the narrowest poftible limits, the whole for the extent of his polítical knownariative being comprised in 181 pages. ledge and distinguished capacity, por

The annexed Moral and Pliytical selling also the belt sources of informaState of Egypt contains a fund of new tion *, who had been shown the copy information, interspersed with judi. of a plan given in by a Frenchman to cious l'emarks on its connexion with the great Catharine of Russia, for the European politics ; of which we can conquest of India, which appeared to only give our readers a sufficient idea his Lord thip to be so gigantic an idea, to enable them to form a judgment that he did not then, enter into the deof the importance of the acquilition tails ; but fonie years afterwards, when to any European Power that may be Suwarrow, the Russian General, en. able to colonize it, the first object tered Ispahan, “ he lamented his in. which the French had in view.

attention, for he thought he beurd his “ Egypt, from its fertility, is a most cannon re-echoing, in Hindoitan." valuable colony to any Power, more And it is added, that Paul the First particularly since the means of sub- drew from the Archives of Ruflia this listence have not increased in Europe important project, and attempted, in in proportion to its population. At concert with France, the realization ; present, the ground yields three when, fortunately for humanity and crops ; with care, these crops might his country, death defeated his schemes be inade at lealt one third more than of ambition and of unnatural enmity their present quantity : even now, to Great Britain. « One division was after affording lubfilterice to three mil- already on its march, which was to lions of inhabitants, vast supplies are have been followed by another, when a tent to Arabia and Turkey. Barley, corps of 50,000 men would have allemwheat, and rice, grow almoit spontane- bled, in the autumn of 1801, on the boroully; the feed of the former is gene- ders of the Caspian Sea." rally only scattered on the earth, or On this ground, Colonel Wilson rather mud, and ripens in four months. contends, that Egypt is necessary to Flax, trefoil, the cotton tree, &c. Hou- England, as an acquisition of rish throughout Egypt. The sugar. wealth or aggrandizement, but for cane grows luxuriantly, and excellent security ; for the theatre of her wars Tugai' is manufactured in thort, every with France will ever hereafter be exthing which the wants and luxuries of tended to those plains, and such an Europe demand might here be culti- extension of the field of battle muust be vated ; and Egypt, from her locality, highly prejudicial to the intereits of would soon again recover, by com- Great Britain—therefore, “ the main · merce, considerable fplendour, if a tenance of Alexandria or Malta was good government did but direct its absolutely necessary in this Gentlerelources. Even under the Beys, the man's opinion) to remove these appreannual revenue amounted to 1,500,00cl. henfions." He concludes these politi.

* N«t mentioned ; but we conjecture it must be either the Marquis of Lansdown or Lord Macaroney.

cal VOL. XLIII. Jan. 1803.



cal reflections with the following ad- Lions' Heads, black granite, brought vice to our Statelinen.

from the ruins of Thebes. “ The hoftility of the Turks to 6. A mutilated Figure kneeling, France offers a favourable moment for black granite. the completion of designs necefTiary 7. Two Statues, white marble, sup: to the interelts of England and Turkey, posed to be Septimius Severus and who ought to form an inseparable alli. Marcus Aurelius, found in the reance : nor could such measures be searches made in Alexandria. deemed otherwise than precautions of 8. A Stone of Black Granite, with self defence, even by those whose views three Inscriptions, Hieroglyphic, Copwere impeded by them. The friend tic, and Greek, found near Rosetta. thip of Turkey is of such importance 9. A Statue of a woman titting with to England, that every exertion should a Lion's Head, black granite, from be made, and some facrifices even not Upper Egypt. refitted, if they tend to prevent France 10. Two Fragments of Lions' Heads, resuming her influence in the Divan." black granite, from Upper Fgypt. The dissertations on the diseases of Hieroglyphics, black granite, from

11. A small Figure kneeling, with Egypt we pass over, for the same reafon that we leave it to the reader to

Upper Egypt. judge for himlelf, by comparison, of Lions' Heads, black granite, from

12. Five Fragments of Statues with the descriptions of Alexandria, Rosetta, Upper Egypt. and Cairo, and of their inhabitants, as given by this Author, and by Sonini black granite, from Upper Egypt.

13. A Fragment of a Sarcophagus, (to whose work he ascribes great merit), Denon, and other writers on the fine, with Hieroglyphics, bassaites, from

14. Two small Obelisks, remarkably fame fubject ; and mall close our review with an article more novel, and semblance to the engraved plates in

Upper Egypt: these bear a trong re. of immediate utility, viz..

Sonini of Cleopatra's Needles at AlexAn Account of Pieces of ancient andria, in miniature : they have been Sculpture, taken by the British Forces much broken in transporting them ; from the French Army in Alexandria;

but are now properly secured in cases, sent to England in the charge of Colo- open at the top and hides. nel Turner in the month of September

15. A Coloflean Ram's Head, of a 1802 ; ad now expo:ed to public view bone called by the French rouge grais, in the Great Court of the British Mu. from Upper Égypt. feum, in Great Rufel ftreet, Blooms.

16. A Statue of a Woman sitting on bury; over which sheds have been the ground, of black granite ; between erected for their preservation from the the feet is a Model of a Capital of a weather. This catalogue will serve as

Column of the Temple of Ibs at Den. a guide to the curious visitors ; and

dera. the writer can allure his countrymen,

17. A Fragment of a Statue with a that they are well deserving of their Lion's Head, black granite, from Upper attention.


And within the Museum. A Chest 1. An Egyptian Sarcophagus, with of Oriental Manuscripts, in number Hieroglyplucs, of a stone called by the sixty-two, Coptic, Arabic, and Turkiin, French brecbe vorte, from the mosque from the Library of the French lusti. of St. Arhanafius, in Alexandria.

tute at Cairo. 2. Ditto, and ditto, of black granite, from Cairo.

The Strength of the British Army 3. Ditto, and ditto, of basfaltes, from in Egypt, Returns of Killed and Menouf.

Wounded, Inftrucions, Dispatches, 4. The Fift of a Coloflean Statue, Copies of Gazettes, and other official fuppofed to be Vulcan, found in the Papers, fill up and cloic the volume. ruins of Memphis.

M. 5. Five Fraginents of Statues, with


The Beauties of Wiltshire displayed in Statistical, Historical, and Descriptive
Sketches : interspersed with Anecdotes of the Arts. 8vo. Two Volumes.

Hallow'd memento of the Druid age !
Whose mystic plains a Briton's awe engage,
Whole bleating flocks the ample downs o'erspread,
Where structures rude entomb the mighty dead !
Where bounteous Ceres hails the summer's morn,
And pours exhauftless treasures from her horn ;
Where princely domes, upreard by mimic art,
Enchant the eye, and gratify the heart !
Faintly, O Wilts ! my hand essays to trace
The magic splendors of thy varied face,
To snatch from Lethe's Itream thy honor'd name,
And sketch thy Beauties on the scroll of fame.

With these elegant lines the Author, To the Marquis of Lansdown, like.

Mr. John Britton, ushers in his wise, Mr. Brition was indebted for equally elegant work to his readers : much ingenuous advice, which is thus for they form a part of the title-pages forcibly impressed upon the minds of of both volumes ; and exhibit a pleaf. his readers. « Should it be discovered ing specimen of his poetical talent. that my efforts are entitled to com. With respect to his profaic merit, we mendation, the greatest merit will Thall leave it to the judgment of others. attach to the Marquis : but for his to decide, submitting only, with great affability of manners and kind endeference, our opinion, that the style is couragement, this work had never chalte and clallical throughout the appeared; for I am not alhamed to whole performance ; and in the de. confess, that my attainments, at the scriptive parts truly sublime.

period of its commencement, were The patronage, advice, and assistance unequal to its completion. The given to the author, by some. Noble-judicious observations of this liberal men distinguished for their knowledge Nobleman confirmed my wavering and liberal encouragement of literature purpose-I was induced to persevere, and the fine arts, and by a great num and now fatter myself that I have ber of other very respectable and well- contributed towards the illustration known characters, constitute a power- of my native county (imperfect as my ful recommendation, which the exe- ' attempts confessedly are) more than cution of the work demonstrates to any person whose labours have yet have been well bestowed ; and in the been published.". handsome acknowledgmenrs he has The work is divided into sections ; made of the obligations conferred on and the first consists of introductory obhim, he has modestly paid the debt of servations, the Author having deemed gratitude, concluding his Preface with it necessary to precede these descriptive declaring his thankfulness to those who sketches of the county of Wilts with have displayed a friendly disinterested some general information respecting its disposition to him or his work. The history, extent, appearance, population, first volume, the subject of the present and produce, that the publick may be Review, is dedicated, with itriet pro- the better enabled to form an accurate priety, To the Right Honourable

the opinion on the importance of a county Earl of Radnor, Recorder of the City whole statistical history no Author has of Salisbury, &c. &c. &c. His Lord. yet completed. Ship’s attention to the general interests Pursuing this plan, a brief bistory of of literature, the important services he the County is iketched from its earliest has individually rendered to the capital authentic records, commencing about of Wiltshire, and the several improve the year of our Lord 519, when the Inents which his Lordship’s patriotic thires of Wilts, Devon, Somerset, exertions have been instrumental in Hants, Dorset, and Berks, became the promoting, naturally induced the Au- property of Cerdic, a Saxon Prince, i hor to folicit such distinguished pa- whose dominions were united by the tronage ; which was granted in the general name of Wessex, or the kingmoit polite and liberal manner.

dom of the West Saxons, The scheme

of generating concord, by cantoning are respectively situated, I will relate out the kingdom into parcels, proved the most material circumstances confatal to the Saxon beptarchy. The nected with their history, in the mode ainbition or jealousies of the several molt agreeable to truth and my own monarchs continually involved the inquiries, however I may deviate in cersubjects of the different states in dire. tain respects, from received opinion." ful warfare. The miseries the Saxons Such is the rich inental feast this had inflicted on the Britons, were ingenious gentleman promises to his repaid on each other; nor was it till readers; and, after a careful and candid the union of the seven kingdoms under peruial of the whole performance, we Egbert, that this unfortunate country venture to pronounce that it is executed had any repose from calamity. So far with combined taste and judgment. the outline of the ancient history is Section II. contains tlie early bistory iraced in the introduction: the most and a satisfactory description of old material events that were transacted in Suum.-" It is situated about one Wilts, during this and the fubfequent mile north of Salifury, and though periods of the luistory of England, are difmantled of its frowning buildings related from authentic or probable and architectural consequence, it predocuments, when describing the places sents a scene awfully grand! The where they occurred. The usual military antiquary will find much to geographical pofition of the County admire' in its deep ditches, high follows next; the errors of tome ramparts, and great extent; and the former geographers, who asigned 100 man addicted to reflection, and por. narrow limits to this county, are rec selling sensibility, will feel interested tified, the itatement of Mr. T. Davis, in reverting to the tales of other times, in his very ingenious view of the and derive pleafurable confolation from agriculture of Wilts, who makes the comparing them with the transactions dimensions 54 miles long, and 34 of the present moment. What a scene broad, comes as near the truth as can does this place, and indeed all Salisbury. be ascertained, by an acquaintance with plain, preient for meditation—when we the best surveys, and the most direct contrast the warlike days of yore, with roads. The topographical description the present days of domestic peace. seems to be drawn with the nicelt Now, the humble' folitary [hepaccuracy, and without omitting any herd, and the whitling ploughman, circumitance with which the reader, or may purfue their respective avocations, traveller ought to be well acquainted, fearless of the blood-stained foldier ; amongst which we particularly notice 120W, the poor cottager retires to the the account of its clothing trade, and straw bed of content, undisturbed by manufactures of linen, cotton, gloves, 'the marauding warrior ; nou, the cutlery, &c. encouraging a vait and peasant and the farmer are alike increasing population. The infor secured by the laws of the land, from mation concerning the great number the plundering tyrant; and now, the of theep and catile bred in this county, curious antiquary may measure Stonearreais to be both new and highly benge without the four of having his interesting “ It is affirmed, that

own measure curtailed, by the head. 0 50,000 lambs at least, are produced diflevering sword. What in. and fed yearly, in South Wiltihire eltimable blessing is peace ! - What a only, and the summer stock of sheep deplorable calamity is war! Only in that district, is litile, if any, short of fancy these boundless plains covered ŝoosono.

with hundreds of camps, and thou funds « In fine (says our author), the myste. of soldiers, and even then the imarious and astonishing relicks of Dru gination will not exceed the reality, idilm, which more eminently appertain and that every day, the cries of the to this County; the many elegant innocent, the thrieks of the widowed ft:uctures of ancient and modern ar- mother, and the bewailings of the chitecture ; the beauties of nature in orphan, pierced the wide concave of her genuine fimplicity--or tastefully heaven with unavailing lamentations." difpiayed in the prelent modern system Moral reflections such as these certainly of gardening į the ruined castle, and enhance the value of descriptive moulviering Abbey are subjects that fcenery, and they are introduced in all particularly attract attention; and when parts of the work, where the objects Í dcscribe the places near which they delincated afford a proper opening.



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