The viciffitudes of Old Sarum, the The history of the ancient palace of construction of New Sarum, the present Clarendon, formerly lituated in the city of Salisbury, and an account of the midst of an extensive and beautiful old Roman roads, render this section park, about two miles south east of uncommonly curious; nor must we Salisbury, now levelled with the dust; omit the fingularity of the right till an account of the residence of several exercised by this ancient borough, to British monarchs at Clarendon; of the send two members to parliament, famous constitutions of Clarendon ; though there are no houses remaining, of the famous Earl of Clarendon, Lord except a small publick house in its Chancellor in the reign of Charles II. vicinity, and that the number of and grandfather to Queen Mary, the electors is reduced to seven freeholders, wife of William III. and of Queen who have lands lying within the liber. Ann; and anecdotes of Stephen Duck, ties of the borough.." Old Sarum first the thresher, and Poet, patronised by sent members to parliament in the 23d Queen Caroline, the consort of George of Edward I. and then intermitted till II. occupy Se&t. VII. the 34th of Edward III. from which As even the analytical table of the time it has been done constantly. The principal contents of the remaining election is usually held in a temporary subjects of this volume, is too detailed house, erected on one of the burgage to be brought within any moderate lands *, near the village of Stratford : compass, we can only observe, that the the manor belongs to Thomas Pitt, description of the Statues, Busts, and Lord Camelford, a descendant of Go. Pictures at Wilton House, the feat of vernor Pite, the owner of the famous the Earl of Pembroke, embellithed with Diamoud, and grandfather to the great a most beautiful view of the edifice Earl of Chatham; the Governor and the most ample description of bought the manor in 1690, of James Fortbill, the celebrated mangon of Mr. Earl of Salisbury, for 1500l. Salisbury Beckford, with all its late improvements, cathedral, and the Bishop's palace are collection of pictures by ancient fully described, and a beautiful view masters, and by British artists of our of the welt front of the Cathedral, drawn own time; its magnificent apartments by Mr. Britton, and engraved by Storer, and splendid furniture, &c. are the is prefixed to both volumes, The principal subjects which occupy the churches, colleges, and other publick greatest part of the remaining pages of edifices in Salitbury; a characteristic of this volume--but we were much dicapthe inhabitants ; reflections on the itate pointed, after all that has been published of the poor, &c. are the principal concerning this superb mansion, with Subjects of Sections III. and iv. the inferiority of the view of it, com. Longford Castle, a seat belonging to pared with Wilton House, and War. the Earlof Radnor, Gtuated about three dour Castle, the seat of Lord Arundel, miles south-east of Salisbury, being the latt plate in the volume, the de the first object that attracted the at. fcription of which is likewise very tention of our author, after leaving interesting, and it comprises an amusing the city, he has given a beautiful view biographical account of Mr. Giles of it, and a description of the valuable Husley, an eccentric Englith painter, pidures and curiofities it contains, some of whose works form part of the particularly a steel chair which may decorations of the castle. Alhcombe, rank amongst the choicest labours of a fingularly sequeftered abode of the antiquity ; "the compartments, more uncle of Lord Arundel, as described by than 130 in number, contain a mul- H. P. Wyndham, Esq. is likewise istiplicity of figures in miniature, neatly troduced into the same section with and wonderfully executed." For the Wardour Cattle. history and further account of this great The Volume closes with a fhort and weighty curiosity, See Soet. V. p. 112. account of Knoyle, a village diftin.

Downton Town and New Hall are guihed by the birth of the celebrated briefly described, and a moft affecting Sir Christopher Wren, the Architet anecdote related of Dr. Raleigh, elder of St. Paul's Cathedral; and of Mere, brother to the famous Sir Walter Ra- a small town, fignifying, in the Saxon leigh, in Sect VI.

language, a boundary or land-mark. . There are thirteen burgage tenements within the limits of the borough, nine of wbich belong to Lord Cameltord:


The counties of Dorset, Somerset, and nefs the Prince of Wales is Lord of
Wilts, unite near this place. It for the Manor.

merly had a Calle, erected on a high
knoll, ftill called the Castle hill; and (To be concluded by a Review of Vol II. in
it is remarkable, that his Royal High-

our next.)

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An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales, from its first

Settlement, in January 1788, to August 1801: With Remarks on the Dis. positions, Customs, Manners, &c. of the Native Inhabitants of that Country. To which are added, fome Particulars of New Zealand; compiled, by Permission, from the MSS. of Lieutenant-Governor King; and an Account of a Voyage performed by Captain Flinders and Mr. Bals; by which the Existence of a Strait separating Van Dieman's Land from the Continent of New Holland was ascertained. Abstracted from the Journal of Mr. Bass., By Lieutenant Colonel Collins, of the Royal Marines, late Judge Advocate and Secretary of the Colony. Ilustrated by Engravings. 4to.

is the continuation of a Work, discovered in this country, situated to of which the First Part was re the S. W. of the settlement, from viewed in our XXXIVth Volume. Of which it was distant between three and the former part, the contents were four hundred miles; and in which they drawn from the Author's own ob. were assured of finding all the comforts servation during an actual residence on of life, without the necessity of labour. the spot; the present is compiled from ing for them. materials with which he has been * It was discovered, that, in con. favoured, and on the authenticity of sequence of this extraordinary rumour, which, he tells us, "he can safely itake a plan had been formed, by means of his credit."-In fact, the Work al. a correspondence carried on between together bears a strong semblance to an thele people, from one district to oficial Publication; and, as the first another, of escaping from the colony ; Volume was dedicated to [the late] which was to be put in execution fo Lord Sydney, the present is inscribed to foon as they had completed a sufficient Lord Hobart, His Majesty's Secretary Itock of provisions. The place of of State for the War Department, &c. general rendezvous was fixed upon,

We are sorry to find, froin a perusal and they were furnished with a paper of this second Volume, that no amend of written instructions for their ment has taken place in the general guidance to this fancied paradise, or behaviour of the Convicts. Repeated to China; in addition to which, they instances occur of the depravity to had been supplied with the figure of a which human nature can be reduced, compass drawn upon paper: notwithstanding the punishment that “ Having received early information was sure to follow transgreflion, or the of the intentions of this party, the jewards and encouragement that at governor wrote to a magistrate at Partended better conduct. Great discon- ramatta, desiring that he would go to tents existed among the Irish Convicts, Toongabbe, where the principal part. which were artfully fomented by foine of the mal-contents were employed, designing characters. The extreme, and point out to them the danger to nay lavage, ignorance of these people which so ill-advised a step would expose cannot better be exhibited, than by them; but, as to attempt to reason quoting the following pallage: with ignorance and obstinacy, was only

“ The Irish prisoners who had arrived to waste time, he was to acquaint them, in the last chips from that country had that the governor would allow any about this period become so turbulent four of them whom they thould select and refractory, and so dissatished with from their number, and who they might their situation, that, without the most think capable of travelling over steep rigid and levere treatment, it was and rocky mountains, through thick impossible to derive from them any and extensive woods, and fording deep labour whatever. In addition to their and rapid streams, to proceed as far as natural vicious propenfities, they con. they thould find themselves able, with (tived an opinion, that there was a such provifions as they could carry. colony of white people, which had been That further, for the prefervation of


the lives of those four men, he would it, the governor caused four of the order three other people, who were Itrongest and hardiest among them to accultomed to the woods of this be choten by themselves, and properly country, and well acquainted with the prepared for a journey of discovery. savages of the mountains to accompany They were to be accompanied by three and lead them in the direction pointed men, upon whom the governor knew out in their written initructions. he could depend, and who were to lead

“ On conversing with these infatuated them back, when fatigued and expeople, it appeared, that the history of hausted with their journey, over the the suppoled settlement h:ad its rite very worlt and molt dangerous part of from fome strange and unintelligible the country. This plan was no sooner account which one of these men, who settled, than the governor received inhad left his work, and resided for some formation on which he could rely, that time with the natives, had collected a party of these miscreants had confrom the mountain lavages.

certed with the four deputies to meet “A very few days demonstrated the them at a certain place, where they effect of the governor's adiress to these were to murder the perions intended ignorant people. He received in. to be their guides, poflets themselves formation, that considerable numbers of of their arms anii provisions, and then them were allembling for the purpose pursue their own route. This dia. of proceeding in quest of the new bolical scheme was counteracted by settlement. Ře, therefore, directed a the addition of four foldiers to the party of armed constabies to w.ay-lay guides; and on the 14tla they let off and secure as many as they were able; from Parramatta. which was effected, and tixteen were “On the 24th the soldiers returned taken and put into confinement. On with three of the deputies, who, having speaking to them the following day, gained the foot of the first mountains, they appeared to be totally ignorant were so completely fick of their jourwhither they were going; but, ob- ney, and of the prospect before them, serving in them as much obstinacy as that they requested to return with the ignorance, the governor juftly con foldiers, whole million here terminated, ceived that he could not use an ar. being ordered to leave them at this gument more likely to convince them place in the direction of the guides; of their misconduct, than by ordering one man only expressed a refolution to a severe corporal puniínment to be perfevere, and penetrate further into inflicted at Sydney, on thole who ap- the country, and was left with them peared to be the principals in this for that purpose. business; which was accordingly put “ The history of these people might in execution; seven of them re well be fupposed to end here ; but ceiving each two hundred lashes; the their restless dispositions were not calremainder, after being punished at culated to remain long in peace. Parramatta, were sent to hard labour, “ It will be seen, on recurring to the and strictly looked after.

transactions of the month of October “ On inquiry, it appeared, that this last, that a boat belonging to a settler party was composed of several who had been carried off in the night, by were present when the magiitrate ad- fone people who were supposed to have dreñed them by order of the governor; taken her out to sea, where, from the and that others had assembled from werkness of the boat, they muft foon different farm3, which were firuated at have perilned; but they were a considerable distance from each other. heard of again. Owen Cavanagh, a The trouble taken to collect and mif- free man, had a boat which he em. lead these people, proved to him that ployed in transporting grain from the it was the work of some wicked Hawkesbury to Sydney. On the oth incendiary, who designed by this means of this month, he informed the goto embrass the publick concerns of vernor, that, a thort time before, his the colony. and thereby throw ob- boat had been boarded in the night, off itacles in the way of his government. Müller-Illand, by the very people who

Bemg, on further consider ition of bad ttolen the one from the settler, and the necefility of checking this spirit of carried her off, with another, containing emigration determined to convince tifty bushels of grain, which fome other them, by their own experience, of the perion was bringing to Sydney. One danger and difficulties which attended man, who had, againit huis with, been


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concerned in the first seizure, now left ferable uninformed companions of their them, and returned with Cavanagh; crime. Self-prefervation was their and from him the following account of plea; but was there not a method teft their proceedings was obtained. Hav within their reach, which might have iog effected the capture, they proceeded prelerved the whole? Miglit they not to the fouthward, with the intention of lave returned to Sydney, and thrown reaching the wreck of the hip Sydney- themselves upon that mercy which cove. For their guide, they had'a they had lo oiten feen exercised in the pocket compass, of which scarcely one settlement. Could it be imagined, man of the fourteen who compoled the that at this day there was exitting in a party, knew the use. In this boat polished civilized kingdom, a race of They were twice thrown on More, and beings (for they do not deserve the at last reached an island, where, had appellation of men) so extremely igthey not fortunately found many birds norant, and so little humanized as and feals, they must inevitably have thele were, compared with whom the perished From the inconceiveable naked favages of the mountains were hard thips they underwent, they would an enlightened people! to a man have gladly returned, could “ Occational defertions of one or two they have hoped that their punishment people at a time had occurred tince the would have been any thing ihort of eitablishment of the settlement; but death. Finding it impoflible for such the first conviêts who arrived from a number of discontented beings to Ireland in the Queen in the yer . continue of one mind, or to be able to 3791 went off in numerous borties, furnith food in their miserable situation few of whom ever returned. They for fo many, they judged it neceffary, too were prepofleired with the poulifrom a motive of felt-preservation, that bility of penetrating through the one half should deceive the other half; woods to China, and imparted the and while these were alleep, those who same idea to all of tbeir countrymen were prepared, took away the boa, who came after them, engaging the n leaving their seven wretched and un in the fame act of folly and madness. fufpe&ting companions upon the de. It was not then to be wondered at, folate illand, the situation of which this that Wil10:1, who lately came in from man could not describe, lo as to enable the woods, should, among other ar. the governor at any time to find it. ticles of information, mention his Their number now being reduced to finding more than fifty skeletons, which seves, and thinking themselves in dan. the natives atured bin had been white ger near this port, they had been men, who had lost tbeir way and peJurking for some time about Broken- rished. This account was corroborated Bay, with a view of capturing a better by different Europeu articles/ which boat loaded with grain from the were fcattered about, fuch as knives, Hawkesbury; which they effected, old shoes, and other things which firit by taking the boat ot' Owen Ca were known not to belong to the vanaghi, the support of whole wife and natives." children it had long been. After We find another striking instance of securing him, they took potlession of a this ignorance in an Irish Convict, fimaller boal, containing upwards of who, having etcaped from his work, fifty bufhels of wheat; and, finding and been for some time misling, was at Cavanagh's the largest and best of length brought in. the two, they ran out about three or " He had wandered about for several four leagues from the land, when they davs in search of a roait which he exthifted their prisoners into the linaller pected to have found, and which was boat, and stood oil to the northward; to have conducted him to China, or the where it was very probable they would new colony; but, his strength fuiling lose their boat, the being of such a lize, with his provisions, he grew faint, and, that if they thould get hier on thore by delpairing of meeting with any reliet, any accident, they would not be able he had juit fenfe enough to reverse the to launch ber again, and must finally written infructions, which had been

calculated solely to carry him out, di“ Here we find ex:reme ignorance, recting him to keep the fun on a paraccompanied by great cunning, pro. ticular part of his body, varying accucing cruelty ; tor nothing less can cording to the time of the day. By be laid of their abandoning the inia this method lic travelled editvaru, ant

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in a direction that led him nearly to nine miles to the southward. By the the head of George's River, where a specimens of this coal which were few people were settled ; and having afterwards obtained, the quality apone morning heard the report of a gun peared to be good ; and large quanti. at a distance, he endeavoured to walks ties of this valuable article were at a towards it, but was unable to make subsequent period found in the neigh. himself heard by hallooing, when night bourhood of the settlement. overtook him. Being faint and wea We must reserve the conclusion of ried, he took a little four, which he our remarks on this volume till next ftill had in his pocket, and sprinkling month : only adding for the present, it on fome freth water, drank it, and that, having perused with pain the follaid himself down to relt. In the lowing remark" As the Annalist of morning, being somewhat refreshed, the English Colony in New South he again exerted himself to get for- Wales, I probably take my leave for ward in the direction whence the re. ever of that country, in whole service I port of the gun had revived him, and fpent the first nine years of its infancy, loon after heard a man's voice, upon during all the difficulties and hardships which he hallooed again, and to his with which, in that rude state, it had infinite joy was answered. The man, to contend : a country which has who was one of the settlers, took him eventually proved the destruction of to his bouse, recruited his ipirits, and my brightest prospects; having, by my brought him into the town. 'On being fervices there, been precluded from questioned how he found his way back, succeeding to my proper ftuation in he faid, “that a paper compass which the professional line to which I was liad been given him was of no utility; bred; without any other reward as he therefore kept his face toward the yet to boalt of, than the consciousness place where the sun came from ; but of having ever been a faithful and if the Lord had not been on his fide, zealous servant to my employers, and he should have been loft, for he had knowing that the peculiar

' hardlhip of been two whole days without any food, my case has been acknowledged by except a little flour and water.' every Gentleman, in and out of office,

A thip from India having been to whom it has been communicated : wrecked on the Coast, some of the fur- we feel a proportionate gratification vivors. undertook to penetrate by land on finding that Colonel Collins has no to the Settlement. The distresses and longer any reason to complain of the miserable end of most of these people, backwardness of Government to re. proved the difficulty with which such ward his services in that country : for an attempt must ever be attended : we have seen it announced by the News they, however, in the course of their papers, that this Gentleman has been long and perilous journey, discovered, appointed Lieutenant-Governor of a in the face of a steep cliff, wahed by settlement that is to be established in the sea, a Itratum of coal, in breadth Bass Strait, with a salary of sool. perann. about six feet, and extending eight or (To be concluded in our next.)

The Beauties of England and Wales; or, new information is produced. The

Delineations Topographical, Historical, plates, which are twenty-five in numand Descriptive, of each County. By ber, are executed with the same deli. John Britton and Edward Wedtake cacy as in the fornrer volume ; and the Brayley. Vol. II. 8vo.

whole work (a few trifling inaccuraIn our Magazine for October 1801, cies in Cambridgeshire excepted) is so we noticed the first volume of this very well deserving of encouragement, that laudable work ; which we perceive is we do not hesitate to give it our reproceeding in its career with spirit commendation, and attention, and will, we doubt not, when finished, supersede in our libra. A popular View of the Structure and Eco. ries all the works extant on the fame nomy of the Human Body : interspersed pian. The present volume compre. with Reflections, Moral, Praktical, and hends Cambridgeshire, Chethire, and Miscellaneous, including modern DiscoCornwall, and in each county much veries, and defigned for general In

formation VOL. XLIII. JAN. 11oz.

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