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IMPORTANT DISCOVERIES.

PROFESSOR PALMER, of Wolffen The Optical Instrument Maker of

buttle, has invented a composition the Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, to secure combustible substances, such Mr. Gabriel Collin, has invented an as wood, paper, linen, cotton, &c. instrument, by means of which subfrom catching fire. He has published Itances may be discovered, and lought the secret of his discovery, which con at the bottom of the sea. fits of a powder made up of the follow. ing ingredients, viz. -One ounce of

The King of Sweden ordered some

to be tried with this fulphur, one ditto of red ochre, and fix experiments ounces of copper water *.

instrument on board the frigate of To prevent wood catching fire, it is the Swedish Sea Cadets, which were first covered with joiners' glue, over

attested by the Captain. From them which the powder is spread. This

it results, that y means of the instruprocess is repeated three or four times ment, bright objects may be seen at after the wood has become dry. In

a depth of 53 feet, and obscure ones linen and paper, only water is used

at 27 feet; in the Baltic obscure ob. instead of glue, and the process is re.

jects could be seen at 27, and clear peated twice.

ones at 37 feet depth. If this powder be thrown on sub There is a contrivance in this indances actually in combustion, two Itrument, by which the observer can ounces of it will extinguish the fire, to look as deeply into the water in milty the extent of the surtace of a square or foul, as in clear fair, weather. The foot. The meritorious Profeffor pro- wind never hinders the use of this inmises a Dissertation respecting the par. strument, which only requires one ticular application of this discovery

, to person for ule. His Swedith Majesty fave precious effects, and even men has rewarded the artist with a douceur from the danger of being burnt. On of about rool. Aterling, and the Aca. the ruth of December lait, the first ex- demy of Science at Stockholm, is to periments were tried at Wolffenbutile, , make a report on it. and gave general fatisfaction.

THE VILLA OF THE LATE MR. JOHN SEWELL.

[WITH AN ENGRAVING.] In conformity to a wish expressed by tention which he had paid to its erection

its late worthy owner, that after his and preservation, and the great expence decease, whenever that might happen, that he had been at to bring it io its we would insert a Plate, which he had present state, we must acknowledge his previously had engraven, representative foible to have been entitled to great of a Building and Grounds erected and indulgence. planted by himself, we have contdered The House occupies one of the most the circumstance of their being an elevated and pleasant spots in the parish nounced for Sale as favourable to the of Battersea † ; and the Grounds about intention.

it(comprising thirteen acres) are among If the smallest trait of vanity was to the belt cultivated and most fruitful be found in the composition of our de- freeholds in the vicinity. ceased Friend,whose memory we respect, it was on the subject of this Villa (which [For Particulars into which it is not our he usually denominated his FOLLY); province to enter, we refer to the Eightb and when we contider the laborious at. Page of our Blue Wrapper.]

* There is probably some error as to this latter ingredient: we are inclfned to think the Writer means copperas.

† Some Account of this Village was given in our Magazine for September 1801, to accompany a humorous Engraving of Undertakers at Death's Door.

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A View of the hilla: fjanden Ground and Meadow-Jandat Ba

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The Freehold'Estate of the late. JOHN SEWELL, Esq.

Which will be Sald by Auction by M. Smith, at Garraways Coffee House on Wednesday the 23

March 1803 · Drawn & Engrard by S. Rawle.

POL

VESTIGES,
COLLECTED AND RECOLLECTED,

BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.

NUMBER VIII.

was

SIR MATTHEW HALE.

that besides his legal knowledge, which TH "His excellent Judge is truly esteemed was most eminent, he was, as his works

to have been one of the most bril- evince, conspicuous as a divine and a liant ornaments of his age and country, philosopher, whether considered in his profesional His femper and his principles were or private capacity. It is a curious equally firm, without the least tincture circumitance, that there is a work of of asperity in either. His piety, purity his extant, though, I think, little read, of heart, and total disintereltedness, viz. “ The Analylis of the Law of were traits of character which were, England," which contains the skeleton, through the whole term of his existence, or rather essence, of our law, and the peculiarly obvious and which have been heads of which have the same methodi- to frequently recorded, and descanted cal arrangement afterwards fo fuccefr.

on, that they are blended with his idea, fully adopted by Sir William Black, and, in a manner, identified with his Itone in his celebrated Commentaries, very name! Yet it is extraordinary in of which this linall treatise evidently a high degree, and, were it not upon gave him the hint, and the principles legal record, it would be wholly incre: of which, and of Sir Matthew Hale's dible, that when he was Lord Chief “ History of the Common Law," in Baron of the Exchequer, a singular and the fame volume, he has, like its fys: clumsy attempt was made to bribe this tem, introduced, expatiated upon, and excellent man and incorruptible Ma. interwoven with the more abundant gittrate. With what it might be matter of his larger work.

alked. What immense sum of gold ? Such an adoption, and adaptation, What valt quantity of plate ? or jewels ? certainly reflects honour upon both or what large annual revenue parties, but it is nevertheless a pleasing offered to tempt him to swerve from speculation to trace works fuperemi- his integrity? The answer is, that nent for their celebrity, and, conse. nothing of the kind above stated was quently, supereminently, useful, to offered ; a person concerned in a their fources, as it shews, in their pro. caule pending before him, imagined, gress, the progress of the human mind, from the narrow sordid impulse of his and developes the avidity with which a own mind, that he was to be bought man of genius leizes upon, and the at a clieaper rate, and therefore lent mode by which he refines and improves him two loaves of sugar*. The fact a train of thought, a system of science, was this : congenial to his own ideas.

At the Spring aslizes for the county The history of Sir Matthew Hale, of Bucks, in the year 1658, before Sir who, after passing through the fub- Matthew Hale, then Lord Chief Baron ordinate stations in the courts of law

of the Exchequer, a bill of indictment with the mott extensive professional was preferred against Robert Hawkins, reputation that perhaps any man in Clerk, for a felony ftated to have been his time poffefled, succeeded Sir John committed by him at Chilton, in the Keeling as Lord Chief Jultice of the Taid county, in stealing from the King's Bench in 1671, is lo well known, dwelling-house of Henry, Laurimore that a repetition of it would be super. two gold rings, one holland apron, and fluous. It may be sufficient to oblerve, two pieces of gold, his property.

* It is a little puzzling to think what the donor, however sweet he might imagine the Judge's tooth to have been, could suppose he could do with two loaves of sugar while on the Circuit. It mult, however, be observed, that, not withstanding the great rise of the article in our time, loaf sugar was much dearer in the seventeenth century than at present, it being then esteemed in some degree a curiolity.

The VOL. XLIII. FEB. 1803.

N

The prisoner, it appeared in evi Lord Chief Baron. I cannot think dence, was the Miniiter of Chilton, Sir Jolin Croke believes that the King's and the profecuto: a Diflenter, against Justices come into the country to take whom the laid Minister had brought an bries; I rather imagine it muft be action in the Exchequer for tithes, in fome person, having a design to put which he had obtained a verdict in his a trick upon him, lent them in his favour.

name." In the course of this trial it also ap. Upon this the Judge shewed the letpeared moft clearly and unquestionably, ter that accompanied the fugar. loaves that this was a malicious prosecution, to the Jufices, and faid, " Gentlenien, in consequence of a conspiracy betwixt Do you know this hand ?" To which the prolecutor (Laurimore), Sir John some of them replied, "that they beCroke, and others, in order, as it was lieved it might be Sir John Croke's own positively stated, “10 bang the Par band." Which letter being compared fon."

with his mittimus (for he had no Upon this judicial investigation, the Cierk), and to some other of his conspiracy was so fully developed, that writings then in Court, it plainly and the Judge, fhocked at the circumstances evidently appeared to be his own of perjury that appeared, fuid to the hand. So my Lord Chief Baron, principal witness, "Laurimoke, Thou putting the letter again into his bosom, art a very villain."

said, he would carry it to London ; To which he replied, “ I wish, my and further added, that he would re. Lord, the ground may open and fwal. late the foulness of this business as he low me, if what I have sworn is faw occasion fit for it, false !"

Sir John Croke was afterwari's Lord Chief Baron. " Come, Lauri: ftruck out of the commission of the more! thou art a very villain, nay, I peace ; whether he suffered any other think that thou art a devil!"

punishment is uncertain. Prisoner. “I hope your Lordship and the jury are by this time convinced,

DUKE OF WHARTON. that Sir John Croke is concerned in tlie plot, for he appears all along to be In opening á volume of the Histori. the grand contriver.”

cal Register, for the year 1724, at the Lord Chief Baron. “ I am fully satis- page which contained the speech of fied, and so, I think, are all thit have the Duke of Wharton in the House hcard the evidence.” And he faid to of Lords, May 15, 1723, against pailing the Justices, “ Gentlemen, Where is the Bill “ for in fitting Pains and PeSir John Croke ?"

nalties on the Bishop of Rochester,'' They replied, “ He is gone." I found in it a written paper, evi

Lord Chief Baron. " Is Sir, John dently left by a former proprietor of Croke gone? I must nor forget to the volume ; and observing it to be acquaint you, Gentlemen ; for I ligned " I. Bingley," and alluding to thought he had been here ftill; that the fairl speech, I was induced to perure this Sir John Croke sent me, this the proceedings ; in the coure of morning, two loaves of sugar, as a which perulal I also found, that

pers present, begging me to excule his ab, fon of the name of Bingley was exafence yesterday. I did not know then, mined on the part of the Bilhop, who fo well as I do now, what he meant by appears to have been a witness whole them, but, to fave his credit, I fent teftimony, as stated by the Duke, seems them back again. Mr. Harvey, Did to have gone a good way toward the you not send his sugar-loaves back exculpation of the Prelate': at the fame again?

time that the Duke pretty broadly im. Clerk of the Alize. “ Yes, my Lord, plicates an honorirable jerson, whom, they were rent back again."

upon the authority of Nir. Neynoc

he

“ Neynoc told Bingley, that this herourable person had vowed deruetion on the Bishop of Rochester, by saying, he would pull down the pride of this haughty Prelate."--Historical Register.

“ Mr. Bingley and Mr. Stephen Neynec, a young Irin Priest, were seized at Deal, and brought prisoners to London, about the middle of September 1722. Neynec, being closely confined is the house of Mr. Crawford, tlie Kirg's Meslenger, ihe

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