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he states, “ to have vowed the destrue- because “ It was not proper that he tion of the Bithop.”

should bear depositions that affected It certainly is not my wish to rake bimself.Among other things equally up the athes of a controverly that has incredible, Mr. Bingley depoled, that been extinguished more than three he had been tampered with, and offered parts of a century ; but mult observe, a reward of five hundred pounds, if he that the speech here alluded to, though would turn evidence again it the Bishop; the political and party sentiments that which he refused to do. suggested ic have fo long subfided, is Yet although the truth of the anecitill valuable, as it does the highest dote of the Duke of Wharton seems, honour both to the friendship and upon the unquestionable authority of faculties of a Noblenian who, accord- the work in which it is found, to be ing to Pope, combined and concen clearly established, it has been controtrated in his person the opposite quali- verted by a Gentleman who addressed ties of Tully and Wilmot. I'thall a letter, figned M. N. “ to the Au. therefore make no apology for the in- thors of the Critical Review,” inserted troduction of the note, which refers to Vol. VII. page 453, 1759 ; for although it, por for the subsequent observations the purport of this letter, as it appears which will occur.

at first, is a vindication of the charge “ Concerning the famous speech of brought against Mr. Sergeant Wynne, the Duke of Wharton, Mr. Walpole, in the Catalogue of Royal and Noble in his Catalogue of Royal and Noble Authors, &c. Vol. II. p. 133, which Authors, has given us the following does indeed seem an extraordinary one, anecdote. His Grace, then in oppoli namely, for forestalling the speech of tion to the Court, went to Chelsea

bis Right Reverend Client, and speakthe day before that Prelate's affair, ing the fubtance of it himself." It where, acting contrition, he professed also attacks the same Author with rebeing determined to work out his par- fpect to the note I have quoted. don of the Court, by speaking against

It is a little fingular, that the charge the Bishop; in order to do which he of “ forestalling." should have been begged some bints.

brought in two instances in the same " The Miniker was deceived, and case; that the Minister should, through went through the whole caufe with the duplicity of the Duke, have had his him, pointing out where the strength own, artillery turned againtt himself, of his argument lay, and where its and that the Right Reverend Defendant weakness. The Duke was very thank. Ihould loje bis speech through the meful, returned to town, passed the night

dium of his own Counsel : however, in drinking, and, without going to bed, leaving this matter as irrelevant to my went to the House of Lords, where he presenë inquiry, I must observe, that Spoke for the Bishop, recapitulating in M. N., who defends the learned Serthe molt masterly manner, and antwer: geant from the charge with a zeal that ing all that had been urged against indicates he was deeply interested in the hin.

subject, ftates, in conclusion, that as « J. BINGLEY.”

the Author to whom he alludes has -Noble Authors, Vol. II. p. 133. paslage

thought fit to introduce another

respecting an unfortunate Mr. Robert Walpole, the Minister Duke, “I," he continues, "am apt here alluded to, was, at that time, to think he is also niittaken. I would Chancellor of the Exchequer ; and it not be understood to defend his Grace's is a singular circumstance, that the levity, or want of principle ; but I Bishop, in the course of his trial, happened to know the company his objected to the Minister's heing pre. Lord thip was in the day before he fent while Mr. Bingley was examined, spoke on that debate, and to whom corner of Manchester buildings, Cannon-row, next the Thames, found means to make his escape from a window two fories high, by tying the sheets and blankers together : he got down ; but, not knowing the tide was high, leaped from a garden wall into the river, and was drowned."

Sir Robert Walpole inhabited that elegant house adjoining to Chelsea College (in the Stable-yard) 'which is ftill to be seen. It had been the residence of Holles, Duke of Newcastle, and, after the death of the Earl of Orford, was tenanted by Mr. Aufrere, in those times an immensely rich merchant.

he flewed his speech ready drawn up, amazing and elegant combination of and all in his own hand-writing, and legal science with rhetorical art, diswhom he pressed to per use it. During played in his diflection and application the conversation, his Grace altered, of the evidence, together with his insupplied, and Aruck out, as he thought genious mode of pointing his observaproper ; and I believe it was the same tions to parts where his adversaries that afterwards appeared in print. I were the most vulnerable, in every think I may truly add, that he hardly point of view, it leaves us astonished at ever pasled' a day more foberly. So that his genius. His quotation from Sir this was not a sudden Itart, or forged Heneage Finch, in the case of the Earl contrition, to defire a hint of the Mini. of Clarendon, “ We have here an aciter, which he did not want, as it is culation upon hearsay, and, if it is not well known he had constantly attended made good, the blackeft scandal hell and taken notes of the evidence, can invent lies at our doors," is, in the amounting to nuore than a quire of circumstances to which he alluded, and paper, and had not only spoken on the artful purpołe for which he dithe lide of the Bilhop, but had also rected the attention of his auditors to ligned several protelts many days be- that trial, an admirable conclution to fore. If the Minister after this was an admirable oration. deceiver, he was easily deceived, con How, from even this fight retrotrary to his known fagacity, in a matter spection of the brilliant parts of the very notorious to others.'

character of this eccentric Nobleman, This apology, of which I have only must we lament, that the cenfure of the quoted part, if it goes to the proof of poet which I thall quote should not any thing, it is, of the duplicity of the have been the effufions of fancy, but Duke, who certainly deceived the Mi. absolutely founded on fact. nifter, whom he knew (as it appeared in evidence) to have an ardent desire to

" Wharton, the scorn and wonder of our convict the Bilhop. That he had pro.

days, bably written the heads of his fpeech, Whose ruling passion was a lust of praise ; no one that reads it will deny, because Born with whate'er could win it from it exhibited a much more claflical ar.

the wile,

[ilies : rangement than it would have been

Women and tools must him, cr he posible for the greatest brator that Tho' raptur'd Scnates hung on all he ever existed to have given to his ex


(Juke. tempore ettulions. In doing this, he The Club must hail him Master of the doubtless had conceived and Audied Shall parts to various aim at nothing all that he intended to say, as far as his

new? ideas went, in favour of the Bishop, He'll Mine a Tully and a Wilmot toc. but on reflection found that he thould Then turns religious, and his God adores meet his opponents with double ad. With the fame ipirit that he drinks and vantage if he could anticipate all that

whores.'' they intended to urge against him. Of

РОРЕ. this, by his duplicity, he possessed him. felf; and although no one will praise the morality of his conduct, I fear This Gentleman, whołe nime ap. history furnishes too many instances pears to an epigram in the second which Mew, that in political discullions, volume of this Magazine, was a man morality has frequently but little in. of great talents and learning; he was fuence upon the balance of the ques. Minister of the French Chipel, St. tion.

James's ; he was also the possessor of With respect to the speech itself, a very large library; and although whether we consider the strength of his circumitances were far from affluargument, the perspicuity and force of ent, he had such a passion for books, di&tion, with which the Duke embel- that he expended the greater part of lished a subject, dry in detail, and his income on them. worn by frequent repetition, or that By his fedulous attention to the

The whole of the first floor (three rooms) of his house in Bollover-street, Cavendish-iquare, was appropriated to this purpose. His books, which were exceedingly valuable, were ranged from the ceiling to the ground, and the whole luite of roonis laid wpen by the removal of the interior doors.



acquisition of those darling objects of reluctance to it as to leave his library his pursuit, the labours of authors and descend into the parlour. How. whole works were scarce, he had, re ever, quick or flow, down he came at gardless of the cost, made a collection lait. He found that the cloth was laid to curious, valuable, and extensive, with three covers. Grace was laid, that it attracted the notice, and con. and he was preparing, perhaps baltily, 1equent admiration, of the bibliogra. to get over the ceremony of dining, in phers, the black letter connoilleurs, order to return to his beloved Itudies ; and the literati in general.

when upon taking off the covers, he As he never permitted an opportu- found the dishes to consist of volumes nity for the obtaining a favourite vo. of various sizes. He stared with alto. lume to flip by him, he frequently nishment, and expreiled his surprise to luffered the prevalence of this, his his wife, giving her to understand, he ruling patlion, to drain his purse to was by no means satisfied with the that degree as scarcely to leave him the feast the had prepared for him. She means to purchale a dinner for his coolly replied,

" How can you, Sir, family.

expect a better dinner, all circumstances, A itrong instance of his indulgence considered ? I have often heard you of this propensity was once exhibited. fay, that your highest entertainment was It fo happened, that a relation of his books; therefore I had realon to supfirtt wife left him a legacy of two hun. pose this would have been entirely to dred pounds, he went to receive it, your talte. You liave nearly expended and one would have thought, impelled your whole income and late acquisition by the res angufti domi, he would have in them; it is therefore now time to returned with pleasure to domestic tell you, that hooks are the only enter. arrangement. This, probably, was the tainment you have to expect, and, intention of this worthy Clergyman, what is worse, that mental aliment is but unfortunately a book auction inter- all that your family have to tublist vened. He itepped into a sale-room, and on." expended nearly the whole in the purchale of a comparatively small number

DULWICH COLLEGE, of curious and valuable works.

I have lately been favoured with a When thele books, the product of peruial of the manuscript regitter of the legacy, were brought home, the this eltablishment, which has already patience of Mrs. De Milley, before been noticed in this Magazine, and Itretched to the utmost, although, from therefore it would be unnecessary to her amiable turn of mind, the had reltate, that it was founded by Edward hitherto silently marked the progress Alleyn ", an Actor of considerable emiof this his darling propensity, would nence at the Fortune Playhouse t, the endure no longer ; the law it' muit be lite of which is still called Playhouseim;eded, or ruin must enlue; but as yard, in White-cross-treet, were it not the was a lady whose delicacy was equal to introduce a remark, that the profesto her underitanding, the endeavoured, tion of an Actor, even in those days, by the following method, to convey to wisen the stage was in its infancy, and him her sentiments of his conduct. Taboured under such disadvantages While he was looking over his acquisic from the prejudice of the times and tion, with that pleasure which we have other circumstances, must have been a all experienced, and mentally devour. tolerably profitable one, to enable him ing the contents of these choice vo to accumulate property fufficient to lumes, the ordered dinner to be an erect and endow.luch a building, nounced. What a period was this to which seems rather the emanation of descend to the sensual gratification of public munificence than the etulions eating? He had questionless as much of individual benevolence.

It appears from the register of St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate, that Edward Alleyn (who was born near Devon hire Houte, on the site of which Sir Francis Baring's is built, on the aft) was baptized in that paris the ad of September 1566. Jeremiah Collier, who was not much in the habit of commending Players, terms Edward Alleyn the Roscius of his age ; and further faith, “ that as he out-afted others in his life, 10 ac his death (alluding to his extensive charities) he out-did himself."

+ Of this Theatre foine veltiges still remain, which may perhaps form the subje& of a future inquiry.


The Register contains the indenture' statutes to these for the well ordering quadripartite, the recital of the letters and governing the said Colledge, &. patent, together with the rules and “ Laftiy, having taken into confi. orders to be observed in the College of deration ibeje decaying times in the tall God's Gift, Dulwich, dated the 29th of and abatement of rents : and having September 1626, 2d of Charles, and inpoled a great charge upon the faid fubfcribed,

Corporation ; and willing (as much as EDWARD ALLFYN. in me lyeth) to add and augment to SAM. BRIDGES.

them fome further means to fupply all JOSEPH REDING.

occafions that may hereafter happen : MATTHEW SWEETSIR. I ordaine and confirm to the said Cor. John CASINGHURST. poration of God's Gift aforesaid (after GŁO. BROOME, Scr. my debts, legacys, and funeral, thall

be paid), my two leales, the one of CODICIL.

them being that capital meiluage or

inn called the Unicorn, situate in the Additions to the Willof EDWARD ALLEYN. Borough of Southwark, and the other

[Here these articles are added after certain capital merluages, called the the signature and publication above ;

Barge, the Bell, and Cock *, fituared which, as they exhibit strong traits of on the Bank Side, in the parish of St. the good serife of the Teftator, and Saviours, Soui ark, in the County of have, I believe, never been pubiíthed, Surry.” it may be curious to quoie.]

Several injun&tions were made in the

year 1664, among which the following “ Yet, considering with myself what fingular one appears.

« Huibandry is ordained and established by me, I not is to the ease and benefitt of the Col. may, upon better consideration, alter ledge ; and therefore wee do think the fame, in regard mans reaton cannot fitt to enjoyn them not to reitore the prelently foretee all things, in a buti- fame, further than that they keep four ness of this consequence, which ought horses only, viz. one for the Master, to be observed in making there orders, one for the Warden, and two for the so that fome things may be onitted generall use of the Colledge for market. which ought to be inserted, and other ting horses, without allowing any trore orders and statutes herein expressed, horle or horses to be kept by or for the which at the first may seem reasonable use of the Fellows, or any other Mem. and profitable for the said Colledge, ber of the Colledge, than as aforesaid is but in the use and practice thereof expreiled." prove to be discommodions, " Therefore I do ordain and confti.


£ s. di tute, that it shall be lawfull for nie,

“ The Rents are now per }800 during my life, to add any orders and

annum full

* These houses, the Barge, Bell, and Cock, I have great reason to think were the veftiges of the public stews once under the cognizance of the Bishop of Winchester : they were prohibited by Henry the Villth, who probably thought

the world would never thrive

" 'Till all the whores were burnt alive." But I believe these (unlike the religious houses) survived, and set the mandate of the Monarch and Reformation at defiance, and were only abandoned when, it there was ever such a frriol, the ladies of Lindon were leis chalte ihan the Sabine Matrons t, which prababiy might have been, in those dass of eale, when the commerce of the world. floved io curiores, and its concomitant luxury was ditperied over the metropolis, indeed everthe nation. The few houtes were taid, by Fabian, to be reduced, in the time of Henry the Vil:h, from twelve to ten, and were diftinguitried by having on their fronts ton aris the Thames ligns, 110t hanging out, but painted upon the walls ;. Juch as, the Bear's lead, the Cross Keys, the Gun, the Castle, the Crane, the Cardinal's Hat, the Cock, the Bell, Swan, Barge, &c. + Urbis Matronæ ipla Sabinæ sunt. FITZSTEPHEN 3.

« Expencer

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sometimes meet in the world the native country of the arts, on a

with very diverting originals, foil fo fertile and so highly favoured ! who seem to act their part merely for He might, at most, look for other men, the amusement and instruction of their in order to compare them with hiscounfellow creatures. I have lately become trymen, to make his course of experiments, acquainted with a being of this kind. and become acquainted wiib mankind; His history would fill several volumes ; but to seek a country where the lumia but as I have neither time nor inclina- nary of day sheds a more genial inflution to write it, I shall content myself ence, where Nature is more lavish of with giving a brief outline of it. her bounties, would be the height of

folly! However, M. Della Rocca is Giacomo Della Rocca was born in Italy, determined to travel ; it is, in fact, the on the banks of the Tiber, not far from only method of diverting his mind. the most celebrated city in the universe. His parents give their consent to their He was very itrongly disposed to be dif- fon's departure. contented with every thing. At twenty But for what country? That is a years of age, he instituted a kind of exa- question not very easily decided. To mination of every government, without England ? The weather is cold and being able to find one to which he could foggy; they burn coal there; the peoaccommodate himself. This throne was ple are so free that they may insult founded on the ruins of liberty, the you with impunity; they eat della other tottered to its fall; on a third carne ; bad fare for M. Della Rocca. was seated a vicious Prince ; in this We will not go to England. nionarchy there were too few wile To the North? There it freezes, inititutions ; in another all seemned to No Scandinavia-Prussia is too military be going at random. In such a re - The Germans are too ceremonious public riches only were esteemed ; in The ice of the Neva is dismal and dananother nothing was to be seen but gerous- The Helvetian is not polihed malks ; this was composed only of enough.--- Batavia is marihy - The air Speculators, and that of arrogant of Brabant is damp, thick, unwholenobies. Although he was left to his some-The Turk thuts up or veils his own choice, and the forms of govern- . women--Poland is a flat country, and ment were to diversified, M. Della' M. Della Rocca loves variety. - What Rocca was not the more h.appy on that might influence him to determine upon account. Sole beir to an immense for. viliting that country is, that his motune, he experienced the tenderest in- ther pofTefTed large eitates there. But dulgence from his parents, who, ob- it was not for interest that he travelled ; serving with pain their son's gloony and in that respect every country was and discontented disposition, proposed equally indifferent to him. The sport to him to travel.

of a thousand desires, he saw only a But this proposal occasioned fresh dull uniformity in the advantages he embarrassment : what climate could enjoyed. Giacomo wanted a tempeplease a man who drew his first breath rate climate, with a perfect distinction under an Italian sky, in the bosom of of seasons, a country inhabited by


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