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amiable, cheerful, lively, senlible wo. glistened, that the birds sung, that the men; by men of affable behaviour, Aowers exhaled their perfumes, that tlte whose occupations were varied, and limpid it reains ineandered through who were ftrangers to the horrors of plains of the most delightful verdure. endui.-M. Della Rocca took the road It is not my intention to follow our to Paris.
discontented Gentleman in his travels, However fertile in pleasures that and the reader will allow me to suffer theatre of wonders may be, it yet fails him to proceed alone to the Iands, short of the wishes of a madman, who the Indies, Africa, disapproving of all has the misfortune to be eternally tor: he saw there; finding fault with all their mented with desires.-The women were cuttoms, a)l' their institutions ; disconot what he had imagined thein : their vering that man in a state of nature looks had too much aflurance; modelty was too lavage, and polished nations had not taught them to hold down their too far removed from nature. heads; they poflefled the quality of After an absence of ten years, he smiling without having an inclination ; returned to Europe : he arrived inime. of being absent intentionally; of look diately after the partition of Poland, ing at an object which they did not per. which had been 'divided into three ceive, in order to see another on which portions without his confent. The they never cast their eyes ; of hearing eltates belonging to our traveller's mo. without understanding; of receiving ther, situated in a central palatinate, in the most gracious manner a person were parted into three lots, and were whom they violently disiked': one all three confiscated ; one by the Emcarelessly used an eye-glass for which press of all the Russias, who was not the fhe had no necessity; another met the richer for it, another by the King of general gaze with an air of apparent the Romans, who had no luspicion of ignorance that she was the object of it, it ; and the third by the King of and knew how to remove hair that did Prüflia, who did justice only to his pot incommode her, for the purpose of ancient lubjects. This was certainly thewing her hand ; lastly, the eyes of a sufficient to render discontented even a third would have appeared perfectly more tractable person than M. Della inanimate without the fire of voluptu- Rocca. By an incomprehensible conournefs or the lightning of envy, and tradiction, he was but flightly affected j rouge and white had supplanted the and as he only considered the abuses of roles and lilies in her complexion.- inftitutions in general, and had a fin. He did not tell me in what light he gularly per verle way of thinking, lie viewed the men, and what he thought consoled himself by reasoning calcu. of them ; all I know is, that he em. lated to discourage any other than barked for America.
himself : “If I had to do with only The war was juit concluded, and one crowned head," said he to himself, the new world was exhibiting to the “ I might venture to make some re. old a new form of government, perhaps monstrances ; but to complain to three capable of fatisfying M. Della Rocca. Princes, one of whom can send me to He carried with him his discontented Siberia, another confine me for life, disposition. Life appeared to him only and a third propose to me to enter a prolongation of a tedious moment; into his army, I conceive that none of the air was too thick or too fharp; the there indemnifications is worth the tints of the foliage were not sufficiently trouble I should take to obtain it.”riverfified; the morning scarcely dif- He was therefore filent. fered at all from the evening ; and one This diminution of fortune appeared diy resembled the other. For the rest, to make him more renfonable. What they might have had better laws at contributed to reconcile him with manPhiladelphia ; they had not profited kind, would have been with others a fufficiently by the lessons of experience; motive for quarrelling with it. But and the nanners and circumstances lie learns that a powerful nation has of the new tate thould liave been more fuddenly changed irs government, and particulariy consulted. As to the was about to give itself fresh laws. A country, in vain did the Atriking fine opportunity for a projector of con. beauty of an immense view, diverfi. ftitutions, in whose eyes all are vicious fied by the plastic hand of Nature, or imperfect! M. Della Rocca did not prelent itielf to his eyes. It was not fuffer it to escape, and he again re. for him that the enamelled meadows paired to the capital of the French
people. He mingled with the framers tives were recalled, and the honest man of projects ; he discussed, he approved, reposed at night without being torhe commented, he adopted. But the mented with the recollection of the work to which he had contributed was preceding day, or the dread of the foon fupplanted by another. He pre. niorrow. Very fortunately for M. pares fresh plans; his project experi- Della Rocca, and, without doubt, of ences the fate of the former ; it is the people in the midlt of whom he adopted, and overturned to make room lived, this new order of things acfor a third.
corded with his ideas. But what was Whilft he occupied himself with his attonishment at the right of people what did not concern him, affairs to who had ardently delired the re-estab. which he ought to have paid attention lishment of order and of those to whom were transacted without his know- it restored tranquillity! Some thook ledge. In short, his large fortune was their heads; others thrugged their annihilated. The dock was felt even houlders ; a third approved of it, as far as his native country; and his bit a fonrth fpoke myfteriestates were no longer his, by virtue of ously, without explaining his meaning, a measure relative to which he had Vexed with these ifs and buts, M. been forgot to be consulted.
Della Rocca, who has become a man of This event was productive of happy gallantry by living in a tountry where consequences, as it obliged him to the fair fex reigns, frequented the com . employ bis own talents and resources pany of the ladies. Here matters wore for a livelihood. He foon acquired a a very different aspect. The elder habit of industry, and this babit foon complained that the French of the removed that ennui which had hi present day were not gallant enough ; therto oppressed him. Every moment the younger lamented the reforms was occupied, and he had no time left attempted to be introduced in very to find fault with, or, like many other convenient customs that had been in idle persons, for regulating the State. fashion feven or eight years.
Having observed all the periods of M. Della Rocca at length concludes, the revolution of the country in which both from his own experience and he lived, he had remarked, that in none from observation, that man is an animal of them had he met with a single crea whom it is very difficult to satisfy, ture contented with himself and others. who, in the enjoyment of an actual At first all was uproar; then, petrified good, is continually occupied with with fear, the people were filent, and iomething better in imagination. Gia. concealed themselves; a change en como, judging, by the spectacle before sued, they declaimed ; it was followed his eyes, how ridiculous he himself by another, they complained. At must have appeared at the time when length order appeared on a firm founda he never ceased finding fault with tion ; property was secured, respected; every thing, has corrected himfelf: the villain was deprived of the power and thus the discontent of others has to injure, he was rendered incapable operated as a cure of his own. of every thaing but envy : the fugi.
BEAUTIES OF RANDOLPH.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, N your last * I was pleased to see some entitled “ AMYNTAS, or The Imposible
mention of an old and undefervedly Dowry," poffesses many striking beau. neglected writer, RANDOLPH. That he tics. On every perusal of it, and to was a man of firlt-rate genius mult be decies repetita placebit, I have withed allowed by all who are capable of to see it reduced to two acts, and reforming a judgment of real excellence vived at one of our Theatres. Mr. in composition. His paltoral draina, Kemble in the Mad Shepherd, and Mr.
. See page 17
VOL. XLIII. FEB. 1803a
Bannister in the character of Mopfus, Or pulse to beat, left I difturb her. would, to use a vulgar but fignificant Huthexprellion, find themselves quite at She Aleeps ! bome. To you, and to your readers, I The following soliloquy will hardly will make no apology for citing a few be read attentively without emotion. pallages, which have a stronger resem. blance to the genius of Shakespeare than
(Claius alone.) to the Author's adopted father Ben I see the smoke team from the cottage Jonson.
sup: The fearful house-wife rakes the embers Specimens of ibe Patlos. All huth to bed. Sure, no man will
difturb me. Amyn. You Proferpine. There is in Sicily the fairelt virgin
O blessed valley ! 1, the wretched Claius, That ever bleit the land, that ever
Salute thy happy soil. I that have liv'd, breath'd,
Pelted with angry curses, in a place Sweeter than Zephyrus. Didit thou never As horrid as my griefs, the Lylibean hear
mountains, Of one Urania ?
These sixteen frozen winters there have I Uran. Yes.
Been with rude out-laws, living by such
fins Amyn. This poor Urania
(pray’rs and wilhes ; Loves an unfortunate Shepherd, one that's As run o'th'score with justice 'gainst my mad, Tylipbone.
And when I would have tumbled down a Canft thou believe it ? Elegant Urania
rock, (I cannot speak it without tears) till Some secret pow'r reftrain'd me. loves
I have only room to insert another Amyntas, the distracted, mad Amyntas.
short extract from the same drama, Is'c not a conftant nymph ?-But I will which has all the spirit and fire of go
SHAKESPEARE. And carry all Elysium on my back, Give me my eye full of this noble thepAnd that shall be her jointure.
(the boai; Uran. Good Amyntas,
Who hath not heard how he hath chacid Rest here awhile !
And how his spear hath torn the paunch Amyn. Why weep you, Proferpine ?
of wolves ?
[gravenUran. Because Urania weeps to fee On the bark of every tree his name's enAmyntas
Now planet-truck, and all that virtue So restless and unquiet.
vanilh'd ! Amyn. Does the so,
Randolph, I think, is said to have Then will I lie as calm as doth the sea When all the winds are lock'd in Æolus'
I remain, Sir, jail :
Yours, &c. I will not move a hair, nor let a nerve Lambeth, Feb. 2.
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN VOLTAIRE AND RICHARD ROLT,
AUTHOR OF A HISTORY OF THE WAR 1739, AND OTHER
WORKS. MONSIEUR VOLTAIRE TO MR. ROLT; pher ought to do. You are certainly Written in English, verbally, as
as follows. in the right when you asert the priví. Potsdam, 1 Augujl, N. S. 1750. ' leges of mankind. 'Tis your duty to
love, and to praise, the form of the I HAVE received, at Potsdam, the British Government; but do not be
obliging letter you directed to lieve we blame it in France. The Paris ; but I have not yet received situation of our country, the genius the tavour of your book. The wife of our nation, and many other rea. dom that shines in your letter, raises fons, have submitted us to monarchic in ine, more and more, the desire to power, initigated by the amiable mild. read that performance.
ness of our manners rather than by our I am confident you have been faith. laws. All wise men amongst us live ful to your title, writing impare happy under such a government, and tially, is an honest man and a philoro. admirer hat of Great Britain.
As to the task of writing a true and considerable time ago to the Master complete history of the late war, 'tis an of a Dutch vesel bound for Rotterheavy burchen. I hope you are well dam : however, I hall take care to. informed of all the transactions passed send another set as soon as possible ; in your country: all the secrets of the though I think it will be more con back stairs at your Court are no secret venient to defer it till I can get the in a few years. Each party spies, fourth volume from the press, which discovers, and exaggerates the in- is almost printed off, and will give me trigues and the faults of the opposite a speedy opportunity of sending you party; and, from the shock of so many the work complete. flints, some Aashes of truth nay thooi, Truth and impartiality are more to enlighten the mind of a wife histo- difficult to be found in the literary rian. But in other countries, itate. world, than honour and honesty are in mysteries lie' hid under a curtain that the moral ; though national partiality few men are able to remove. My office, may not be discommendable ; and, of the Crown's Historian, intitled me to exclulive of that, I fatter myself I the communication of all the letters have consistently acted my duty. The writ to the Ministers. Yet I am not generality of our nation are too credufatisfied with fo good materials : and I lously of opinion, that liberty confines muit hunt again after my favourite her sacred influence peculiarly to Bria gune, truth, in foreign countries. I tain ; but when I look through the travel, like Polybius, to see the differ- political syitem of Europe, realon ent theatres of the war. I consult almoft obliges me to diflent from this both friends and enemies. I doubt adopted tenet of my countrymen. I not your book, Sir, will help me very have been told by a Nobleman, who is much. Your title, which promises juftly esteemed the ornament of this IMPARTIALITY, Mall put me always in Illand, that of all absolute monarchies, mind of my duty. History muit be Denmark is the most legal : but I am neither a satire, nor an encomium ; sensible, from the annals of France, and, I hope, a Frenchman, and even a that the constitution of your country Gentleman of the King's Chamber, is not inferior to the Danish governmay tell open Irutb WITH SECURITY. ment, and it stands, as an indubitable A moderate man cannot offend when fact, that a sovereign of France may, die will not offend ; and he may say if he pleases, convey a portion of feliharsh things if he never uses harsh city to his subjects, equal to what is words. I am at leisure : I'll publith enjoyed by the subjects of any one my history as late as I can ; but I'll monarch in the universe. The con. read yours as soon as possible. I thank ttitution of Britain, we are fond to you from my heart ; and am,
believe, is more consonant to the law SIR,
of reason and the liberty of nature Your molt humble obedient servant, than the form of other legislatures ;
VOLTAIRE, but I fee no such material difference Gentilhomme de la Cham. between an absolute regal government
bre du Roy de France. in France, and a ministerial aristocracy To Mr. R. Ralt, at Mr. Har.
in other countries : I am glad to find borne's, Portugal-ftreet, par
the sentiments of liberty pronounced la Hollande, Londres.
so freely by a subject of France ; an Franco Roterdam.
Englishman can do no more. You,
but would you think that I cannot ? MR. ROLT TO MONSIEUR VOLTAIRE.
or can you believe that several imSIR,
portant facts have been communicated As I am unacquainted with the time io me, which I durit not adventure to of your intended continuance at Pots promulgate ? though I have honestly dam, perhaps this direction may be reported those things, which you as more expedient than by a packet honestly approved. through Germany,
Believe me, Sir, I have experienced, I have been juit honoured with your and am equally conscious with yourvery obliging letter, and am extremely Seif, that the burthen of so extensive a Sorry you have been disappointed in history is very heavy : you are infi- ? : the reit of my volumes, which iny nitely more conversant with nature, Publisher informs me were delivered a men, and nations, than I am ; your
years give many advantages to your again fent to Paris by one of my distinguished genius; but as I am now friends, while I was rambling in the only twenty-five years of age, do not country; because, at that time, I was expect my performance to be either ready to make a journey to Paris : so, full of fagacity or elegance. I have, by two mistakes, I had' but yesterday indeed, obtained fome little reputation your book and your letter ; and I rehere ;
but I cannot facter myself with turn you many thanks for 'em both. the hopes of your approbation : how. But I had already read your curious ever, your candour and humanity will history with much pleasure. The good accompany my youth and inexperience. patriot and the faithful historian shine I fall be proud of embracing every through all the work. I hope you opportunity of testifying my regard for have met with the applause of your you ; and, with the greatelt sincerity, country, and you stand in no need of I am, Sir,
foreign praises. I expose you my own Your very obedient fervant, satisfaction, rather than I attempt to August 71b, 1750.
R. ROLT. compliment you. I cannot say, good
Sir, with what true fentiments of etteem
I am, fincerely from my heart,
Your most humble obedient servant,
VOLTAIRE. SIR, I RECEIVEDs your kind letter but A Monsieur Monfieur Richard yelter.lay, though it was dated Decem
Rolt, at Mr. Harborne's, bur. Your letter expected me at Paris
Portugal-ftreet, Lincaln's. with your book : and that book, con
inn, London. veyed from Rotterdam to Berlin, was France Amfierdam.
LABOUR AND INDOLENCE.
Man is born to labour as the sparks fly upward. L be
the tax. now univerfally imposed Hies even to the grave for thelteron man, as tlie price of his wealth, But there what worfe may pursue, his pleasures, and his happiness; and, what worse may overtake him, who indeed, in our present state, how inti- fhall tell ? It is in vain that the errors nitely lels milerable is a man even of a few noble and feeling minds would when overpowered with labour, than endeavour to dignity ihe retreat of with its contrary evil, the want of those who now in fuch numbers shrink employment. By indolence we are from the miseries they have brought not only subjected to the greatest mi- upon themselves. fery, but even led to the horridett 'Indolence, this child of In sensibility, crimes; we are rendered incapable of makes a man improper for the world, enjoying the blessings of life, and this, and for society i unapt to the bett only a tailing in its beginning, becomes affections and the noblest propensities a crime in its end.
-It brings him to a state which leaves Indoience is the tainted spring, tlie him nothing to regret : his fortune is stagnant pool, from whence flows almost involved he may have relations who every vice. This, making a man inca- look up to him for fupport-In vain ! pable of friendthip (of active friend- -of exertion he is incapable whom ihip, and what elle deserves the name ) habitual idleneis has involved. He is leaves him deprived of friends. This like a man enervated by disease, turned involves him intensibly in difficulties, loose to stem a storm in a venel beyond from which, as his mind is too weak his force; -he fees rocks and whirl. ened to confront, and too relaxed to pools on every fide ; the haven is fupport them, with the daftardliness of diftant; and despairing that his strength the most cowardly spirit, be learns to is sufficient to attain it, he exerts Hy-And in wliat manner to dy? not even the little which is left hin