Felony, and breach or surety of the peace, be privileged from arrest, during their attendance at the session of the respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same. And for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

XVIH. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he shall have been elected, be appointed to any civil office, under this Commonwealth, which skall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased, during such time; and no member of Congress, or other person holding any office (except of attorney at law, and in the militia) under the United States or this Commonwealth, shall be a member of either House, during his continuance in Congress, or in office.

XIX. When vacancies happen in either House, the Speaker shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

XX. All bills, for raising revenue, shall, originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose amendments, as in other bills.

XXI. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law.

XXII. Every bill which shall have passed both Houses, shall be presented to the Governor. If he approve, he shall sign it; but if he shall not approve, he shall return it, with his objections, to the House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large upon their journals, and proceed to re-consider it. If, after such re-consideration, two-thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other House, by which likewise it shall be re-considered ; and if approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall be a law. But in such cases, the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the persons voting for or against the bill, shall be entered on the journals of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Governor within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, it shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it; unlesss the


General Assembly, by their adjournment, prevknt its return ; in which case, it shall be a law, unless sent back within three days after their next meeting.

XXIII. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of both Houses may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment)sholl be pvesented to the Governor, and, before it shall take etiect, be approved by him ; or, being disapproved, shall be re-passed by two-thirds rf both Houses, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in case of a bill. ARTICLE II. THE supreme executive power of this Commonwealth shail be vested in a Governor.

II. The Governor shall be chosen on the second Tuesday of October, by the citizens of the Commonwealth, at the places where they shall respectively vote for Representatives. The returns of every election for Governor shall be sealed up, and transmitted to the seat of government, directed to the Speaker of the Senate, who shall open and publish them, in the presence of the members of both Houses of the Legislature.— The person having the highest number of votes, shall be Governor. But if two or more shall be equal and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen Governor, by the joint vote of the members of both Houses. Contested elections shall be determined by a committee, to be selected from both Houses of the Legislature, and formed and regulated in such manner as shall be directed by law.

III. The Governor shall hold his office during three years from the third Tuesday of December next ensuing his election ; and shall not be capable of holding it longer than nine in any term of twelve years.

IV. He shall beat least thirty years of age, and have been a citizen and inhabitant of this State seven yeara next before his election ; unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the Uirited States, or of this State.

V. No member of Congress, or person holding any office under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the office of Governor.


VI. The Governor shall, at stated times, receive, for his services, a compensation, which shall be neither increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected.

VII. He shall be Commander in Chief of the army and navy of this Commonwealth, and of the militia; except when they shall be called into actual service of the United States.

VIII. He shall appoint all officers, whose offices are established by this Constitution, or shall be established by law, and whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for; but no person shall be appointed to an office within any county, who shall not have been a citizen and inhabitant therein one year next before his appointment, if the county shall have been so long erected; but, if it shall not have been so long erected, then withm the limits of the county or counties, out of which it shall have been taken. No member of Congress from this State, nor any person holding or exercising any office of tur<.t or profit under the United States, shall, at the same time, hold or exercise the office of Judge, Secretary, Treasurer, Prothonotary, Register of Wills, Recorder of Deeds, Sheri;F, or any office in this State, to which a salary is by law annexed, or any other of :ce which future Legislatures shall declare incompatible with ofSces or appointments under the United States.

IX. He shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures, and grant reprieves and pardons, except in cases of impeachment.

X. He may require information, in writing, from the officers in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.

XI. He shall, from time to time, give to the General Assembly information of the state of the Commonwealth, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge expedient.

XII. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the General Assembly; and, in case of disagreement between the two Houses, with respect to the time of adjournment, adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper, not exceeding four months.

3CIII. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed. .

AIV. In case of the death or resignation of the Governor, or of his removal from office, the Speaker of the Senate shall exercise the office of Governor, until another Governor shall be duly qualified. And if the trial of a contested election shall continue longer than until the third Tuesday in December next ensuing the election of a Governor, the Governor of the last year, or the Speaker of the Senate, who may be in the exercise of the executive authority, shall continue therein, until the determination of such contested election, and witil a Governor shall be qualified as aforesaid.

XV. A Secretary shall be appointed and commissioned during the Governor's continuance in office, if he shall so long behave himself well. He shall keep a fair register of all the official acts and proceedings of the Governor, and shall, when required, lay the same, and all papers, minutes, and vouchers, relative thereto, before either branch of the Legislature; and shall perform such other duties as shall be enjoined him by law. ARTICLE. HL

I. IN elections by the citizens, every freeman, of the age of twenty-one years, having resided in the State two years next before the election, and within that time paid a state or county tax, which shall have been assessed at least six months before the election, shall enjoy the rights of an elector—provided, that the sons of persons qualiried as aforesaid, between the ages of twentyone and twenty-two years, shall be entitled to vote, although they shall not have paid taxes.

II. All elections shall be by ballot, except those by persons in their representative capacities, who thall vote viva voce.

III. Electors shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach or surety of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at elections, and in going to and returning from them.

ARTICLE IV. I. THE House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeaching. ■ *


II. All impeachments shall be tried by the Senate

When sitting for that purpose, the Senators shall be vpon oath or affirmation. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

III. The Governor and all other civil officers under this Commonwealth, shall be liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor in office. But judgment in such cases, shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honour, trust* cr proflt, under this Commonwealth. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment according to law.

ARTICLE V. T. THE judicial power of this Commonwealth shall be vested in a Supreme Court, in Courts of Oyer and Terminer and General Jail Delivery, in a Court of Common Pleas, Orphan's Court, Register's Court, and a Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace for each, county, in Justices of the Peace, and in such other Courts as the Legislature may from time to time establish.

II. The Judges of the Supreme Court, and of th« several Courts of Common Pleas, shall hold their offices during good behaviour. But for any reasonable cause, which shall not be sufficient ground of impeachment, the Governor may remove any of them, on the address. of two-thirds of each branch of the Legislature. The Judges of the Supreme Court, and the Presidents of the several Courts of Common Pleas, shall, at stated times, receive, for their services, an adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, which shall not be diminish-, ed during their continuance in office; but they shall receive no fees or perquisites of office, nor hold any other office of profit under this Commonwealth.

III. The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court shall extend over the State; and the Judges thereof shall, by virtue of their offices, be Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Jail Delivery in the several counties.

Mf. Until it shall be otherwise directed by law, the


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