Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

by the President in the Senate, and Speaker in the

House of Representatives: No bill or ordinance which shall have been rejected by either House, shall be brought in again during the session, under the same or any other title, without the consent of two-thirds of each branch.

Sect. 18. Each Senator and Representative, before he be permitted to take his seat, shall take an oath or make affirmation, that he hath not practised any unlawful means, either directly or indirectly, to procure his election; and eveiy person shall be disqualified from serving as a Senator or Representative, for the term for which he shall have been elected, who shall be convicted of having given or offered any bribe or treat, or canvassed for such election; and every candidate employing like means, and not elected, shall, on conviction, be ineligible to hold a seat in either House, or to hold any office of honour or profit, for the term of one year, and to such other disabilities or penalties as may be prescribed by law.

Sect. 19. Every member of the Senate, or House of Representatives, shall, before he takes his seat, take the following oath or affirmation, to wit—" I, A. B. do solemnly swear, or affirm, (as the case may be) that I have not obtained my election by bribery, treats, canvassing, or other undue or unlawful means, used by myself, or others by my desire or approbation, for that purpose ; that I consider myself constitutionally qualified as aSenatoror Representative; and that on all questions and measures which may come before me, I will give my vote, and so conduct myself, as may, in my judgment, appear most conducive to the interest and prosperity of this State; and that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and to the utmost of my power and ability, observe, conform to, support and defend, the Constitution thereof."

Sect. 20. No person who hath been or may be convicted of felony, before any court of this State, or any of the United States, shall be eligible to any office or appointment of honour, profit or trust, within this State.

Net

Sect. 21. Neither House during the session of the {general Assembly, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place, than that at which the two branches shall be sitting; and in case of disagreement, between the Senate and House of Representatives, with respect to their adjournment, the Governor may adjourn them.

Sect. 22. The General Assembly shall have power to make all laws and ordinances, which they shall deem necessary and proper for the good of the State, .which shall not be repugnant to this Constitution.

Sect. 23. They shall have power to alter the boundaries of the present counties, and to lay off new ones, as /wsell out of the counties atready laid off, as out of the other territory belonging to the State; but the property of the soil, in a free government, being one of the essential rights of a free people, it is necessary, in order "aSSivoid disputes, that the limits of this State should be ascertained with precision and exactness; and this Convention, composed of the immediate Representatives of the People, chosen by them to assert their rights, and to revise the powers given by them to the government, and from whose will, all ruling authority of right flows, Doth assert and declare, the boundaries of this State to be as follow: That is to say, the limits, boundaries, jurisdictions, and authority, of the State of Georgia, do, and did, and of right ought to extend from the sea or mouth of the river Savannah, along the northern branch or stream thereof, to the fork or confluence of the risers now called Tugalo, and Keowee, and from thence along the most northern branch or stream of the said river Tugalo, till it intersect the northern boundary line of South-Carolina. If the said branch or stream of Tugalo extends so far north, reserving all the islands in the said rivers Savannah and Tugalo to Georgia; but if the head spring or source of any branch or stream of the said river Tugalo, does not extend to the north boundary line of South-Carolina, then a west line to the Mississippi, to be drawn from the head spring or source of the said branch or stream of Tugaloriver,which extends to the highest northern latitude; thence down

the middle of the said river Mississippi, nntit it shall intersect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude; south by a line drawn due east, from the termination of the line last mentioned, in the latitude of thirty-one degrees north of the equator, to the middle of the river Apalachicola, or Chatahooche; thence along the middle thereof, to its junction with Flint river; thence straight to the head of St. Mary's river; and thence along the middle of St. Mary's river to the Atlantic ocean; and from thence to the mouth or inlet of Savannah river, the place of beginning. Inchiding and comprehending all the lands and waters within the said limits, boundaries and jurisdictional rights: and also, all the islands within twenty leagues of the sea coast. And this Convention doth further declare and assert, that all the territory without the present temporary line and within the limits aforesaid, is now, of right, the property of the free citizens of this State, and held by them in sovereignty, inalienable but by their consent: Provided nevertheless, That nothing herein contained shall be construed, so as to prevent a sale to, or contract with the United States, by the Legislature of this State, of and for all or any part of the western territory of this State, laying westward of the river Chatahooche, on such terms as may be benef cial to both parties; and may procure an extension of settlement, and an extinguishment of Indian claims, in and to the vacant territory of this State, to the East and North of the said [river Chatahooche, to which territory, such power of contract or sale, by the Legislature, shall not extend: dnd provided also, The Legislature may give its consent to the establishment of one or more governments westward thereof; but monopolies of land by individuals, being contrary to the spirit of our free government, no sale of territory of this State, or any part thereof, shall take place to individuals or private companies, unless a county or counties shall have been first laid off, including such territory, and the Indian rights shall have been extinguished thereto.

The

(GEORGIA, 2i,. Sect. 24. The foregoing section of this article having declared the common rights of the free citizens of this State, in and to all the territory without the prei sent temporary boundary line, and within the limits of I this State, thereby defined, by which the contemplated purchases of certain companies of a considerable portion thereof, are become constitutionally void; and justice and good faith require, that the State should not detain a consideration for a contract which has failed; the Legislature, at their next session, shall make provision, by law, for returning to any person or persons, who has or have bona fide deposited monies for such purchases in the treasury of this State: Provided, That the same shall not have been drawn therefrom in term* of the act, passed the thirteenth day of February, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-six, commonly called the rescinding act, or the appropriation laws of the years one thousand seven hundred and ninety-six, and one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven: nor shall the monies, paid for such purchases, ever be deemed a part of the funds of this State, or be liable to appropriation as such, but until such monies be drawn from the treasury, they shall be considered altogether at the risque of the persons who have deposited the same. No money shall be drawn out of the treasury, or from the public funds of this State, except by appropriation made by law: and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public monies, shall be published from time to time. No vote, resolution, law, or order, shall pass the General Assembly, granting a donation or gratuity in favour of any person whatever, but by the concurrence of two-thirds of the General Assembly,

Sect. 25. It shall be the duty of the Justices of the Inferior Court, or any three of them, in each county respectively, within sixty days after the adjournment of this Convention, to appoint one or more fit persons iu each county, not exceeding one for each battalion dis. trict whose duty it shall be to take a full and accurate census or enumeration of all free white persons, and people of colour, residing therein, distinguishing in separate

parate columns, the free white persons from persona of colour, and return the same to the Clerks of the Superior Courts of the several counties, certified under their haads on or before the first day of December next—the persons so appointed, being first severally sworn before the said Justices of either of them, duly and faithfully to perform the trust reposed in them: and it shall be the duty of the said Clerks, to transmit all such returns, under seal, directed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, at the first session of the Legislature thereafter: And it shall be the duty of the General Assembly, at their said first session, to apportion the Members of the House of Representatives among the several counties, agreeably to the plan prescribed by this Constitution, and to provide an adequate compensation for the taking of the said census. Every person, whose usual place of abode shall be in any family on the first Monday in July next, shall be returned as of such family, and every person, occasionally absent at the time of taking the enumeration, as belonging to that place in which he usually resides. The General Assembly shall, by law, direct the manner of taking such census or enumeration, within every subsequent term of seven yeara, in conformity to this Constitution. And it is declared to be the duty of all officers, civil and military, throughout this State, to be aiding and assisting in the true and faithful execution thereof. In case the Justices of the Inferior Courts should fail to make such appointments, or if there should not be a sufficient number of such Justices in any county, then the Justices of the Peace, or any three of them, shall have and exercise like powers and authority respecting the said census; and if the census or enumeration of any county shall not be so taken and returned, then, and in that case, the General Assembly shall apportion the representation of such county, according to the best evidence in their power, relative to its population.

ARTICLE II. Sect. I. The executive power shall be vested in « Governor, who shall hold his office during the term of two years, and until such time as a successor shall bs

« ForrigeFortsett »