Section IV.

I. The times, places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Reprelentatives, fhall be prefcribed in each State by the Legiflature thereof; but the Congrefs may, at any time, by law, make or alter fuch regulations, except as to the places of chooling Senators.

II. The Congrefs fhall afiemble at leaft once in every year; and fuch meeting fhall be on the firft Monday in December, unlefs they fhall, by law, appoint a different day.

Section V.

. I. Each Houfe fhall be the judge of the eleflions, returns, and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of each fhalf conftitute a quorum to do bufinefs; but a fmaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of abfent members, in fuch manner, and under fuch penalties, as each Houfe may provide.

II. Each Houfe may determine' the roles of its proceedings," punifti its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. ,

III. Each Houfe fhall keep a journal of its proceedings, and, from time to time, publifh the fame, excepting fuch parts as may, in their judgment, require fecrefy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either Houfe, on any quellion, fhall, at the defire ef one-fifth of thofe prefent, be entered on the journal.

IV. Neither Houfe, during the feffipn of Congrefs, fhall, without the oonfent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houfe* fhall be fitting.

Section VI.

I. The Senators and Reprelentatives fhall receive a compenfation for. their fervices, t© be afcertained by law, and paid out of the treafury of the United States. They fhall, in all cafes, except treafon, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrefl during their attendance at the feffion of their refpe&ive Houfes, and in going to, and returning from the fame; and for any fpeech or debate in either Houfe, they fhall not be que [Honed in any other place.

II. -No Senator or Reprefentative fhall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which fhall have been created, or the emoluments of which fhall have been increafed, during fuch time; and no perfon, heldmg any office unde* the United States, fhall be a member of either Houfe during his continuance in office.

Section VII.

I. All bills for railing revenue, fhall originate in the Houfe of Reprefenta'ives; but the Senate Qia.ll propofe or concur with amendments as on other bills. Ever/

II. Every bill which fhall have pafied the Houfe of Reprefentatives and the Senate, fhall, before it become a law, be prefented to the Prefident of the United States. If he approve, he fhall fign it; but, if not, he ihall return it, with his objections, to that Houfe in which it fhall have originated, who /hall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconfider it. If, after fuch reconfideration, two-thirds of that Houfe ihall agree to pais the bill, it ihall be fent, together with the objections, to the other Houfe, by which it ihall likewife be reconfidered; and, if approved by two-thirds of that Houfe, it ihall become a law But, in all fuch cafes, the votes of both Houl'es ihall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the perfons voting for and againft the bill, ihall be entered on the journal of each Houfe refpeftively. If any bill ihall not be returned by the Prefident within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it ihall have been prefented to him, the fame fhall be a law, in like manner as if he had iigned it, unlefs the Congrefs, by their adjournment, prevent its return; in which cafe, it fhall not be a law.

III. Every order, refolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate and Houfe of Reprefentatives may be neceii'ary (except on a queflion «>f adjournment) fhall be prefented lo the Prefident of the United States; and,before the fame ihall take effect, be approved by him ; or, being difapproved by him, ihall be repaffed by two-thirds of both Houfes according to the rules and limitations prefcribed in the cafe of a bill.

Section VIII. The Congrefs fhall have power—

I. To lay and collect taxes, duties, impofts, and' pay the debts, and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States; but all dnties, impofts, and excifes ihall be uniform throughout the United States.

II. To borrow money on the credit of the United States.

III. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the feveral States, and with the Indian tribes.

IV. To eftablifh an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the fubject of bankruptcies, throughout the United States.

V. To coin money ; regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin; and fix the flandard of weights and meafures.

VI. To provide for the punifhment of counterfeiting the fecurities and current coin of the United States.

VII. Toeflablilh pod offices and poft roads.

VIII. To promote the progrefs of fcience and ufeful arts, by fccuring for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclulive right to their refpective writings and djfcoverics.

IX. To constitute tribunals inferior to this tupreme Court.


X. Tp define and punifh piracies and felonies committed on the High feas, and offences againfl the law of nations.

XI/ To declare war; grant letters of marque and reprifal; and make mles concerning captures en land and water. ■ XII. To raife and fupport armies. But no appropriation of money for that life, fhall be for a longer term than two years.

XIII. To provide and maintain a navy.

XIV. To make rules for the government and regulation etf the land and naval forces.

XV. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, fupprefs inturre&ions, and repel invafions.

XVI. To prov.ifcfor organizing, arming, and difciplining th« rnilitia, and for governing fuch part of them as may be employed in the fervice of the United States; referving to the State?* refpe&ively the appointment.of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the difcipline prelcribed hy Congrefs.

XVII. To exercife exclufive legiflatien in all cafes whatfbever, over fuch diftriift (not exceeding ten miles fquare) as may, by ceilion of particular States, and the acceptance of Congrefs, become the feat of the Government of the United States; and to exerciie like authority over all places purchafed by Ofe co»fent of the Legiflature of the State in which the fame fhall be, for the ereflion of forts, magazines, arfenals, dock-yards, and ether needful buildings—And, >

XVIII. To make all laws which fhall be neeeflery and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vefled by this Conttitution, in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Section IX.

I. The migration or importation of fnch perfons as any of the States now exifting fhall think proper to admit, fhall not be prohibited by the Congrefs, prior to the year one thoufand eight hundred and eight; but a tax or duty may be impofed on fuch importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each perton.

II. The privilege of the writ of Habeas Corpus fhall not be fufpended, unlefs when, in cafes of rebellion or invaiion, the public fafety may require it.'

III. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law fhall be paffed.

IV. No capitation or other direfl.'tax fhall be laid, unlets in proportion to the cenfus or enumeration herein before dire&ed to be taken.

V. No tax or duty fhall be laid on articles exported from any State. No preference fhall be given, by any regulation of commerce or revenue, to. the ports of one State over thofe of another} nor fliall veffel*, bound to or from one State, be obliged to en*er, clear, or pay duties in another.


VI. No money fhall be drawn from thetreafury, but in confequence of appropriations made by law j and a regular flate»ent and account of the teceipts and expenditures of all public money fhall be publiihed from time to time.

VII. No title of nobility fhall be granted by the United States: And no perfoa, holding any office of profit or truft under them, lhall,■without the confent of Congrefs, accept of any prefew, emolument, office or title of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

Section X.

I. No State fha!l enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprifal: coin money; emit bills of credit; make any thing but gold and fllver coin a tender in payment of debts; pafs any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contrails, or grant any title of nobility.

II. No State fhall, without the confent of Congrefs, lay any im palls or duties on imports or exports, except what may ba absolutely neceffary for executing its infpeftisn laws; and the net produce of all duties and impofts laid by any State on imports or exports, fhall be for the ufe of the Treafury of the United States; and all fuch laws fhall be fubjeit to the reviuon and control of Congrofs. No State lhall, without the confent cf Congrefs, lay any duty on tonnage, keep troops or fhips of war in time of peaqe, enter into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in war, unlefs actually invaded, or in fuch imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

ARTICLE II —section- I.

I. The Executive Power (hall be vetted in a Prefident of the United States of America. He fhall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice-Preiident, cliofen for the fame term, be elefled as follows:—

II. Each State fhall appoint, in fuch manner as the Legiflattrre thereof may direft, a number of Electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Reprefentatives, to which the State may be entitled in the Congrefs j but no Senator, or Re. prefentative, or perfon hoMing any office of truft or profit under the United States, fhall be appointed an Eledlor.

III. The Electors fhail meet in their relpedtive States, and vote, by ballot, for two perfons, of whom, one, at leali, (hall not be an inhabitant of the fame State with themfelves. And they fhall make a lift of all tie perfons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which lift they fhall fign and certify, and tranfmit fealed to the feat of the Government of the United States, directed to the Prefident of the Senate. The Prefideivt of the Senate fhall, in the pretence of the Senate and Houfe «f Reprefentatives, open all the certificates, and the votes fhall then be counted The perfon having the greateft number of votes fhall be the Prelident, if fuch number be a majority of tha whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have fuch majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the Houfe of Keprefentatives fhall immediately choofe, by ballot, one of them for Prelident; and if no perfon have a majority, then, from the five higheft on the lift, the faid Houfe fhall in li ke manner choofe the Prelident. But, in choofing the Prelident, the votes fhall be taken by States, the Keprefentation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpofe mall confift of a member, or members, from twothird's of the States; and a majority of all the States fhaU be necefiary to a choice. In every cafe, after the choice of the Prefident, the perfon having the greateft number of votes of the Electors fhall be the Vice-Prefident. But if there fhould remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate fhall choofe from them, by ballot, the Vice-Prefident.

IV. The Congrefs may determine the time of choofing the Electors, and the day on which they {hall give their votes; which day (hall be the fame throughout the United States.

V. No perfon, except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of this Conftitution, fhall be eligible to the office of Prefident. Neither {hail any perfon be eligible to that office, who (hall not have attained to the age ef 35 years, and been i4 years a refident within the United ttates.

VI. In cafe of the removal of the Prefident from office, or of his death, refignation, or inability'to dilcharge the powers and duties of the laid office, the fame fhall devolve on the VicePrefident; and the Congrefs may, by law, provide for the cafe of removal, death, refignation, or inability, both of the Prelident and Vice-Prefident, declaring what Officer fhall then aft as Prefident; and fuch Officer fhall a<ft accordingly, until the difability be removed, or a Prefident fhall be elefted

VII. The Prefident fhaJl, at dated times, receive for his fervices, a compenfation, which fhail neither be increafed nor dim'rnifhed during the period for which he fhall have been elected; and he fhall not receive, within that period, any other emolument from the United States, or any of them.

VIII. Before he enter on the axecution of his office, he fhall take the following oath, or affirmation : —" I do foremnly fwear "(or affirm), That I will faithfully execute the office of Prefi"dent of the United States; and will, to the beft of my ability, "preferve, protect, and defend the Conllitution of the United "rates."

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