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SURFACE. This county occupies, for the most part, the second of those elevated tableaux, or plains, which stretch from Lake Ontario to the southern border of the state, and which are divided from each other by steep and almost perpendicular precipi

The table land on which most of Wyoming cou y lies, commences with the ledge, which runs through the southern towns of Genesee county, and over which the waters of Allen's creek are precipitated in Le Roy, and rises wit : an ascent not exceeding ten or twelve feet to the mile, to the ledge over which the Genesee river falls, at Portageville.

There are no mountain ridges in the county, and the declivity of the land is but just sufficient to drain it.

RIVERS. The Genesee river fornis the southeastern boundary of the county, for a distance of nearly twenty miles, and in its fall over the ledge, at Genesee falls, furnishes a valuable hydraulic power.

The other principal streams of the county are Allen's creek, (named from the serocious villain known, for many years, in this region, as Indian Allen,) Tonawanda, Cayuga, Seneca, Wiskoy, and Nunskoy creeks.

LAKE. Silver lake, 'ying partly in Perry and partly in Cas. tile, is a beautiful little sheet of water, five eighths of a mile wide, and three miles long, elevated several hundred feet above the Genesee river.

The CLIMATE is generally salubrious. The prevailing diseases are of a bilious type.

GEOLOGY AND MINERALS. The county lies almost entirely within the bounds of the Erie group. In the north the Ludlowville shales predominate. In the south the Chemung sandstone is the prevailing rock.

Carbonate of lime, crystallized in fantastic and sometimes beautiful forms.* sulphate of lime, or gypsum, and iron pyrites are abundant. There is some sulphate of barytes, and small seams of anthracite, but, as might be expected in the geological formation of this section, in too small quantities to be of any practical value.

The fossils are mainly vegetable, consisting mostly of fucoides, or mosses. There are also, in some portions of the county, fossil shells, but not in great variety.

SOIL AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTIONS. The soil is generally fertile, particularly along the Genesee valley. The forest trees of this county are, in the north part, the beech, maple, hemlock and elm, with some oak. In the southern portion, pine, basswood and ash.

The principal crops are oats, wheat, potatoes, corn, flax, barley, peas and buckwheat.

Among the most singular of these forms are masses, weighing from ten to three hundred pounds, bearing a striking resemblance, in form, to the turtle. Their homogeneous structure, and some peculiarities in their form, preclude the sup. position that they are fossil animal remains.

PURSUITS. Agriculture is the principal pursuit. The eastern and northern towns are largely engaged in the culture of grain, particularly wheat and oats. The southern towns are better adapted to grazing.

Manufactures are increasing in the county, but as yet are in their infancy. Flour, leather, lumber, pot and pearl ashes, and woollen goods are the principal articles. The entire value of the goods manufactured in the county, in 1845, was estimated at $412,000.

There are no mines or quarries, of importance, in the county.

The Genesee river canal, affords a convenient mode of transportation for the produce of the eastern towns of the county.

Staple PRODUCTIONS. Oats, wheat, potatoes, butter, cheese, wool, beef, pork and lumber.

Schools. There were, in 1846, 198 district schools, in this county. The average amount of instruction given in these was eight months. 20,479 volumes were reported in the district school libraries; and $12,946 was the amount paid for the instructi, of 11,517 children.

There were also eight private and select schools, with 220 pupils, in the county, and three incorporated seminaries, with 132 students.

RELIGIOUS ENO INATIONS. Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Co gregationalists, Universalists, Episcopalians, Roman Catholics and Dutch Reformed. There are in the county fiftyfour churches and sixty-four clergymen, of all denominations.

History. The first settler in this county was Mr. Elizur Webster, who removed from New England, and settled in the present town of Warsaw, in 1803. Eis daughter, (now the wise of Hon. A. W. Young of this county,) was the first child born in the county. Many of the early settlers were from Washington and the adjacent counties in Vermont. These generally settled in the vicinity of Warsaw.

As a part of the Genesee valley, its fertility attracted a host of emigrants to its borders, and though the youngest county in the state in its organization, it occupies a middle rank in population.

Much of the land was formerly owned by the Holland Land Company, but it has, within a few years been very generally purchased by actual settlers.

The Gardeau tract, or flats, was a tract of about 10,000 acres, lying on the Genesee river, partly in the town of Castile, which the Indians reserved in a treaty with Robert Morris, in 1797, as a gift to the Seneca white woman, Mary Jemison.*

This extraordinary woman was a native of Ireland, and was taken prisoner by the Indians, when a child twelve or thirteen years of age. She was adopted by an Indian fainily, and embraced the Indian faith, habits and customs. She was

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Wyoming county formed part of Genesee county, till 1841, when it was organized as a separate county, and, in 1846 the towns of agle and Pike, and that portion of Portage lying west of Genesee river, wer taken from Allegany county and annexed to it. The lis town received the name of Genesee Falls.

VILLAGES, &c. WARSAW, u.e county seat, in the town of the same name, was settled by emigrants from New England, who were highly intelligent and religious, and to this day it is characterized by the intelligence and morality of its inhabitants. It is situated in the midst of a fine agricultural district, and has some manufactures. The first church edifice erected west of the Genesee river, was a tanding in Warsaw a few years since. Popu au 00.

Perry is a thriving and usy town, considerably engaged in manufactures. T ere ar two villages in the town, Perry and Perry Centre. here is an academy at Perr«, of some note, and a number of manufacturing establishments. Population 1200.

At Perry Centre a literary institution, called the Perry Centre Institute, has recently been established.

Middlebury has a flourishing academy, incorporated in 1817, located in the village of Wyoming, which is situate in a pleasant valley,

has a population of about 600. Genesee Falls, in the town of the same name, formerly called Por geville, is situated at the falls of the Genesee river, one of the ost romantic and interesting locations in western New York. In the space of two u iles there are three distinct falls, of 60, 90, and 110 feet, each possessing beauties of a character peculiar to itself. The banks of the river tower up in stupendous perpendicular walls, more than 400 feet in height, and are crowned with gigantic evergreens, which, from their venerable appearance, seem to have maintained their position for ages.

Notwithstanding the immense depth to which the bed of the river has been worn, its turns are short and graceful, giving the admiring visitor new, though limited views, at every stage of his progress.

In June, 1817, a land slide of about fifteen acres took place from the side of a hill in this town, into the river, which for some time completely dammed it, leaving a perpendicular bank more than 100 feet in height.

The hydraulic power furnished by the falls of the Genesee, is improved to a considerable extent. Population 800. married twice to Indian chiefs, and died in September, 1833, at the age of ninety or ninety one years. Since her death, most of her extensive property has been sold by her heirs.

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STATISTICAL TABLES,

The following Tables compiled with great care, from the state census of 1845, and other authentic sources,
present the principal agricultural and horticultural products of each county, and of the state, and the number of
cattle, sheep, horses and swine, together with the amount of butter, cheese, and wool produced; the principal
manufactures; and the commercial statistics of the different districts of the state.

[blocks in formation]

Pea'.

Beans.

Oats. wheat. Barley.
Bushels, 44,149 163,894 208,254 624,039 183,274| 120,978

260,1901 31,144 101,140 503,134 61,995 38,132

81,388 37,049 172,713 331,425 75,019 1,032
177,927 934 96,5401 459,770 24,026 13,671
652,896) 4,4151

479,151 652,281 94,067 143,516
268,2611

313,121 448,834 20,000 32,833
180,095 10,780 177,965 287,146 104,567 25,265
104,5621 40,148 241,205 597,508 70,8031 20,147
114,570 37,998 104,,831 268,258 51,564 21,018

75,065 302,508 526,629 1,093,850 129,001 9.271
96,8521 4,532 123,186 400,342 50,157 32,214
50,685/ 113,114 85,128 648,982| 133,235 2,404
86,264 165,782 814,153 1,283,718) 89,1991 5,671
251,7811 11,007 238,295) 637,593) 31,5931 40,485

COUNTIES.

Albany,
Allegany.
Broome,
Cattaraugus,
Cayuga,
Chautauque,
Chemung,
Chenango,
Clinton,
Columbia,
Cortland,
Delaware,
Dutchess,
Erie,

Buck-
Wheat. Rye. orn.

3,158

51,252
48,250

2,929
18,370
56,755
28,746
5,069
5,845
25,823

2,653
12,237

3,783
1,3471
51,4011

4,487
2,378
1,458
1,830
3,524
3,1831
1,148
1,897
6,601
1,092
1,276

550
692
4,636

Potatoes. Turnips. Flax.

404,594 12,220 lbs.34,985
575,196 32,197 95,268
182,461 13,349 32,144
506,919 20,813 42,886
536,933 22,567 139,126
686,969 22,143 129,749
146,901 4,957 27,163
396,096 22,464 114,911
620,028 29,246 4,266
415,035 12,812 32,182
259,364 25,075 101,344
467,582 30,1521 30,110
387,124 84,134 34,633
552,091 17,899 36,819

COUNTIES.

Essex,
Franklin, -
Fulton,
Genesee,
Greene,
Hamilton,-
Herkimer,
Jefferson,
Kings,
Lewis,
Livingston,
Madison, -
Monroe,
Montgomery,
New York,
Niagara,
Oneida,
Onondaga,
Ontario,
Orange,
Orleans,
Oswego,
Otsego,-
Putnam,
Queens,
Rensselaer,
Richmond,
Rockland,
Saratoga,
Schenectady,
Schoharie,

Wheat, Rye.
Bush els, 84,217 32,160

97,999 21,746

17,118 42,623
695,107 2,033
19,713 84,380
253

956
60,700 22,367
421,819 55,457
26,992 9,724
87,406 9,278
821,762 5,200

190,364 5,888
1,338,583 3,198
69,589 80,962

601
713,318

98
115,927 19,676
636,177 10,107
918,616 9.569

82,881 191,864
692,127 219

98,880 1,594
109,551 87,925

4,913 31,275
99,374 61,68
75,708 201,314
10,337 7,501

1,705 26,283
104,661 145,777
19,754 56,205
79,175 120,030

Buck-
Corn. Oat. wheat. Barle: Peas. Beans. Potatoes. Turnips. Flax.

96,429 241,514 20,690 1,869 31,885 3,144 515,650 25,707 lbs. 7,385
70,109 148,378 24,780 6,518 19,622 1,981 623,844 25,459 9,250
105,124 287,221 48,694

26,596 22,384 943

166,162

6,287 50,812
225,615 406,594 19,713 60,716 75,966 3,866 380,710

7,314 19,440
178,027 347,891 106,524 11,209 8,467 3,503 265,9781 13,932 14,647
4,536 14,625 5,058

810
357
40 26,104 2,422

863
180,340 690,413 44,193 101 805 27,507 1,689 263,999 3,976 51,179
467 230 709,232 42,128 159,872 153,374 6,974 1,235,139 18,538 208,545
124,688 64,786

2,997

360 9,345 4,821 178,4341 57,038
53,180 202,515 25,803 23,119 21,925 678 498,849 22,340 85,281
257,346 351,233 34,148 93,959 33,429 2,371 268,161 6,742 32,510
230,781 517,789 24,445 229,606 31,312 2,063 393,989 7,399 42,232
453,463 538,063 31,149 57,102 66,342 4,272 667,491 38,581 10,796
187,700 717,212 119,843 161,396 70,205 2,666 187,905 1,841 72,191
6,325 2,135 300

30) 25 6,085 600
188,166 292,099 20,101 58,340 84,627 2,186 333,658 26,464 9,412
423,753 971,608 76,614 162,235 26,497 4,159 685,168 31,452 38,000
516,496 829,002 51,198 360,421 106,875 4,294 573,896 22,503 107,035
357,747 533,062 43,690 211,653 50,941 3,773 414,090 13,967 20,240
603,167 417,388 111,672 1,907

30 332 173,018 24,623 15,350
213,703 236,743 8,528) 16,872 45,589 3,001 276,433 11,119 13,681
285,366 359,767 57,926 16,130 30,648 3,497 541,737 25,529 57,034
201,031 1,004,541 117,265 112,261 21,999

2,789 620,921 32,517 89,589
120,858 81,416 37,516

62 318 74,430 24,506 2,832
438,661 324,218 67,571

2,600 38,219 20,299 229,87,6 90,710 1,416
403,548 763,844 64,362 12,382 9,985 4,552 604,025 21,631 282,690|
66,421 27,704 3,016 3,231 269 272 44,230 7,559 100
95,698 45,120 37,289 133

33 49 59,080

6,207 8631
512,361 620,395 98,208 30,975 29,070 2,312 611,919 22,613 30,619
103,729 254,455 54,682 91,451 16,351 1,432 112,842 5,342 19,840
85,173 683,5601 147,709! 208,3211 77,9461 2,406 319,914 6,177' 70672'

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