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against, and enemies to his most sacred majesty, and his friends, in their stations and qualities, before and ever since the detestable and unparalleled murder of our blessed sovereign his royal father, as far as the extent of the press could make them capable or extant.
Who printed the pretended act of the commons of England for the setting up an high court of justice, for the tryal of his mar. tyred majesty, iu 1648 ? Or, the acts for abolishing kingship, and renouncing the royal line and title of the Stuarts? Or, for the declaring what offences should be adjudged treason? For taking the engagement For sale of dean and chapters lands? For sale of the king's, queen's, and prince's goods and lands, and the fee.farm rents ? For sale of delinquents lands: Or, the proclamation of the 13th of September, 1652, after the fight at Worcester, offering one-thousand pounds to any person, to bring in his majesty's person?
But only John Field, printer to the parliament of England (and since, by Cromwell, was and is continued printer to the Uni. versity of Cambridge) omitting many other treasonable offeuces, and egregious indignities done by him and H. Hills to the royal fa. mily, and good old cause of the king and kingdom, in all the late tyrannical usurpations. Who printed the Weekly Intelligencer, and Mercurius Politicus, with the Cases of the Commonwealth stated, and that Interest will not lye, for Marchamont Nedham, Gent. from 1660, till the blessed and assured hopes of his majesty's restoration of late, but Thomas Newcomb, printer, dwelling over against Baynard's-Castle in Thames-street? And with what fami. liar titles of honour did they salute his majesty therein, we pray, but of young Tarquin, the son of the late tyrant, the titular king of Scots, the young Pretender, with an infinite more of the like treasonable extraction? Which, for brevity's sake, and for that they are of Milton's strain, and so publickly known, and were the weekly trash and trumpery of every hawker, pedlar, and petty carrior, we omit.
But we cannot as yet pass over his majesty's good friends, Hills and Field (take them conjunctim and divisim:) What zealots and factors, or blood-hounds or tærriers rather, they have been for that abstract of traitors, tyrants, and usurpers, Oliver Cromwell, his son Richard, and the pretended Committee of Safety, in searcha ing for, seizing, and suppressing, as far as they could, all books, treatises, and papers, asserting the king's right and title to the crown, or tending to the promotion of his interest, and vindica. tion of his authority, the worst of his majesty's enemies must nee cessarily, with shame and detestation, confess! And is this all that hath been done by Hills and Field to his majesty only, and his royal relations and interests ? No! Their impieties and insolences, have mounted as high, as to become actual and professed traitors against the glorious crown and dignity of the King of Kings, blessed for ever: Have they not invaded, and still do intrude upon his majesty's royal privilege, prerogative, and pre-eminence; and, by the pusillanimous cowardice, and insignificant compact of Mr. Christopher Barker, and another of his name, and, not without probable suspicion, by the consent and connivance of Mr. Joha Bill (though he was artificially defeated in his expectations of profit) have they not obtained (and now keep in their actual possess sion) the manuscript copy of the last translation of the Holy Bible ia English, attested with the hands of the vcnerable and learned translators in king James's time, ever since the sixth of March, 1655; and thereupon, by colour of an unlawful and forced en: trance in the Stationers Registry, printed and published ever since, for the niost part, in several editions of bibles (consisting of great numbers) such egregious blasphemies and damnable erratas, as have corrupted the pure fountain, and rendered God's holy word contemptible to multitudes of the people at home, and a ludibrium to all the adversaries of our religion? Have they not suffocated and suppressed all books containing pious and religious prayers and devotions, to be presented and offered to the Blessed Trinity, for the blessing of heaven upon his majesty's royal person and family, and the church and state, by preventing and obstructing the printing of the Common-Prayer, Primmers, and Psalters, contrary to the statute of 1 queen Elisabeth, c. 2. and other good laws and ordinances, and the ecclesiastical canons of the church of England; unless that they contained prayers for their late protector! And are these small offences to be past and pardoned, or such as shall deserve the favour of indemnity and oblivion? God forbid !
Impunitus peccati præbet ansam peccandi. The not punishing of offences emboldeneth offenders to commit greater enormities with brazen brows, as if they were incorrigible: And, as the proverb saith, “ He, that saves a thief from the gallows, shall be first robbed himself." Is not the king as the breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the Lord, his persoa sacred, his authority dreadful? And is not all our present and future security and happiness in. volved in his majesty's preservation and prosperity? And shall his majesty's most apparent and implacable enemies be chiefly entrusted in the great concernments of his state and government, as New. comb, Hills, and Field are under his titular printers ? God for. bid. Are there not honest and well affected printers in London, sufficient and able and willing to serve his majesty, but his grandest adversaries must be picked out for his service? And are there not lodgings enough about the city to be had for convenience, but Mr. Christopher Barker and his family must now be entertained at the house of that libidinous and professed adulterer Henry Hills in Aldersgate-street? One that for his heresy in religion (being an anahaptist) and his luxury in conversation (having hypocritically confessed his fact in print, and been imprisoned for his adultery with a taylor's wife in Blackfriars) would scandalise a good chrisa tian, and an honest man, to be in his company. But, it seems, the old confederacy compacted between Barker, Hills, and Field, by the agitation of Nedham, upon their conversion of the copy of the Bible, cannot yet be forgotten; albeit it tend never so much to the dishonour, disparagement, and prejudice of his majesty's affairs? And therefore it is more than time, as is humbly con. ceived, that as 'well the cstablishment of his majesty's office of printer, as also the regulation of the number of printers in England within good rules and limits, were speedily provided for and determined ; and not any longer be carelesly and improvidently left and subjected to such extreme mischiefs, and fatal inconveniences. And moreover, it is very fit to be taken into consideration, how much mischief and sedition a press at New England may occasion and disperse, in this juncture of time, if the licentiousness thereof be connived at, and any longer tolerated; whenas we daily see such ventilations of opinions, inclining to factions and seditions, are the common merchandise of the press about the city of Lon. don; which, to a sober christian and loyal subject, are plainly destructive both of church and state; which God for his glory unite, preserve, and propagate in the old good order and government.
Having thus truly represented to publick view the cause of our lamentation, we will never despair of his majesty's seasonable and timely redress ; being humbly confident, that, for want of loyal and dutiful information presented to his majesty, many fanaticks and disaffected persons to his person and goverument, by a little counterfeit conversion and hypocritical subjection, do continue and creep into his majesty's service, in many great places of trust and profit, who, being dyed in grain in the principles of popular li. berty, would willingly cast off his majesty's sacred authority, and abandon his person, as they did his royal father's, if God, for our sins, in judgment, should permit them the least opportunity. Quod malum infandum avertat Deus!
But, briefly to conclude, we most humbly submit the necessity of our speedy reformation and redress, upon consideration of the many great miseries and calamities, that have happened not only in England, Scotland, and Ireland, but also in Germany, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and other countries and places, by the exorbitant and unlawful exercise of printing in modern times. Which, had the science and use thereof been known in the time of the grand profession of the Donatist and Arian heresies, would have immerged and drowned the whole world in a second deluge of blood and confusion, to its utter destruction, long time since. Yet however, if our mystery be confined within fit and convenient bounds, and not permitted transilire limites, it is and will be of singular use and convenience to his majesty and his dominions : Otherwise, though the art be so exquisite and excellent in itself, yet, by corruption and depravation, it will become the more pernicious and perillous : As the strongest and richest wine, for want of good curing, will turn to the sharpest vinegar; and a little wound or contusion, neglected, will soon mortify and corrupt it. self to an immedicable gangrene.
Ignis, ab exiguo nascens, extinguitur unda ;
In English thus:
Poods, fountains, rivers scarce can it surcease. The application is easily inferred, in reference to the inconveni. ence of exorbitant and irregular printing in general. And, for his majesty's titular printers Mr. Barker and Mr. Bill, let them con. sider themselves (as all other wise men will and must do) under this trite and excellent aphorism, to wit, Impossibile est, vel verè ad. modùm difficile, ut qui ipsa opera non tractant, peritè valeant judicare.
Impossible, or very hard be't will,
If a presentment should be made of the matter of this complaint to any capable inquest in this kingdom, they would indorse it Billa rera, and not return it with an Ignoramus. All which is most humbly submitted to publick consideration, in hopes of regulation and speedy reformation.
God save the King,
A RELATION OF THE MOST REMARKABLE PASSAGES,
FROM HIS MAJESTY'S ARRIVAL AT DOVER,
TO HIS ENTRANCE AT WIIITE-HALL.
London: Printed by Tho. Creak, 1660. Quarto, containing eight Pages.
attended at Sluys, for wafting him over from the Ilague in Holland; and, therein having taken leave of his sister the princess royal, he set sail for England on Wednesday evening, May 23, 1660. And having, during his abode at sea, given new names to that whole navy (consisting of twenty-six goodly vessels) he arri. ved at Dover on the Friday following (viz. May the 25th) about two of the clock in the afternoon. Ready on the shore to receive him, stood the Lord General Monk, as also the Earl of Winchel. sea, constable of Dover castle, with divers persons of quality on the one hand, and the mayor of Dover, accompanied by his brethren of that corporation on the other, with a rich canopy.
As soon as he had set foot on the shore, the lord general, presenting himself before him on his knee, and kissing his royal hand, was embraced by his majesty, and received divers gracious expressions of the great sense he had of his loyalty, and in being so in. strumental in this his restoration.
There also did the corporation of Dover, and the Farl of Win., chelsea, do their duties to him in like sort; all the people making joyful shouts; and the great guns from the ships and castle telling aloud the happy news of this his entrance upon English ground.
From thence, taking coach immediately, with his royal brothers, the Dukes of York and Gloucester, he passed to Barham-down (a great plain lying betwixt Dover and Canterbury) where were drawn up divers gallant troops of horse, consisting of the nobility, knights, and gentlemen of note, clad in very rich apparel, commanded by the Duke of Buckingham, Earls of Oxford, Derby, Northampton, Winchelsea, Litchfield, and the Lord Viscount Mordaunt: As also several foot regiments of the Kentish-men, Being entered the Down on horseback, where multitudes of the country-people stood, making loud shouts, he rode to the head of each troop (they being placed on his left hand, three deep) who, bowing to him, kissed the hilts of their swords, and then flourished them above their heads, with no less acclamations; the trumpets, in the mean time, also ecchoing the like to them.
In the suburb at Canterbury stood the mayor and aldermen of that ancient city, who received him with loud musick, and presented him with a cup of gold, of two-hundred and fifty pounds value. Whence, after a speech made to him by the recorder, he passed to the Lord Camden's house, the mayor carrying the sword before him.
During his stay at Canterbury (which was till Monday morning) he knighted the Lord General Monk, and gave him the ensigns of the most honourable order of the garter : And Garter, principal King at Arms, sent the like unto the Lord Admiral Montague, then a-board the navy, riding in the Downs. There likewise did he knight Sir William Maurice, a member of the house of commons, whom he constituted one of his principal secretaries of state.
From Canterbury he came, on Monday, to Rochester, where the people had hung up, over the midst of the streets, as he rode, many beautiful garlands, curiously made up with costly scarfs and ribbands, decked with spoons and bodkins of silver, and small plate of several sorts; and some with gold chains, in like sort as at Canterbury; each striving to outdoc others in al expressions
On Tuesday, May the 29th (which happily fell out to be the anniversary of his majesty's birth-day) he set forth of Rochester in his coach ; but afterwards took horse on the farther side of Black-heath, on which spacious plain he found divers great and eminent troops of horse, in a most splendid and glorious equi. page; and a kind of rural triumph, expressed by the country swains, in a Morrice-dance, with the old musick of taber and