before their entrance, and the noise of the minstrels heard, the esquire's governors shall provide all necessaries ready for the or. der, to deliver to the knights, for to attire and dress the esquire.

And when the knights are come to the esquire's chamber, they shall enter with leave, and say to him; “ Sir! Good morrow to you, it is time to get up, and make yourself ready;" and thereupon they shall take him by the arm to be dressed, the most an-tient of the said knights reaching him his shirt, another giving him his breeches, the third his doublet; and another putting upon him a kirtle of red tartarin; two others shall raise him from the bed, and two others put on his nether stockings, with soles of leather sewed to them ; two others shall lace his sleeves, and another shall gird him with a girdle of white leather, without any buckles thereon: Another shall comb his head; another shall put on his coif; another shall give him his mantle of silk (over the bases or kirtle of red tartarin) tied with a lace of white silk, with a pair of white gloves hanging at the cud of the lace. And the chandler shall take, for his fees, all the garments, with the whole array and necessaries, wherewith the esquire shall be apparelled and clothed on the day that he comes into the court to receive order: As also the bed, wherein he first lay, after his bathing, together with the singleton and other necessaries : In consideration of which fees, the same chandler shall find, at his proper costs, the said coil, the gloves, the girdle, and the lace.

13. And, when all this is done, the grave knights shall get on horseback, and conduct the esquire to the ball, the minstrels going before, making musick ; but the horse must be accontred as followeth: The saddle having a cover of black leather, the bow of the saddle being of white wood quartered; the stirrop-leathers black, the stirrops gilt; the paitrel of black leather, gilt, with a cross-pate, gilt, hanging before the breast of the horse, but with. out any crupper: The bridle black, with long notched reins, after the Spanish fashion, and a cross-pate on the front. And there must be provided a young esquire, courteous, who shall ride before the esquire bare-headed, and carry the esquire's sword, with the spurs hanging at the handle of the sword; and the scabbard of the sword shall be of white leather, and the girdle of white leather, without buckles. And the youth shall hold the sword by the point, and after this manner must they ride to the king's hall, the governors being ready at hand.

14. And the grave knights shall conduct the said csquire; and, as soon as they come before the hall-door, the marshals and ush. crs are to be ready to meet him, and desire him to alight; and, being alighted, the marshal shall take the horse for his fee, or clse C. s. Then shall the knights conduct him into the hall, up to the high table, and afterwards up the end of the second table, until the king's coming, the knights standing on each side of him, and the youth holding the sword upright before him, between the two governors.

15. And when the king is come into the hall, and beholdeth

the esquire ready to receive his high order, and temporal dignity, he shall ask for the sword and spurs, which the chamberlain shall take from the youth, and shew to the king. And, thereupon, the king, taking the right spur, shall deliver it to the most noble and gentle person there, and shall say to him, “ Put this upon the esquire's heel; and he, kneeling on one knee, must take the es. quire by the right leg, and, putting his foot on his own knee, is to fasten the spur upon the right heel of the esquire; and then, making a cross upon the esquire's knee, shall kiss hím: Which being done, another knight must come, and put on his left spur, in like manner. And then shall the king, of his great favour, take the sword, and gird the esquire therewith: Whereupon the esquire is to lift up his arms, holding his hands together, and the gloves betwixt his thumbs and fingers.

16. And the king, putting his own arms about the esquire's neck, shall say, “ Be thou a good knight,” and afterwards kiss bim. Then are the antient knights to conduct this new knight to the chapel, with much musick, even to the high altar, and there he shall kneel; and, putting his right hand upon the altar, is to promise to maintain the rights of holy church, during his whole life.

17. And then he shall ungird himself of his sword, and, with great devotion to God and holy church, offer it there; praying unto God, and all his saints, that he may keep that order which he kath so taken, even to the end: All which being accomplished, he is to take a draught of wine.

18. And, at his going out of the chapel, the king's mastercook, being ready to take off his spurs for his own fee, shall say, I, the king's master-cook, am come to receive your spurs for my fee; and if you do any thing contrary to the order of knight. hood (which, God forbid) I shall hack your spurs from your heels."

19. After this, the knights must conduct him again into the hall, where he shall sit the first at the knights table, and the knights about him, himself to be served as the other knights are; but he must neither eat nor drink at the table, nor spit, nor look about him, upwards nor downwards, more than a bride. And this be. ing donc, one of his governors, having a handkerchief in his hand, shall hold it before his face when he is to spit. And when the king is risen from his table, and gone into his chamber, then shall the new knight be conducted, with great store of knights and minstrels proceeding before him, unto his own chamber; and, at his entrance, the knights and minstrels shall take leave of him, and go to dinner.

20. And, the knights being thus gone, the chamber-door shall be fastened, and the new knight disrobed of his attire, which is to be given to the kiogs of arms, in case they be there present; and if not, then to the other heralds, if they be there; otherwise, to the minstrels, together with a mark of silver, if he be a knightbatchelor; if a baron, double to that; if an earl, or of a superior

rank, double thereto. And the russet night-cap must be given the watch, or else à noble.

21. Then is he to be cloathed again with a blue robe, the sleeves whereof to be streight, shaped after the fashion of a priest's; and, upon his left shoulder, to have a lace of white silk, hanging: And he shall wear that lace upon all his garments, from that day forwards, until he hath gained some honour or renown by arms, and is registered of as high record, as the nobles, knights, esquires, and heralds of arms; and bé renowned for soinc fiats of arms, as aforesaid, or that some great prince, or most noble lady, can cut that lace from his shoulder, saying; “ Sir! we lave heard so much of the truc renown concerning your honour, which you have done in divers parts, to the great fame of chivalry, as to yourself, and of him that made you a knight, that it is mect this lace bc takon

from you.”

22. After dinner, the knights of honour and gentlemen must come to the knight, and conduct him into the presence of the king, the esquire's governors going before liim; where, he is to say, Right noble and renowned Sir! I do, in all that I can, give you thauks for these honours, courtesies, and bounty, which you have vouchsafed to me:" And, having so said, shall take his icave of the king.

23. Then are the esquire's governors to take lcare of this thrir master, saying, " Sir, we have, according to the king's command, and, as we were obliged, done what we can; but, if through negligence, we have in aught displeased you, or by any thing we have done amiss at this time, we desire pardon of you for it. And, on the other side, Sir, as right is, and according to the customs of the court, and antient kingdons, we do require our robes and fees, as the king's esquires, companions to batchelors, and other Jords."

The Form of his Majesty's Summons, in a Leitor from the Lord. Chumberlain, to the several Persons of Honour, who

are to be crcuted Knights of the Bash. SIR,

Alter my hearty commendation to yoll, WHEREAS his majesty hath appointed the twenty-third day of April next, for his solemn coronation at Westminster, and the day before, to proceed publickly through the city of London, to his palace at White-flall; and, according to the antient custom used by his royal predecessors, his majesty is graciously pleased to ad. vance certain of his nobility, and principal gentry, into the Noble Order of the Bath, to attend him in those great solemnities, and, amongst others, hath vouchsafed to nomime you to be one of that number: These are, therefore, to will and require you, in his majesty's name, to make your appearance at his majesty's paJace at Westminster, upon Thursday in the afternoon, being the eighteenth of April next, furnished and appointed, as in such cases appertaincth, there to begin the usual ceremony, and the next day

to receive the said Order of Knighthood of the Bath, from his majesty's hands. Hereof you are not to fail. And so I bid you heartily farewell. Your very affectionate friend,

Manchester. Whitehall, March 1, 1661,

The Names of some of those honourable Persons, who are to be created Knights of the Bath, at the Coronation of his

Majesty, April 23, 1661. The Lord Richard Butler, son to the Lord Marquis of Or.

mond. Mr. Hyde, son to the Lord Chancellor. Mr. Egerton, son to the Earl of Bridgwater. Mr. Berkley, son to the Lord Berkley. Mr. Peregrin Barty, second son to the Earl of Lindsey. Mr. Vcere Vane, second son to the Earl of Westmoreland. Mr. Bellasis, son of the Lord Bellasis. Mr. Capell, brother to the Earl of Essex. Mr. Francis Vane, son of Sir Francis Vane. Mr. Henry Vane, son of George Vane, Esq; Mr. Edward Hungerford, of Farley Castle. Mr. Monson, son of Sir John Monson, Knight of the Bath. Mr. Charles Frenaman, whose noble father was slain at Bevis. Mr. Nicholas Slannying, son of that loyal subject, Sir Nicholas

Slannying, slain at Bristol, 26 July, 1643. Mr. Thomas Fanshaw, son of Sir Thomas Fanshaw. Mr. Edward Wise. Mr. Carr Scroop, grandson to the valiant Sir George Scroop,

who received so many wounds in the royal cause at Edge

Hill. Mr. Butler. Colonel Edward Harley, Governor of Dunkirk, eldest son of

Sir Robert Harley, late Knt. of the Bath.
Mr. Alexander Popham.
Colonel Richard Ingoldsby.
Mr. George Browne.
Mr. Bourchier Wray, son of Sir Chichester Wray.
Mr. Francis Godolphin.
Sir Thomas Trevor.
Mr. Simon Leech.
Mr. John Bramston, son of Sir John B.amston, late Lord Chief

Mr. Wise.
Mr. George Freeman, son of Sir Ralph Freeman.





With the probable Causes of the Variation of the Compass, and the Variation

of the Variation.

Likewise some Reflexions upon the Name and Office of Admiral.


A Catalogne of those Persons that have been, from the first Institution, dignified

with that Office.

By THOMAS PHILIPOTT, M.A. formerly of Clare-Hall

in Cambridge.

London : Printed in 1661, Quarto, containing thirty pages, including the


To his Noblest Friend, Sir Francis Prujean, Doctor of Physick.

SIR, THE censures and suffrages of the world are like rocks and

shelves, against which, books, like vessels, oftentimes dashing, find their own fate and shipwreck. Sir, your acceptance will dispense a nobler and more auspicious gale, than any which can be breathed from the looser or vainer air of popular applause, to transport this discourse to the publick; and it will be the happi. ness of this treatise, that in future times it shall intitle its safety to so successful a steerage. For, indeed, the tempest, with rcason, is frequently more destructive and ruinous, than the storm without it: My own fear and caution can secure or rescue me from the danger of the last ; but only your candor and approbation can redeem from the prejudices of the first, Sir, your most devoted servant,

Thomas PhiliPOTT.

There having been much written concerning this subject, which

lies dispersed in the pages of several authors, and finding that none have as yet attempted to compile and amass those scattered notions into one heup, I did believe it a task, not unworthy the expence of time, or my labour, to contract those divided discourses into some few sheets : And having brought them into

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