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emperor, was not that another oath? And did not many Christians then suffer, because they could not swear? Read the ten persecu. tions which was a long time before the Pope got'up; and then did not the Pope, when he had got up over the churches, give forth both oath and curse, with bell, book, and candle? And was not the ceremony of his oath to lay three fingers a top of the book, to signify the trinity ; and two fingers under the book, to signify damnation of body and soul, if they sware falsly ?-And was not there a great number of people that would not swear, and suffered great persecution, as read the book of Martyrs but to Bonner's days ? And it is little above an hundred years since the Protestants got up; and they gave forth the oath of allegiance, and the oath of supremacy; the one was to deny the Pope's supremacy, and the other to acknowledge the kings of England; so we need not to tell you of their form, and shew you the ceremony of the oath; it saith, kiss the book, and the book saith, kiss the Son, which saith, 'Swear not at all,' and so cannot allegiance be to the king in truth and faithfulness, as was said hefore without an oath, yea, and more than many that swears.

So you may see to deny swearing is no new thing, for it was the practice of the Christians in former times to deny it, both in heathens and the times of popery before Protestants, and so it is in obedience to the command of Christ that we do not swear in our loves to him; and if we say he is the Lord and Master, and do not the thing that he commands, that is but deceit aná hypo. crisy.--And so rash and bad swearing, that was forbidden in the time of the law, it was not that which Christ came to fulfil, but true oaths, and the true types, figures, and shadows; and he saith, « Swear not at all.'

Twentiethly, And, for Acts the xiiith, there is nothing spoken of swearing there, as all people may read.

Twenty-firstly, And whereas the apostle often speaks of taking to witness a record upon his own soul by his rejoicing in Christ Jesus, what is all this to swearing, and taking an oath, or where did ever the apostle take a solemn oath, or command the brethren and churches to do the same? For often he speaks of the witness out of the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established. And the bishop often brings the 1 Cor. xv. 31. By onr rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus, I die daily :' This place cannot be brought for a proof, that the apostle sware; if so, when thou sayest by the meat thou art refreshed, and by the fire thou art warmed, and people tells thee thou must go by such a lane to "such a town, they all swear then, do they not?

Twenty-secondly, As for the particle Nx, the bishop says it is never used, but in an oath only.

Answ. And what is No, is it not (truly) as, also the primitive word vai, which signifies yea? And is not that word val in the afore-mentioned fifth of Matthew, and the fifth of James, where swearing is denied ; for is not exi'in Greek, yea in English ; and is not Nạ in Greek, truly in English? And it every man that says

yea and truly sweareth, then the bishop proves his assertion. And is not there a difference between ya and yawa? So, in meekness and love, read this over in that from which it was sent.

POSTSCRIPT.
Christ Jesus, who is the King of Kings, and Lord of Lords,

the Beginning and Ending, First and Last, him by

whom God will judge the world in righteousness. We quæry of you whether he or any of his apostles, after they had given forth a command that none should swear, but keep to yea and nay, in all their communications, can any minister or teacher prove this in express words out of the New 'l'estament that they ever conimanded to swear, or did swear? That will satisfy, that will end all. But that we should be cast into prison for our obedience to Christ's command, by you, that profess yourselves to be Christians, and own Christ Jesus as you say, is not right: And he commands you to love enemies, if you did obey his com. mands, and love one another; for they that are Christians, and own Christ Jesus, they should love one another: For this was a mark by which they were known to be disciples, learners of him. And so they, that are lovers of him, own him and obey him and his doctrine; so, though we do suffer here by you all the sessions or assizes, we do commit our cause, and you that do persecute us, to the general assizes and terrible day wherein God will judge the world in righteousness, whose commands we obey in tenderness; and there we know we shall have true judgment without respect of persoas, there our hats will not be looked at before the Almighty, but the action and transgression, and who hath served God, and who hath not served him: For Christ hath told you before-hand, what he will say to them, that visits him not in prison, where he is made manifest in his brethren: Then what will become of them that casts them into prison for tenderness towards God, for obeying his doctrine, and keeps to yea or nay in their communications according to his words ?--And so these things we leave to the general day, though we can say, the Lord forgive you that doth thus persecute us, if it be his will, freely from our hearts, for we do you, nor do man harın, but seek the good and peace of all men, and for this cause, for obeying the truth, we do suffer.

G. F.

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FRENCH DECLARATION OF WAR, IN ALLIANCE WITH THE DUTCH AND DANES, IN THE YEAR 1665.

London: Printed for the Author, in 1665-6, on a Broad-side.

VIE heavens look big with wonder, and inform

And now,

French, Dutch, and Dane too, all at once? Why then
'Tis time to shew that we are Englishmen.
They say, at foot-ball, three to one is odds ;
But this is nothing, for the cause is God's.
Have at them all, we care not where we come,
Since gracious heaven is reconcil'd at home.
Courage, brave Britons, then, we do no more
But fight with those whom we have beat before.

methinks, much better may wc, since
We fight for such an all-accomplish'd prince,
Who the world's conquest is as fair to get
As Alexander, like himself, the great.
Talk not of ten to one, pitiful story,
Alas! the odds does but increase the glory :
Besides the English from their ancestry
Derive themselves the heirs of victory.
Where should the sons of honour, if they die,
But in the field, the bed of honour, lie?
The world will know, when time shall serve, we dare
Come out, and meet that prince of pitch and tar;
Bring your wind-selling Laplanders too, do,
Sure we shall deal + with you, and board + you too ;
And
you

will tell us, when this comes to pass,
Your Bergen bus'ness no such bargain was.
Danes ! we don't fear you ; come, alas! ye know
Oor women beat you once, I and so may now.
Nor value we that kingdom of kick-shaws,
We come not to receive, but give them laws;
We shall provide 'em such a fricasee
Of legs and arms, I they'll scarce be glad to see.
They now must understand with whom they cope,
A mighty prince, ** and not a miter'd Pope;+ +

The King of Denmark, to whom Norway is subject, from whence comes our pitch and tar. + Two epithets intimating that, although we trade with him for deal and boards, yet we are able to deal, or behave mantully in fight with him, and upon occasion board his ships.

+ Viz. When they in one night conspired to cut all the Danish men's throats throughout England, thereby to deliver their country irom their government; upon which account it is said, that the Englistimen have ever since given the women the wall, and the most honourable places at all times.

6 France,

foi soldiers slain in batile. • The King of Great Britain. 11 Alluding to the dispute which then subsisted between the French king and the Pope,

One that will otherwise the matter handle,
With glittring swords, and not bell, book, and candle;
One that shall anathematise you worse,
Not to pronounce, but execute your curse.
He'll bring you Jeggery home to your door ;
Instead of * Bulls you'll hear his cannons roar;
And I make bold to tell you in the close,
Although no Popes, we'll make you kiss our toes.
An English monarch + (monsieur) no new thing,
Has sent his son to fetch him a French king;
If ye suspect, or scruple our report,
Enquire at Poictiers, Cressy, Agincourt, I
That place s never to be forgotten, where
The prisoners more than we that took them were:
The French shall know it too, as we advance,
'Tis we, not they, fight for the king I of France.
Ye boast of gold and silver, and such stuff,
We'll bring you pockets for it sure enough.
And, if we meet ye on the foaming source,
We'll have a word or too of deep + + discourse.

A fig for France, or any that accords
With those low-country leather-apron i I lords.

THE CHARACTER OF HOLLAND.

London : Printed by T, Mabb for Robert Horn, at the Angel in Pope's-Head

Alley, 1065. Folio, containing eight Pages.

HOLL

OLLAND, that scarce deserves the name of land,

As but th' off-scowring of the British sand;
And so much earth as was contributed
By English pilots, when they hear'd the lead;
Or what by th' ocean's slow alluvion fell
Of shipwreck'd cockle and the muscle shell ;
This indigested vomit of the sea
Fell to the Dutch by just propriety.
Glad then, as miners that have found the ore,
They with mad labour fish'd the land to shore;
And div'd as desperately for each piece
Of earth, as if 't had been of ambergris ;
Collecting anxiously small loads of clay,
Less than what building swallows bear away ;
Or than those piles which sordid beetles roul
Transfusing into them their dunghill soul.

Pone's.

+ Henry V. At which place the English have given the French total overthrows in battle. Agincourt.

Because the King of Great Britain still maintains his title of King of France. * The sea. +1 Equivocally signifying both Ierious and on the sea; for the deep is the sea. 11 The Dutch.

Ilow did they rivet with gigantick piles Thorough the center their new-catched miles : And to the stake a struggling country bound, Where barking waves still bait the forced ground; Building their wat'ry Babel far more high To reach the sea, than those to scale the sky?

Yet still bis claim the injur'd ocean laid, And oft at leap-frog o'er their steeples play'd, As if on purpose it on land had come To shew them what's their Mare Liberum. A daily deluge over them does boil : The earth and water play at level-coil. The fish oft-times the burgher dispossest, And sat not as a meat, but as a guest : And oft the Tritons and the sea-nymphs saw Whole sholes of Dutch serv'd up for Cabillau. Or, as they over the new level rang’d, For pickled Herring, pickled Heeren chang'd. Nature, it seem'd, asham'd of her mistake, Would throw their land away at duck and drakc.

Therefore necessity, that first made kings, Something like government among them brings. For as with pygmies, who best kills the crane; Among the hungry, he that treasures grain; Among the blind, the one-ey'd blinkard reigns ; So rules, among the drowned, he that drains. Not who first sees the rising sun commands, But who could first discern the rising lands, Who best could know to pump an earth so leak, Him they their lord and country's father speak. To make a bank was a great plot of state, Invent a shovel and be magistrate. Hence some small dyke-grave, unperceiv'd, invades The power, and grows as 't were a king of spades : But for less envy some joint state endures, Who look like a commission of the sewers. For these half-anders, half wet, and half dry, Nor bear strict service nor pure liberty.

'Tis probable religion after this Came next in order, which they could not miss : How could the Dutch but be converted, when Th' apostles were so many fisher-men? Beside, the waters of themselves did rise, And, as their land, so them did re-baptise. Though Herring for their God few voices mist, And poor John to have been th’ Evangelist. Faith, that could never twins conceive before, Never so fertile, spawn'd upon this shore: More pregnant than their Marg'et, that laid down For Hans-in-Kelder of a whole Hans-Town.

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