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of these strikes are still pending; one was a victory for the men and the other was lost. We formed new union in Raymond, Wash., recently. Tile Layers (Ceramic, Encaustic and Mosaic). Jas. P. Reynolds.-In Newark, N. J., our members won a two weeks' strike for increase of 50 cents per day for tile layers and 25 cents per day for helpers. This local was recently organized. In Pittsburg, the employers voluntarily conceded increase to our men.

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FROM DISTRICT, STATE, AND LOCAL ORGANIZERS.

ALABAMA.

West Blocton.-Jas. H. Deason:

Union carpenters here get scale of $2.75 per day while the unorganized carpenters get $1.75. The carpenters are about the only mechanics organized here. ARKANSAS.

Hot Springs.-P. I. Hensley:

The unions are in good shape, considering the dull times we have had for the past four seasons. Painters advanced their scale from $3.20 to $3.60; carpenters from $3.60 to $4 a day without strike. About 80 per cent of the workers in the building trades are organized. Blacksmiths and wheelwrights have formed unions. Theatrical stage employes are organizing.

CALIFORNIA.

Sacramento.-J. J. Breslin:

Condition of organized labor good. The new steel bridge for the Southern Pacific Railroad will be constructed by union labor. Am organizing a new union. We have a union label league doing good work.

San Francisco.-James A. Himmel:

The eight-hour law for women is now in effect, and the Labor Commissioner will see to it that it is enforced. State of employment very quiet. Jewelry workers and bookkeepers organized during the month. Have unions of cloakmakers and shirt-waist makers under way.

CONNECTICUT.

Derby.-H. W. Hallock:

Organized labor in good shape. Work is steady in all lines. Piano workers are organizing. Carpenters after a two days' strike won increase of 25 cents per day.

Greenwich.-Geo. N. Chandler:

Organized trades in good shape, and most of the building trades have made agreements for the year, whereby only union men in good standing will be employed. There are practically no unorganized workers here. Carpenters increased their wage scale to $4 per day. They formerly got $3.75 a day. The increase was secured without strike through a joint board.

Hartford.-J. T. Sullivan:

All lines of work have had steady employment this season. Molders and patternmakers are still on strike with good prospects of success. A mem

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Aurora.-Elmer A. Ford:

Condition of organized labor fair, but the condition of the unorganized workers is very unfavorable. Railroad shops, cotton mills, and a large machine shop are working eight-hour day and four days a week. Building trades have had quiet season. Painters and masons secured slight wage increase. The electrical workers went on strike for $1 per day increase, and after two weeks returned to work at increase of 50 cents per day. This makes their scale $4 per day of eight hours. Pressmen organized since last report.

Carrier Mills.-E. T. Davis:

Organized labor is in better condition than it has ever been. Clerks have improved their conditions as result of strike. Employment is pretty steady. Chicago.-J. E. Quinn and J. C. Colgan:

The trades here are well organized. Most of the building trade have been on strike this season. Employment uncertain. Patternmakers secured eight-hour day and four hours on Saturday, or a forty-four-hour week; they also obtained an increase of 3% cents per hour without strike in the job shops.

Edwardsville.-John T. Wentz: Carpenters, clerks, butchers, bartenders, and team drivers, and a federal union comprise the organized trades in this city. Work is fairly steady. Brickyard employes, plumbers, and hodcarriers are about to organize.

Glen Ellyn.-Wm. Laier:

Organized labor in good shape in this district. Very few non-union men here and they are poorly paid when compared with the wages secured by union men. Painters of Wheaton won increase to 45 cents per hour and the eight-hour day and Saturday half-holiday. Building laborers increased wages also, the hodcarriers now receiving 37% and cement laborers 32 cents per hour without strike. Building laborers of Naperville and painters of the same city have formed unions. Electrical workers of Wheaton are organizing.

Lawrenceville.-Frank C. Graves:

Carpenters, brickmasons, and boilermakers are the only organized trades here. In other lines there are not sufficient number of men to form unions. Good work is done for the union labels.

Murphysboro.-Thomas Murphy:

The organized trades are in the majority in this city and enjoy good conditions. The new city council endorsed a resolution giving the preference to union labor on all city work. Am trying to organize the bakers.

Pekin.-P. Klein:

Wages and conditions for union men are very satisfactory and everything working harmoniously. Two union men were elected commissioners for the city and union labor is being recognized. Work is steady in all lines. Team drivers obtained increase in wages and shorter hours. Building trades council, molders, and cement workers are organizing.

Springfield-R. E. Woodmansee:

Organized labor in fairly good condition. We have had one or two strikes during the past month, but all troubles have been adjusted satisfactorily. Employment steady. Building trades have all they can do. Tool and die workers were granted reduction in hours from ten to nine without reduction in wages and without strike. Painters secured increase in scale of 21⁄2 cents per hour after four weeks' strike. Cement workers still on strike but about half of the contractors signed up. Union labor reelected one of its members on the Board of Education in spite of considerable opposition from some employers. Boot and shoe workers organized during the month. Have one new union under way. INDIANA.

Frankfort.-J. A. Harrell:

Conditions good and employment steady for union men. Car workers are reorganizing.

Goshen.-J. O. Mick:

Work is plentiful. Slight increase in wages has been secured. There should be a more consistent demand for the union labels in this city.

Indianapolis.-J. R. Lumley:

Employment generally steady. Some of the trades have improved conditions without strike. Have two new unions under way.

Logansport.-O. P. Smith and Mrs. Dora Smith: Since the first of the year the Pennsylvania Rail

road Company has laid off over 200 men (mostly shopmen). These men are all unorganized and they are, for the most part, in sore straits. Many of them have taken employment as unskilled laborers. Employment is not steady except in a few industries. Organized labor in this city fares well and the relations between the employers and union employes are satisfactory and harmonious. The trades assembly is active in the movement for a public playground for children. Surveyors' assistants, carpenters, and garment workers are organizing. The Women's Union Label League held its biennial convention at Indianapolis June 20-22.

IOWA.

Cedar Rapids.-R. G. Stewart:

All unions in the building trades secured an average of 10 per cent increase of wages April first. No strikes. Conditions harmonious. Practically all skilled workers are organized. Printers secured increase, carrying scale to $18, eight-hour day, and two-year contract. The employers have associations here and the matter of wage scales are fought out in committees and adjusted, while the men remain at work during the grievances. Every retail store, large and small, is pushing union label goods. Legislature passed a bill calling for the appointment of a commission on employers' liability and a union labor man will be a member of this commission. Hope to organize garment workers and furniture workers here.

Dubuque.-Simon Miller:

Most of the shops and factories now work the eight-hour day, five days per week. Organized labor has by far the best conditions. Printers obtained increase of $1 per week. Teamsters secured 50 cents per week increase for single teams.

Muscatine.-John C. Nietzel:

After a nine-week lockout, the button workers secured improved conditions and recognition of union. Organized labor in good shape and employment steady. Wood workers organized during the month. State weight bill passed the Legislature. This bill will cover the button working industry.

Mystic.-D. M. Van Dike:

Work is plentiful. All workers busy. There is practically no unorganized workers here. Everything booming.

KANSAS.

Independence.-W. W. Roach:

About 95 per cent of the workers here are organized. Employment steady. Carpenters increased their scale to 45 cents per hour, to go into effect August first.

MASSACHUSETTS.

Athol.-Harrie M. Pike:

All organized industries afford steady employment. Condition of organized labor is very much better than the condition of the unorganized. Printers are organizing.

Dorchester.-Philip J. Byrne:

In the cities of Fitchburg and Athol, Mass., and New Haven, Conn., where I have visited during the month, I find organized labor making progress.

New Haven has a live label league. A great many industries are slack; employment uncertain.

Leominster.-H. N. Morse:

Organized labor doing nicely. Employment is steady in all organized industries. The union labels are agitated.

Malden.-John G. Cogill:

Carpenters of Wakefield and Reading obtained increase in wages from $3.28 to $3.82 per day without strike. Work is steady. The carpenters are well organized and in good shape, but the other trades are not so well organized and their conditions are not so good. Plumbers may organize.

Milford. -John McRae:

Boot and shoe workers have organized and use the union label. Employment fairly steady. Conditions fair.

Pittsfield-John B. Mickle:

Condition of organized labor fair, but work is uncertain. Printers organized during the month. Sharon -B. S. Bolles:

There is good demand for organized labor here. Carpenters have increased wages from $3.28 to $3.82 and secured Saturday half-holiday without strike. The public is taking greater interest in the organized labor movement. Painters and laborers are talking of organizing.

MICHIGAN.

Lansing.-W. D. Borden:

Organized trades pretty well employed. Carpenters have made demand for the nine-hour day and 35 cents per hour. Generally speaking, employment is uncertain and a number of men are out of work.

Saginaw.-R. I. Jones:

All trades excepting miners are steadily employed. Miners work half time only. Musicians increased their scale 50 cents per day. Printers also increased their wages 50 cents per day, beginning May first. Carpenters organized with a membership of sixty-five. Have union of painters and decorators under way.

MISSOURI.

Chillicothe.-A. W. Hood:

Conditions are much improved in recent months. Work is steady. Conditions of union men are 25 per cent better than the unorganized. Teamsters are talking of organizing.

Kansas City.-John T. Smith:

A number of trades have increased wages and improved conditions this season. Carpenters secured increase and Saturday half holiday. Electricians obtained increase of 50 cents per day. Street pavers gained increase of 25 cents per day. We do not know of any wage increases given any of the unorganized crafts, however. Tuck pointers and machinists' helpers have organized. Have several new unions under way. Convict labor law and women's fifty-four hour bill were passed by the Legislature and signed by the Governor.

MONTANA.

Miles City.-C. F. Harter:

Carpenters secured increase of 50 cents per day and reduced their workday from nine to eight

without strike. The non union men employed by contractors in putting down concrete sidewalks and curbing followed the example of the union men and demanded $3 a day for eight hour day. They were working the ten-hour day until we compelled the observance of the eight hour law. In the recent city elections we were successful in electing three aldermen. Retail clerks have formed union. Painters, telegraphers, and possibly cooks and waiters will organize shortly.

NEBRASKA.

Hastings.-F. C. Scott:

All organized labor fully employed, and enjoying better conditions and hours than the unorganized. A union label campaign has been inaugurated. The last session of Legislature ordered the union label on all State printing. Barbers organized recently. NEW HAMPSHIRE.

Manchester.-John J. Coyne:

Condition of organized labor is far in advance of the unorganized. Employment is steady. At the last session of Legislature an employers' liability and workmen's compensation act was passed. It is not a compulsory act, but eliminates the fellow-servant and assumption of risk clauses that have been used against the workers heretofore. The child labor law was amended so that it requires 300 half days' school attendance. The power of the Labor Commissioner has been increased by adding factory inspection under his supervision. A bill to prevent the defrauding of laborers was also passed. Generally speaking, the legislation enacted in favor of labor is very satisfactory. Cigarmakers are booming their labels. Portsmouth.-Robt. V. Noble:

There is work here for all who want work to do. Carpenters and joiners obtained from 25 to 50 cents per day advance in wages without strike. Printers have 100 per cent organization. Painters, laundry workers, button workers, and retail clerks are organizing.

NEW JERSEY.

Paterson.-Frank Hubschmitt:

Carpenters and masons had some trouble in getting their contracts signed for the coming year, but the strikes are settled now and contracts signed. The textile trade and silk industry have now entered upon their slack season. Five small strikes resulted in the effort to prevent wage reduction in the silk mills. Three of these were successful. Tailors have formed union. Silk dyers are talking organization.

NEW YORK.

Albany.-Wm. A. McCabe:

Most organized trades in satisfactory shape. Carpenters obtained increase without strike; also the coal teamsters. Work has been steady.

Dunkirk.-P. W. Donahue:

Organized labor here is progressive and selfreliant and hopefully aiming for better conditions. Union wages are higher and conditions better than those of the unorganized. At this time employment is not steady.

Hudson.-Alburtis Nooney:

Organized labor in fine shape, but the condition

of the unorganized workers is bad. Wages have been increased and conditions bettered through union agitation. Spinners are organizing.

Kingston.-Nicholas J. Zupp:

Condition of organized trades very satisfactory. Work is steady. Bakers and bartenders organized recently. Have two new unions under way.

Lancaster.-Geo. H. Ryan:

Hope to organize the painters here shortly. Work is unsteady; in many cases only three or four days a week. No strikes or troubles to report. All union men demand the union labels.

Middletown.-A. M. Phillips:

All organized trades in fine shape. There is plenty of work for all in every trade. Peace and harmony prevail on all sides. The union labels are pushed to the front.

Schenectady.-John J. Henley:

Building trades well employed. The building laborers obtained increased wages. Electrical workers after a long strike have settled the same in their favor. Have several new unions under way.

NORTH CAROLINA.

Henderson.-F. N. Haymond:

All trades steadily employed. Conditions normal; no strikes or troubles. Painters are organizing.

OHIO.

Alliance.-W. B. Hassett:

Painters secured their demands for $3 and ninehour day. Machinists and potters working on short time. Clay workers were on strike ten days on account of unsatisfactory foreman and went back after the matter was satisfactorily settled.

Bellaire.-E. E. Thorp:

Organized labor making steady progress. There are few unorganized workers, excepting in the mills, and their hours are long and the wages inadequate for fair living wage. Spring opened up with good prospects for all industries. Brewery workers obtained advance in wages without strike. Engineers in breweries received 20 per cent advance without strike.

Cleveland.-Ed. McEachern and Michael Gold

smith:

There seems to be a more harmonious feeling between the workers and the employers. Organized labor in fine shape. Van drivers are organizing, and the older unions are steadily building up their membership. We look for some favorable labor measures to pass in the Legislature.

East Liverpool-J. P. Duffy:

State of employment about normal here. Condition of organized trades satisfactory, but the unorganized workers are in poor shape. Have one new union under way.

Fremont.-H. C. Winnes:

Organized labor holding its own. Employment is steady. Union men are better paid than the unorganized. Metal polishers have increased their membership and are now on strike for increased wages. Good demand for the union labels. Hope to organize a union of plumbers.

Pomeroy.-John W. McIntosh:

Conditions are fair in this section. Wherever the open shop prevails, we find wages lower

than under the union shop. Carpenters, mine workers, and stonemasons are organized. Union carpenters get $2.75 to $3 per day, while the unorganized workers get $2.25 to $2.50 for the same workday. The miners maintain the district scale of prices, and the stone and brick masons get from $3 to $4 per day of nine hours. Unskilled laborers are unorganized, and they seem to be timid and afraid of losing their jobs. They get from $1.25 to $1.50 per day of nine hours. OKLAHOMA.

Altus.-Sam Collins:

About nine tenths of all workers here are organized and in good shape. Those outside of the fold of the union work longer hours and are not certain of steady employment. Carpenters won their demand for $3.50 per day of eight hours on April first without trouble.

Enid.-J. H. Pieh:

Union men have the most of the work here and are pretty steadily employed. A number of the unorganized workers are leaving to seek work in other fields as, generally speaking, employment is slack. It has been reported that there is scarcity of men in this city, but this is not so. Have unions of blacksmiths, plasterers, teamsters and bakers under way.

McAlester.-D. S. O'Leary:

Employment is uncertain and there seems to be a number of the unorganized workers out of work. Union men are better able to keep steadily employed. With the exception of the few unorganized men laying water pipes for the city, there are practically no non-union workers at work.

Oklahoma City.-C. C. Zeigler:

Union men are getting the preference here on all jobs. There are lots of unorganized workers out of work here. Employment is unsteady. Painters obtained increase of 5 cents per hour as result of strike. They were out but a few days. Union men are the only workers here who have wages adequate to keep them in fair living conditions. Meat cutters are organizing.

OREGON.

Medford.-Frank Poole:

Nearly all organized trades obtained increase in wages April first without trouble. Organized labor in fair shape. There are not many unorganized workers excepting the unskilled laborers. Lathers and plasterers organized during the month and have clerks and horseshoers' unions under way. Portland.-Wm. Noffke:

Railroad shopmen have organized. Painters secured increase of 20 cents per day. Plumbers and machinists are on strike. Union label section is working continually to push the work for the union labels. Employers have organized a Pacific Coast Employers' Association.

PENNSYLVANIA.

Allentown.-Chas. M. Rehrig:

Musicians organized with about one hundred members. No strikes or troubles to report. Work is steady. Active union label agitation is carried on. Alloona.-J. H. Imler:

Organized labor in good shape and steadily em

ployed. Good work is done for the union labels. Have a federal union under way.

Carbondale.-C. J. Rechsteiner:

Mines, building trades, shops, factories are all working full time. Teamsters increased wages 25 per cent, machinists 10 per cent, blacksmiths 20 per cent, carpenters 10 per cent, bricklayers 10 per cent, without strike. Teamsters, bartenders, blacksmiths, horseshoers, and laundry workers have unions under way.

Lancaster.-Henry Tillbrook:

Brewery workers won strike, gaining $1 per week increase, and engineers and firemen won $2 per week increase in wages. The organized workers, during the past year, have gained improved conditions and better wages and hours. Hope to organize teamsters, bartenders, and bakers.

RHODE ISLAND.

Providence.-Lawrence A. Grace: Building trades have been quite steadily employed. All union men are better off as regards conditions than the unorganized workers. Department store teamsters obtained increase in wages and union shop. Brewery workers increased wages $2 per week in most cases. Moving picture operators are organizing. The Ministers' Union is represented by delegates to the Central Labor Union of this city.

SOUTH CAROLINA.

Georgetown.-Joseph N. Alphonse:

Machinists are organized and have steady employment. They work the ten-hour day at $3.50. The unorganized workers do not get as good conditions nor as high wages as the union men.

Spartanburg.-Chas. W. O'Daniell:

We notice increased activity among the organized workers. Employment is steady for union men. Have the electricians' union under way. TEXAS.

Beaumont.-R. S. Greer:

Organized labor holding its own. On the other hand, the unorganized workers are in bad shape. The mill operators and non-union contractors are increasing the hours and reducing the wages. Some of these mills contemplate cutting the week down to four or five days a week.

Brownwood.-C. A. Perkins:

In the building industries organized labor enjoys much better conditions than the unorganized. Employment is steady in most lines.

Corsicana.-C. F. Barnes:

All organized trades working full time. The unions have established the eight-hour day in most trades, excepting the carpenters, who work only forty-seven hour week. Organized labor was never in better shape than at the present time.

Denison.-B. F. Shearod:

Organized labor in fair shape and pretty steadily employed. A new union was organized at Galveston, and have one union under way at Waco and another at Palestine.

Palestine.-Edward M. Ware:

Bartenders, teamsters, and machinists' helpers organized during the month. Meat cutters, musicians, and cement workers are organizing. Employ

ment steady; no strikes or troubles. The formation of a system federation of railway employes is being contemplated.

Terrell.-Wm. Hoylman:

Organized labor in good shape, but the unorganized workers have no regulations as regards either wages, hours, nor working conditions, and accept whatever is offered them. Painters who organized during the month reduced their workday from nine to eight hours and have now the strictly union shop. Hope to organize retail clerks.

VERMONT.

Barre.-Alex. Ironside:

Organized labor in excellent shape. The city council voted to give the street and water employes forty-eight hours and same pay as for fiftyfour hour week. Bartenders of Montpelier organized recently. A steady increase is noted in the demand for the union labels.

Hardwick.-Robert Honeyford:

The strike of the granite cutters and lumpers and drillers which has been on since March first was settled May second, the granite cutters receiving increase in wages in the various departments of the trade from 10 to 56 cents a day. The lumpers and drillers received increase of 17 cents a day. Carpenters, painters, paperhangers, and masons secured the eight-hour day without strike May first. We look for steady employment in all trades. VIRGINIA.

Newport News.-Jas. H. Smith and A. C. Koontz: Soapmakers and electrical workers organized during the month. Have unions of barbers, clerks, riveters, and federal union of colored men in the shipyard under way. Employment is fairly steady. Richmond.-E. C. Davison:

Conditions are good in organized branches, but the condition of the unorganized workers is very poor. Employment is steady in most lines. Plasterers secured the eight-hour day without strike. Bartenders, building laborers, and railroad pipefitters have organized. Wood workers have union under way.

WASHINGTON.

Centralia.-J. W. Leftwich:

Times are very dull in this section; there is but little work on hand and many men without employment. Much of surplus of labor is due to false reports regarding state of employment here. Carpenters and painters are organizing unions.

Condition of organized trades fair. Continued agitation for the union labels.

The above is summary of reports for the month from the following organizers:

Georgia:

R. R. Cone, La Grange. Illinois:

J. W. Rizzie, Staunton. Indiana:

J. J. Sullivan, East Chicago. Kansas:

G. O. Norris, Blue Rapids. Massachusetts:

E. A. Goggin, Winchester.

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