morals, in the United States. It is rather a singular grouping of subjects; but they are treated with great good sense, and in a style at once clear and neat. The University of Alabama has sustained a heavy loss, in the resignation of a President so largely endowed with native ability and varied experience. Mr. Ingersoll's well written discourse is particularly deserving of commendation for the calmness and candor, with which the supposed degenerate tendencies of the age are treated in it. Mr. Ingersoll reads in the practical and economical signs of the times, no omen of national degradation, but rather, with the buoyant hope of an American patriot, the prophecy of future national glory. He does not sympathize with those who half regret the absence of the aristocratical institutions of the old world, and would partially supply their place by a "learned order," but contends, that the best literature grows out of the din and pressure of actual affairs, the offspring of minds trained in the conflicts of the world, and tried by revolutions and reverses. This argument is a strong one, and deserves the attention of those who love to sigh over the departing glories of Latin folios, and the growing honors of Railroads and Canals. — The epithets of the associations, before which Mr. Barnard's Address was delivered, present one illustration among many of the great genius which such societies have for the invention of whimsical names. They are compounded upon altogether new principles of classical derivation. But what is in a name ? The Address contains much judicious advice and warning. Mr. Barnard has however adopted a tone, in one respect, which, in our opinion, is quite too common with the orators at literary festivities, that of flattering the vanity of the young gentlemen, their hearers, by holding them up as the last hopes of the republic. Society is represented as standing on the tiptoe of expectation to meet them; when the fact is, society, intensely busy about other things, is hardly aware of their existence, until they have made themselves felt by some superiority of powers. This kind of flattery is of evil consequence. The tendency among young men at college, to form exaggerated notions of their importance in the world, is naturally strong enough and rather needs a check than a stimulus. Public orators ought to be more careful to inculcate the love of order, modesty of opinion, diligence, and reverence for the illustrious of past times, and to point out the laborious paths, through which alone true distinction can be attained. Young men, who find out other things soon enough, are sometimes slow to feel the importance of these.

11. Historical Causes and Effects, from the Fall of the Ro

man Empire A. D. 476 to the Reformation A. D. 1517.

By William Sullivan. Boston. 1838. pp. 615. This is an extremely well written book. The period of history which it treats of, is the most important, in every respect, since the world began. The institutions on which rests modern civilization, and we may confidently believe, the perpetual civilization of the human race, were founded within its limits. It is a period illustrated by the most extraordinary men, and the most brilliant achievements in arts and arms ; signalized by the brightest virtues and the darkest crimes. The complicated events, which its history embraces, have been well considered and clearly arranged by Mr. Sullivan. He has spared no labor to present us a true picture of the times, and accordingly does not confine himself to the mere political events, but extends his inquiries to the jurisprudential, scientific, and literary progress of nations. Of course, such a vast variety of subjects cannot be handled in much detail, within the limits of a single volume. The rise and progress of the Italian Republics, for instance, is a matter for some twenty volumes, as Mr. Sismondi practically testifies. The view which Mr. Sullivan presents of this and other similar historical themes, is, of necessity, a very condensed one. But he is always clear and interesting. His style is pure and sprightly ; and we know not where to turn for a better general introduction to the study of modern history, than is offered us in this volume.

12. - Conspiracy of the Spaniards against the Republic of

Venice, in 1618. Translated from the French of the
Abbé St. Réal. Boston. Otis, Broaders, & Co. 12mo.

pp. 108.


The story related in this exceedingly interesting little work is, as the translator reminds us in the preface, the basis of of the most thrilling tragedies in our language.” The narrative of the conspiracy of the Marquis of Bedemar, the Spanish minister at Venice, is extremely well told ; and the characters of the conspirators strikingly drawn. The translator has not overcome all the difficulties of his task. Too close an adherence to the forms of expression in the original, has caused an occasional stiffness in his style, and here and there a violation of English idiom. But on the whole, it is to be commended, as a praiseworthy effort to lay the history of a remarkable historical event before the American reader, in his own language.


18mo. pp.

ANNUALS, Sword's Pocket Almanac, Churchman's Calendar, and Ecclesiastical Register, for the Year of our Lord 1838. New York.

The Boston Almanac, for the Year 1838. Published annually. Boston. S. N. Dickinson. pp. 103.

The Connecticut Annual Register, and United States Calendar, for 1838. To which is prefixed an Almanac. Containing also, Ecclesiastical Lists; Town Officers; Corporate Institutions for Literary and Religious Purposes; Statistical Tables; and a Variety of other Interesting Articles. New London. Samuel Green. 176.

The Massachusetts Register, and United States Calendar, for 1838. Also, City Officers in Boston, and other Useful Information. Boston. James Loring. 18mo. pp. 250.

Walton's Vermont Register, for the Year 1838. The Astronomical Calculations by Zadoc Thompson, A. M. Montpelier. E. P. Walton & Son. 18mo.


132. Statistical Tables, exhibiting the Condition and Products of certain Branches of Industry in Massachusetts, for the Year ending April 1, 1837. Prepared from the Returns of the Assessors. By John P. Bigelow, Secretary of the Commonwealth. Boston. Dutton & Wentworth. 8vo. pp. 312.

BIOGRAPHY AND MEMOIRS. A Comprehensive Minute, commemorative of Philip Syng Physick, M. D., Emeritus Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia. 8vo. pp. 14.

A new Tribute to the Memory of John Brainerd Taylor. New York. John S. Taylor. 12mo. pp. 440.

A Biographical Memoir of the Rev. John Williams, first Minister of Deerfield, Massachusetts, with a slight Sketch of ancient Deerfield, and an Account of the Indian Wars in that Place and Vicinity. With an Appendix, containing the Journal of the Rev. Dr. Stephen Wil. liams, of Longmeadow, during his Captivity, and other Papers relating to the early Indian Wars in Deerfield. By Stephen W. Williams, A. M., M. D., &c. &c. Greenfield, (Mass.) 1831. 12mo. pp. 127.

We know of nothing that gives so correct and vivid an idea of the sufferings undergone by our forefathers in their long-continued Indian warfare, as the personal narratives of some of those who were taken alive by the natives, and carried into captivity. At the head of this class of writings stand, unquestionably, Mary Rowlandson's Narrative of her Captivity and Removes, after the Destruction of Lancaster, in 1676, and the Rev. John Williams's Redeemed Captive, or a faithful History of the remarkable Occurrences in his Captivity and Deliverance. Both of these works have been exceedingly popular in New England. A fifth edition of Mrs. Rowlandson's Narrative was published at Lancaster, in 1828 ; and we have now lying before us the first edition of the Redeemed Captive, printed at Bos. ton, in 1707, and the fourth, printed at Greenfield, in 1793. The little volume whose title stands at the head of this article, is in great part a reprint of Mr. Williams's book. This is well; and whilst we thank the editor for thus reviving a knowledge of that very interesting narrative. we confess that we should have felt ourselves under still greater obligations to him, if he had suffered the author to speak, as in the previous editions, in his own person, and in his own language. For some reason which we cannot divine, the editor has seen fit to publish this edition “in a new form," and " in his own language.” Throughout the volume, the first person is studiously changed to the third. Now, to our taste, this is no improvement. We love to hear the captive relating his own story. We love the dramatic interest and excitement that are created by listening to the very words that were uttered and indited by him. The Journal of Dr. Stephen Williams, the son of the Rev. Mr. Williams, and his companion in captivity, now for the first time printed, in the Appendix, is a valuable document, and the editor is entitled to all praise for obtaining and publishing it.

At the end of the editor's preface, is the following valiant paragraph ; " That the work will be obnoxious to criticism, I do not pretend to deny. That work has never yet been published, in which personal enmity has not found subjects for cavil, if not for slander. There is, however, this subject for consolation, - the more severe the criticism, the greater notoriely does the work obtain. The public are always better judges than servile, hireling critics.” Long before we came to the end of the volume, we learned to interpret these premonitory symptoms. The grammar and the rhetoric are, in many places, sadly out of joint. On pages vi., 26, 38, 88, and 123, the writer uses the word captivated for the English word captured. On page 29, he says, that“ the country was inrested with savages," probably meaning infested. And on page 12, we have the following flight; “ Departed spirits, farewell! We have often mourned thy early exit, and dropped the tear of commiseration at thy much lamented fate.” This is addressed to the manes of Captain Lathrop and his eighty men, who were killed by the Indians. We are not at all surprised, that a writer who thus uses the English language, should anticipate and dread some faultfinding. The author who defies the critics, should take care to be first well grounded in the accidence.

EDUCATION. Practical Elocution, or a System of Vocal Gymnastics, comprising Diagrams, illustrative of the Subject, and Exercises, designed for the Promotion of Health, the Cure of Stammering, and Improvement in Reading and Speaking. By Andrew Comstock, M. D. Second Edition. Philadelphia. Kay & Brother. 1837.

An Appeal to Parents for Female Education on Christian Principles; with a Prospectus of St. Mary's Hall, Greenbank, Burlington, New Jersey. Burlington. J. Powell.

The Mount Vernon Render; a Course of Reading Lessons, selected with reference to their Moral Influence on the Hearts and Lives of the Young. Designed for Junior Classes. By the Messrs. Abbott. Boston. T. H. Carter. 18mo. pp. 162.

Hints on a System of Popular Education. By E. C. Wines, Author of “ Two Years and a Half in the Navy," and late Principal of the Edgefield School. Philadelphia. Hogan & Thompson. 12mo. pp. 255.

The Geography of the Heavens, and Class Book of Astronomy; accompanied by a Celestial Atlas. By Elijah H. Burritt, A. M. Fifth Edition ; with an Introduction by Thomas Dick, L. L. D. New York. F. J. Huntington & Co. 18mo. pp. 305.

Analytical Vocabulary, or Analytical System of teaching Orthoy. raphy, in which the Spelling, Meaning, and Construction of 80,000 words are taught from 8,000 roots. By J. U. Parsons, Author of “The Analytical Spelling Book," &c. Second Edition; Framingham; Boynton & Marshall. Boston ; Gould, Kendall, & Lincoln. 12mo. pp. 176.

An Elementary Treatise on Algebra, to which are added, Exponential Equations and Logarithms. By Benjamin Peirce, A. M., University Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Harvard University. Boston. James Munroe & Co. 1837.

This book forms part of a course of Mathematics designed for the use of Students of Harvard University, several portions of which have already appeared, and been noticed with much commendation in this Journal." It is distinguished by the same clearness, conciseness, and judicious selection of matter, which characterized its predecessors. The many escellent elementary treatises on Algebra already extant, seem to leave little room for improvement in this department of instruction; yet we cannot help thinking, that this book will be found to possess some decided advantages over most of the works which have been published on the same gubject.

The want of practical examples has been much felt and complained of, in the best treatises now in use; while the extreme diffuseness of the French works, and those which have been compiled from them, in this country, have served to perplex and embarrass, rather than enlighten the student. Mr. Peirce has given a more valuable collection of practical examples, which, with the brevity and simplicity of his explanations, leave nothing to be desired in these particulars.

We are not sure, that instructers may not be a little startled by the matter, not hitherto adopted into text-books, which they will meet with in this work; but we are quite certain, that if they will give it a little attention, they will find it interesting to themselves, as well as useful to their pupils.

JUVENILE. Rollo at Work; or, the Way for a Boy to learn to be Industrious. By the Author of "Rollo learning to Talk,” and “ Learning to Read.” Boston. T. H. Carter. 18mo. pp. 191.

Rollo at Play; or, Safe Amusements. By the Author of “Rollo learning to Talk,” and “ Learning to Read."' Boston. T. H. Carter. 18mo. pp. 191.

Interesting Stories for Children, illustrating some of the Commandments, with Engravings. Boston. S. G. Simpkins. 18mo. pp. 102. Stories about London. By a Lady. Amherst. J. S. & C. Ad

16mo. pp. 96.


« ForrigeFortsett »