Ancient and Modern Assyrians: A Scientific Analysis
Xlibris Corporation, 10. apr. 2008 - 161 sider
Some scholars have doubted or denied the continuity of the Assyrian people from the times of empire to the present time. This work, based on a scientific analysis, sheds light on the subject, and demonstrates the continuous existence of the Assyrian people.
Assyria, (northern Iraq), was a state grouped about the heavily fortified city of Ashur, on the middle of the Tigris River. Assyrians had become civilized in the third millennium BC, under the impetus of Mesopotamian development. They created the first empire known to history that was run by an empire administration. The empire created by Sargon Sharukin, much earlier in the third millennium, did not have an administration to hold it together.
Toward the close of the Bronze Age (1700-1200 BC), Assyria had expanded westward to the middle of the Euphrates River, and in the south they held Babylon temporarily. Tiglat-Pileser I (1114-1076), extended Assyrian rule to the Mediterranean. But, Adadnirari II (911-891 BC) may be called the father of Assyrian imperial administration. Empire building was a necessity of economic development, which was based on the technological advances caused by the introduction of iron and the alphabet. International trade was necessary for the growth of industry and manufacture, and the Assyrians became the tools to carry out this historic economic necessity. The Assyrian army was the first army to use iron arms. The Assyrian Empire was defeated, in 612 BC, by an alliance of Medes (an Iranian people), Persians (Iran), Babylonians, and Cythians. Since then, Assyria has been governed by Persians, Greeks, Arabs and Turks.
The Assyrians were the first non-Jewish people to accept Christianity, and since then, Christianity has become their identity. They burned all their ancient books that reminded them of their pagan kings. Thus, with time, a dark cloud was cast over their memories that separated them from their glorious past. But, now and then, there were sparks from the remote past that testified to the persistence of memory. Only recently has the full national awareness been restored. There are, still, scholars who doubt or deny any link between the ancient and the Modern Assyrians. They argue that the Assyrians were all massacred during the destruction of their empire. This book sets out to demonstrate that the Assyrians were not all massacred during the destruction of their country in 612 BC, and that they emerged as a Christian people in Assyria (northern Iraq) and the neighboring countries.
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Achaemenid Adad-nirari Adiabene Akkadian language ancient Assyrians Arabs Aramaic language Arameans Arbela Arbil Armenian Ashur Ashur-uballit Assur Assyria proper Assyrian Empire Assyrian identity Assyrian kings Assyrian language Assyrian names Assyrians survived Assyriologists Athura authors Babylon Babylonia became bishop called canal century A.D. Chaldean Church claim Crone culture Cyrus Cyrus II Darius deportations descendents dialects documents East Edessa Egypt Encyclopedia Britannica ethnicity fall of Nineveh Fiey’s Greek H.W.F. Saggs Hakkari hypothesis Ibid inscription Iran Iraq Jean-Maurice Fiey John Joseph King Dates kingdom L’Orient Syrien living London Marie-Thérèse Medes mentioned Mesopotamia metropolitan Modern Assyrians Mosul mountains Nabopolassar name Assyrian Nestorians Nimrod Nineveh northern Mesopotamia Parthian Parthian period patriarch Persian population province quotation region Reign History Roux Sargon Sargon II Sassanian satrapy Seleucid Sennacherib Shalmaneser Simo Parpola Sumerians Suraye survival of Assyrians Syrians Tatian temple Tiglath-pileser Tukulti-Ninurta Turkey Urartu Urmia Wigram writes yrs Wikipedia