Art. 1, Sec. 8.-Continued.


to provide for punishment of counterfeiting

securities and coin of U.S.


to establish post offices

and post-roads.


to promote progress of science and useful arts

by securing to authors and inventors exclu-

sive rights.


to constitute tribunals inferior to Supremo



to define and punish piracies and felonies on

high seas, and offenses against law of na-



to declare war,

grant' letters of marque and reprisal,

and make rules concerning captures.


to raise and support armies.

appropriations to be limited to two years.


to provide and maintain a navy.

14. To make rules for government of land and naval forces.

15. To provide for calling forth the militia.

to executo laws, suppress insurrections, etc.

16. To provide for organizing and arming the militia.

and for governing them when in employ of


authority of States as to appointment of off-

cers reserved.

also as to disciplining milltia.

17. To exercise exclusive legislation over seat of government.

and over sites of public works or buildings.

18. To make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its


SEO. 9.-1. Migration or importation of slaves, restriction of.

tax or duty may be imposed.

2. Habeas corpus not to be

suspended except.

3. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law to be passed.
4. No direct tax unless in proportion to census.
5. No tax or duty on exports from any State,
6. No preference to be given in commerce or revenue to

ports of any State.

no entry, clearance, or duties on vessels

bound to or from States.

7. Money to be drawn only on appropriations made by law.

statements of receipts and expenditures to be pula

8. No title of nobility to be granted.

no oficer to accept presents from foreign powers.

SEO. 10.-1. No State to enter

into any treaty, alliance, or confedera-


or grant letters of marque and reprisal.

or coin money:

or emit bills of credit.

or make anything but gold and silver a legal


or pass any bill of attainder.

or ex post facto law.

or law impairing obligation of contract.

or grant any title of nobility.

2. No State, without consent of Congress, shall lay any

imposts or duties.

except absolutely necessary.

and the net produce to be for use of Gov.


and the laws subject to revision of Congress.

SEC. 1.-1. The executive power is vested in a President.

his term of office shall be four years.

the term of office of Vice-President shall

be the same.

they shall bo elected together.

2. Each State shall appoint Presidential electors.

to be in number equal to the whole number of

their Scnators and Representatives.

no Senator or Representative

or public U.S.

officer shall be an elector.

3. Manner of voting by electors.

REPEALED. See XIIth Amendment.

4. Congress may determine time of choosing electors.

and the day of their meeting to elect.

to be the same throughout the U.S.

5. Natural-born citizens alone eligible for President.

to have attained the age of thirty-five, and

been fourteen years a resident.

6. The Vice-President to assume the duties of President in

case of his death, resignation, etc.

Congress may by law provide for the case of death, resig.

nation, etc., of the President.

and declare what officer shall then act.

7. The compensation of the President shall not be increased

or diminished during his term of


and bo shall not receive during that pe-

riod any other emolument.

8. Oath or affirmation of President.

Sec. 2.-1. President shall be Commander in Chief of Army and Navy.

and of the Militia of the several States, when

in service of the U.S.

may require written opinions of executive of.

may grant reprieves and pardons, except in im.


2. By and with consent of Congress, may make treaties.

and shall nominate and appoint Ambassadors, etc.

and all other officers whose appointments are not

otherwise provided for.
Congress may vest appointment of inferior officers

as they think proper.

3. President may fill vacancies during recess of Senate.

SEC. 3.-President to give information of state of the Union.

to recommend measures to Congress.

on extraordinary occasions may convene Congress.

in case of disagreement may adjourn Congress.

to receive Ambassadors and Ministers.

to take care that the laws are administered.

to commission all oficers of the U.S.

Art. II.-Continued.
SEC. 4.-President and Vice-President to be removed on impeach.
ment for treason, bribery, or high crimes.


LC. 1.-Judicial power is vested in a Supreme Court and inferior

Courts, to be established by Congress.

Judges to hold office during good behavior.

conipensation not to be diminished during

continuauce in office.

SEC. 8.-1. Jurisdiction to extend to all cases arising under the Con.

stitution, laws, and treaties.

to all cases affecting Ambassadors, Ministers,

and Consuls.

to all cases of admiralty and maritime juris.


to controversies to which the U. S. is a party.

to controversies between two or more States.

between a State and citizens of another State.

between citizens of different States.

between citizens of the same State claiming

lands under grants of different States.

and between a State, or its citizens, and for

eign States, citizens, or subjects.

2. Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction

in all cases affecting Ambassadors, Ministers, or


and cases in which a State is a party.

and appellate jurisdiction both as to law and

fact, under regulations to be made by Con-


3. Trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, to be

by jury.

to be had in State where crime has been committed.
when not committed within a State, to be where

Congress may direct.

SEO. 8.-1. Treason consists in levying

war against, or adhering to

enemies of the U. S., giving them aid and


no conviction unless on testimony of two wit.


or on confession in open Court.

2. Cungress may declare the punishment for treason.

no attainder shall work corruption of blood or

forfeiture beyond the life of the party at.


Art. IV, Sec. 3.-Continued.

nor by the junction of two or more States without consent

of States concerned and of Congress.
2. Congress may dispose of and make rules and regulations

for territories or other property belonging to the U. S.
Claims of the

U. 8. or of a State not to be prejudiced.

SEO. k.-A republican form of government guaranteed to each State,

and protection of each against invasion,

and against domestic violence.


Congress may propose amendments, when deemed neces.

or on application of two-thirds of the State Legis.


convention to be called.

to be ratified by Legislatures or conventions of

three-fourthy of the States,

no State, without its consent, can be deprived of

its equal suffrage in the Senate.


1. All existing liabilities are valid against the U.S.
2. The Constitution, laws, and treaties are the supreme law

of the land,

judges in every State bound thereby.
3. All officers, executive, legislative, and judicial, both Fed.

eral and State, to be bound by oath or affir.

mation to support the Constitution.

no religious test

shall be required as a qualifi.

cation to any ofice.


The ratification of nine States suficient.
Attestation clause.

of the owner.

nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by


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Lo civil actions, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved

where the value in controversy exceeds twenty dol-

facts tried by jury are re-examinablo only according

to the rules of common law.

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