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815

Epigram. From the French of Rulhières

316

On my Wedding Day

316

Epigram. [“In digging up your Bones, Tom Paine"] 316

Stanzas. [“ When a Man hath no Freedom,” &c.] 317

Epigram. [“ The World is a Bundle of Hay "] 317

The Irish Avatar

917

On the Birth of John William Rizzo Hoppner 324

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“ There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,

Than are dreamt of in your philosophy,"

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[Tue following extracts from Lord Byron's letters to Mr. Murray, are all we have to offer respecting the history of the composition of Manfred :

Venice, Feb. 15. 1817. -"I forgot to mention to you, that a kind of Poem in dialogue (in blank verse) or Drama, from which the Incantation' is an extract, begun last summer in Switzerland, is finished : it is in three acts, but of a very wild, metaphysical, and inexplicable kind. Almost all the persons — but two or three -- are Spirits of the earth and air, or the waters; the scene is in the Alps; the hero a kind of magician, who is tormented by a species of remorse, the cause of which is left half unexplained. He wanders about invoking these Spirits, which appear to him, and are of no use; he at last goes to the very abode of the Evil Principle, in propria personá, to evocate a ghost, which appears, and gives him an ambiguous and disagreeable answer; and, in the third act, he is found by his attendants dying in a tower where he had studied his art. You may perceive, by this outline, that I have no great opinion of this piece of fantasy; but I have at least rendered it quite impossible for the stage, for which my intercourse with Drury Lane has given me the greatest contempt. I have not even copied it off, and feel too lazy at present to attempt the whole; but hen I have, I will send it you, and you may either throw it into the fire or not.”

March 3.-" I sent you the other day, in two covers, the first act of • Manfred,' a drama as mad as Nat. Lee's Bedlam tragedy, which was in twenty-five acts and some odd scenes : mine is but in three acts.”

March 9. -“In remitting the third act of the sort of dramatic poem of which you will by this time have received the two first, I have little to observe, except that you must not publish it (if it ever is published) without giving me previous notice. I have really and truly no notion whether it is good or bad; and as this was not the case with the principal of my former publications, I am, therefore, inclined to rank it very humbly. You will submit it to Mr. Gifford, and to whomsoever you please besides. The thing, you will see at a glimpse, could never be attempted or thought of for the stage; I much doubt if for publication even. It is too much in my old style; but I'composed it actually with a horror of the stage, and with a view to render the thought of it impracticable, knowing the zeal of my friends that I should try that for which I have an invincible repugnance, viz. a representation. I certainly am a devil of a mannerist, and must leave off; but what could I do? Without exertion of some kind, I should have sunk under my imagination and reality."

March 25.-“ With regard to the Witch Drama,'I repeat, that I have not an idea if it is good or bad. If bad, it must, on no account, be risked in publication; if good, it is at your service. I value it at three hundred guineas, or less, if you like it. Perhaps, if published, the best way will be to add it to your winter volume, and not publish separately. The price will show you I don't pique myself upon it; so speak out. You may put it into the fire, if you like, and Gifford don't like,”

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