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Toleration of the Jewish Religion ... --- --- --- ---

The Jews were a People which followed, the Christians a Sect
which deserted, the Religion of their Fathers --- ---
Christianity accused of Atheism, and mistaken by the People
and Philosophers --- --- --- --- --- ---
The Union and Assemblies of the Christians considered
as a dangerous Conspiracy --- --- ---

Their Manners calumniated

Their Imprudent Defence ... - - - --- --- --- ---
Idea of the Conduct of the Emperors towards the Christians ...
They neglected the Christians as a Sect of Jews
The Fire of Rome under the Reign of Nero - --- ---
cut, Punishment of the Christians as the Incendiaries of the
Remarks on the Passage of Tacitus relative to the Persecution
of the Christians by Nero --- --- --- --- ---
Oppression of the Jews and Christians by Domitian
Execution of Clemens the Consul ... --- ---
Ignorance of Pliny concerning the Christians ... --- ---
Trajan and his Successors establish a legal Mode of proceeding
against them --- --- --- --- --- ---

Popular Clamours ...

Trials of the Christians - ---

Humanity of the Roman Magistrates

Inconsiderable Number of Martyrs ---

Example of Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage
His Danger and Flight --- --- -

257 His Banishment

His Condemnation ... ---

His Martyrdom --- --- ---

Various Incitements to Martyrdom

Ardour of the first Christians

Gradual Relaxation ... --- ---

Three Methods of escaping Martyrdom

Alternatives of Severity and Toleration

The Ten Persecutions --- --- --- ---

Supposed Edicts of Tiberius and Marcus Antoninus - ---

18o State of the Christians in the Reigns of Commodus and Severus

211-249. Of the Successors of Severus --- --- --- ---

Of Maximin, Philip, and Decius ... ---

153-26o. Of Valerian, Gallienus, and his Successors

26o Paul of Samosata, his Manners - ---

270. He is degraded from the See of Antioch ...

274 The Sentence is executed by Aurelian ... --- ---

284-303. Peace and Prosperity of the Church under Diocletian

Progress of Zeal and Superstition among the Pagans

Maximian and Galerius punish a few Christian Soldiers
Galerius prevails on Diocletian to begin a general Persecution

303 Demolition of the Church of Nicomedia ... --- --- ---

The first Edict against the Christians ... --- ---

Zeal and Punishment of a Christian --- --- ---

Fire of the Palace of Nicomedia imputed to the Christians

Execution of the first Edict --- --- --- --

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Demolition of the Churches

[303-3o4.] Subsequent Edicts --- --- ---

303-311. General Idea of the Persecution --- --- --- ---

In the Western Provinces, under Constantius and Constantine

In Italy and Africa, under Maximian and Severus

And under Maxentius -- --- --- --- ---

In Illyricum and the East, under Galerius and Maximin

311 Galerius publishes an Edict of Toleration ---

Peace of the Church --- --- ---

Maximin prepares to renew the Persecution
313 End of the Persecutions -- --- --- --- --- ---
Probable Account of the Sufferings of the Martyrs and Con-

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Education of Gallus and Julian ... --- --- --- ... 247

351 Gallus declared Caesar --- --- --- --- --- ... 24?
Cruelty and Imprudence of Gallus ... --- --- --- ... 24?

354 Massacre of the Imperial Ministers --- --- --- ... 24%

Dangerous Situation of Gallus --- --- --- --- ... 25.

His Disgrace and Death ... --- --- --- --- ... 25-

The Danger and Escape of Julian ... --- --- --- ... 253

355 He is sent to Athens ... --- --- --- --- --- ... 255

Recalled to Milan ... --- --- --- --- --- ... 255

Declared Caesar --- --- --- --- --- --- ... 25°
Fatal End of Sylvanus --- --- --- --- --- ... 25¢

357 Constantius visits Rome ... --- --- --- --- ... 26.

A new Obelisk --- --- --- --- --- --- ... 26.

357, 358, 359. The Quadian and Sarmatian War ... --- ... 26.

358 The Persian Negotiation ... --- --- - - - --- ... 265

359 Invasion of Mesopotamia by Sapor --- --- --- ... 267

Siege of Amida --- --- --- --- --- --- ... 268

360 Siege of Singara --- --- --- --- --- --- ... 27C

Conduct of the Romans --- --- --- --- --- ... 271

Invasion of Gaul by the Germans ... --- --- --- ... 273

Conduct of Julian ... --- --- --- --- --- ... 27.4

356 His first Campaign in Gaul... --- --- --- ... 275

357 His second Campaign --- --- --- --- --- --- 77

Battle of Strasburg ... --- --- --- --- --- ... 27-

358 Julian subdues the Franks ... --- --- - - - --- ... 28c

357, 358, 359. Makes three Expeditions beyond the Rhine ... ... 282

Restores the Cities of Gaul ... --- --- --- --- ... 283

Civil administration of Julian --- --- --- --- ... 284

Description of Paris ... --- --- --- --- --- ... 2St.

CHAPTER XX

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