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further signals characters combining long and short sounds must be chosen.
The committee consider it desirable to distinguish the few special "scommunication” signals asked for by mariners from the warning or danger-signals by adopting combination characters commencing with a short sound, and on this principle they have chosen the characters mentioned below. Short, long, short;
- to denote “my engines are stopped; you may feel your way past me." Short, short, long; -
to denote "a pilot-vessel ;” or, "I want a pilot."
We are of opinion that Article 12, prescribing what sound-signals apparatus should be carried by vessels, should be limited to vessels above 20 tons gross tonnage, smaller sailing vessels and boats being allowed to make any efficient sound-signal.
Webave received evidence that improved mechanical fog-horns are now obtainable at a reasonable expense, and that such horns are largely used; especially is this the case on board of the vessels fishing on the banks of Newfoundland, where, in addition to the safety of the vessel, the interests of those engaged in fishing are increased in accordance with an increase in the efficiency of their fog.horns, which are used for signaling to their out-lying boats when fishing at a distance from the parent Vessel.
With a view to insuring as much as possible the efficiency of all fog. horns, we recommend that the words "a bellows or other," in Article 12, be eliminated in order to prevent as much as possible the use of inferior instruments.
In agreement with the decision already come to by the Conference, we recommend the use of a gong in lieu of a bell in Chinese and other waters where such instruments are in common use on board vessels; but inasmuch as a large number of light vessels in other waters use such instruments to sound a special signal indicating their position as a warning mark defining a neighboring sea danger, the committee invite the consideration of the Conference to the desirability of not allowing a gong to be used in such waters.
In accordance with our recommendations as above, we suggest for the consideration of the Conference the following readings of the articles in the regulations :
Addition to Article 9. A pilot-vessel wishing to attract attention may sound on her fog-horn, whistle, or siren, three blasts, viz, short, short, long, with intervals of about one second between them.
ARTICLE-(1). In fog, mist, falling snow, or heavy rain-storms, a drift-net vessel attached to her nets, and a vessel when trawling, dredg. ing, or fishing with any kind of drag.net, and a vessel employed in linetisbing with their lines out, shall at intervals of not more than one minute make a blast with her fog-horn, followed by ringing her bell.
SOUND-SIGNALS FOR FOG, ETC. ART. 12. A steam ship shall be provided with a whistle or siren, sounded by steam or other efficient substitute for steam, so placed that the sound may not be intercepted by any obstructions, and with an efficient fog.horn to be sounded by mechanical means, and also with an efficient bell.* sailing vessel of 20 tons gross tonnage and upwards shall be provided with a similar fog horn and bell.
Sailing vessels and boats of less than 20 tons gross tonnage shall not be obliged to be provided with a mechanical fog-horn, but if not so provided they shall make with any other instrument an efficient sound-signal at intervals of not more than one minute.
ARTICLE 12. (b) A steam-vessel not at anchor, but stopped and hav. ing no way upon her, shall sound, at intervals of not more than two minutes, two such prolonged blasts with an interval of about one second between them.
(e) A steam-vessel, when her engines are going full speed astern, shall sound on her whistle three short blasts.
(f) A vessel, if a steam-vessel, at anchor in a fair-way at sea, shall, at intervals of not more than two minutes, sound tuo prolonged blasts with her whistle or siren, followed by ringing her bell ; or, if a sailing.vessel, two blasts with her fog-horn, followed by ringing her bell.
(9) A steam-vessel and a sailing vessel when towing shall, at intervals of not more than two minutes, instead of the signal provided for under sections (a) and (c) of this article, sound on the whistle, siren, or fog.horn, three blasts in succession, viz, one prolonged blast followed by two short blasts. A vessel towed may also give this signal on her fog-horn but not on her whistle or siren.
(1) A steam.vessel wishing to indicate to another “ The way is off my ship; you may feel your way past me," may sound on her whistle or siren three blasts, viz, short, long, short, with intervals of about one second be. tween them.
PILOT SIGNALS. SEC. 3. A vessel wanting a pilot may sound on her fog-horn, whistle, or siren three blasts in succession, vis, short, short, long, with intervals of about one second between them.
SOUND-SIGNALS FOR VESSELS IN SIGHT OF ONE ANOTHER.
ART. 19. In taking any course authorized or required by these regu. lations a steam-vessel under way shall indicate that course to any other ship which she has in sight by the following signals on her whistle or other steam-sound signal, viz:
One short blast to mean “ I am directing my course to starboard.”
* In all cases where the regulations require a bell to be used, a drum may be substituted on board Turkish vessels, and a gong where such articles are used on board small sea-going vessels.
LIGHTS AND SIGNALS TO ATTRACT ATTENTION.
ART. - Every ship may, if necessary, in order to attract attention, in addition to the lights which she is by these regulations required to carry, show a flare-up light, or use any detonating signal that can not be mistaken for a distress signal.
ART. 27. When a ship is in distress and requires assistance from other ships or from the shore, the following shall be the signals to be used or displayed by her, either together or separately; that is to say: In the day-time
1. A gun fired at intervals of about a minute.
above or below it a ball or anything resembling a ball.
throwing stars of any color or description, fired one at a
time, at short intervals.
1. A gun fired at intervals of about a minute.
Delegate for Denmark.
Delegate for Great Britain.
Delegate for Italy.
Delegate for Norway.
Delegate for The Netherlands.
Delegate for the United States.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMS AND DEVICES.
Resolved, That a committee, to be known as the Committee on Systems and Devices, shall be appointed by the President, and that it shall be the duty of the committee to examine and report upon any system or device connected with the business of the Conference, of wbich a written description, illustrated by plans whenever necessary, is furnished, and that only such as are favorably reported by the committee shall appear before the Conference.
WASHINGTON, October 31, 1889. Rear-Admiral S. R. FRANKLIN, U. S. N.,
President International Marine Conference : SIR: In compliance with a resolution made by the International Marine Conference, we have considered all systems and devices which have been laid before us up to the 30th instant, on which day, in accordance with the ruling of the said Conference, we closed our examination, and do now report as follows:
We have considered thirty-seven different proposals on night signaling, etc., at sea, but whilst glad to notice that this important subject is receiving so much attention, and thanking the authors of the various systems for their trouble, we have not seen any plan equal to the Morse, which is already in use in many navies, including those of the United States, France, and Great Britain.
This system necessitates the employment of a trained signal-man, but is otherwise inexpensive, as it only requires one Aashing lamp for night
work, and the steam-whistle or other sound-signal for fog. It can also be used with or'without a code book.
Ten papers on preventing collisions at sea have come before us, but we do not consider it necessary to lay them before the Conference.
We have examined twenty-tive papers on various subjects, and consider that those numbered 2, 5, 9, 17, 20, and 25, under "miscellaneous," are interesting. The sheets showing the maneuvering powers of ships under various speeds, and numbered 20, are well worth the attention of every one interested in this subject.
The committee are of opinion that, considering the importance of general division 5, “Saving Life and Property at Sea," and the number of devices which have been presented, it would appear desirable to appoint a special committee to consider that subject, composed, as far as possible, of delegates who have made a study of the matter, and therefore the propositions dealing with “ Life-Saving Apparatus” have not been considered. Furthermore, it might be necessary, in some cases,
out some practical experiments.
We inclose herewith forms showing the subjects dealt with, the names of the author or inventor, and our remarks thereon.
N. BOWDEN-SMITH, Chairman,
Delegate from Great Britain. Tho. VERBRUGGHE,
Delegate from Belgium. H. VETILLART,
Delegate from France. A. O. MONASTERIO,
Delegate from Mexico. S. I. KIMBALL,
Delegate from United States.