The Training of Pauper Children


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Side 24 - ... where the older girls may be employed, not to supersede, but to aid the proper nurses in attendance on the sick, under the direction of the medical officer. " From time to time the girls might be occupied in weeding and hoeing in the garden, as a means of instructing them in the out-door employments of females in rural districts. They might also learn to wait upon the schoolmasters and schoolmistresses. " The success which has attended the efforts of the Children's Friend Society to reclaim juvenile...
Side 13 - What methods should be adopted respecting — A. The industrial training of the children. B. The methods of instruction and moral discipline, C. The extent of secular instruction. D. Religious instruction. When these subjects have been considered in relation to a proposed improvement in the general management — 3. The applicability of these principles to existing arrangements in Union workhouses will be determined. The establishment of two county or district schools of industry in each of the counties...
Side 8 - ... and other agricultural work, which is not deemed too laborious to be performed by a female in the rural districts. In the labourer's own household (the more appropriate scene of female exertion and care) the girls learn to scour the floors, to wash the linen, to sew and knit, and to clean the few utensils which their father may possess ; to assist their mother in baking or in cooking their frugal meal, or in nursing a younger child. The girls thus acquire a knowledge of domestic duties, and become...
Side 24 - A portion of every day would, of course, be devoted to the ordinary instruction in knitting and sewing ; but the children should likewise be taught to cut out and make their clothes. " No part of service is of greater importance than a proper attendance on the sick ; and cases may occur in the school where the older girls may be employed, not to supersede, but to aid the proper nurses in attendance on the sick, under the direction of the medical officer. " From time to time the girls might be occupied...
Side 18 - ... men than is at present the case. For this purpose, it was conceived necessary that they should early acquire the habits of patient industry ; that they should be acquainted with the value of labor, and know the connexion between it and property ; that they should have intelligence?
Side 33 - ... it be enlarged and enlivened by an acquaintance with other branches of knowledge. I see no reason why the education given to the poor should differ from the education of their superiors more widely than the different circumstances and duties of their respective conditions in life render absolutely necessary. One thing is certain, and it is a very important consideration, that, if we teach them the methods of acquiring one kind of knowledge, they will apply them to the acquisition of other kinds;...
Side 17 - ... in a workhouse, if taught reading, writing, or arithmetic only, is generally unfitted for earning his livelihood by labour. Under such a system he would never have been set to work.
Side 12 - If the want of classification and the absence of correct discipline which prevailed in the old workhouses continued in the new, a great number of these latter children would acquire the habits of hereditary paupers, or even of felons; and (which would by no means be improbable) if ONE-TENTH OF THEM ONLY BECAME DEPENDENT DURING SIX MONTHS OF EACH YEAR, with families of the ordinary size, they would occasion a burthen of £104,574.
Side 29 - The simultaneous and mixed methods of instruction, which are now adopted in the schools of Switzerland, Prussia, Germany, and Holland, form an essential feature of the internal economy of a school in which it is proposed to teach 40 or 50 children in each class. In order to enable the teacher to conduct this instruction successfully, the desks and forms should be arranged as in the Dutch schools, the scholars being all placed with their faces towards the teacher in successive lines of desks half...
Side 24 - Hoxtqn, would warrant the Commissioners in requiring its adoption in a District school, or throughout the ordinary Union workhouses of England and Wales ; and without such instruction it is evident that, whatever other system of training is adopted, the education of the pauper children can afford no effectual guarantee for their future independent subsistence by the wages of industry.

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