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until the last trumpet shall sound. The pilgrims then — especially Christian — began to despond in their minds, and looked this way and that; but no way could be found by them by which they might escape the river. Then they asked the men if the waters were all of a depth. They said: “No; yet they could not help them in that case; for, said they, you shall find it deeper or shallower, as you believe in the King of the place.”

They then addressed themselves to the water, and entering, Christian began to sink, and crying out to his good friend Hopeful, he said:

“I sink in deep waters: the billows go over my head; all the waters go over me. Selah.”

Then said the other: “Be of good cheer, my brother; I feel the bottom, and it is good.”

Then said Christian: “Ah! my friend, the sorrow of death hath encompassed me about: I shall not see the land that flows with milk and honey.”

Then I saw in my dream that Christian was in a muse a while. To whom also, Hopeful added these words: “Be of good cheer; Jesus Christ maketh thee whole;” and with that Christian brake out with a loud voice-“Oh! I see him again; and he tells me: “When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee.” Then they both took courage, and the enemy was after that as still as a stone, until they were gone over. Christian, therefore, presently found ground to stand upon, and so it followed that the rest of the river was but shallow; but thus they got over. Now, upon the bank of the river on the other side, they saw the two shining men again, who there waited for them; wherefore, being come out of the river, they saluted them, saying: “ We are ministering spirits, sent forth to minister to those that shall be heirs of salvation.” Thus they went along toward the gate. Now, you must note that

the city stood upon a mighty hill; but the pilgrims went up that hill with ease, because they had these two men to lead them up by the arms; they had likewise left their mortal garments behind them in the river; for though they went in with them, they came out without them. They therefore went up here with much agility and speed, though the foundation upon which the city was framed was higher than the clouds; they therefore went up through the region of the air, sweetly talking as they went, being comforted because they got safely over the river, and had such glorious companions to attend them.

Now, while they were thus drawing towards the gate, behold a company of the heavenly host came out to meet them; to whom it was said by the other two shining ones:

“ These are the men who loved our Lord when they were in the world, and have left all for his holy name; and he hath sent us to fetch them, and we have brought them thus far on their desired journey, that they may go in and look their Redeemer in the face with joy.” Then the heavenly host gave a great shout, saying: “Blessed are they that are called to the marriage-supper of the Lamb.” There came also out at this time to meet them several of the King's trumpeters, clothed in white and shining raiment, who, with melodious and loud noises, made even the heavens to echo with their sound. These trumpeters saluted Christian and his fellow with ten thousand welcomes from the world, and this they did with shouting and sound of trumpet.

This done, they compassed them round about on every side; some went before, some behind, and some on the right hand, some on the left-as it were to guard them through the upper regions—continually sounding as they went, with melodious noise, in notes on high; so that the very sight was to them that could behold it as if heaven itself was come

down to meet them. Thus, therefore, they walked on together; and as they walked, ever and anon these trumpeters, even with joyful sound, would, by mixing their music with looks and gestures, still signify to Christian and his brother how welcome they were into their company, and with what gladness they came to meet them; and now were these two men, as it were, in heaven before they came at it, being swallowed up with the sight of angels, and with hearing their melodious notes. Here, also, they had the city itself in view, and thought they heard all the bells therein to ring, to welcome thereto. But, above all, the warm and joyful thoughts that they had about their own dwelling there with such company, and that for ever and ever. Oh! by what tongue or pen can their glorious joy be expressed! Thus they came up to the gate.

Now, when they were come up to the gate, there were written over in letters of gold: “Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have a right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.”

Then I saw in my dream that the shining men bid them call at the gate; the which, when they did, some from above looked over the gate, to wit: Enoch, Moses, Elijah, &c.; to whom it was said: These pilgrims are come from the City of Destruction, for the love that they bear to the King of this place; and then the pilgrims gave in unto them each man his certificate, which they had received in the beginning: those, therefore, were carried in to the King, who, when he had read them, said: “Where are the men ? ” To whom it was answered: They are standing without the gate. The King then commanded to open the gate, “ That the righteous nation," said he, “ that keepeth truth, may enter in.”

Now, I saw in my dream that these two men went in at the gate; and lo! as they entered, they were

transfigured, and they had raiment put on that shone like gold There were also that met them with harps and crowns, and gave to them the harps to praise withal, and the crowns in token of honor. Then I heard in my dream that all the bells in the city rang again for joy, and that it was said unto them: “Enter ye into the joy of your Lord.” I also heard the men themselves, that they sang with a Joud voice, saying: “Blessing, honor, and glory, and power be to Him that sitteth upon the throne, and to the Lamb, for ever and ever.”

Now, just as the gates were opened to let in the men, I looked in after them, and behold the city shone like the sun; the streets, also, were paved with gold, and in them walked many men with crowns on their heads, palms in their hands, and golden harps, to sing praises withal.

THE AUTHOR'S APOLOGY FOR HIS

“PILGRIM'S PROGRESS ”.

W HEN at the first I took my pen in hand

VV Thus for to write, I did not understand
That I at all should make a little book

In such a mode; nay, I had undertook
• To make another; which, when almost done,
Before I was aware, I this begun.

And thus it was: I writing of the way
and race of saints, in this our Gospel-day,
Fell suddenly into an allegory
About their journey, and the way to glory,
In more than twenty things which I set down,
This done, I twenty more had in my crown;
And they again began to multiply,
Like sparks that from the coals of fire do fly.
Nay, then, thought 'I, if that you breed so fast,

I'll put you by yourselves, lest you at last
Should prove ad infinitum, and eat out
The book that I already am about.
Well, so I did; but yet I did not think
To show to all the world my pen and ink
In such a mode; I only thought to make
I knew not what: nor did I undertake
Thereby to please my neighbor: no, not l;
I did it mine own self to gratify.

Neither did I but vacant seasons spend
In this my scribble: nor did I intend
But to divert myself in doing this
From worser thoughts which make me do amiss.
Thus I set pen to paper with delight,
And quickly had my thoughts in black and white.
For having now my method by the end,
Still as I pull’d, it came; and so I penn'd
It down: until at last it came to be,
For length and breadth, the bigness which you see.

Well, when I had thus put mine ends together,
I show'd them others, that I might see whether
They would condemn them, or them justify:
And some said, Let them live; some, Let them die:
Some said, John, print it; others said, Not so;
Some said, It might do good; others said, No.

Now was I in a strait, and did not see
Which was the best thing to be done by me:
At last I thought, Since you are thus divided,
I print it will: and so the case decided.
For, thought I, some I see would have it done,
Though others in that channel do not run:
To prove, then, who advised for the best,
Thus I thought fit to put it to the test.

I further thought, if now I did deny
Those that would have it thus, to gratify;
I did not know, but hinder them I might
Of that which would to them be great delight.
For those which were not for its coming forth,

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