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Cas. : Then, if we lose this battle,

however honest, however patriotic, can ever do You are contented to be led in triumph it. Liberty is too precious a boon to be won by Through the streets of Rome ?

proxy: He erred also, in that he comprehended Bru,: No, Cassius, no; think not, thou noble Roman, not the signs of the times. Rome was de

That even Brutus will go bound to Rome!
He bears too great a mind. But this same day, bloode."

generate; she had “ lost the breed of noble

He was above the age in which he Must end the work, the ides of March begun.'

lived, and yet he saw it not. For these errors, Here, then, we have it as the fixed determina- these “ sins against history,” he was doomed to

see the ruin of his cause, and his last fond tion of Brutus most emphatically expressed, not to be taken alive. He probably intended, it hopes of his country's liberty extinguished for.

ever on the bloody field of Philippi. the day went against him, to die, as a noble

Here we must leave this fruitful subject, its Roman ought, fighting in his armour. We have also the expression of his philoso- As to the pale student of the heavens, through

beauties half-developed, its treasures all untold. phic creed on the abstract question of suicide. In the one speaks the high-toned Roman patient labour and unwearied vision, are le

vealed worlds above worlds and systems above citizen and soldier, to whom death was sweeter than dishonour; in the other, the speculative systems reaching far off into immeasurable philosopher, earnest, doubtless, but still only who step by step, with pleasurable toil, gains

space : so to the earnest student of Shakspeare, the philosopher. And yow when all is over, his way into the universe of the master's mind, when he has fought his desperate way through are revealed fresh worlds of thought and beauty, the thickest of the fight, and yet remained un- teeming with priceless jewels of knowledge and hurt; when he has dared death, who, craven,

delight. had turned away; when his best friends have

We have endeavoured to confine ourselves fallen before his eyes, his army routed, and Roman liberty gone forever ; when his brother to the unfolding of the character of Brutus, Cassius" had put an end to his own life, and noticing only those points which mark most bis only choice is capture, flight, or suicide : is directly its development. Striving to shut

our it to be wondered at that the man is stronger way, we have tried to "keep, boldly on" in the

eyes to the myriad beauties that crowd our paththan the philosopher, and the honour of a Roman than a speculative creed? So, in the course we marked out. of the philology of the gloom of the approaching night he plunges into said nothing, nor of the minor characters, por

play, an almost inexhaustible subject, we have the untried blackness that lies beyond. A word or

of the up-growth of the plot in the mind of two of those

for

Shakspeare. which he paid so dear a penalty. He erred morally, most of all in that great sin, the eulogistic eloquence of the “noble Antony,” his

But we forbear, and leave our hero to the murder of Cæsar; but his whole life was

honourable adversary : a cuntinual sin, in that he lived it for man and

“This was the noblest Roman of them all. not for God; from this he reaped anguish and unutterable remorse. He erred intellectually,

All the conspirators, save only he

Did that they did in envy of great Cæsar ; in that he attempted to "drag history in leading

He only, in general honest thought, strings :” he sinned against that great principle

And common good to all, made one of them. of political philosophy, that when a nation is

His life was gentle, and the elements down-trodden and oppressed, the people must So mixed in him, that nature might stand up rise in their majesty and trample the oppressor And say to all the world under soot; no clique, no party of conspirators, THIS WAS A MAN."

errors

LEAVES FOR THE LITTLE ONES.

THE TWO DUCKS,

But two of them were white. These two were

ever to be seen side by side. At noon they (A Legend).

rested upon the green banks or amidst the

rushes, and rejoiced in the sunshine. At evenAmidst green and pleasant meadows, one ing-tide they swam to and fro on the large glorious suromer, there ran a stream, whose golden mirrors which the setting sun flung on course lay among the water-lilies and through that stream, pluming their wings and arching green fairy forests of bulrushes. On its clear their necks, then sailed among the water-lilies breast there was often to be seen a brood of till the inoon came out. Many a night they ducks headed by an old drake ; they were would fain have lingered in its gentle light, but happy and very fat; they were also beautiful, the old drake had issued a decree that a certain and gems of radiant colours glanced in the time by the evening star every duck should be suplight on their crested heads,

on shore. It was one summer's day that, being overcome with heat, he forgot his usual energy, me like those of another land, and a better. Pare. and left these two giddy sentimental ducke to well. To-day I murmured at the quiet that themselves.

reigns here, to-night I think it Paradise. We The stream sailed on, and with it the snow have met but once, let it not be the last time. white ducks.

I shall wait you again to-morrow night. As “Pearl," said the younger of the two, “I do I turned away a feather flew from my wing as 80 hate going to bed at the same time every I Aapped it in token of adieu. He seized it. I night, just when the moon is brightest, the stayed no longer ; but as I turned to look at water coolest, and the flowers are sweetest. So him in the distance, I saw the long silver track I'm quite resolved to enjoy myself to-night: upon the water, and he was gone." and I'll tell you a secret, as we always have And that was not the last time Snowflake and shared each other's joys and sorrows, dearest Emerald-Crest met near the wild rose-bower, Pearl,"

whose branches cast shadows upon the stream “Ah, Snowflake," said the elder, “what a from beneath the willow-tree on the banks of wild, and I fear, wicked little duck you are. their favourite islet. Go on, however, you know I shall stand by Their dream of happiness was fair, but, like you to the last.'

the roseate tints the sunset leaves, it was too “ Well, Pearl,” said Snowflake, playfully fair to last. fanning Pearl with her white wing, and perhaps Pearl was sent on a visit to a neighbouring casting a glance at its beauty with a pardonable brook wtth an elderlyduck named Gobbel-all, as pride, “ do listen before you say anything, and it was thought expedient by the old drake that don't be quite so prudish, or I sball shock she should see a little of the world. Sad was your sensibility. Last night I vowed' I the parting between the friends; and when would go out; the air was so refreshing, and Pearl went, and her restraining presence and such a delicious breeze rang the little flower advice were lost for a time to her less thoughtbells, and made sweet music among the stems ful friend, Snowflake sought consolation, and of the tall bulrushes, that I could bear it no found it in communion with the kindred soul longer, and as you slept at some little distance of the young and handsome Emerald-Crest. I durst not call you. I went, and determined None as yet knew their love it burnt so much to sail slowly by the copse where the honey- the brighter in secret. Earth was nothing to suckle blows. Ah! how sweet it was, and how them; of its trials they recked not, and its often I wished for you Pearl, dear. I had just pleasures they loathed; for the evening brought reached the little islet where we so often sit joys which none could share, whilst the world's under the shade of our own favourite willow. cold heart lay sleeping away the hours which to tree, and was about to turn, resolving to run all them were life's existence. risks and fetch you, when I heard a faint quack, Summer waned. The time was coming, too, converted into a sighing groan, close to me. i when their rosy dream must become a chilly, was startled, and on looking round perceived a drear reality. It is ever 80. young drake, the handsomest I ever beheld; so

As Snowflake's beauty became the pride of different from Swallow-Frog and Lovefly, our

the old drake, and the ducks her companions, old companions. He told me his name was Emerald-Crest. He persuaded me with soft

it came to pass that, one of their number, an words to sail with him round the far islet where ugly young drake with a sandy head and a very in spring-time the violets grow on the old ash- dient to fall in love with her. His name was

impertinent way of swimming, thought it experoot. At first I would not; but, when he

Swallow-Frog. talked to me, as I thought none but ourselves could talk, Pearl, I could not resist ; and he

He was rather favoured by the old gentleman, told me of strange and beautiful things; of who had it strongly in his mind that Snowflake other lands where he said our wings might carry should not marry out of the family, and conus, where storms never come, and where bird's stantly got into a passion when anyone men. with jewelled wings sleep amongst flowers tioned the ducks of the neighbouring farms and sweeter than roses and fairer than the water ponds, declaring they were common, vulgar lilies we love. He whiled away the time thus birds, and priding himself immensely on the till we came to the Hazel Copse, where the Muscovite breed of his own family. He had blackbirds build ; and as we sailed by such a once caught three daring intruders who, hear. flood of siveet melody burst from thence, that ing of Snowflake's beauty, bad come to look at when it ceased methought the blackbird had her whilst diving for frogs. He flew at them in waked from its sleep in the still night-watch to person, bodily, and worried the head of one of greet this new friend amongst us. I told him so. them almost to a mummy before he would let He quacked softly, and Icould see in the moon | him go. light that the feathers on his breast rose as if As may be supposed, the society of Swallowthe wind had ruffled them. But there was no Frog was very distasteful to Snowflake. His wind. By this time the evening star began to convereation too was mostly upon the number pale, and I feared to stay. He said to me of fat frogs and toads he caught in the season, we parted, “The days of young life are short at and of the delicacy of a water-newt as compared best, 'tis fitting we should enjoy them. My with a land one, with other details of the kind, life has begun to-night; these waters seem to He was ignorant as well as idle, and knew ng

as

he to

more where the violets grew on the Ash-tree , Crest, do not tempt mo, leave me to myself ; I root or the Hazel Copse where the blackbirds will stay at home.” sang, than he did of that glorious land which “And be the bride of the odious and senseEmeral-Crest talked of. At length his at- less Swallow-Frog. Be it so then. See me tentions were followed by Sheldrake, a pert depart. Give myself up forever to him. I go young bird with a black top-knot, and young to perish in a foreign land. My hopes blighted, Lovely, who boasted relationship with the and my very life a sacrifice to the caprice of one King Rider, and had a cynical way of standing whom I once fondly believed had loved me. on his head in the water and splashing into Farewell, then!" the faces of those behind, for which little act of Stay, stay a moment, (ah! Pearl, for thy mischief he was cordially hated by his com- wiser counsel), I yield. Adieu, friends. Adieu, panions.

home. Adieu, scenes of my happy childhood, Poor Snowflake! her fate was fast being I leave ye forever! Emerald-Crest into thy accomplished.

hands I give myself, my life, my happiness, my Of all these suitors none was so favoured as all; and will go with thee even to the world's Swallow-Frog; his exultation consequently end.” exceeded all bounds. Wherever Snowflake And thus did Snowflake leave her home swam Swallow-Frog was sure to follow. Her under the influence of excitement. And because days were miserable; and it was only the calm of pride in the first instance and want of courage soft evening hours that brought Emerald-Crest, in the next did she neglect to advise with her and with him transient happiness, that made life natural guardians, and fall a victim in the end to her endurable.

to her own indiscretion. She had not told him of her sorrow, she When morning dawned over the meadows durst not think of his despair. But he saw that and sunlight broke upon the stream, Snowflake a blight had fallen upon her, and his gentle had left those familiar scenes, once the little words and tender kindness made her lean more world where all she knew or thought of, or than ever on him for hope to cheer her through loved, were centred. the trials that daylight brought.

They sailed on through the clear soft air, Yes, their trial hour was coming, and their Snowflake and Emerald-Crest. The feeling of sad fate on the eve of being accomplished. elasticity and the happiness of being together

It was one of those delicious dreamy even- gave them new strength and life, and for a time ings in July, when the moon looks down on they forgot their woes. earth as if in reverie, when the winds are Before night again veiled the earth in hushed and the world is still, that Snowflake shadows they had reached the domains of the stole forth upon the water to meet her lover. " King Rider," who received his cousin and He was awaiting her at the trysting-place, and the beautiful companion of his wanderings with there he won from her the sad avowal of her a royal welcome. She was the admiration of miseries.

that gorgeous and magnificent court. Her spotThe effect was electrical. His eyes gleamed, less plumage, compared with the resplendent his jewelled crest stood upright with anger, his beauty of their richer hues, seemed the more feathers rose and fell, and the waters were lovely from the contrast. And when Emerald. troubled with his restless movements.

Crest saw it he was proud of her and loved her It was some moments ere he spoke; at length, the more. in a tone hoarse with emotion, he said :

The next day Snowflake said to him : “And I, too, have had my troubles, but I “Let us away, dearest, this is no home for bore them for your sake. I will bear them no us; we were not made for courtly fêtes, and longer, neither shall you. This very night shall we love not homage nor adulation." Little We seek that better land of which I told recked she of her beauty, or knew all the pride you. Ab! Snowflake, it is a glorious land! which Emerald-Crest felt when he beheld her ; Orange and citron trees wave their blossoms she thought only of that distant land with its over what shall be our home; and the waters orange-groves and citron bowers, where she play with amber and make precious stones their and Emerald-Crest would be always together, toys."

and never be separated

Ere the " And do any of our own race live there?" evening came they had bid the Rider-ducks asked Snowflake.

farewell. “Yes," said Emerald-Crest; "there dwell It was late in the day when they set out for the Gargany ducks, of whom I told you that, the shores of the Mediterranean, and it was as the rainbow so is their pluinage for its with a boding heart that Emerald-Crest watched glorious tints. And the flowers. Ah! the the sunset. He saw the orb fold its bright flowers are of heaven's own painting. It is a face in the glorious mantle of crimson and gold fair and beautiful country, Snowflake; come which spread over the western beavens. But away, dearest, come away !"

when it dipped beneath the wide ocean as they, “ Emerald Crest,” said Snowlake, “it is came in sight of it, and withdrew its brightness; beautiful if you say so, for a desert would be that regal robe became a pall of black night e fair to me if you were there ; but, ah me! what and it held the storm which the rising winds shall I do? If I go with you I can never come blew fiercely along. Thunder now rolled in the back any more, or see Pearl again ; Emerald - distance, and lightning glanced before the eyes

more.

of the affrighted birds, whose strength, amidst “No, no !” answered a voice, in which she the now raging storm, grew feebler, till, spent could hardly recognize the tones of Emerald with fatigue and terror, they could hardly make Crest. “ We will die together. I will never their way through the air. The black rocks survive thee, my love, my bride!" And they stood terribly out into the water, and the crested sank down in death. heads of the fearful waves gleamed fire as the “And this is my doing,” groaned Emeraldred lightning shot over them; and the wind Crest, as, almost without life he nestled by the moaned and howled up and down, as if it sought side of his beautiful Snowflake. a victim, and tore the waters and laslied them “We shall die at least together. Death is into foam, then flung them frothed and gurgling very near; nothing shall separate us now!" she upon the rocks.

answered. In a faint and feeble voice, almost drowned in And as she spoke the red lightning again lit the storm, Snowflake said :

that awful scene, and Snowflake and Emerald. “ I am sinking fast. Farewell, my beloved, Crest lay dead upon the beach ! fly on. Do not stay for me, but live yet to be happy."

CONCERNING RINGS AND PRECIOUS STONES.

worn

as

Chains and necklaces have been

The fashion of wearing gold crosses can be feminine ornaments since the remotest period; traced to the beginning of the sixteenth century; thus Homer describes to us the amber and A portrait of Anne of Cleves shows her adorned gold necklace, set with precious stones, presented with three necklaces, to one of which a jewelled to Penelope by one of her suitors. Wealthy cross is attached. The priests vehemently Roinan ladies wore them of gold and silver, assailed this custom from the pulpit, but the those of the lower classes of copper. It was the ladies held fast, and now and then added a custom to wind them round the waist as well heart of precious stones. Eventually an anchor as the neck, and to hang from them pearls and was placed with the other two, and hence we trinkets of various sizes. In France necklaces have the now ordinary symbols of Faith, Hope, were first worn by ladies in the reign of Charles and Charity. VII., who presented one of precious stones to Clasps were first worn by the military to Agnes Sorel. The gems were probably uncut, fasten their cloaks, but the fashion gradually for the lady complained of them hurting her became general with both sexes during the neck; but as the king admired it, she continued third and fourth centuries. These clasps beto wear it, saying that women might surely bear came with time excessively large, and reprea little pain to please those they loved. The sented the more modern fashion of brooches. fashion, of course, was at once adopted by the Girdles are of very great antiquity, and were ladies of the court, and soon became general. used in lieu of a purse or pocket. The belt of During the reign of Henri II. pearls were greatly the Roman ladies during the empire was formed in vogue for necklaces, as we fird from the in front like a stomacher, and set with precious portraits of Diane de Poitiers and Mary Queen stones. Hence we probably have the first idea of Scots. The Queen Dowager of Prussia of a corset. In the middle ages bankrupts possesses a very beautiful pearl necklace, formed used to surrender their girdles in open court. in a remarkable way. On the day of her The reason was that, as they carried 'all articles marriage the king gave her a splendid pearl, of daily use in them, it was typical of a surrenand added one each anniversary. An der of their estate. Taking off the belt was also interesting anecdote about necklaces is con- a sign of doing homage. Although not nected with the Empress Eugénie. When the fashionable now-a-days, jewelled girdles have ruler of France marries, it is the custom for the their uses, as was proved when an attempt was city of Paris to present the bride with some made to assassinate the present Queen of Spain costly gift. In 1853 the city of Paris voted the by the curate Merino. The point of the dagger, sum of 600,000 francs to purchase a diamond striking on the diamond belt, slipped aside, and necklace for the Empress. But the young only inflcted a harmless flesh-wound. empress expressed a wish that the money We have not space to describe in extenso all should be worthily expended in founding a the ornaments of male and female use to which school for poor young girls in the Faubourg gems have been applied. For a time valuable St. Antoine. This school, called Maison snuff-boxes were considered indispensable by Eugénie Napoleon, was opened in 1857, and men, while ladies imitated the fashion by now shelters 400 girls, who are instructed by carrying bonboniére. Shoe-buckles, too those excellent teachers the Sisters of St. (which are reappearing), in the reign of Louis Vincent de Paul

XVI. were so large as to cover the instep.

on

men.

came

Gold-headed canes, once the distinguishing is plain gold, with a large violet table ruby, signs of physicians, who had a species of whereon a plain cross of St. George is curiously smelling-box in the top to protect the wearer engraved. The queen's ring is also of gold, from infection, are now rarely seen, except at with a large table ruby and sixteen small sea-side French watering places, where the diamonds round the ring. Nor must we omit Empress of France has brought them into the curious Venetian fashion of the Doge of fasbion again, and in the hands of state foot- Venice wedding the Adriatic. Annually for six

hundred years, the magnificently-appointed Rings have in all ages been regarded as the Bucentaur bore the Doge to the shores of the most important of all ornaments. As a symbol Lido, near the mouth of the harbour. Here, of spiritual alliance and insignia of eternal letting a ring fall into the bosom of his bride, dignity they date back to the fourth century, the bridegroom uttered the words, “ We wed when we find a ring used in the consecration of thee with this ring in token of our true and bishops. In conformity with the ancient usage perpetual sovereignty.". Napoleon I. dissolved recorded in scripture, the primitive Christian the marriage, and the couple never Church early adopted the ceremony of the ring together again. of betrothal as a symbol of the authority which Among ring curiosities we may mention the the husband gave the wife over his household, gimmal, often alluded to in old writers. It is and over the earthly goods with which he composed of twin or double hoops, fitting so endowed her.

exactly into each other that, when united, they “ A contract of eternal bond of love,

form but one circlet. Each hoop is generally Confirmed by natural joinder of your hands, surmounted by a hand, the two being clasped Ittested by the holy close of lips,

when the rings are brought together. One Strengthened by interchangement of your rings. hoop was sometimes of gold, and the other of

silver. The custom of wearing inourning-rings In the ancient marriage ritual, the husband is ancient: thus we find Shakspeare bequeathing placed the ring on the first joint of the bride's to John Henninge, H. Burbage, and Henry thumb, saying, “In the name of the Father;" | Condell “twenty-six shillings eightpence apiece he then removed it to the forefinger with the to buy them rings.” Rings were also given words, “ In the name of the Son;" then to the away to attendants on the day of their master's middle finger, adding, “And of the Holy marriage. The fashion of wearing thumb-rings Ghost;" finally the ring was left on the fourth is very ancient in England. When the tomb of finger, with the word "Amen!" About a cen- the Venerable Bede was opened in 1831, a tury ago it was the custom to wear the marriage large thumb-ring of iron, covered with a thick ring on the thumb, although at the nuptial coating of gold, was found in the place which ceremony it was placed on the fourth finger. the right hand had occupied before it fell into

The coronation ring of the kings of England 'dust.

THE THEATRES, &c. NEW DRAMAS AND BURLESQUES.—REVIVAL , stylish Columbus, Miss Constance Loseby and OF LORD LYTTON'S "MONEY."

Miss E. Fowler are attractive actresses and good The theatrical barometer during the month

vocalists. of May has marked to frequent "change," Our succeeding burlesque establishment is the and indicated fluctuations in the aura-popularis new Globe theatre, in the Strand, under the of the most erratic kinds. The production of management of Mr. Sefton Parry. Mr. J. new pieces has been attended with stormy re- Clarke (a quaint little comedian) is one of the sults, and attested that there was danger in able expositors of the comedy and farce element agitating the Lethe in which the theatrical of the Globe stage. The “ Corsican Bothers,” deities have so long luxuriously disported. the Globe burlesque, closely follows the plot of Half-a-dozen new dramas and as many bur- the ghostly play of the Princess's, but violently lesques have seen the light-albeit without travesties the characters, as the apparition very strong constitutions in any case.

brother, Mr. J. Clarke, instead of gliding across As we shall hardy be called upon to trouble the stage in the approved manner, most comithe readers of this page with the details of the cally stumbles along, like a drunken man. burlesque literature, we shall disiniss the latest Miss Brennan, as Chateau Ren nud, ard Miss novelties of this description briefly.

Hughes, as Emile de Lesparée, are fully entitled The most remarkable feature of the new

to mention for their sprightly acting. extravaganza or opera-buffa “ Columbus," pro- “Asmodeus," the burlesque at the new duced at the GAIETY theatre, is the superb Queen’s, is not the least worthy of the new scenery; the dresses, too are very rich and extravaganzas, and we hear draws good houses, gaudy; also there is a grand ballet, with a new in association with the comedy of “Seraphine," danseuse from Madrid (Malle. Rosseri), a lady its piece de resistance. Apropos of Seraphine of rare saltatory abilities and gymnastic capa- head our notices of dramatic novelties of a bilities of leg. Miss E. Farren made a very higher character than the burlesques, by a

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