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CORRESPONDENCE. ivory, as well as metal, and to female on Stenography.” We do not know of screws?"

any book on the former subject which Mechanicus “ will make an appro

treats of the art of reasoning in as priate acknowledgment to any persou

practical a manner as we should like who will inform him, by letter, if it is to see it taught ; but, for the present, possible to make a bottle luminous,

Watts' may be considered the best. either corked tight or uncorked, and, if

The art of Stenography, according to the possible, how long it will remain so ?" latest improvements, will be sooner acThe letters may be addressed to the care quired by Mr. Harding's little treatise of our publishers.

than by any we have ever met with. A Correspondent at Bath would be

The account of the “ Origin and Estaobliged to any of our readers for “ the

blishment of the Alnwick Scientific and Plan of an Economical Grinding Ma

Mechanical Institution" in our next. chine for Razors, convertible into a T. H. B. had better apply to the first Turning Lathe.”

of the Societies he mentions. A“ Tipton Brewer,” referring to Mr. P.L. M. desires to be informed“ which R. W. Dickinson's reply to X. X. (p, 123, is the best work on Fluxions, for a pervol. 1v.), where he politely invites X. X., son to study, who has not the advantage or any other person, to come and inspect of a teacher, and which work best shows a considerable improvement in his the practical application of Fluxions ?" cleansing apparatus, remarks, that " not " Can the date of Old Silver be ascer. having any business in London, and re tained by its official Stamp ?"-A Considing at a distance, he cannot avail stant Reader. himself of the invitation.” He trusts, Communications received from-R.W. therefore, that, for the benefit of all

-An Inquirer--Mr. Dowden--Mr. who are situated as he is, Mr. Dickin

Lewthwaite-W.G.-R. Farley-E.S.T. son will, through the medium of our

-Sir J. Senhouse-A Bleacher-Aurum pages, describe that improvement. Our -Mr. Grimes-G. S. D.-M.P. M-The Correspondent has adopted the plan, Tanner-A Constant Reader-2.-Dixon and highly approves of it; but when he

Vallance-R. B. B.-W. Bell-W. Tat“ cleanses earlier than the scientific

ner-Wm. Lake-Au Old Toper-A.brewer lays down his rule, he finds the w.J- D (Warrington)-A Man in the cleansing cap of the dimensions given Moors. not sufficiently large to hold the yeast working out.” A Constant Reader asks, if “ any of

ERRATA, our Correspoudents can put him into the P. 271, col. 1.---For Mr. J. H. Bell, way of boring a brass cylinder, about two read, Mr. T. H. Bell. inches and a half in diameter, perfectly trne; and also to construct the most suitable Valve for an Air Pump? The common bladder-valve cannot be used in *** Advertisements for the Covers of all cases, becausc it is not flush with the our Monthly Parts must be sent in to surface it is fixed upon."

our Publishers before the 207h day of A Correspoudent at Barliard's Heath

each Month. says, that if “ the person who signs J. to a communication respecting the Management of Bees (Number 98), will allow him the pleasure of a sight of his

C'ommunications (post paid) to be addressed to Hives, he will willingly go fifty miles the Editor, at the Publishers', KNIGHT and for the purpose.”

LACEY, 55, Paternoster-row, London. Tyro requests we will direct him to Printed by Mills, JOWETT, and Mills (late “ a good book on Logic, and to another Bensley,) Bolt-court, Fleet-street.

Mechanics' Magazine, MUSEUM, REGISTER, JOURNAL, AND GAZETTE.

No. 105.)

SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1825.

. .[Price 3d.

-A-MACHINE TO LOWER COFFIN S.'

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ALNWICK SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION.

lift out the rotchet, and the coffin will A MACHINE TO LOWER COFFINS. be lowered slowly and steadily. SIR,-Having called the other day

I am, Sir, at a friend's house, he kindly ptat

.. Yours respectfully, into my hands one of your useful Petworth.

E. G. Magazines. On perusing it I saw an inq'uiry (page 396, vol. 11.) for the invention of a Crane to lower a

ORIGIN AND ESTABLISHMENT OF THE

ORIGIN AND ES Coffin into the Grave, and, after

ALNWICK SCIENTIFIC AND ME

CHANICAL INSTITUTION. · some consideration, I thought of the

MR. Editor, -As there is no refollowing plan for that purpose.

cord of this transaction beyond the Description of the Drawing.

fugitive Tract by Mr. T. H. Bell,

which originated it, and the printLet a frame (fig. 1), about six feet ed rules of the Society, I shall four inches long, two feet four inches

trouble you with a short detail. wide, and two feet high, be constructed

This Tract, addressed, “ To the of inch and a half yellow deal, so as

Inhabitants of Alnwick who feel to be portable.

an interest in the Establisment of Suppose AB to be two rollers, three Literary and Scientific Instituinches diameter.

tions," setting forth their advanDD, the webbing.

tages, and the facility with which EE, two friction-rollers, made to

one might be established in Alnslide in a groove, fixed with a pin in wick, was distributed in the town the rail, to keep the webbing from the and neighbourhood on Saturday, edge of the grave as the coffin is low September 16, 1824. In the terered down.

mination of the address Mr. Bell F, a wheel, one foot ten inches dia observed" Should this suggesmeter,

tion be disregarded now, I trust it G, a nut, eight inches diameter, on

will ultimately resemble those the end of the roller, A.

germs whose vegetative power is H, a nut, eight inches diameter, on

uninjured by long inhumation, and

which await but an exposure to a the roller, B.

favourable atmosphere." AccordI, a nut, with a handle running in

ingly, the germination and fructí. the great wheel, and turning the nut

fication were not far distant; for, on the roller, B.

on the evening of the 1st of DeThe three nuts must be of equal cember, a public meeting was size, and equal in number of teeth, held in the Town Hall, pursuant about an inch pitch.

to resolutions adopted at a preOn the roller, B, let there be three ous meeting of friends to the Instuds for each webbing, to take out stitution, in the school-room of the webbing when the coffin is lowered Mr. John Pears, A. M., to whose down; the webbing having three holes exertions. those of Mr. William or loops at the end, to fasten it to the roller on the studs. A rotchet-wheel

Davison, chemist, and Mr. M. T. to be put on roller B, at the end next

Johnson, the greatest praise is the nut.

due. Fig. 2 represents an end view of the

This meeting was of the most machine. The mode of using it will

flattering description, numerous be as follows:

and respectable; it exhibited the Place it over the grave; turn the

appearance of an election, and handle of the nut, I, to tighteu the

augured the most complete sucwebbing; then adjust the two friction

cess. The chair was taken by Mr. rollers to the edge of the grave by the

James Russell, senior, a mechanic pins in the rail. When the coffin is

of fifty years standing, whose sil.

of nicy brought to the grave, let it be placed ver locks and serenity of aspect on the webbing, when a person has added grace to the manner in only to take hold of the handle and which he opened the business of .

ALNWICK SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION.

323

the meeting. He was supported possessors; but the superiority of by Mr. Henry Hunter, Mr. Michael wisdom and knowledge is a preGardner, Mr. John Nesbitt, and eminence of merit which originother master-mechanics. His ates with the man, and is the Grace the Duke of Northunber- noblest of all distinctions. By land had been previously solicited, steady application you will easily and had agreed, to become Patron surmount all obstacles, the intriof the Institution, and Earl Grey cacies of science will tlee your apits President; Lord Prudhoe and proach, and the certainty of the thirteen other gentlemen Vice-Pre- conquest will be ensured from a sidents. A Committee of eighteen determination to conquer. By an persons and two Secretaries was early attachment to scientific stuthen appointed. During the mov- dies you will acquire a habit of ing of the necessary rules some of reasoning, and an cievation of the movers expressed their senti thought, which fixes the mind, and ments on the occasion in very ap- prepares it for every great and propriate speeches; Mr. H.Hunter, noble undertaking. It affords me Mr. M. T. Johnson, and Mr. Head. great pleasure to see so great an Mr. James Ferguson, master of assemblage of Mechanics on such the Borough-School, on rising, oban occasion, as it proves the symserved." In consideration of the pathy of the meeting with those situation I hold in the Society who have promoted the Instituabout to be established, I may be tion. I conclude with expressing allowed to say, that the promoters my most fervent wishes for the of the Institution, viewing with in- prosperity of this Society.” terest the respectability of the On rising to move the twelfth Mechanics of Alnwick, consider it rule, Mr. Thomas Henry Bell oban object of the highest import served" So much has been writance to establish a Library, con- ten and said to prove the utility sisting entirely of books on scien- of these Institutions, that it may be tific subjects, for the purpose of deemed a waste of words, and an disseminating such knowledge and unnecessary consumption of your information as may be most useful time, to attempt still farther to to them in their respective profes- prove a truth of which all are consions, and which, if made a pro- vinced. If my remarks should, per use of, will, I doubt not, be therefore, appcar more rhetorical productive of incalculable benefits than reasoning, I trust I shall have to them. But, without a firm deter- your excuse. It is a most gratifymination to pursue the cultivation ing reflection, that in England, of the mind, little scientific know where Institutions are so rapidly ledge can be acquired; for nothing forming, the most enlarged idea of valuable in science can be accom- establishing associations for the plished without labour, and no- advancement of science originated. thing is denied to perseverance Lord Verulam recommended sciand application. The seeds of entific persons in different counknowledge are sown in every soil, tries to associate and communibut it is by proper culture alone cate with each other, and to give that they are cherished and brought to the world an account of their to maturity. A few years of early researches and discoveries. On and assiduous application never this suggestion the Royal Society fail to procure us the rewards of of London was formed, which was our industry; and who, that knows succeeded by the Royal Academy the pleasures and advantages that of Sciences at Paris. The spirit the sciences afford, would think of discovery and improvement exhis time misspept, or bis labours cited by these and succeeding inuseless? Riches and honours are stitutions, has proved their vast the gifts of fortune, casually be utility. By their operation uninstowed or hereditarily received, teresting speculations have been and are frequently abused by their superseded by useful inquiries,

324

ALNWICK SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION. and ingenious, but erroneous by- what I observed in the printed adpotheses have been obliged to dress, that where the niggard yield to demonstrative experiment. hand of Fortune bas denied, to inSuch expectations it would be the dividuals possessed of superior taheight of absurdity to entertain of lents, the instruction necessary for the present or any similar Institu- their development, the establishtion. The Alnwick Mechanics' So- ment of scientific institutions must ciety, and similar cotemporary so- nearly balance the misfortune.' cieties of Britain, can only be con- When young persons come forsidered as so many canals, which, ward under such circumstances, like those of the Nile, are to be they ought to be specially favourfilled up by the overflowings of the ed. They are the hopes of their great river of knowledge. Such country, and may be properly coninstitutions are only an enlarged sidered as the children of the pubplan of education, and, properly lic. But in nothing is an Instituconducted and extended, may at tion more desirable than in this: last induce jarring nations, not only Uniting men of different persuato prosess, but to act as members sions in one common object, a of one great family, and thus dif- friendly spirit will be produced, fuse the sentiment of benevolence and that repulsion, that standing wherever there are hearts to feel, aloof disposition, for which we men or hands to grasp.

of Alnwick are somewhat remark“ There are many things favour- able, will he melted down in the able to such an undertaking in general amenity. Occupied in the Alnwick, not the least of which is erection of such a beautiful fabric the moral character of that part of as this, how insignificant appear the population for whose use this all those distinctions which the Institution is chiefly intended. spirit of party fosters, and which Some of them, perhaps, when a lit- folly so often inflates to importance! tle exhilarated with their native When men have got matters of debeverage, may profess to know monstration to engage them, they all qualities ;' but, generally, they will be less prone, like the Atheare grave, grateful, and unassum- nians of old, to spend their time in ing. It certainly cannot be consi. quest of idle news;-visits for the dered any objection that this has purpose of sipping tca and smiling not had its origin with mechanics slander will probably be less frealone. I trust we have all, more quent. In the promotion of this or less reniotely, had an useful ori. object an opportunity is now af. gin. I am not a mechanic, and forded to many individuals, not to there are many individuals present pass through life like meteors better qualified to engage in such through the air, but to stamp upon an undertaking; but I consider their progress the characters of myself in some degree excusable, utility. This is certainly a day of since I had a mechanical origin. I gratulation. Often have the candraw my existence from men whose nons roared, and the bells of our hard hands gained them bread, and ancient steeple rung, on days of whose honesty gained them esteem. common rejoicing; but this is an However, the object of this meet- hour in which the deep-mouthed ing comes not in a questionable gun might with propriety announce shape ;' it bears the stamp of utili- to the hills and the dales of Alnty, and will encircle in its embrace wick-not that the noble Percy has the artist who applies his micro- deigned to visit their retirementscopic eye to the wheels of time, not that the noble Grey is posting the smith with his dusky brow, and down to the groves of Howickthe strong labourer, who, with his but that the Genius of Science has iron implements, rends the rocks, arrived amongst us, to lead, and prepares them for the chisel - Up to the Solar walk or Milky-way.' of the mason. Its utility will be Those whom their narrow fate forbade farther obvimis when we consider, to stray!

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