A Voyage of Discovery and Research in the Southern and Antarctic Regions, During the Years 1839-43, Volum 2
John Murray, 1847
Voyage of H.M.S.S. Erebus and Terror to the Antarctic Ocean, 1839-43.
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A Voyage of Discovery and Research in the Southern and Antarctic ..., Volum 1
Sir James Clark Ross
Uten tilgangsbegrensning - 1847
150 fathoms 600 fathoms Admiralty Air in Shade amongst Antarctic Antarctic Circle appearance barometer basalt beautiful bergs birds boats breeze Cape Gage Cape Horn Captain Captain Crozier Chatham Island clear cliffs Cockburn Island Commander cove crew Crozier degree depth distance east Easterly eastward England Erebus Falkland Islands fathoms favourable feet Fuegian gale greenstone ground harbour heavy height Hermite Island hundred fathoms inches Islet Kerguelen Island land latitude Lieutenant longitude magnetic dip Martin's Cove mean temperature METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL midnight miles morning natives nearly night noon northward observations observatory ocean pack edge passed petrel plants Port Louis Port William present rain remarkable rocks sail seen ships shore snow soundings Southerly southern southward species surface swell Terror thick tide tion trees Tussock Van Diemen's Land vessel weather Westerly westward whales whilst wind wood Zealand
Side 179 - The heavy rolling of the vessel, and the probability of the masts giving way each time the lower yard-arms struck against the cliffs, which were towering high above our mastheads, rendered it a service of extreme danger to loose the main-sail ; but no sooner was the order given, than the daring spirit of the British seaman manifested itself — the men ran up the rigging with as much alacrity as on any ordinary occasion; and although more than once driven off the yard, they after a short time succeeded...
Side 128 - Soon after midnight our ships were involved in an ocean of rolling fragments of ice, hard as floating rocks of granite, which were dashed against them by the waves with so much violence that their masts quivered as if they would fall at every successive blow; and the destruction of the ships seemed inevitable from the tremendous shocks they received.
Side 128 - BO much violence that their masts quivered as if they would fall at every successive blow ; and the destruction of the ships seemed inevitable from the tremendous shocks they received. By backing and filling the sails, we endeavoured to avoid collision with the larger masses, but this was not always possible ; in the early part of the storm the rudder of the Erebus was so much damaged as to be no longer of any use ; and about the same time I was informed by signal that the Terror's was completely...
Side 132 - ... understood. Each of us secured our hold, waiting the issue with resignation to the will of Him who alone could preserve us, and bring us safely through this extreme danger; watching with breathless anxiety the effect of each succeeding collision, and the vibrations of the tottering masts, expecting every moment to see them give way without our having the power to make an effort to save them.
Side 133 - ... difficult to get the spare rudder, with which we were fortunately provided, fitted so as to be useful, and could only be done, if at all, under very favourable circumstances. The other damages she had sustained were of less consequence; and it was as great a satisfaction as it has ever since been a source of astonishment to us to find that, after so many hours of constant and violent thumping, both the vessels were nearly as tight as they were before the gale.
Side 131 - Although we had been forced many miles deeper into the pack, we could not perceive that the swell had at all subsided, our ships still rolling and groaning amidst the heavy fragments of crushing bergs, over •which the ocean rolled its mountainous waves, throwing huge masses one upon another, and then again burying them deep beneath its foaming waters, dashing and grinding them together with fearful violence.
Side 133 - During the darkness of the night and the thick weather we had been carried through a chain of bergs which were seen in the morning considerably to windward, and which served to keep off the heavy pressure of the pack, so that we found the ice much more open, and I was enabled to make my way in one of our boats to the Terror, about whose condition I was most anxious, for I was aware that her damages were of a much more serious nature than those of the Erebus, notwithstanding the skilful and seamanlike...
Side 128 - We had hoped that as we drifted deeper into the pack, we should get beyond the reach of the tempest ; but in this we were mistaken. Hour passed away after hour without the least mitigation of the awful circumstances in which we were placed. Indeed, there seemed to be but little probability of our ships holding together much longer, so frequent and violent were the shocks they sustained. The loud crashing noise of the straining and working of the timbers and decks, as she was driven against some of...
Side 178 - Sometimes she rose high above us, almost exposing her keel to view, and again descended as we in our turn rose to the top of the wave, threatening to bury her beneath us, whilst the crashing of the breaking upperworks and boats increased the horror of the scene.
Side 371 - Continent was first seen, the general outline of which at once indicated its volcanic character; rising steeply from the ocean in a stupendous mountain range, peak above peak, enveloped in perpetual snow, and clustered together in countless groups resembling a vast mass of crystallisation, which, as the sun's rays were reflected on it, exhibited a scene of such unequalled magnificence and splendour as would baffle all power of language to portray or give the faintest conception of.