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of which they shall relinquish in favor of the minister plenipotentiary of the Republic.
4. The public land scrip shall, in like manner be issued in the name of the Mexican nation by the agents aforesaid, and shall be viseéd by the diplomatic agent accredited at London, the tenor of which shall be as follows : “ To all to whom these presents shall come,-Know Ye: That the Mexican nation acknowledges that the name,) or his representative, is the proprietor of (the number) of acres of land in the department of (the place) of which he shall be placed in immediate and full possession by competent authority, with the aid of the public surveyor and on the delivery of this scrip. Dated at London (the day of the year.)” No scrip shall be issued for less than four hundred acres nor for more than ten thousand. Those interested shall pay to the agents on receiving their scrip at the rate of twelve reals for every hundred acres, and of these, three reals shall belong to the minister his visa.
5. The property of the land scrip may pass from person to person by endorsement, but after taking possession of the land of which the scrip gives the right, and receiving a new title, the same cannot be transferred to another person except in virtue of a public instrument of sale.
6. It is necessary that the scrip should be presented when the same is to be redeemed by the delivery of lands at the office of the secretary of the several departmental governments, in order that he may make a list of them as presented (obtaining a book for that purpose) with the view of giving to those interested a preference in the selection of land according to the order of presentation. For the same purpose, shall be delivered to them a certificate, in which shall appear the number and place entered in the scrip, in order that it may be presented to the local authorities, and this with the aid of the surveyor of the department, will give to them possession of the land which they select, taking care, without fail, to observe the 11th article of the law of the 6th April 1830, which declares :—" in the exercise of the authority reserved to the general Congress in the 7th article of the law of the 18th August, 1824, the colonization of foreigners of adjacent countries is prohibited in those states and territories which adjoin such foreign nations; consequently, contracts which are opposed to this law shall be suspended.”
7. For the greater security of the payment of the principal and interest of the consolidated stock, the Mexican government, in the name of the nation, specially pledges one hundred millions of acres of public land in the departments of the Californias, Chihuahua, New Mexico, Sonora and Texas, as a special guarantee of said stock until the total extinction of said debts ; but if any sale shall be made of said lands so pledged, it shall be at least at the rate of four acres to the pound, and the proceeds shall be paid by the purchaser to the government agents in London, from whom alone can he receive the corresponding scrip, and they shall use the product of the sale in the redemption of the bonds of the new consolidated stock, which also may be received in payment for said lands at the price said bonds bear in market.
8. The proper period for the making the application for the change of securities treated of in article 2nd of this decree, will be from the day on which the appropriate notice is published in London by the agents of the republic till the corresponding day of the following year; when this period shall have passed no further opportunity shall be afforded for such change.
9. During said period and until the thirty-first day of December 1839, the holders of the bonds of the consolidated stock shall have the right either on receiving them from the agents or at any other time, for the purpose of extinguishing the same to take in exchange public land scrip for the amount with ten per cent. premium added to the same, at the rate as aforesaid, of four acres to the pound sterling; but if this be not done before the first of January 1810, although the same right will be at all times recog. nized of extinguishing these bonds by receiving scrip in like manner with ten per cent. premium, there shall not be granted to them more than three acres to the pound sterling
10. Finally, those foreigners who in virtue of the scrip which they hold, come to the Republic and establish themselves in their new estates, shall acquire from that moment, the title of colonists, and they and their families shall enjoy all the rights and advantages which are or may be granted by law to other naturalized foreigners and on the same conditions : but it shall not be allowed that there be held by a single person or the owner, more than a league square of five thousand varas of regadio, four of superficie temporal, and six leagues of superficie de abrevadero ; and the usufruct of the mines which are found in said lands, shall be subject to the provisions of the general mining ordinances. (Circulated on the same day by the department of the Treasury, and published by edict on the 17th May fol. lowing.)
“ Diario Del Gobierno."—(Vol. II. No. 113.)
Mexico, November 27th, 1846. Department of Interior and Foreign Relations. His excellency the general charged with the Supreme executive power, has been pleased to send me the following decree.
“ Jose Mariano de Salas, general, charged with the executive power of the Mexican United States, to the inhabitants of the Republic, Know yo:
That being authorized by the plan proclaimed in the citadel on the 4th of August last, to dictate all the measures which the security of the Republic may demand, and considering that one of the most necessary and urgent is that of promoting foreign immigration in order to people our immense lands which are at this time, the object of foreign cupidity; that for this purpose
it is indispensible to establish the board of colonization heretofore decreed, so that it may labor with zeal and industry in the rapid increase of the population, upon which great benefits will depend: that the economy of the treasury is now more than ever necessary, and requires that the aforesaid board be established in the office of industry, which junction does not in any other veiw present any inconvenience. I have thought proper to decree as follows:
1st. In conformity with the provision in the 16th Art. of the regulations issued for the execution of the law of 1st June 1839 the board of colonization is established under the immediate consent of the department of relations.
2nd. This board shall be composed, as provided in the foregoing regulations, of three persons, appointed by the Supreme government.
3rd. In order to save expense, the board of colonization shall be established in the office of industry, and shall exercise the functions and attributes thereof. In regard to colonization it shall promote the same effectually by all means possible, consulting the government with respect to those involving expenses which its funds may not meet, and endeavouring to combine the rapid increase of population with the revenue coming to the treasury from the sales it shall make of the public lands. It shall also exercise the faculties given to it by the aforesaid regulation of the 1st. June 1839, and those which shall be specified in the one it shall draw up and present for the approval of the government.
4th. The board of colonization and industry shall have the funds assigned to the board of this name in the decree of 2nd. October 1843, the 5 per 100 from the sales of lands belonging to the confederation, and the proceeds of the prohibited goods confiscated, which shall be sold, but which cannot be passed through the country by permits, but consumed in the precise place of sale ; or the 20 per 100 of the duties which these goods shall give rise to on their importation, should it be hereafter permitted.
Wherefore, I order the same to be printed, published, circulated, and carried into full effect. Palace of the general government.
JOSE MARIANO DE SALAS. To Don Jose Maria LAFRAGNA.” And I enclose it to you for your information. God and liberty— Mexico, November 27, 1846.
“ Diario del Gobierno.” (Vol. II. No. 124.)
Mexico, December 8th 1846 His Excellency the general charged with the supreme executive power, has been pleased to transmit to me the following decree :
“ José Mariano de Salas, general of brigade, charged with supreme executive power of the Mexican United States, to the inhabitants of the republic. Know Ye:
That, being constantly desirous of rendering available the benefits which the system of colonization ought to produce in the republic, and considering that the decree issued on the 27th of last month, which established the direction of the branch, will not produce all the effects which ought to be anticipated, if its powers are not at once detailed : keeping in view the project in which these are proposed, presented by the same direction which has been so diligently and efficaciously engaged in drawing up the same, from the moment of entering upon its duties, in compliance with the provisions in Art. 3 of the aforesaid decree of the 27th of last month, and whilst the congress, taking into consideration the initiative which the government has consented to make, is digesting the principal bases on which will depend the advancement of colonization; I have thought proper to decree the following
REGULATIONS: 1. In order that the direction of colonization may not suspend its labors from accidental impediments to its members, three substitutes shall be appointed, who shall be called upon in the order of their appointment, whenever any disability, or absence of any of the members shall occur.
2. In case of the absence or disability of the president, who shall always be the first named, the second shall discharge his duties, and in case of his absence or disability, the third shall do so.
3. In order to have concord in the direction, the concurrence of a majority of the members, and the joint vote of two, shall be sufficient.
4. The proprietary members and substitutes of the direction shall remain four years in the exercise of their functions.
5. The president shall have in his charge the correspondence and the whole management of the office.
6. The appointment of clerks in the office appertains to the board, with the approbation of the government: the provisions of the 11th Art. of the decree organizing the direction of Industry, of the 2nd December 1842, gure erning in regard to the perpetuity of these employments.
7. The direction of colonization shall use particular diligence in having plats drawn of the lands of the republic which may be colonized, and in col. lecting the data which are filed in the archives, in order to know whatever may be of importance for the better direction of the business relating to coloni. zation; procuring information and reports of the kind of land, of their waters, mountains, mineral and salt regions, and also of the climate and production of the said lands.
8. The same direction shall appoint competent persons who shall without any delay make surveys of the public lands which either now or hereafter
may belong to the confederation, it being understood by such public lands, those lands which are not the property of individuals, societies or corporations; and if hereafter it be thought convenient, it may appoint a surveyor general, by commission, to reside in that capital, who may revise the plats and surveys. In these duties and others, it may employ, by commission, the retiring and withdrawing clerks, and those who are in actual service.
9 These surveyors shall take an oath before the direction, or the authority whom it may entrust therewith, to faithfully execute the surveys. Those employed in carrying the chains in the said surveys, shall take an oath before the surveyors. The direction shall have power to remove these to save expense, from failure to perform their duties, and to appoint others in their stead, when vacant from illness, death or resignation.
10. The surveyors shall work and proceed in their surveys, in entire conformity with the orders they may receive from the direction.
11. The surveys shall be made by sitios, which shall be squares of six miles of 1666; Mexican varas per side, or 18,9481% acres. The lines to form the squares shall be drawn due north and south, one to each mile. Upon these lines shall be drawn others from east to west, at the same distance of one mile from each other, forming perfect squares by right angles ; so that each square shall be one mile square.
12. This division must not fail to be made in the surveys, save when phys. ical and legal obstacles prevent it—that is to say when natural obstructions, or the ownership of lands in contact do not permit; but then the surveyors shall always endearor, so far as possible, to make the surveys in squares.
13. The surveyors shall assist in person in drawing the first and last lines from north to south, and from west to east, and all those lines which on account of the surface of the land, are necessarily irregular.
14. The lines must be drawn with a straight iron rope or chain, and exactly copied or drawn in the plat which must be made. By notes on the same plat, the streams of water which may be in the land will be indicated, their courses to be drawn in the places through which they pass, and their capacity estimated. Mention shall also be made of the lakes, pools, mountains, mineral regions, salt regions and others, the climate of the locality, and the apparent character of the soil, and everything else which may give an idea of the improvements of which they may be susceptible.
15. The squares into which a sitio is divided, will be numbered on the plat, beginning with No. 1.
16. Each square of one mile square, will make a lot of 526 33, acres. The lot No. 16 shall always remain unsold, for the public uses to which the government may think proper to appropriate it.
17. The surveyors being responsible for the correctness of the surveys, will take the greatest care to execute them well, and in the variations of the compass, will state and note the true meridian.