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CALIFORNIA, TEXAS AND NEW MEXICO;

AND IN THE TERKITOKIKS ACQUIRED UNDER THE LOUISIANA AND FLORIDA
TREATIES, WHEN ANNEXED TO THE UNITED STATES.

VOLUME I.

CONTAINING A TRANSLATION OF THE MINING ORDINANCES OF NEW 8FAIN—GAMBOA'S MIN-
ING ORDINANCES—THE LAWS IN RELATION TO MIXES OF GOLD. SILVER AND
QUICKSILVER, CONTAINED IN TBE

"NOYISIMA RECOPILACION," AND THE "RECOPILACION DE LAS LNDIAS;"

AND IN THE DECREES OF THE CORTES OF SPAIN AND OF FERDINAND VII.,
ALSO OF THE LAWS AND DECREES OF MEXICO, ON THE SUBJECT
OF MINES, COLONIZATION, AND THE RIGHT OF FOREIGN-
ERS TO HOLD REAL ESTATE.

ALSO, EXTRACTS FROM PUBLIC DOCUMENTS, AND FROM THE LAWS OF CALIFOR-
NIA, IN RELATION TO MINES AND MINERAL LANDS:

TOGETHER WITH

A DIGEST OF THE COMMON LAW, ON THE SUBJECT OF

MINES AND MINING.

BY JOHN A: ROCKWELL,

COUNSELLOR AT LAW.

NEW-YORK:
JOHN S. VOORHIES, LAW BOOKSELLER AND PUBLISHER.

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the Tear Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-One,

By JOHN A. ROCKWELL,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York.

CONTENTS.

Preface. . . . .-.'. .'• ,•;",••?•,-"•;- '•- Page 7

ROYAL ORDINANCES FOR THE DIRECTION,i#REGT;VA3S»^ AND GOVERNMENT
OF THE IMPORTANT BODY OF MINERS OF NEW - SPAIN, AND OF ITS ROY-
AL TRIBUNAL GENERAL. -, ':'■ -

I.

CHAPTER!.

Of the Tribunal General of the Miners of New Spain.

Section Pwe

1. Its Title. . . . .27

2. Of the Persons to compose it . . .28

3. Of their qualifications . . . . ib.

4. Of the first administrator and director-general, and the duration of their

offices . . . . ib.

5. Of their election . . . . ib.

6. Of Mine towns having a vote at such election . .29

7. Of cities and towns having votes . . . . ib.

8. Of scrutinies—of the qualifications of persons to be elected administrators

and deputies general . . ■ . . ib.

9. Of persons to preside over and regulate the general meetings of electors 30

10. Of re-election to such offices . . . . ib.

11. Of the obligation to discharge such offices . . . ib.

12. How to proceed in case of an occasional vacancy in such offices . ib.

13. Of the duration of the offices of future administrators and directors general ib.

14. Of the factor, assessor, and secretary of the Tribunal . .31

15. Of the advisers (consultores) of the Tribunal . . . ib.

16. Statement of the concerns of the body of Miners to be laid before the

Tribunal . . . . . ib.

17. Of the permission of the viceroy . . . . ib.

18. Of fiscal and promoter of the Miners . . .32

19. Of communications to be made to the King by the Tribunal . . ib.

20. Of persons representing the Tribunal at Court . . . ib.

21. Of the minute book of the Tribunal . . . ib.

22. Of papers, orders, &c. to be preserved in the archives of the Tribunal . ib.

23. Of the inventories to be drawn up at the elections . . 33

24. Of the secretary of the Tribunal . . . ib.

25. Of the chief and second official of the Tribunal . . ib.

26. Of its messengers . . . . ib.

27. Of the table of fees to be received by persons employed in Mexico and in

the Mining Districts . . . . . ib.

28. Of the oath to be taken by persons filling the offices of the Tribunal ib.

CHAPTER II.

Of the Judges and Deputies of the Mining Districts.

1. Who to be Judges .84

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