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A B C applied base bisect bisector called centre CHAPTER chord circle circumference common condition Consequently Construct converse corresponding diagonals diameter difference direction distance divided double draw equal equidistant equivalent evident example EXERCISE extremities fall figure fixed four given point given straight line greater half height Hence inches inscribed intersect isosceles joining length less line joining locus magnitudes mark means measure meet middle points moving multiplied opposite opposite sides parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon position PROBLEM produced properties proportion propositions proved quadrilateral radius ratio rect rectangle rectangle contained regular polygon relation remainder represented respectively right angles segment sides similar square Suppose surface tangent termed Theorem third touch triangle true twice units vertical whole yards
Side 246 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.
Side 244 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, four times the rectangle contained by the whole line, and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line which is made up of the whole and that part.
Side 244 - If there be two straight lines, one of which is divided into any number of parts, the rectangle contained by the two straight lines is equal to the rectangles contained by the undivided line, and the several parts of the divided line.
Side 246 - IN a right-angled triangle, if a perpendicular be drawn from the right angle to the base, the triangles on each side of it are similar to the whole triangle, and to one another.
Side 246 - If from the vertical angle of a triangle a straight line be drawn perpendicular to the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the perpendicular and the diameter of the circle described about the triangle.
Side 245 - If the first has to the second the same ratio which the third has to the fourth...
Side 244 - To a given straight line to apply a parallelogram, which shall be equal to a given triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle.
Side 246 - Wherefore, in equal circles &c. QED PROPOSITION B. THEOREM If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line which likewise cuts the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.
Side 18 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle ; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.