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The resolution was then adopted-yeas 78, persons escaping from the service of their masters," sp

proved February 12, 1793, and the act to amend and supDays 39.

1862, June 9—Mr. Julian, of Indiana, intro- ilom.entary to the aforesaid act, approved September 18,
duced into the House a resolution instructing Mr. Holman moved that the resolution lie
the Judiciary Committee to report a bill for the upon the table, which was agreed to-yeas 81,
purpose of repealing the fugitive slave law; nays 73, as follows:
which was tabled-yeas 66, nays 51, as follows: YEAS~Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Ancona,

YEAS-Messrs. William J. Allen, Ancona, Baily, Biddle, Anderson, Baily, Augustus C. Baldwin, Jacob B. Blair, Bliss,
Francis P. Blair, Jacob B. Blair, George H. Browne, William Brooks, James S. Brown, William G. Brown, Clay, Cobb,
G. Brown, Burnham, Calvert, Casey, Clements, Cobb, Corn. Coffroth, Cox, Crarens, Creswell, Dawson, Deming, Denison,
ing, Crittenden, Delano, Diven, Granger, Grider, Haight, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, English, Finck, Ganson, Grider,
Hale, Harding, Holman, Johnson, William Kellogg, Kerri-Griswold, Hall, Harding, Harrington, Benjamin G. Harris,
gan, Knapp, Lazear, Low, Maynard, Menzies, Moorhead, Mor-Charles M. Harris, Higby, Holman, Hutchins, William John
ris, Noble, Noell, Norton, Odell, Pendleton, John S. Phelps, son, Kernan, King, Knapp, Law, Lazear, Le Blond, Long,
Timothy G. Phelps, Porter, Richardson, Robinson, James s. Mallory, Marcy, Marvin, McBride, McDowell, McKinney,
Rollins, Sargent, Segar, Sheffield, Shiel, Smilh, John B. Steele, William H. Miller, James R. Morris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble,
William G. Steele, Benjamin F. Thomas, Francis Thomas, Odell, John O'Neil, Pendleton, William H. Randall, Robin
Trimble, Vallandigham, Verree, Vibbard, Voorhees, Wads- son, Rogers, James S. Rollins, Ross, Scott, Smith, Smithers,
worth, Webster, Chilton A. While, Wicklife, Wood, Woodruff

, Stebbins, John B. Steele, Stuart, Sweat, Thomas, Voorhees Worcester, Wright66.

Wadsworth, Ward, Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. NAYS-Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Baker, Baxter, Beaman, White, Williams, Winfield, Fernando Wood, Yeaman-81 Bingham, Blake, Buffinton, Chamberlain, Colfax, Frederick Nays-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Arnold, Asbley, John A. Conkling, Davis, Dawes, Edgerton, Edwards, Eliot, Ely, D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Boyd, Franchot, Gooch, Goodwin, Hanchett, Hutchins, Julian, Kel-Brandegee, Broomall, Ambrose W. Clark, Freeman Clarke, ley, Francis W. Kellogs, Lansing, Lovejoy, McKnight, McCole, Henry Winter Davis, Dawes, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, Pherson, Mitchell, Anson P. Morrill, Pike, Pomeroy, Potter, Dumont, Eckley, Eliot, Farnsworth, Fenton, Frank, Garfield, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Riddle, Edward H. Rollins, Gooch, Grinnell, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Shellabarger, Sloan, Spaulding, Stevens, Train, Trowbridge, John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, Jenckes, Julian, Francis W Van Horn, Van Valkenburgh, Wall, Wallace, Washburne, Kellogg, Orlando Kellogg, Loan, Longyear, Lovejoy, MoAlbert S. White, Windom—51.

Clurg, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Amos Same day-Mr. Colfax, of Indiana, offered terson, Pike, Pomeroy, Price, Alexander H. Rice, John H.

Myers, Leonard Myers, Norton, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Patthis resolution :

Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Schenck, Scofield, Shandon, Resolver, That the Committee on the Judiciary be in. William B. Washburn, Whaley, Wilder, Wilson, Windou,

Spalding, Thayer, Van Valkenburgh, Ellihu B. Washburne, structed to report a bill modifying the fugitive slave law so

Woodbridge 73. as to require a jury trial in all cases where the person claimed denies under oath that he is a slave, and also re 1864, June 6—Mr. HUBBARD, of Connecticut, quiring any claimant under such act to prove that he has offered this resolution : been loyal to the Government during the present rebellion.

Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be in Which was agreed to-yeas 77, Days 43, as structed to report to this House a bill for the repeal of all follows:

acts and parts of acts which provide for the rendition of YEAS—Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Arnold, Ashley, Babbitt, Ba- fugitive slaves, and that they have leave to make such reker, Baxter, Beaman, Bingham, Francis P. Blair, Blake, Buf- port at any time. finton, Burnham, Chamberlain, Colfax, Frederick A. Čonk Which went over under the rule. May 30, be ling, Davis, Dawes, Delano, Diven, Edgerton, Edwards, Eliot, had made an ineffectual effort to offer it, Mr. Ely, Franchot, Gooch, Goodwin, Granger, Gurley, Haight, Hale, Hanchett, Hutchins, Julian, Kelley, Francis W. Keld Holman objecting. logg, William Kellogg, Lansing, Loomis, Lovejoy, Low, Mcknight, McPherson, Mitchell, Anson P. Morrill, Justin

REPEALING BILLS. 8. Morrill, Nixon, Timothy G. Phelps, Pike, Pomeroy, Porter, Potter, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Riddle, Edward

1864, April 19–The Senate considered the bill
H. Rollins, Sargent, Shanks, Sheffield, Shellabarger, Sloan, to repeal all acts for the rendition of fugitives
spaulding, Stevens, Stratton, Benjamin F. Thomas, Train, from service or labor. The bill was taken up-
Trimble, Trowbridge, Van Valkenburgh, Verree, Wall, Wal-
lace, Washburno, Albert S. White, Wilson, Windom, Wor-yeas 26, nays 10.
cester-77.

Mr. Sherman moved to amend by inserting
NAYS—Messrs. William J. Allen, Ancona, Baily, Biddle, these words at the end of the bill :
Jacob B. Blair, William G. Brown, Calvert, Casey, Clements,
Cobb, Corning, Crillenden, Fouke, Grider, Harding, Hol Except the act approved February 12, 1793, entitled "AD
man, Johnson, Knapp, Maynard, Menzies, Noble, Noell, Nor- act respecting fugitives from justice, and persons escaping
ton, Pendleton, John S. Phelps, Richardson, Robinson, James from the service of their masters.”
S. Rollins, Segar, Shiel, Smith, John B. Steele, William G. Which was agreed to-yeas 24, nays 17, as
Steele, Francis Thomas, Vallandigham, Vibbard, Voorhees,
Wadsworth, Webster, Chilton A. White, Wickliffe, Wood,

follows: Wright-43.

YEAS—Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Collamer, Cowan, Deris,

Dixon, Doolittle, Foster, Harris, Henderson, Hendricks Third Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress.

Howe, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, McDougall, Nesmit

Powell, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sherman, Ten Eyck, Trumbull,
IN SENATE.

Van Winkle, Willey-24.

Nays-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Clark, Conness, Fesses 1863, February 1l-Mr. Ten Eyck, from the den, Grimes, Hale, Howard, Lano of Kansas, Morgan, Yar Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was re- rill, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sprague, Sumner, Wilkinson, Wilferred a bill, introduced by Senator Howe, in

son-17. second session, December 26, 1861, to repeal the

Mr. SAUL8BURY moved to add these sections: fugitive slave act of 1850, reported it back United States shall be arrested, or imprisoned, or held to

And be it further enacted, That no white inhabitant of the without amendment, and with a recommenda- answer for a capital or otherwiso infamous crime, except in tion that it do not pass.

cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia
when in actual service in time of war or public danger,

without due process of law.
First Session, Thirty-Eighth Congress. And be it further enacted, That no person engaged in the
IN HOUSE.

executive, legislative, or judicial departments of the Gor

ernment of the United States, or holding any office or trust 1863, Dec. 14—Mr. Julian, of Indiana, of- recognized in the Constitution of the United States, and no fered this resolution:

person in military or naval service of the United Stater,

shall, without due process of law, arrest or imprison any Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be in- white inhabitant of the United States who is not, or bas pot structed to report a bill for the repeal of the third and fourth been, or shall not at the time of such arrest or imprieonsections of the "act respecting fugitives from justice and ment be, engaged in levying war against the United States,

lows:

or in adhering to the enemies of the United States, giving Which was rejected-yeas 9, nays 29, as folthem aid and

comfort, nor aid, abet, procuro, or advise the game, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or pub YEAS—Messrs. Buckaler, Carlile, Cowan, Davis, Mo. lic danger. And any person as aforesaid so arresting, or Dougall, Powell, Richardson, Riddle, Saulsbury-9. imprisoning, or holding, as aforesaid, as in this and the sec NAYS--Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Con. ond section of this act mentioned, or aiding, abetting, or ness, Dixon, Foot, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, Harris, Hicks, procuring, or advising the same, shall be deemed guilty of Howard, Howe, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, felony, and, upon conviction thereof in any court of compe- Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sprague, Sumner, Ten tent jurisdiction, shall be imprisoned for a term of not less Eyck, Trumbull, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey—29. than one nor more than five years, shall pay a fine of not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000, and shall be forever Mr Johnson, of Maryland, moved an amendincapable of holding any office or public trust under the ment to substitute a clause repealing the act of Governmet of the United Sates.

1850; which was rejected-yeas 17, nays 22, as Mr. Hale moved to strike out the word follows: if wbite" wherever it occurs; which was agreed YEA8-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Cowan, Davis, Harris, to.

Hicks, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, McDougall, Powell, RichThe amendment of Mr. Saulsbury, as amend- ardson; Riddle, Saulsbury, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Van

Winkle, Willey-17. ed, was then disagreed to-yeas 9, nays 27, as Nays-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Con. follows:

Dess, Dixon, Fessenden, Foot, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, How. Yzas_Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Cowan, Davis, Hen- ard, Howe, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy,

Ramsey, Sprague, Sumner, Wade, Wilson-22, dricks, McDougall, Powell, Riddle, Saulsbury-9.

Nays-Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Collamer, Connese, Doo The bill then passed-yeas 27, nays 12, as little, Fessenden, Fuster, Grimes, Hale, Harris, Howard, follows: Howe, Lone of Indians, Lade of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Sumper, Ten Eyck, YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, ConTrumbull, Van Winkle, Wilkinson, Willey, Wilsou-27. ness, Dixon, Fessenden, Foot, Grimes, Hale, Ilarlan, Harris,

Hicks, Howard, Howe, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Mr. Conness moved to table the bill; which Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sprague, Sumner, Ten was disagreed to-yeas 9, (Messrs. Buckalew, Eyck, Trumbull

, Wade, Wilson—27. Carlile, Conness, Davis, Hendricks, Nesmith, McDougal, Powell, Richardson, 'Riddle, Saulsbury, Van

Nays-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Cowan, Davis, Johnson, Powell , Riddle, Saulsbury,) nays 31.

Winkle, Willey-12. It was not again acted upon. 1894, June 13—The House passed this bill, June 28, 1864.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President, approved it, introduced by Mr. SPALDING, of Ohio, and reported form the Committee on the Judiciary by Mr. Morris, of New York, as follows:

ESCAPE OF FUGITIVE SLAVES, FROM 1850 to 1860. Be it enacted, &c., That sections three and four of an act The census report shows that notwithstandentitled “ An act respecting fagitives from justice and per. ing all the controversies upon the subject of February 12, 1793, and an act entitled “ An act to amend, the fugitive slave law and its enforcement, and supplementary to, the act entitled 'An act respecting from 1850 down to 1860, there were less per fagitives from justice, and persons escaping from their cent. escapes of fugitive slaves than at any masters,' passed February 12, 1793," passed September 18, former period of the Government. 1850, be, and the same are hereby, repealed.

The report

states : Yeas 86, nays 60, as follows:

“The number of slaves who escaped from their masters YLAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Arnold, Ashley, in 1860 is not only much less in proportion than in 1850, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, Blair, Blow, but greatly reduced numerically. The greatest increase of Boutwell, Boyd, Brandegno, Broomall, Ambrose W. Clark, escapes appears to have occurred in Mississippi, Missouri, Freeman Clarke, Cobb, Colo, Creswell, Henry Winter Davis, and Virginia, while the decrease is most marked in DelaThomas T. Davis, Dawes, Dixon, Donnelly, Drigge, Eckley, ware, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, and Tennessee. Eliot, Farnsworth, Fenton, Frank, Garfield, Gooch, Gris “That the complaint of insecurity to slave property by wold, Higby, Hooper, Ilotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, John the escapo of this class of persons into the free States, and H. Hubbard, Hulburd, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, their recovery impeded, whereby its value has been lessFrancis W. Kellogg, 0. Kellogg, Littlejohn, Loan, Longyear, ened, is the result of misapprehension, is evident not only Marvin, McCiurg, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, from the small number who have been lost to their owners, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amor Myers, Leonard Myers, Nor- but from the fact that up to the present time the number of ton, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Perham, Piko, Price, escapes has been gradually diminishing to such an extent Alexander II. Rice, John H. Rice, Scheuck, Scofield, Shan: that tho wholo annual loss to the southern States from this non, Sloan, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Thayer, Thomas, cause bears less proportion to the amount of capital inTracy, Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Webster, Whaley, Wil- volved than the daily variations which in ordinary times liams, Wilder, Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge-86.

occur in the fluctuations of State or Government securities NATB-Meests. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Ancona, in the city of New York alone. Augustus C. Baldwin, Bliss, Brooks, James S. Broren, " From the tables annexed it appears that while there Chanier, Coffroth, Cor, Cravens, Dawson, Denison, Eden, escaped from their masters 1,011 slaves in 1850, or 1 in each Edgerton, Eldridge, English, Finck, Ganson, Grider, Hard 3,165 held in bondage, (being about one thirtieth of one ing, Harrington, Charles M. Harris, Herrick, Holman, per cent.) during the census year ending June 1, 1860, out Hutchins, Kalbficisch, Kernan, King, Knapp, Law, Lazear, of 3,949,557 slaves, there escaped only 803, being 1 to about Le Borud, Mallory, Marcy, McDowell, Mckinney, Wm. H. 5,000, or at the rate of one fiftieth of one per cent. Miller, James R. Morris, Morrison, Odell, Pendleton, Pruyn, Radford, Robinson, Jas. S. Rollins, Ross, Smithers, John B. Šteele, Wm, G. Stoele, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, THE NEW ARTICLE OF WAR–MARCH 13, 1862. Wadsworth, Ward, Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, Fernando Wood-60.

Second Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. June 22—This bill was taken up in the Sen

IN HOUSE. ate, when Mr. SAULSBURY moved this substitute:

Art. 102. All officers or persons in the military or naval

service of the United States are prohibited from employing That no person held to service or labor in one State, un any of the forces under their respective commands for tho der the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conso purpose of returning fugitives from service or labor who quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged may have escaped from any persons to whom such service from soch service or labor, but shall be delivered up on or labor is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be found guilty by a court-martial of violating this article shall due; and Congress shall pass all necessary and proper laws be dismissed from the service. for the rendition of all such persons who shall so, as afore Sec. 2. That this act sball take effect from and after its said, escape.

passage.

1862, February 25—The article passed the Francis P. Blair, Samuel 8. Blair, Blake, Buffinton, Camp House--yeas 95, nays 51, as follows:

bell, Chamberlain, Ambrose W. Clark, Colfax, Frederick A.

Conkling, Roscoe Conkling, Conway, Corode, Cutler, Davis,
Yeas-Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Arnold, Ashley, Babbitt, Dawes, Delano, Diven, Duell, Dunn, Edgerton, Edwards,
Baker, Baxter, Beaman, Bingham, Francis P. Blair, Samuel Eliot, Ely, Fessenden, Franchot, Frank, Gooch, Grad-
8. Blair, Blake, Buffinton, Campbell, Chamberlain, Clark, ger, Gurley, Hale, Hickman, Hutchins, Julian, Kelley,
Colfax, Frederick A. Conkling, Roscoe Conkling, Conway, Francis W. Kellogg, Killinger, Lansing, Loomis, Lovejoy,
Covode, Cutler, Davis, Dawes, Diven, Duell, Edgerton, Ed McKean, McPherson, Mitchell, Moorhead, Anison P. Morrill,
wards, Eliot, Ely, Fessenden, Franchot, Frank, Gooch, Good- Justin S. Morrill, Olin, Patton, Pike, Pomeroy, Porter, Pot-
win, Granger, Gurley, Hale, Hanchett, Harrison, Hickman, ter, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Riddle, Elward I.
Hooper, Hutchins, Julian, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Rollins, Sedgwick, Shanks, Shellabarger, Sherman, Sloan,
William Kellogg, Lansing, Loomis, Lovejoy, McKnight, Spaulding, Stevens, Stratton, Benjamin F. Thomas, Thayer,
McPherson, Mitchell, Moorhead, Anson P. Morrill, Justin Train, Trimble, Trowbridgo, Vandevor, Van Horn, Tan
8. Morrill, Nixon, Olin, Patton, Timothy G. Phelps, Pike, Valkenburgh, Van Wyck, Verree, Wall, Wallace, Charles
Pomeroy, Porter, Potter, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, W. Walton, E. P. Walton, Washburne, Wheeler, Albert R.
Riddle, Edward H. Rollins, Sargent, Sedgwick, Shanks, White, Windom, Worcester-92.
Sheffield, Shellabarger, Sherman, Sloan, Spaulding, Stevens, Nays-Messrs. Allen, Ancona, Joseph Baŭy, Burnett, Cala
Stratton, Benjamin F. Thomas, Train,

Trimble, Trowbridge, vert, Carlile, Cobb, Cooper, Cox, Cravens, Crisfeld, Crittenden,
Van Horn, Van Valkenburgh, Van Wyck, Wall, Wallace, | Dunlap, English, Fisher, Foike, Grider, taight, Hanting,
Charles W. Walton, E. P. Walton, Washburno, Wheeler, Holman, Horton, Jackson, Johnson, William Kellogg, Law,
Albert S. White, Wilson, Windom, Worcester-95. Lazear, Logan, McClernand, Mallory, Menzies, Morris,

NaY8-Messrs. Ancona, Joseph Baily, Biddle, Jacob B. Nixon, Noble, Noell, Nugen, Odell, George H. Pendidon,
Blair, Calvert, Clements, Cobb, Corning, Cox, Cravens, Cris. Richardson, Robinson, Sheffield, Smith, Jolin B. Stack, Wn.
field, Crittenden, Dunlap, English, Grider, Hall, Harding, G. Sicele, Francis Thomas, Upton, Vallandigham, Wads
Holman, Johnson, Knapp, Law, Lazear, Leary, Lehman, worth, Ward, Webster, Whaley, Chilton A. White, Wicklus,

Mallory, May, Maynard, Menzies, Morris, Noell, Norlon, Wood, Woodruff, Wright255.
Nugen, Pendletom, Perry, Price, Robinson, James S. Rollins,
Shiel, Smith, John B. Steele, William G. Steele, Francis Thomas, Dec. 20-Mr. SHANKS offered this resolution,
Vallandigham, Vibbard, Voorhees, Ward, Webster, Wickliffe, which was referred, Dec. 23, to the Committee
Wood, Woodruff, Wright-51.

on the Judiciary:
IN SENATE.

Resolved, that the constitutional power to return fuga

tive slaves to their masters rests solely with the civil deMarch 10–The article was considered.

partments of the Government; and that the order of the Mr. Davis, of Kentucky, moved to amend by Secretary of War, under date of December 6, 1861, to Get inserting after the word "due" the words “and eral Wool, for the delivery of a slave to Mr. Jesenp, of

Maryland, as well as all other military orders for the return also from detaining, harboring, or concealing of slaves, are assumptions of the military power over the any such fugitives ;” which was disagreed to civil law and the rights of the slave. yeas 10, pays 29, as follows:

Second Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. YEAS--Mesars. Bayard, Carlile, Davis, Henderson, La 1861, December 23–Mr. Wilsox, of Iowa, tham, McDougall, Powell, Rice, Saulsbury, Wilson of Mis- offered this resolution : souri-10. NAYS-Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Chandler, Clark, Col

Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be in lamer, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, structed to report to this House a bill for the enactment of Grimes, Hale, 'Harlan, Harris, Howard, Ilowe, King, Land an additional article of war for the government of the army, of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Morrill, Pomeroy, Sherman, whereby the others in the military service of the United Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilson of Massachu- States shall be prohibited from using any portion of the setts, Wright-29.

forces under their respective commands for the purpose of

returning fugitives from service or labor; and providing for Mr. SAULSBURY moved to exempt from the the punishment of such officers as may violate said article operation of the article, Delaware, Maryland, by dismissal from the service. Missouri, and Kentucky, and elsewhere where Which Mr. NoelL moved to lay on the table; the Federal authority is recognized or can be lost-yeas 33, nays 70. The yeas were: enforced ; which was lost-yeas 7, (Bayard, YEAS -- Messrs. Joseph Baily, Biddle, Jacob B. Blair, Carlile, Latham, McDougall, Powell, Saulsbury, George H. Browne, Calvert, Cobb, Cravins, Dunlap, Duns, Wilson of Missouri,) nays 30.

Fouke, Grider, Haight, Harding, K’napr, Lan, Leary,

Logan, Maynard, Menzies, Noble, Norll, Norton, Nuger,
Mr. SaulSBURY moved to add after the word odel, Perry, Robinson, Shiel, Smith, John B. Stale, Francia
"due” the words “ or for the purpose of entic- Thomas, Upton, Vallandigham, Webster_33.
ing or decoying any person held to service or The resolution was then adopted.
labor from the service of their loyal masters;"
which was lost-yeas 10, Days 29, (same as ON EMPLOYMENT OF SLAVES IN DOCK-YARDS, ETC.
above.)

Second Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress.
The article then passed-yeas 29, nays 9.
The affirmative vote was the same as above,

IN SENATE.
except that Mr. Cowan did not vote, and Mr. 1862, June 14-Mr. Wilson, of Massachu-
McDougall voted aye. The negative vote was: setts, offered this additional section to the
Messrs. Bayard, Carlile, Davis, Henderson, Latham,

naval appropriation bill: Powell, Rice, Saulsbury, Wilson of Missouri-9.

That persons held to service or labor, commonly called

slaves, shall not be employed in any capacity whatever in The following action had previously been any navy-yard, dock-yard, arsenal, magazine, fort, or in the taken in the House :

Which was agreed to in Committee of the First Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress.

Whole. 1861, July 9-Mr. Lovejoy offered the fol.

June 16—It was rejected in open Senate lowing resolution :

yeas 17, Days 18, as follows: Resolved, That, in the jodgment of this House, it is no

YEAs--Messrs. Clark, Collamer, Dixon, Foot, Grimes, part of the duty of the soldiers of the United States to cap. Hale, Harlan, King, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Mor ture and return fugitive slaves.

rill, Pomeroy, Sumner, Trumbull, Wilmot, Wilson of Mas Which was agreed to-yeas 92, nays 55, as sachusetts, Wright17. follows:

NAY8—Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Chandler, David,

Doolittle, Fessenden, Foster, Henderson, Howard, love YEAS-Messrg. Aldrich, Alley, Arnold, Ashley, Babbitt, Latham, McDougall, Powell, Saulsbury, Stark, Ten Eyck, Goldemith F. Bailey, Baker, Baxter, Bearnan, Bingham, Willey, Wilson of Missouri—18.

1

RECOGNITION OF HAYTI AND LIBERIA.

IN HOUSE. Sooond session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. May 26—It passed-yeas 121, nays 9.

The bill to authorize the President to appoint (Messrs. Calvert, Dunlap, Harding, Johnson, diplomatic representatives to the republics of Kerrigan, Norton, Shiel, Vallandigham, Voor. Hayti and Liberia, respectively, each represent

hees.) ative to be accredited as commissioner and consul general, and to receive the pay of commis- TO REMOVE DISQUALIFICATION OF COLOR IN CARsioners, that at Liberia not to exceed $4,000

RYING THE MAILS. per annum

Second Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. 1862, April 24–Passed the Senate-yeas 32,

IN SENATE. Days 7, as follows:

1862, April 11—The Senate considered a bill Y£43—Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, “to remove all disqualification of color in Grimes, Hale, Henderson, Howard, Howe, King, Lane of carrying the mails of the United States." It Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Latham, McDougall, Morrill, directed that after the passage of the act no Pomeroy, Sherman, Simmons, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumball, Wado, Wilkinson, Wilson of Massachusetts, '

Wright person, by reason of color, shall be disqualified

from employment in carrying the mails, and NAYS–Messrs. Bayard, Carlile, Davis, Powell, Saulsbury, all acts and parts of acts establishing such disStark, Thomson-7.

qualification, including especially the seventh Previously, an amendment like that offered section of the act of March 3, 1825,* are hereby in the House by Mr. Cox was lost-yeas 8, repealed. Days 30,

The vote in the Senate was, yeas 24, nays 11, June 3—It was taken up in the House. as follows:

Mr. Cox, of Ohio, offered an amendment pro YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Chandler, Clark, Col. viding for the appointment of a consul general lamer, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, to each, with authority to negotiate any treaties Hale, Howard, Howe, King, Lanc of Kansas, Morrill,

Pome

roy, Sherman, Simmons, Sumner, Wade, Wilkinson, and of commerce between Hayti and Liberia and Wilson of Massachusetts24. this country, and with the compensation of con- diana, Latham, Nesmith, Powell, slark, Willoy, Wilson of

NAYS-Messrs. Davis, Henderson, Kennedy, Lane of Insuls general; which was lost-yeas 40, nays Missouri, Wright-11. 82.

* The section referred to is in theso words: The bill then passed-yeas 86, nays 37, as

That no other than a free white person shall be employed follows:

in conveying the mail, and any contractor who shall emYE48--Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Ashley, Babbitt, Baker, ploy or permit any other than a free white person to conBaxter, Beaman, Bingham, Francis P. Blair, Blake, Buffin

vey the mail shall, for every such offencē, incur a penalty ton, Casey, Chamberlain, Clark, Clements, Colfax, Frederick

of twenty dollarg. A. Conkling, Roscoe Conkling, Covode, Davis, Dawes, De- March 2, without a division. The suggestion of this meas

The act of 1825 passed the Senate March 1, and the Honee lano, Duell, Dunn, Edgerton, Ely, Fessenden, Fisher, Frank, Gooch, Goodwin, Granger, Gurley, Hale, Hickman, Hooper, are appears to have been first male in 1802 by Gideon Horton, Ilutchins, Julian, Kolley, William Kellogg, LanGranger, Postmaster General under President Jefferson, sing, Lehman, Loomis, Lovejoy, Low, McKnight, McPher in the following lutter: 800, Maynard, Mitchell, Moorhead, Anson P. Morrill, Justin

GENERAL Post OFFICE, March 23, 1802. S. Morrill, Nixon, Timothy G. Phelps, Pikc, Pomeroy, Por

SIR: An objection exists against employing negroes, or ter, Alexander II. Rice, John H. Rice, Riddle, Edward 11. people of color, in transporting the public mails, of a paRolling, Sargent, Sedgwick, Shanks, Sheffield, Shellabarcer, ture too delicate to ingraft into a report which may become Sloan, Spaulding, Stovens, Stratton, Benjamin F. Thomas, public, yet too important to bo omitted or passed over withFrancis Thomas, Train, Trimble, Trowbridge, Van Horn, ing to the committee, through you, a private ropresenta

out full consideration. I therefore take the liberty of makVan Valkenburgh, Verree, Wallace, Walton, Washburne, 1 tion on that subject. 'After the scenes which St. Domingo Albert S. White, Wilson, Windon, Worcester-86.

Nars-Messrs. W. J. Allen, Ancona, Baily, Biddle, Jacob has exhibited to the world, we cannot be too cautious in atDunlap, Grider, Harding, Holman, Knapp, Law, Larcar, parts of them, so great a proportion of blacks as to hazard B. Blair, George H. Browne, Calvert, Cobb, Corning, Cor, tempting to prevent similar evils in the four southern States, Mallory, May, Mensis, Noll

, Norton, Nugen, John S. Phelps the tranquillity and happiness of the free citizens. Indeed, Price, Bogar, Smith, John B. Steele, William G. Steele, Stiles, in Virginia and South Carolina (as I have been informed) Vibbard, voorhees, Wadsworth, Ward, Webster, Wicklifle, plans and conspiracies bave already been concerted by Wright-37.

them, more than onco, to rise in arms, and subjugate their

masters, ROBERT SMALL.

Everything which tends to increase their knowledge of

natural rights, of men and things, or that affords thern an Second session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. opportunity of associating, acquiring, and communicating

sentiments, and of establishing a chain or line of intelliIN SENATE.

gence, must increase your hazard, because it increases their

means of eflecting thoir object. May 19–Mr. Grimes brought in a bill for The most active and intelligent are employed as postthe relief of Robert Small, which passed with riders. These are the most ready to learn, and the most out a division.

able to execute. By traveling from day to day, and hourly

mixing with people, they must, they will acquire informaIt authorizes the Secretary of the Navy to canse the steam tion. They will learn that a man's rights do not depend on transport boat Planter, recently in the rebel service in the his color. They will, in time, become teachers to their brethharbor of Charleston, and all the arms, munitions, tackle, re. They become acquainted with each other on the line. and other property on board of her at the time of her de- Whenever the body, or a portion of them, wish to act, they livery to the Federal authorities, to be appraised by a board are an organized corps, circulating our intelligence openly, of competent officers, and, when the value shall bo thus ag their own privately. certained, to cause an equitable apportionment of one half Their traveling creates no suspicion, excites no alarm. of each value, so ascertained, to be made between Robert One able man among them, perceiving the value of this maSmall and his associates who'ilssisted in rescuing her from chine, might lay a plan which would be communicated by the enemies of the Government. The Secretary of the your post-riders from town to town, and produce a general Navy may, if he deems it expedient, cause the sum of money and united operation against you. It is easier to prevent allotted to each individual under this bill to be invested in the evil than to cure it. The hazard may be small and the United States securities for his benefit, the interest to be prospect remote, but it does not follow that at some day the paid to him or to his heirs annually until such time as the event would not be certain. Secretary of the Navy may deem it expedient to pay to him With respect and esteem, GIDEON GRANGER. or his heirs the principal sum.

Hon. JAMES JACKSON, Senator from Georgia.

ed

IN HOUSE

in the description of those authorized to vote. May 21—It was considered in the House and which was lost by the casting vote of the

Mr. Holman moved that the report be tabled; laid on the table-yeas 83, nays 43, as follows:

Speaker-yeas 66, nays 66. YEAS—Messrs. Allen, Ancona, Babbitt, Baily, Biddle, Francis P. Blair, Jacob B. Blair, William G. Brown, Calvert, Casey, 54, nays 85, as follows:

Upon agreeing to the report the yeas were Clements, Colfax, Roscoe Conkling, Corning, Cox, Crarens, Crisfield, Crillenden, Diven, Dunlap, Dunn, Ely, English, YEAS—Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Ashley, Franchot, Granger, Grider, Haight, Hale, Hall, Hanchett, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, Boyd, Ambrose Harding, Harrison, Holman, Horton, Johnson, Kelley, Wil

W. Clark, Cole, Dawes, Driggs, Dumont, Eckley, Furns. liam Kellogg, Kerrigan, Killinger, Law, Lazear, Leary, worth, Frank, Garfield, Gooch, Higby, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Lerman, McKnight, McPherson, Mallory, Maynard, Men- John H. Hubbard, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Orlando Kel zies, Nixon, Noell

, Nugen, Odell, Patton, Pendleton, Perry, logg, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McClurg, McIndoe, Merrill, John S. Phelps, Timothy G. Phelps, Porter, Price, Richard Danica Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Charles O'Neill, son, Robinson, Sargent, Shiel, Smith, William G. Steele, Strat- Patterson, Perham, Pike, Price, Alexander H. Rice, John ton, Francis Thomas, Trowbridge, Van Valkenburgh, Verree, H. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Shannon, Sloan, Stevens, CpVibbard, Voorhees, Wadswo-th, Wall, Ward, Webster,

son, Van Valkenburgh, William B. Washburn, Williams, Whaley, Albert S. White, Chilton A. White, Wickliffe, Wood-Windom, Woodbridge-54. ruff, Worcester-83.

NAYS--Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Barly, NAYS-Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Beaman, Bingham, Samuel Augustus C. Baldwin, Francis P. Blair, Bliss, Brooks. James 8. Blair, Blake, Buflinton, Chamberlain, Frederick A. Conk

S. Brown, Chanler, Clay, Cofroth, Cox, Cravens, Creswell, ling, Cutler, Davis, Dawes, Delano, Duell, Edgerton, Ed- Henry Winter Davis, Dawson, Deming, Denison, Eden, El. wards, Eliot, Fenton, Fessenden, Frank, Gooch, Goodwin, ridge, Finck, Ganson, Grider, Hall, Harding, Benjamin G. Hooper, Hutchins, Julian, Lansing, Loomis, Pike, Pomeroy, Horris, Herrick, Holman, Asahel 'w. Hubbard, Hutchins, Potter, Alexander H. Rice, Riddle, Edward H. Rollins, William Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kasson, Francis W. Kellogg, Sedgwick, Shefield, Sloan, Spaulding, Benjamin F. Thomas, Kernan, Knapp, Law, Lazcar, Long, Mallory, Marcy, Mo Train, Van Horn, Wallace, Charles W. Walton, E. P. Walton, Bride, Mc Dowell, McKinney, William H. Miller, Jums R. Wilson, Windom-13.

Morris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Odell, Orth, Pendleton,

Pomeroy, Pruyn, Rodford, Samuel J, Randall, William H. First Session, Thirty-Eighth Congress.

Randall, Robinson, Rogers, James S. Rollins, Ross, Scheuck,

Scott, Smith, Smithers, Subbins, John B. Steele, William G. 1864, February 26--The Senate considered Steele, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Thayer, Thomas, Tracy, Poor the bill-the question being on agreeing to a ques, Ellihu B. Washburne, Webster, Whaley, Wheeler, Cruznew section proposed by the Committee on Post Wood, Yeaman~$5.

ton A. White, Joseph W. White, Wilson, Winfield, Fernando Offices and Post Roads-as follows:

On a motion to adhere to its amendments, Sec. 2. That in the courts of the United States there shall and ask another Committee of Conference, Mr. be no exclusion of any witness on account of color.

WEBSTER moved instructions : Mr. Powell moved to amend by inserting

And that said committee be instructed to agree to Do after the word “States " the words: “in all report that authorizes any other than free white male citicases for robbing or violating the mails of the zens, and those who have declared their intention to be United States."

come such, to vote. No further progress was made on the bill. Which was agreed to-yeas 75, nays 67, as

follows: NEGRO SUFFRAGE IN MONTANA TERRITORY. YEAS-Messrs. James C. Allen, Wm. J. Allen, Baily, Au

gustus C. Baldwin, Francis P. Blair, Bliss, Brooks, James 1864, March 18—The House passed, without S. Brown, Wm. G. Brown, Chanter, Clay, Coffroh, Coz a division, a bill in the usual form, to provide Cravens, Creswell, Henry Winter Davis, Dawson, Denisor, a temporary government for the Territory of Eden, Eldridge, Finck, Ganson, Crider, Hal, "Harding,

Benjamin G. Harris, Herrick, Holman, Hutchins, William Montana.

Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, Knap, Law, Lazear, Long, March 31--The Senate considered it, when Mallory, Marcy, MeBride, McDowell

, Mc Kinney, Wm. H. Mr. WILKINSON moved to strike from the second Miller, James R. Morris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Odell, line of the fifth section, (defining the qualifica- Robinson, Rogers, 'James S. Rollins, Ross, Soott, Smith,

Pendleton, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Wm. H. Randall tions of voters,) the words - white male in- Smithers, Stebbins, John B. Stecle, Wm. G. Sterle, Streuse, habitant” and insert the words: “male citizen Stuart, Sweat, Thomas, Tracy, Voorhees, Webster, Whaley. of the United States, and those who have de. WherlorChillon A. White, Joseph W. White, Winfeld, For:

nando Wood, Yeaman-75. clared their intention to become such ;” which Nays-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Ashley,

John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, Boutwen, Boyd, was agreed to-yeas 22, nays 17, as follows:

Proomall, Ambrose W. Clark, Cobb, Cole, Dawes, Deming, YEA8_Messrs. Brown, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Con- Driggs, Dumont, Farnsworth, Frank, Gooch, Grindell, Hig ness, Dixon, Fessendon, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, by, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asabel W. Hubbard, John H.'Hub Harris, Iloward, Howe, Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy, Sumner, bard, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Orlando Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson--22.

Kellogg, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McClurg, McIndoe, Nays-Messra, Buckalew, Carlile, Cowan, Daris, Harding, Samuel F. Miller, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Leonard Myers, Henderson, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, Vesimith, Powell, Norton, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Perham, Pika Riddle, Soulsbury, Sherman, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Van Pomeroy, Price, Alexander II. Rice, John II. Rice, Edward Winkle, Willey-17.

II. Rollins, Schenck, Shannon, Sloan, Stevens, Thayer, The bill was then passed-yeas 29, nays 8, Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Enihu B. Washburne, William

B. Washburn, Williams, Wilder, Wilson, Windoin, Wood(Messrs. Buckalew, Davis, Johnson, Powell, Rid.

bridg dle, Saulsbury, Van Winkle, Willey.)

April 15—The Senate declined the conference April 15--The Senate adopted the report of the Committee of Conference on the Montana upon the terms proposed by the House resolu

tion of that day. bill, which recommended the Senate to recede

April 18–The House proposed a further free from their second amendment, and the House conference, to which, April 25, the Senate to agree to the first and third amendments of the acceded. Senate, (including the above.)

May 17-In Senate, Mr. MORRILL submitted a April 15—Mr. BEAMAN presented the report report from the Conference Committee who reof the Committee of Conference on the Montana commend that qualified voters shall be: bill, a feature of which was that the House should recede from its disagreement to the Sen. declared their intention to become such, and who are other

All citizens of the United States, and those who have ate amendment striking out the word "white" wise described and qualified under the fifth soction of the

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