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the Delegates were self-elected, and held over the first Missouri~ John B. Clark, Robert L. Y. Peyton. Congress. Mr. Hyer is reported to have

taken the oath North Carolina_George Davis, William T. Dortch. of allegiance to the Government of the United States. South Carolina-Robert W. Barnwell, James L. Orr. North Carolina—These Delegates were elected by the Con Tennesseek Landon C. Haynes, Gustavus A. IIenry.

vention, June 18, 1861. Mr. Ruffin afterwards became Virginia - Robert M. T. Hunter, William Ballard Presion. a cavalry colonel, and died in the spring of 1864, a Texas-Louis T. Wigfall, William S. Oldham. prisoner in Alexandria, Va., of wounds received in battle.

MEMORANDUM. Soruth Carolina-Mr. Memminger became Secretary of the

Treasury, February 21, 1861. Mr. Keitt died in Rich Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as “ Permanent" President mond, June 2, 1861, of wounds received May 31 in bat of the “Confederate" States, February 22, 1862, in Richtle, colonel of the 20th South Carolina regiment. Mr. mond. Chesnut served as aid to Beauregard at the bombard-On the first day of the session, Vice President Stephens prement of Sumter; and Mr. Miles as an aid at the battlo

siding, Robert M. T. Hunter, of Virginia, was elected of Bull Run.

President pro tempore ; James H. Nash, of South CaroTennessee-Admitted, at second session, in May, 1861; mem lina, Secretary; and James Page, of North Carolina, bers took their seats at the third session.

Doorkeeper. Texas-Admitted, at first session, March 2, 1861. Mr. Rea- Alabama-Mr.Yancey died, and Robert Jemison was elected,

gan resigned to become Postmaster General, March 6, August 22, 1863, to the vacancy. 1861. Mr. Wigfall was appointed a brigadier general, | Arkansas-Mr. Mitchel had been elected, shortly before October 29, 1801, but did not yield his seat in the "Pro secession, to the United States Senaté for six years, visional" or the “Permanent" Congress. Mr. Hemp from March 4, 1861. hill died January 4, 1862.

Georgia--Mr. Toombs having accepted a brigadier's comVirginia-Admitted, at socond session, May 7, 1861, when

mission did not take his seat, and he was succeeded, Messrs. Brockenbrough and Staples took their sents;

March, 1862, by Dr. John W. Lewis, appointed by Gov. the others were sworn at the third session, at Rich

ernor Brown, and, December, 1862, by Herschel V. Johnmond, July 20, 1861. Mr. Hunter became Secretary of

son, elected by the Legislature. State, July 30, and resigned. Mr. Mason resigned in Mississippi-Mr. Brown, when elected, was captain of a the fall of 1861 to go to England, and November 19 the

company in the 17th Mississippi volunteers. Mr. WalState Convention elected Alexander R. Boteler to suc

ter Brooke was at first announced elected over Mr. ceed him.

Phelan, but the latter appeared and was qualified at

the first session.

North Carolina-Mr. Davis, when he resigned to become The “Permanent” Administration.

Attorney General, was succeeded by William A. GraFROM FEBRUARY 19, 1862.

ham. President-Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi.

Tennessee Mr. Henry, early in 1862, was A. A. G. on GenVice President, Alexander II. Stephens, of Georgia.

eral Pillow's staff.

Virginia-Mr. Preston was succeeded, January 28, 1863, by
THE CABINET.

Allen T. Caperton.
CONFIRMED, MARCH 23, 1862.

REPRESENTATIVES.
Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin, of Louisiana.
Secretary of the Treasury-Charles G. Memminger, of South Speaker--Thomas S. Bocock, of Virginia.

Carolina; resigned, in June, 1864, and succeeded by Alabama-Thomas J. Foster, William R. Smith, John P.
George A. Trenholm, of South Carolina.

Ralls, Jabez L. M. Curry, Francis S. Lyon, William P. Secretary of War-George W. Randolph, of Virginia;

re

Chilton, David Clopton, James L. Pugh, Edward S. signed, and succeeded by James A. Seddon, of Vir Dargan--9. ginia.

Arkansas*_Felix I. Batson, Grandison D. Royston, Augus. Secretary of the Navy-Stephen R. Mallory, of Florida.

tus II. Garland, Thomas B. Hanley_4. Attorney General-Thomas II. Watts, of Alabama; resigned Florida, James B. Dawkins, Robert B. Hilton-2. on election as Governor of Alabama, in November, 1863, Georgia-Julien Hartridge, C. J. Munnerlyn,

Hines Holt, and succeeded by George Davis, of North Carolina.

Augustus H. Kenan, Daniel W. Lewis, William W. Postmaster General John H. Reagan, of Texas.

Clark, Robert P. Trippe, Lucius J. Gartrell, Hardy MEMORANDUM.

Strickland, Augustus R. Wright-10.

Kentucky t-Willis B. Machen, John W. Crockett, Henry Mr. Randolph was appointed a colonel of Virginia troops

E. Read, George W. Ewing, James S. Chrisman, Theoby Governor Letcher, in the fall of 1861; tendered his

dore L. Burnett, H. W. Bruce, G. B. Hodges, Ely M. resignation but withdrew it, and in November of that

Bruce, James W. Moore, Robert J. Breckinridge, Jr., year appointed a brigadier general, and assigned to the John M. Elliott-12. command of the district between Suffolk, in Nanse Louisiana-Charles J. Villere, Charles M. Conrad, Duncan mond, and Weldon, on the Roanoke; he was a candi

F. Kenner, Lucius J. Dupre, Henry Marshall, John date for Congress in November, 1861, but withdrew on

Perkins, Jr.-6. the morning of the election.

Mississippi*_J. W. Clapp, Reuben Davis, Israel Welsh, Mr. Memminger was born in Wirtemberg, Germany, January 7, 1803; was brought to this country when nine

* See memorandum at the end of the list. years old; was early loft an orphan; adopted by Governor Thomas Bennett, and educated in South Carolina

† Members sworn August 18, 1862. The Provisional Lo college, graduating in 1820; began the practice of law gislature of Kentucky thus districted the State: in 1825; in 1832-33 he was against nullification; for First District-Fulton, Hickman, McCracken, Graves, Calnearly twenty years he was at the head of the Finance

loway, Marshall, Livingston, Lyon, Caldwell, Trigg, Committee of the lower house of the Legislature of Ballard. South Carolina, retiring in 1852; he filled other State Second District-Union, Webster, Hopkins, Christian, Todd, offices.

Henderson, Daviess, Muhlenburgh, Crittenden.
Third Districi - Hancock, Ohio, Grayson, Breckinridge,

Meade, Hardin, Larue, Butler, Hart.
THE FIRST CONGRESS.

Fourth District-Logan, Simpson, Allen, Monroe, Barren,
FEBRUARY, 1862, TO FEBRUARY, 1864.

Edmondson, Warren, Metcalfe. It held four sessions :

Fifth District Cumberland, Clinton, Wayne, Pulaski,

Casey, Lincoln, Taylor, Green, Adair, Russell. The first from February 18 to April 21, 1862.

Sixth District-Spencer, Bullitt, Nelson, Washington, Man The second from August 12 to October 13, 1862.

rion, Mercer, Boyle, Garrard, Anderson. The third from January 12, 1863, to May, 1863. Seventh District-Jefferson, Shelby, Oldham. The fourth from December 7, 1863, to February 18, 1864. Eighth District-Henry, Trimble, Carroll, Boone, Gallatin, SENATORS.

Grant, Kenton, Campbell.

Ninth District-Pendleton, Bracken, Nicholas, Harrison, Alabama - William L. Yancey, Clement C. Clay, Jr.

Bourbon, Fleming, Mason. Arkansas*_ Robert W. Johnson, Charles B. Mitchel.

Tenth District-Bath, Lewis, Greenup, Boyd, Carter, LawFlorida-James M. Baker, Augustus E. Marwell. Georgia. Benjamin H. Hill, Robert Toombs.

rence, Montgomery, Powell, Morgan, Rowan, Wolfe,

Estill, Magoffin. Kentucky-Henry C. Burnett, William E. Simms.

Eleventh District-Franklin, Woodford, Jessamine, Fayette, Louisiana--Edward Sparrow, Thomas J. Semmes.

Madison, Clarke, Owen, Scott. Mississippi - Albert G. Brown, James Phelan.

Twelfth District-Rockcastle, Knox, Harlan, Laurel, Whit

ley, Clay, Perry, Owsloy, Letcher, Broathitt, Floyd, * See memorandum at the end of the list.

Pike, Johnson, Jackson.

Henry C. Chambers, Otho R. Singleton, Ethelbert Barks- | Missouri, Waldo P. Johnson, in place of Mr. Peyton dale, John J. McRae-7.

REPRESENTATIVES. Missouri-Thomas A. Harris, Casper W. Bell, A. H.Conrow,

George G. Vest, Thomas W. Freeman, William H. Cook' Speaker-Thomas S. Bocock, of Virginia. -6.

Alabama-Thomas J. Foster, William R. Smith, William North Carolina-W. N. H. Smith, Robert R. Bridgers, son R. W. Cobb,f Marcus H. Cruicksbank, Prints &

Owen R. Kenan, Thomas D. McDowell, A. II. Arrington, Lyon, William P. Chilton,* David Clopim, James L J. B. McLean, Thomas S. Ashe, William Lander, Bur Puigh, J. S. Dickinson. gese S. Gaither, A. J. Davidson-10.

Arkansas-Felix I. Batron,* Rufus K. Garland, Augustus South Carolina. -John McQueen, William Porcher Miles, H. Garland,* Thomas B. Ilanley.*

Milledge L. Bonham, William D. Simpson, James Far Florida-St. George Rogers, Robert B. Hilton." row, William W. Boyce-6.

Georgia-Julion Hurtridge,* William E. Smith, Mark II Tennessee&_Josepb B. Heiskell, William G. Swan, William Blanford, Clifford Anderson, J. T. Showmaka, J. IL

B. Tibbs, E. L. Gardenhire, Henry S. Foote, Meredith P. Echols, James M. Smith, Goorge N. Lester, H. P. Bell, Gentry, George W. Jones, Thomas Monces, John D. C. Warren Aiken.

Atkins, John V. Wright, David M. Currin-11. Kentucky-Willis B. Machen,* George W. Triplett, Henry Tezas John A. Wilcox, Clark C. Horbert, Pater W. Gray, E. Raad, *George W. Ewing.* James S. Chrisman, The B. F. Sexton, Malcolm D. Graham, William B. Wright dore L. Burnott,* H. W. Bruce, Humphrey Marshall

Ely M. Bruce," James W. Moore,* Benjamin F. Bradley, Virginia Muscoe R. H. Garnett, John R. Chambliss, James John M. EUiott.*

Lyons, Roger A. Pryor, Thomas S. Docock, John Goodo, Louisiana-Charles J. Viller4,* Charles M. Conrad.* Duncan
Jr., James P. Holcombe, D. C. De Jarnette, William F. Kenner,* Lucius J. Dupre,® B. L. Hodge, John Per
Smith, Alexander R. Boteler, John B. Baldwin, Waller kins, Jr.*
R. Staples, Walter Preston, Albert G. Jenkins, Robert Mississippi - - John A. Orr, William D. Holdor,* IT!
Johnson, Charles W. Russell-16.

Welsh, Honry C. Chambers,* Olho R. Singleton, Ethel October 9, 1862, at the second session, Elias C. Boudinot was bert Barksdale, J. T. Lumpkin. admitted a Delegate from the Cherokee nation.

Missouri, (suppos.d)-Thomas L. Snead, N. L. Norton,

Thomas II. Price, A. H. Conrow, G. G. Vest, Thomas MEMORANDUM.

W. Freeman,* R. A. Hatcher. Emmet Dixon, of Georgia, was elected Clerk of the House, North Carolina-William N. H. Smith, Robert R. Bridgens, and R. II. Wynn, of Alabama, Doorkeeper.

J. T. Leach, Thomas C. Fuller, Josiah Turner, JCkR A. Arkansas- Mr. Garland's seat was contested by Jilson P.

Gilmer, James M. Leach, J. G. Ramsay, Burgess & Johnson.

Gaither,* Goorge W. Logan. Keniucky-Mr. Hodges was not sworn until August 16, South Carolina-James M. Witherspoon, William Porcha 1862.

Mile8,* Lewis M. Ayer,* William D. Simpson,* James Mississippi-Mr. Davis resigned, and was succeeded by Tennesste-Joseph B. Heiskell.* William G. Swan. 48

Farrow, William W. Bryce. William D. Holder. South Carolina - Mr. Bonham was elected Governor in Colyer, John P. Murray, Henry &. Foole, E. A. Keeble, January, 1863, and was succeeded by Lewis M. Ayer.

James McCollum, Thomas Menees,* Jolm D. C. Allan, Tennesser—Mr. Currin died during the Congress, aftor his

John V. Wright,* one vacancy. election to the second Congress.

Texas-C.C. Lerbert,* A. M. Branch, B. F. Sexton, A. R Texas-Mr. Wilcox died during the Congress, after his elec

Baylor, S. H. Morgan, one vacancy. tion to the second Congress.

Virginia-Robert L. Moutague, R. Š. Whitfield, William Virginia-Mr. Garnett dierl, January 12, 1864. Mr. Pryor C. Wickham, T. S. Gholson, Thomas S. Bork.* John

was appointed a brigarlier general in the fall of 1862, Goode, Jr.,* William C. Rires, Daniel C. De Jarn, and was succeeded by Charles F. Collier. Mr. Smith

David Funsten, * F. W. M. Holladay, John B. Baldwin accepted a colonel's commission, was succeeded by

Waller R. Staples,* Fayette McMullen, Samuel A. MilDavid Funsten, and was elected Governor in 1863. ler,* Robert Johnson, Charles W. Russell.* Mr. Baldwin was appointed a colonel of Virginia troops Those marked thus * were members of the last Congress in the fall of 1861, by Governor Letcher. Mr. Jenkins was appointed brigadier general, and resigned in June †1864, May 3-Mr. Chilton offered this resolution, which or July, 1862; was succeeded by Samuel A. Miller; and was adopted-yeas 60, nays 6: died in the summer of 1864, in Southwestern Virginia, Whereas, the report is in circulation and has found ite of wounds received in battle.

way into the public prints impugning the loyalty of the

Hon. Williamson R. W. Cobb, member clect of this IIcese THE SECOND CONGRESS.

from the State of Alabama, and tending to show that he is

in complicity with and giving aid and comfort to the De FEBRUARY 19, 1864, to FEBRUARY 18, 1866.

mies of the Confederate States, and therefore unfit to be a The first session closed June 15; next session in November. representative of a loyal constituency: Therefore, SENATORS.

Resolved, That a committee of five members be appointed The following are the changes from the first by the Speaker to inquire into such reports, and to collect

and report upon the testimony bearing upon the loyalty a Congress :

disloyalty of said member, and report the same to this Alabama-Richard Wilde Walker, in place of Clement c. House, with such recommendation as to its further actin

in the premises as to said committeo shall seem proper;

and that Mr. Cobb be notified by the committee, if practs Mississippi–J. W. C. Watson, in place of James Phelan.

cable, of the sitting of the committee, and that suid coon

mittoo have power to send for persons and papers. * Soe memorandum at the end of the list.

Mr. Cobb has since come within our lines.

Clay, Jr.

NATIONAL POLITICAL CONVENTIONS.

Union National Convention. lion of course came war, a terriblo civil war, which hat

continued up to the period when it becomes necessary un This body met at 12 o'clock, noon, on Tues- der our Constitution to prepare for another Presidential day, June 7, at Baitimore, in accordance with election; and it is for this highly responsible purpose that the call of the National Executive Committee: you aro to-lay assembled. It is not my duty nor my pur

pose to indicate any general plan of action for this convenThe undersigned, who by original appointment, or subse" tion, and yet I trust I may be permitted to say, that, in qnent designation to fill vacancies, constitute the Executivo view of the dread realities of the past, and of what is passCommittee created by the National Convention held at Chi- ing at this moment, the fact that the bones of our soldiers cago on the 16th day of May, 1860, do hereby call upon all are bleaching in every State of this Union, and with a qualified voters who desiro the unconditional maintenance knowledge of the further fact that this has all been caused of the Union, the supremacy of the Constitution, and the by slavery, the party of which you, gentlemen, are the honcomplete suppression of the existing rebellion, with the ored representatives, will fall short of accomplishing its cause thereof, by vigorous war, and all apt and efficient great mission unless, among its other resolves, it shall de means, to sent delegates to a convention to assemblo at clare for such amendment of the Constitution as will posiBaltimore on Tuesday, the 7th day of June, 1864, at 12 tively prohibit African slavery in tho United States. [Most o'clock, noon, for the purpose of presenting candidates for

enthusiastic and prolonged applause, the whole assembly the offices of President and Vice President of the United rising to its feet and cheering lustily, the ladies waving States. Each State having a representation in Congress their handkerchiefs, and the men thoir hats and canes.] will be entitled to as many delegates as shall be equal to Order being restored, Senator Morgan proceeded. twice the number of electors to which such State is entitled On behalf of the National Committee, I now propose for in the Electoral College of the United States.

temporary president of the convention, Robert J. Breckin-
EDWIN D. MORGAN, New York, Chairman. "ridge, of Kentucky. [Loud applause.]
CHARLES J. GILMAN, Maino.
E. II. ROLLINS, New Ilampshire.

On being introduced, Dr. Breckinridge, who
L. BRAINERD, Vermont.

was most enthusiastically received, said:
J. Z. GOODRICH, Massachusetts.

GENTLEMEN OF THE CONVENTION : You cannot be more sen-
THOMAS G. TURNER, Rhode Island.
GIDEON WELLES, Connecticut.

sible than I am, that the part which I have to perform here DENNING DUER, New Jersey.

to-day is merely a matter of form; and, acting upon the EDWARD MCPILERSON, Pennsylvania.

principle of my whole life, when the suggestion was made N. B. SMITIERS, Delaware.

to me from various quarters that it was in the mind of J. F. WAGNER, Maryland.

many members of the convention to confer this distinction THIOMAS SPOONER, Ohio.

upon me, I honestly declined to accept of it, because I have H. S. LANE, Indiana.

never sought honors. I have never sought distinction ; I SAMUEL L. CASEY, Kentucky.

have been a working man and nothing else. But two conE. PECK, Illinois.

siderations led me to change my mind. Ono was personal HERBERT M. IIOXIE, Iowa.

to a class of men in the country, far too small for the good AUSTIN BLAIR, Michigan.

of the country—those men who, merely by their example, CARL SCHURZ, Wisconsin.

by their pens, and by their voice, try to do good, and all W. D. WASHBURN, Minnesota.

the more in perilous times, without regard to the rewards CORNELIUS COLE, California.

that may come. It was good to make such men understand WM. A. PHILLIPS, Kansas.

by the distinction conferred upon one of the humblest of 0. II. IRISHI, Nebraska.

their class, that they were men that the country would JOS. GERHARDT, District of Columbia.

cherish and who would not be forgotten. [Applause.) The WASHINGTOx, February 22, 1864.

other motive related to yourselves and to the country at

large ; and it is good for you—it is good for every nation, The Convention was called to order by the every State, and every party—to cherish all generous imChairman of the Executive Committee, Senator pulses, to follow all noble instincts; and there are none

more generous and none more noble than to purge yourMorgan, of New York, who said:

selves of all self-seekers and betrayers, and to confer your MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION: It is a little more than favors, if it be only in the mere form, upon those who are eight years since it was resolved to form a national party, worthy to be trusted, and ask nothing more. (Applause.) to be conducted upon the principles and policy which had Now according to my convictions of propriety, baving been established and maintained by those illustrious states- said this, I should say nothing more. (Cries of "go on."] men-George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. A con But it has been intimated to me from many quarters, and vention was held in Philadelphia under the shade of the in a way which I cannot disregard, that I should disaptrees that surround the Hall of Independence, and our point the wishes of my friends, and perhaps the just expeccandidates, Mosse. Fremont and Dayton, were there nomi- tations of tho Convention, if I did not as briefly, and yet nated, who were to espouse our cause and maintain it; but as precisely as I could, say somewhat upon the great the State of Pennsylvania gave its electoral vote to James matters which have brought us here. Thereforo, in a very Buchanan, and the election in 1956 was lost. Nothing few words, and as plainly as I can, I will endeavor to draw daunted by defeat, it was immediately determined to fight your attention to one and another of these great matters in upon this line-(applause)-not only all summer, but four which we are all engaged. summers and four winters; and, in 1860, the party banner In the first place, nothing can be more plain than the was again unfurled with the names of Abraham Lincoln fact that yon aro hero as the representatives of a great na (enthusiastic applause) and Hannibal Hamlin (renewed | tion-voluntary representatives chosen without forms of applause) inscribed thereon. This time it was successful. law, but as really representing the feelings, the principles, [Applause.] But with success camo rebellion; with rebels and if you choose, the prejudices of the American people,

as if it were written in laws and already passed by votes war, except upon a denial of the fundamental principles of for the man that you will nominato here for the Presidency all free guvernments--that the major part must rule; and of the United States, and ruler of a great people in a great thire is no other method of carrying on wciety, txip that cricis, is just as certain I enppose to become that ruler is the will of th:majority shall be the will ofth witor anything under heaven is certain before it is clone. Pro- that the will of the minority shall be the will of that to bila. lonyal cheering.) And, noreover, you will allow me to So that, in one woril, to deny the principles I har tid to say, though perhaps it is hardly strictly proper that I state is to make a dogmatic alion that the o!' forin should-but as far is I know your opinions I suppose it is of government that is possible with frie 1 lituriy adl just as certain now before you utter it whose namo you will acknowledged by God is it pure and absolut *** 31. utier, and which will be responded to from one end to the The principles thereforo which I ar roing to ta- by other of this nation, as it will be after it has been uttereil you aro principles which, if they ba not true, La 19 and recorded by your scoretary. Does any man doubt that imposibile, and no government wit ops of puritrea this Convention intends to say that Abraham Lincoln shall exist or onzht to enlure anong m). But that his be the nominee? (Great applause.) What I wish, how I wishe I to carry out, as the ready for thestnuH* ever, to call your attention to is the grandeur of the inis sorrows, is this: Dreuiul as they are, this fearful truth sion upou which you are met, and therefore the dignity and runs through the whole history of inankini, that shat vis bolemnity, earnestness and conscientiousness with which, el may bo done to give stability to authority, water representing one of the greatest and certainly one of the else may be done to give perpetuiiy to institutionsfirst people of the world, you ought to discharge these ever wine, however glorious, prouticalle, and just was the duties. [Applause.]

the philosophy of it-it has been found that the oul D Now, besides the nomination of President and Vice Press during, the only imperishablecement of all free institut on, ident, in regard to which second office I will say nothing, has been the blood of truitors. No Gorernuebt has because I know there is more or less difference of opinjou been built upon imperishable foundations which fourda. among you; but besides these nominations, you have other tions were not laid in the blood of truitors. It is a fearful most solemn duties to perform. You have to organizo this truth, but we had as well avow it at once, and every lick party thoroughly throughout the United States. You have you strike, and every rebel you kill, every battle yon win, to put it in whatever form your wisdom will suggest that dreadful as it is to do it, you are adding, it may be, in par will unite all your wisdom, energy, and determination to it may be ten years—it may be a century-ii may iw ten gain the victory which I have already said was in our centuries to the life of the Government and the freedom of power. More than that, you have to lay down with clear your children. [Great applause.) ness and precision the principles on which you intend to Now, passing over that idea-passing over many other carry out this great political contest and prosecute the war things which it would be right for me to say, vid the time which is underneath them, and the glory of the country servo and were this the occasion, let me ad-you are a which lies before us if we succeed. Plainiy-not in a dou. Union party. [Applause.) Your origin has been referred to ble sense-briefly-pot in a treatise-with the dignity and as having occurred eight years ayo. In one sense it is true. precision of a great people to utter, by its representatives, But you are far older than that. I see before me not only the political principles by which they intend to live, and primitive Republicans and primitive Abolitionists, but I see for the sake of which they are willing to die. So that all also primitive Democrats and primitive Whirs-primitive men everywhere may understand precisely what we mean, Americans, and, if you will allow me to say 50, I myrell and lay that surrow so deeply and clearly ihat while every am here, who all my life have bren in a party to my em. man who is worthy to associate with freemen may see it (Laughter and applause.) As a Union party I will Oliver and pass over it, every man who is unworthy may be either you to the ends of the earth and to the gates of death. unable to pass it or may be driven far from us. We want (Applause.) But as an Abolition party—as a Republican Done but those who are like us to be with us. [Applause.) party—as a Whig party--as a Democratic party--as an

Now, among these principles, if you will allow me to say American party, I will not follow you one foot. (Applause.] it, the first and most distinct is, that we do not intend to

But it is true of the mass of the American people, bowever permit this nation to be destroyed. [Applause.) We are a you may divide and scatter while this war lasts, while the nation-no doubt a peculiar one a nation formed of States, country is in peril, while you call yourselves as you do in and no nation except as these States form it. And these the call of the Convention, the Union party-you are for States are no States except as they are States in that nation. the preservation of the Union and the destruction of this They had no more right to repudiate the nation than the rebellion, root and branch. And in my judgment, one of nation has to repudiate them. None of them had even the the greatest errors that has been committed by our asinis. shadow of a right to do this, and God helping us, we will

istration of the Federal Government, the Chief of which se vindicate that truth so that it shall never be disputed any

are about to nominate for another term of office_one of more in this world. [Applause.] It is a fearful alternative the errors has been to believe that we have succeeded wbera that is set before us, but there are great compensations for we have not succeeded, and to act in a manner which is it. Those of you who have alluded to this subject know, or precisely as if wo had succeeded, You will not, you cannot, ought to know, that from the foundation of the present succeed until you have utterly broken up the military Government, before and since our present Constitution was power of these people. [Applause.) formed, there have always been parties that had no faith in I will not detain you upon these incidental points, one of our Government. The men that formed it were doubtful which has been made prominent in the remarks of the ex. of its success, and the men that opposed its formation did cellent Chairman of the National Committee. I do not not desire its success. And I am bold to say, without detain know that I would be willing to go so far as probably ho ing you on this subject, that with all the outcry about our would. But I cordially agree with him in this, I think, violations of the Constitution, this present living genera- considering what has been done about slavery, taking the tion and this present Union party aro more thoroughly thing as it now stands, overlooking altogether, either in devoted to that Constitution than any generation that has

the way of condemnation or in the way of approval, any ever lived under it. (Applause.) While I say that, and act that has brought us to the point where we are, but le Bolemnly beliove it, and believe it is capable of the strongest lieving in my conscience and with all my heart, that what proof, I may also add that it is a great error which is being has brought us where we are in the matter of slavery, is propagated in our land, to say that our national life depends the original sin and folly of treason and secession, because merely upon the sustaining of that Constitution. Our you remember that the Chicago Convention itself was tinfathers made it, and we love it. We intend to maintain derstood to say, and I believe it virtually did explicitly it. But if it suits us to change it we can do so. (Applause.] say, that they would not touch slavery in the States. Lear. And when it suits us to change it we will change it. (Ap- ing it therefore altogether out of the question how we came plause.) If it were torn into ten thousand pieces the where we are, on that particular point, we are prepared to nation would be as much a nation as it was before the go further than the original Republicans themselves were Constitution was made a nation always that declared its prepared to go. Wo are prepare to demand not only that independence as a united people, and lived as a united people the whole territory of tho Unitod States shall not be mado until now-a nation independent of all particular institu- slave, but that the General Government of the American tions under which they lived, and capable of modelling peoplo shall do one of two things--and it appears to me them precisely as their interests require. Wo ought to that there is nothing elso that can be done either to tiso have it distinctly understood by friends and enemies that the whole power of the Government, both the war power while wo love that instrument we will maintain it, and and the peace power, to put slavery as nearly as possible will, with undoubted certainty, put to death friend or foe back where it was---for, although that would be a fearful who undertakes to trample it under foot; yet, beyond a state of society, it is better than anarchy; or else to use doubt, we will reserve the right to alter it to suit ourselves the whole power of the Government, both of war and peace, from time to time and from generation to generation. (Ap and all tho practical power that tho people of the United plause.) One more idea on that subject. We have incor States will give them to exterminate and extinguish slar. porated in that instrument the right of revolution, which ery. [Prolonged applause.) gives us, without a doubt, the right to change it. It never I have no hesitation in saying for myself that if i were existed before the American States, and by the right to a pro-slavery man, if I believed this institution was an op change there is no need of rebellion, insurrection, or civil dinance of God, and was given to man, I would unhesitat

ingly join those who demand that the Government should consecratod; the patriotic harmony that has marked our be put back where it was. But I am not a pro-slavery man- assembling and will characterize all our proceedings, and I dever was; I unite myself with those who believe it is presenting that harmony which will display itself in the contrary to the brightest interests of all men and of all unanimous nomination for the Presidency of the United governments, contrary to the spirit of the Christian religion, States of the wise and good man whose unselfish devotion and incompatible with the natural rights of man. I join to the country, in the administration of the Government, myself with thoso who say away with it forever; [applause;] has secured to him not only the admiration, but the warmand I servently pray God that the day may come when est affection of every friend of constitutional liberty? (Apthroughout the whole land every man may be as froe as you plause.). are, and is capable of enjoying regulated liberty. [Pro I need not remind you of the very grave responsibilities longed applause.)

that devolvo upon yon as members of this convention. The I will not detain you any longor. Ono single word you loyal people of the country have authorized and expect you will allow me to say in behalf of the State from which I to renew on their part the pledge of their faith to support come, one of the smallost of the thousands of Israel. We the Government, in the most vigorous prosecution of the know very well that our eleven votes are of no consequence war, to the complete suppression of the rebellion, regardin the Presidential election. Wo know very well that in less of the time or the resources required to that end, and our present unhappy condition, it is by no means certain they equally expect and call upon you to declare the cause that we are hero today representing the party that will cast and the support of the rebellion to be slavery, which, as the majority of the votes in that unhappy State. I know well for its treasonable offences against the Government as very well that the sentiments which I am uttering will for its incompatibility with the rights of humanity and the causo me great odium in the State in which I was born, permanent peace of the country, must, with tho terminawhich I love, where the bones of two generations of my an tion of the war, and as much speedier as possible, be made cestors and some of my children are, and where very soon to cease forever in every State and Territory of the Union. Isball lay my own. I know very well that my colleagues But I must not refer to other subjects of interest that will will incur odium if they indorse what I say, and they, too, challenge your attention. know it. But we have put our faces toward the way in Let me repeat my thanks for your expressions of confiwhich we intend to go, and we will go in it to the end. If dence in me in having selected me to preside over your de we are to perish, we will perish in that way. All I have to liberations. [Applause.] say to you is, help us if you can; if you cannot, believe in your hearts that we have died like men.

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. Rev. J. McKendree Reilly, of the Methodist Mr. PRESTON King, of New York, submitted Episcopal church, offered a prayer, when those the report of the majority committee; which States which are represented.in Congress were was substantially as follows: called for lists of delegates.

1st. That the delegations from the States of Maine, New At the evening session of Tuesday the perma Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Vermont, Rhodo nent organization was made, with Hon. Wil- Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, LIAM DENNISON, of Ohio, as President. On taking nosota, Oregon, California, Kansas, and West Virginia were the chair, he said :

all regular, and are admitted to seats with all the rights

and privileges of members, except one district of PennsylI thank you for the honor you have conferred upon me, vania, which had elected four instead of two members. The and while I will bring to the discharge of the duties of the committee admit the two who received the largest number chair little experience in parliamentary rules, it will be my of votes as delegates, and the other two as alternates. pleasure, as my duty, to spare no effort in contributing, to 20. That there being two delegations from the State of the extent of my ability, to the facilitating of the business Missouri, claiming seats, the committee recommend that of the Convention, and securing such results from your de- those styling themselves the Union Radical Delegation bo liberations as will meet the loyal expectations of the coun awarded the seats. [Applause and cheering.) try.

31. That tho delegates from Virginia, Tennessee, LouisWe moet here as representatives of the true friends of theiana, and Arkansas be admitted to all the privileges of the Government and of impartial liberty-of that large portion floor, except that of voting. of the people who gratefully appreciate the unmatched 4th. That the delegations from the Territories and the blessings which flow from our institutions well administered, District of Columbia be admitted to seats and all the priviand reject any form of human enslavement, not in punish- leges except that of voting. ment of crime, as no less incompatible with the rights of 5th. That the persons presenting themselves as delegates humanity than with the genius and the peaceful workings from the State of South Carolina are not entitled to the of republican government. (Prolonged applause.)

rights of delegates on the floor. In no sense do we meet as members or representatives of either of the old political parties which bound the people, or Mr. W. E. STEVENSON, of Virginia, and Mr. as tho champions of any principle or doctrine peculiar to HIRAM SMITH, of Oregon, made a minority rethe outbreak of the rebellion has, from necessity, taken port, and recommended that the delegates from from the issues of these parties their practical significance, the States of Virginia, Louisiana, Arkansas, and compelled the formation of substantially new political Kansas, Tennessee, and Florida, and from all organizations; hence the origiu of tho Union party—if party the Territories, be admitted, with the right to it can be called-of which this Convention is for the purpose of its assembling the accredited representatives, and vote. the only test of membership in which is an unreserved, un Mr. A. H. INSLEY, of Kansas, made a report conditional loyalty to the Government and the Union. Let me congratulate you upon the favorable auspices

arguing that, especially in the cases of the Terof your meeting. While the deepest anxiety is felt by ritories of Nebraska, Colorado, and Nerada, the all patriotic meo as to the result

of the war unjustifia- delegates be admitted with the right to vote. bly forced upon the Government by the bad, ambitious men and their deceived followers in the rebellious States,

That part of the report of the majority relaand the country is filled with distress and mourning over ting to the uncontested seats was then adopted. the loss of so many of our brave inen who have fallen in

Mr. King, of New York, offered a substitute battle, or died in hospitals from wounds received in defence of the constitutional authorities of the Government, we covering three points in report of the majority: yet have, in what has been accomplished towards the sup

1st. He proposed to admit both of the Missouri delegapression of the rebellion and tho extinguishment of its cause--in the heroic decds of our noble armies and gallant the state is entitled; where thoy disagree, the vote of the

tions, and that where they agree they cast the vote to which navy--in the renewal of the patriotism of the country that

State shall not be cast. almost seemed to be paralyzed under the influence of our

2d. proposed to give all the delegates admitted all national prosperity-in the unprecedented generosity of the

the rights and privileges of delegates, withont exception; people, awakened by the wants of the Government and

but that the District of Columbia and the Territories should the necessities of its defenders-much, very much of the highest felicitation, and for which the country is grateful to have but two yotes each, and that no State, Distriet, or

Territory should cast more votes than it has delegates presAlmighty God. [Applause.]

ent in the Convention. And may I not add to these causes of congratulation the formation of the political organization of which this Con A division of the question was called, vention is a representative, which hus so nobly sustained

When Mr. King's amendment relative to Misthe Goverument in its efforts to put down the rebellion, and to the complete accomplishment of which its energies are souri was lost; and the report of the committee,

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