found in the fort at Detroit was mounted, and every exertion was used by the officers to impress on the minds of the soldiery the necessity of strict discipline and obedience to orders.

On the 12th of July the army crossed into Canada, with the exception of a small part of one company of militia, that refused to pass the river. They encamped at Sandwich, a little below Detroit, where a proclamation was issued by general Hull. The inhabitants filed in the utmost consternation on the approach of the army, but on receiving the proclamation, many of them returned to their homes.

$5. On the 14th a company of militia and a rifle corps, under colonel M Arthur, were detached to reconnoitre the country. They penetrated to M Gregor's mills, upon the river La Tranche, or Thames, a short distance from the field of battle where the British army was captured fifteen months afterwards by general Harrison. On the 17th, they returned to camp, having collected a great quantity of provisions, and a number of blankets, besides a considerable quantity of ammunition and other military stores.

That part of Upper Canada traversed by the detachment is described by one of the volunteers that composed it as extremely fertile and beautiful. The fields of wheat and Indian corn were remarkably fine ; but as every male capable of bearing arms had been drafted for the defence of the province, vast quantities of the wheat remained ungathered.

9 6. On the 16th, another reconnoitering party of 280 men, under colonel Cass, was despatched in an opposite direction, towards Fort Malden, where the British and Indians had concentrated their forces.

Malden, or Amherstburgh, is situated near the junction of Detroit river with lake Erie, about thirteen miles south from the camp of general Hull at Sandwich. The road lies along the river, and crosses two creeks, and the river Aux Canards, the latter about four miles from Malden. Cass's detachment found the British advanced posts in possession of a bridge over the Aux Canards. After examining their position, the colonel posted a company of riflemen near the bridge, and forded the river about five miles above with the remainder of his force, with the intention of surprising the British post. For that purpose the riflemen were instructed to commence firing, in order to divert the attention of the enemy, as soon as they should perceive their companions on the opposite side of the river. Unfortunately, however, being entirely destitute of guides, the detachment marched too near the bank of the river, and found their

progress checked by a creek, which obliged them to make

r 351

CHAPTER I. --5 1. Introduction. 2. Expedition of general Hull. 3.

March through the Indian country. 4. Invasion of Canada. 5. Re-

connoitering on the Thames. 6. Attack on the British advanced posts.

7. Fall of Michillimackinac. 8. Policy Britain and America to..

wards the Indians. 9. Skirmishing. 10. American supplies inter-

cepted. 11. Battle of Maguago. 12. Canada evacuated. 13. De-

troit summoned. '14. Surrender of the army. 15. Massacre at Chi.



CHAPTER II.-S 1. Character of the American navy. 2. Cruise of

the squadron under commodore Rodgers. S. Pursuit of the Belvidera.,

4. Escape of the Constitution. 5. Capture of the Guerriere. 6. Cruise

of the Essex. 7. Rodgers' second cruise. 8. The Argus. 9. Cap-

ture of the Macedonian. 10. Capture of the Frolick and Wasp.

11. Affairs on the lakes. 12. Capture of the Caledonia and De.

troit. 13. Battle of Queenstown. 14. Smyth's abortive expedition 13

CHAPTER III.- 1. Military ardour of the western states. 2. Fort

Wayne relieved. 3. Indian expeditions. 4. March through the

wilderness to Fort Defiance. 5. Failure of Tupper's projected
expedition. 6. Expedition to the rapids of the Miami. 7. Second

expedition thither.

8. Siege of Fort Harrison. 9. Relief of that

post. 10. Expedition against the Peoria towns. 11. Destruction of

the Indian towns on the Wabash. 12. Destruction of the Indian towns

on the Mississinewa. 13. Expedition against the Florida Indians 29

CHAPTER IV.-51. The Bonne Citoyenne challenged. 2. Capture

and destruction of the Java. 3. Capture and destruction of the Peacock.

4. Cruise of the Chesapeake. 5. Captured by the Shannon. 6. Capture

of the Argus. 7. Capture of the Boxer. 8. Cruise of the President

and Congress. 9. Cruise of the Essex. 10. Loss of national vessels.

11. American privateers. 12. The Rolla. 13. The Comet. 14.

The General Armstrong. 15. The Decatur


CHAPTER V.- 1. Battle near the River Raisin. 2. Battle of French-

town. 3. Massacre of the prisoners. 4. Fort Meigs constructed.

5. Siege of Fort Meigs. 6. Skirmishing on the St. Lawrence. 7.

Capture of Ogdensburg. 8. Capture of York. 9. Capture of Fort

George. 10. Generals Chandler and Winder made prisoners. 11.
Capture of Berstler's detachment. 12. Attack on Sackett's Har-

bour. 13. Sodus burnt. 14. Second attempt on Sackett's Harbour.

15. Attack on Black Rock. 16. Siege of Lower Sandusky 67

CHAPTER VI.-S 1. Norfolk threatened by a British squadron. 2. Bom.
bardment of Lewistown. 3. Capture of the Dolphin, &c. 4. Ac-



tion between the Fox and Adeline. 5. Annapolis and Baltimore threatened. 6. Burning of the villages of Havre-de-Grace, &c. 7. Attack on Craney Island. 8. Outrages at Hampton. 9. Decatur's squadron driven into New London. 10. Attempt to blow up the Ra

milies. 11. Explosion of a torpedo CHAPTER VII.-3.1. Cruises on lake Erie. 2. Capture of the Brit

ish squadron. 3. Evacuation of Malden and Detroit. 4. Capture of the British army. 5. Moderation of the conquerors. 6. Expedition to the Peoria lake. 7. Inactivity of the army at Fort George. 8. Chauncey's cruises on lake Ontario. 9. Engagement with the Royal George under Kingston batteries. 10. Engagement with Yeo's squadron. 11. Yeo chased round the lake. 12. Chauncey's second engagement with Yeo. 13. Capture of the British transports

91 CHAPTER VIII.- 1. Movements on lake Champlain. 2. General Hampton invades Canada. 3. Wilkinson moves down the St. Lawrence. 4. Battle of Williamsburgh. 5. Hampton declines a junction. 6. The army moves into winter.quarters. 7. Evacuation of Fort George. 8. Fort Niagara taken by storm. 9. The Niagara frontier laid waste

108 CHAPTER IX.- 1. Events on the southern frontier. 2. Seizure of

Mobile. 3. War with the Creek Indians. 4. Capture of Fort Mims. 5. Battle of Tallushatches. 6. Battle of Talledega. 7. Destruction of the Hillibee towns. 8. Battle of Autossee. 9. Expedition to the Tallapoosie river. 10. Prospects of peace. 11. Retaliation. 12. Correspondence on the employment of the Indians

118 OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. American and British manifestoes American and British proclamations on the invasion of Canada

[31 American and British accounts of the capture of Michillimackinac

136 Attack on the British advanced posts at the river Aux Canards (39 American and British accounts of the surrender of the army under general Hull

(40 Evacuation of Chicago

(60 Cruize of the squadron under commodore Rodgers

(62 Escape of the Constitution

[70 Captain Hull's second cruize American and British accounts of the capture and destruction of the Guerriere

[76 Cruize of the Essex

[82 Capture of the Nautilus

[89 Cruize of commodore Rodgers

[91 American and British accounts of the capture of the Frolic and Wasp

[93 American and British accounts of the capture of the Macedonian Capture of the Caledonia and the Detroit

(99 Battle of Queenstown

[105 Affair at St. Regis

(110 Cruize of the squadron on lake Ontario

(112 Cannonading between Forts George and Niagara General Smyth's expedition

(118 Indian warfare

(122 American and British accounts of the capture and destruction of the Java





Cruize of the Chesapeake

[161 Capture and shipwreck of the Vixen

(162 Capture and destruction of the Peacock

[165 American and British accounts of the capture of the Chesapeake (169 Capture of the Fly

(173 Capture of the Dominica

(173 Capture of the Argus

(174 Capture of the Boxer

(175 Cruize of commodore Rodgers

(177 Capture of the Dart

(181 Cruize of the Essex

(182 Proceedings of the north-western army

(187 American and British accounts of the capture of York

[215 Capture of Fort George

[224 American and British accounts of the attack on Sackett's Harbour (230 American and British accounts of the capture of generals Chandler and Winder

[237 American and British accounts of the capture of the detachment under colonel Berstler

[242 Skirmishes at Fort George

[246 Siege of Lower Sandusky

(251 Operations of the blockading squadron

[257 Cruizes of commodore Chauncey on lake Ontario

(280 Capture of the British squadron on lake Erie

[ 295 Capture of the British army under general Proctor

[298 British account of the defeat of general Proctor and captain Barclay

[305 British account of a skirmish with the advanced guard of the army under general Hampton

[313 Operations of the army under general Wilkinson

(315 War with the Creek Indians

[328 American and British accounts of the capture of Fort Niagara, and the desolation of that frontier


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