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THE SWEDISH EMBASSY
IN THE YEARS 1G53 AND 1654.
IMPARTIALLY WRITTEN BY THE
AMBASSADOR BULSTRODE WHITELOCKE.
FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT
DR. CHARLES MORTON, M.D., P.S.A.,
LIBRARIAN OP THR BRITISH MUsRUM.
A NEW EDITION,
HENRY REEVE, Esq., F.S.A.
IN TWO VOLUMES.
'A wicked messenger falleth into mischief, but a faithful ambassador is health."
Peoveeen xiii. 17.
LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS.
THE SWEDISH EMBASSY
IN THE YEARS 1653 AND 1654.
March 1, 1653.
Now was the heat of Whitelocke's business, and many Whitelocke cross endeavours used to render all his labours fruit- the negotialess, and to bring his treaty to no effect. But ittlonpleased God, in whom his confidence was placed, to cany him through all his difficulties, and to give his blessing and success to this negotiation.
Whitelocke gave a visit to the Count de Montecuculi, to give him the welcome home from his journey with the Queen; who said he had commands to kiss the hand of the Prince of Sweden, and took the opportunity of accompanying her Majesty when she went to meet the Prince. He communicated nothing of the business to Whitelocke, nor did he think to inquire it of him. •
After Whitelocke returned home, the Resident of France and Woolfeldt met at his house to visit him, and staid with him three hours. They had much dis
VOL. II. B
course of France, and of the Duke of Lorraine, and of the policy of the Spaniard in entertaining that Duke in his service; by means whereof the country where the Duke's soldiers were quartered was better satisfied than with the Spanish forces, so that there was no tax levied for them, only they took free quarter, and sometimes a contribution upon the receiving of a new officer. And Woolfeldt said, that whereas all other Princes give wages to their officers and soldiers, the Duke gives no pay; but when he makes an officer, the officer pays money to the Duke for his commission; and that he knew a captain of horse who gave a thousand crowns for his commission, which the captain afterwards raised upon the country, and the Duke connived at it. He told how he was employed to treat with the Duke for the transportation of five thousand foot and three thousand horse into Ireland, to assist our King; which the Duke undertook on condition to have a hundred thousand crowns in ready money, and ships to transport his men from some haven in France, none of which could be effected. Advances After Woolfeldt went away, the French Resident France. asked Whitelocke whether France were comprised in the treaty with Holland. Whitelocke said he had no information thereof. The Resident replied, that his master would willingly entertain a good friendship and correspondence with England; and Whitelocke said, he believed England would be ready to do the like with France. The Resident said, he observed by their discourse that Whitelocke had been in France, and that the late King would have given him the command of a troop of horse in France; and he hoped that Whitelocke would retain a good opinion of that country, and be their friend. Whitelocke replied, that he was very civilly treated in France, and believed that he should have served the late King there, if, by a sudden accident or misfortune, he had not been prevented, and obliged to return for England sooner than he intended; and that he should be always ready (as he held himself engaged) to pay all respects and [service to that Crown, as far as might consist with the interest of the Commonwealth whom he served.
March 2, 1653.
Notwithstanding his great words against the Com- Senator monwealth and present treaty, yet Monsieur Schiitt plains the was pleased to afford a visit to Whitelocke, and they ^Ualioi fell (amongst many other things) upon the following discourse:—
Schiitt. My father was formerly ambassador from this Crown in England, where I was with him, which occasioned my desire to be known to you.
Whitelocke. Your father did honour to this country and to ours in that employment, and your Excellence honours me in this visit.
Sch. England is the noblest country and people that ever I saw: a more pleasant, fruitful, and healthful country, and a more gallant, stout, and rich people, are not in the world.
Wh. I perceive you have taken a true measure, both of the country and her inhabitants.
Sch. This is my judgement of it, as well as my affection to it.
Wh. Your country here is indeed more northerly,