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RULES OF POSITION, * CLASS I. RULES RESULTING FROM * THE GOVERNMENT OF WORDS.
RULE I. A verb in the infinitive mode (if it be governed) is usually placed before the word which governs it.
II. A noun in an oblique case is commonly placed before the word which governs it; whether that word be a verb, or another noun-substantive, adjective, or participle.
III. Dependent clauses, as well as single words, are placed before the principal finite verb, on which such clauses do mainly depend.
IV. The finite verb is commonly placed last in its own clause.
V. Prepositions usually precede the cases • governed by them.
CLASS II. RULES RESULTING FROM THE AGREEMENT OF WORDS.
VI. First Concord. The finite verb is usually placed after its nominative case, sometimes at the distance of many words.
VII. Second Concord. The adjective or participle is commonly placed after the substantive with which it agrees.
VIII. Third Concord. The relative is commonly placed after the antecedent with which it agrees.
IX. Third Concord. The relative is placed as near to the antecedent as possible.
X. Adverbs. Adverbs are placed before, rather than afler, the words to which they belong.
XI. Adverbs. Adverbs are in general placed immediately before the words to which they belong; no extraneous words
coming between. • . *
XII. Igitur, autem, enim, etiam, are very seldom placed first in a clause or sentence. The enclitics que, ne, ve, are never placed first.
XIII. Tamen is very often and elegantly placed after the first, second, or third word of the clause in which it stands.
XlV. Connected words should go together ; that is, they may not be separated from one amother by words that are extraneous, and have no relation to them.
XV. Cadence. The cadence, or concluding part of a clause qr sentence, should very seldom consist of monosyllables.
XVI. So far as other rules and perspicuity will allow, in the arrangement and choice of words, when the foregoing ends with a vowel, let the next begin with a consonant; and vice versâ.
XVII. In general a redundancy of short words must be avoided.
XVIII. In general a redundancy of long words' must be avoided.
XIX. In geueral there must be no redundancy of long meaSureS.
XX. In general there must be no redundancy of short measureS.
XXI. The last syllables of the foregoing word must not be the same as the first syllables of the word following.
XXII. Many words, which bear the same quantity, which begin alike,or end alike, or which have the same characteristic letter in declension or conjugation, (many such words,) may not come together. / /
a. ETYMOLog y. * FIRST DECLENSION.
1. A muse. 2. Of water. 3.To 1. Musa. 2. Aqua a pen. 4. A chest. 5. O want. 3. Penna. 4. Arca (acc.). 6. With a sling. 5. Inopia. 6. Funda. • 1. Holmets. 2. Of axes. 3. I. Galea. 2. Ascia. To grandmothers. 4. Whales. 3. Avia. 4. Balæna (acc.). 5. O beasts. 6. From chains. 5. Bellua. 6. Caténa.
1. Souls. 2. Ofgoddesses. 3. 1. Anima. 2. Dea. To daughters. 4. Mares. 5. O 3. Filia. 4. Equa (acc.). female servants. 6. With freed- 5. Famüla. 6. Liberta. women. .
1. The north wind. 2. Of a 1. Boreas. 2. Tiäras. turban. 3. To Penelope. 4. 3. Penelöpe. 4. Ænéas AEneas. 5. O Anchises. 6. In (acc.). 5. Anchises. 6. oratory. . £-. Rhetorica.
1. Towinter. %. With a beard. » 1. Bruma. 2. Barba. 3. By slander. 4. I beheld a cot- 3.° Calumnia. 4. Vidi tage. 5. Of a comedy. 6. Ihear casa (acc.). 5. Comoedia. a harp. - 6. Audio cithära.
1. In chests. 2. Of pigeons. 1. Cista. 2. Columba. 3. To the boats. 4. He hunts 3. Cymba. 4. Venätur wild beasts. -5. Flames. fera. 5. Flamma.
1. A bride. 2. In the stars. 3. 1. Sponsa. 2. Stella. COftrumpets. 4.Toa violet. 5. He 3. Tuba. 4. Vióla. 5. cultivates the earth. 6. O vipers. Colit terra. 6. Vipéra.