« ForrigeFortsett »
7. He • speaks distinctly of the ordinary and extraordinary gifts of the Spirit; one sort, necessary to men's own salvation; the other bestowed for the benefit of others.
8. Gregory celebrates the progress of the Christian religion, as prevailing in the East and the West, particularly in Britain.
9. He seems to acknowledge, though somewhat unwillingly, that` miraculous powers had ceased in the church; and that they were not necessary among believers, especially in a time of ease and prosperity; whereas, in times of persecution, and when heathenism prevailed, they were expedient; and God, wisely and graciously, vouchsafed them; and, he can bestow them, whenever the exigence of things requires.
CH A P. CLVII.
ISIDORE, BISHOP OF SEVILLE..
I. His time and works. II. Three or four catalogues of the books of scripture. III. Remarks upon them. IV. Respect for the scriptures. V. Select passages.
1. Isidore d was bishop of Seville, in Spain, forty years ; from the year of Christ 595, or 596, to 636. He was the author of many works, some of which are these: A Chronicle, from the beginning of the world, to the year of Christ 626; a book of Ecclesiastical Writers, or Illustrious Men, in 33 chapters; Sentences, in three books; Commentaries upon the historical books of the Old Testament; Allegories in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament; Of Ecclesiastical Offices, in two books; A book of Proëms, or Prolegomena, to the scriptures of the Old and New Testament; Origines, or Etymologies, in 20 books, left unfinished, and published after his death by Braulio, bishop of Saragossa: and, in the three last mentioned works are catalogues of the books of the Old and New Testament; of all which I shall take some notice.
II. 1. The twelfth chapter of the first book of Ecclesiastical Offices, is entitled, e of the Writers of the sacred volumes; where, after having spoken of the writers of the books of the Old Testament, he says: In' the New Testament, the four evangelists wrote severally the
a ...Mansuetudo namque, humilitas, patientia, fides, spes, d Vid. Ph. Labbé de Scriptor. Ecc. T. i. p.
642... 650. caritas, dona ejus sunt: sed ea, sine quibus ad vitam homines Cav. H. L. T. i. p. 547. Du Pin. Bib. des Aut. Ec. T. vi. pervenire nequaquam possunt. Prophetiæ autem, virtus cura- p. 1, &c. Pagi Ann. 625. 18. 633. 29. 636. 6. Testimonia tionum, genera linguarum, interpretatio sermonum, dona ejus de Isidoro ap. Fabric. Bib. Ec. P. ii. p. 47, 48. sunt. Sed quæ virtutis ejus præsentiam pro correctione in- e De scriptoribus sacrorum voluminum. tuentium ostendunt, &c. In Job, l. 2. c. 56. p. 73. A. B. ' In Novo autem Testamento quatuor libros evangeliorum
• Ecce enim pene cunctarum jam gentium corda penetravit. quatuor evangelistæ singuli scripserunt: quorum solus MatEcce in unâ fide Orientis limitem, Occidentisque conjunxit. thæus Hebræo scripsisse perhibetur eloquio, cæteri Græco. Ecce lingua Britanniæ, quæ nil aliud noverat, quam barbarum Paulus apostolus suas scripsit epistolas, ex quibus novem frendere, jamdudum in divinis laudibus Hebræum cæpit septem ecclesiis destinavit, reliquas discipulis suis misit, Alleluja resonare. In Job, I. 27. c. 11. p. 862. C.
Timotheo, Tito, et Philemoni. Ad Hebræos autem epistola Sunt namque nonnulli, qui cum mira apostolorum opera plerisque Latinis ejus incerta est, propter dissonantiam seraudiunt, quod, accepto Spiritu Sancto, mortuos verbo suscita- monis: eamdemque alii Barnabam conscripsisse, alii a Cleo rent, ab obsessis dæmonia pellerent, umbrâ infirmitates amove- mente scriptam fuisse suspicantur. Petrus scripsit duas nomine rent, ventura quæque prophetando prædicerent:.. .. quia has suo epistolas, quæ catholicæ nominantur: quarum secunda a virtutes nunc in ecclesiâ non vident, subtractam jam ab eccle- quibusdam ejus esse non creditur, propter styli sermonisque sià supernam gratiam suspicantur, nescientes pensare quod distantiam. Jacobus suam scripsit epistolam, quæ et ipsa a ' scriptum est: Adjutor in opportunitatibus, in tribulatione.' nonnullis ejus esse negatur, sed sub nomine ejus ab alio dictata [Ps. ix. 10.] Tunc quippe sancta ecclesia miraculorum adju- existimatur. Joannes epistolas tres edidit, quarum tantum toriis indiguit, cum eam tribulatio persecutionis pressit. Nam prima a quibusdam ejus esse asseritur, reliquæ duæ Joannis postquain superbiam infidelitatis edomuit, non jam virtutun cujusdam presbyteri existimantur; cujus juxta Hieronymi signa, sed sola merita operum requirit, quamvis et illa per sententiam alterum sepulcrum apud Ephesum demonstratur. multos, cum opportunitas exigit, ostendat... Ubi ergo omnes Judas suam scripsit epistolam. Actus apostolorum Lucas fideles sunt, quæ causa est, ut signa monstrentur ? Exp. in composuit, sicut audivit vel vidit. Apocalypsin Joannes Job, l. 27. c. 18. p. 869. E.
evangelista scripsit, eodem tempore, quo ob evangelii prædiVOL. III.
• four books of the gospels: the apostle Paul wrote his own epistles; nine of which are sent to • seven churches, the others to his disciples, Timothy, Titus, and Philemon. The writer of the • epistle to the Hebrews is reckoned uncertain by most of the Latins, because of the difference • of the style; some thinking it was written by Barnabas, others by Clement. Peter wrote two • epistles, called catholic; the second of which is by some thought not to be his, because of the • difference of the style: James wrote his epistle; which also is denied by some to be his, and * said to be dictated by another in his name: John wrote three epistles ; of which the first only • is by some said to be his; the other two are thought to be written by John, a presbyter: Jude • wrote his epistle: Luke composed the Acts of the apostles, according to what he had heard or • seen: John the evangelist wrote the Revelation, at the time that he was in banishment, in the • island of Patmos, for preaching the gospel. These are the writers of the sacred books, speak*ing by divine inspiration, and declaring in the church the heavenly precepts for our instruction: but the Holy Spirit is esteemed the author of the said scriptures; for he is really the writer, who dictated them to be written by his prophets.'
2. In the next place, I shall take a part of his Proëm to the books of the New Testament, omitting some things relating to the particular design of each. Though the doctrine of the
gospel be delivered to us by four, it proceeds from one and the same divine fountain......Of • these four, the first and last relate what they had heard Christ say, or had seen him perform; • the other two, placed between them, relate only those things which they had learned from • apostles. Matthew wrote his gospel the first, in Judea ; then Mark, in Italy; Luke, the third, • in Achaia ; John, the last, in Asia : of whom Matthew alone wrote in Hebrew; the rest in • Greek. The apostle Paul wrote fourteen epistles; of which some are written to the seven • churches. They are these: To the Romans, to the Corinthians, to the Galatians, to the
Ephesians, to the Philippians, to the Thessalonians, to the Colossians; others are written to * particular persons; and lastly, he wrote to the Hebrews, who believed, and suffered persecu• tion. Here are inserted the arguments, or contents, of the several epistles, which I omit. • Peter wrote two epistles, called catholic: they are sent to such of the circumcision as had I believed, and were scattered abroad among the Gentiles......James, the Lord's brother, wrote * one epistle for the edification of the church...... The apostle John wrote three epistles, the first * of which is wholly taken up in recommending the love of God, and our brother; nor is * the design of the other two very different. Jude reproves some blasphemers, and unchaste
persons. The Acts of the apostles contain the history of the infancy of the church: the writer • is the evangelist Luke, as is well known. In the Revelation of John the evangelist are these • several things:' where he largely shews the contents of that book.
3. The catalogue of the books of scripture, in the Origines, very much resembles that in the Offices; I therefore shall not transcribe it so much at length, as I have transcribed the other two: however, there are some things here, which are in neither of the other; these I would take notice of.
cationem in insulam Pathmon traditur relegatus. Hi sunt ad Philippenses, ad Thessalonicenses, ad Colossenses. Religuas scriptores sacrorum librorum, divinâ inspiratione loquentium, vero postmodum singularibus edidit personis. Argumenta ad eruditionem nostram præcepta cælestia in ecclesiâ dispen- autem earumdem epistolarum hæc sunt. ... Instruit quoque santes. Auctor autem earundem scripturarum Spiritus Sanctus per Timotheun et Titum ecclesias. Philemonem de emenesse creditur. Ipse enim scripsit, qui per prophetas suos dato servo Onesimo rogat. Ultimo Hebræos, qui in Christo scribenda dictavit
. De Ecc. OH. 1. 1. c. 12. p. 393, 394. crediderunt, et postmodum persecutionibus Judaicis torti a Colon. 1617.
fide recesserunt, confortat, et ad gratiam evangelii revocat.. * Evangeliorum prædicatio quamvis quadrifaria sit, una est Petrus duas scripsit epistolas, quæ catholicæ nominantur. tamen, quia ex uno eodemque ore divinitatis processit. . . . Et Scripsit autem eas his qui ex circumcisione credentes in dishis primus et ultimus ea prædicaverunt, quae ex ore Christi persione gentium erant... Jacobus frater Domini scripsit unam audierunt, vel quæ ab illo facta vel gesta viderunt; reliqui epistolani, ad ædificationem ecclesiæ pertinentem, cujus senmedii duo ea tantummodo, quæ ab apostolis cognoverunt; tentiæ immensam scientiæ claritatem legentibus videntur inquorum quidem Matthæus evangelium in Judæa primus fundere. Joannes apostolus tres scripsit epistolas, quarum scripsit. Deinde Marcus in Italia. Tertius Lucas in Achaia. prima officium caritatis commendans, tota in amore Dei et Ultimus Joannes in Asia. Ex quibus solus tantum Matthæus fraternâ dilectione versatur. Secunda quoque, quæ electis prædicationis suæ historiam Hebraico perstrinxit stylo: reliqui scribitur, dilectionis hortatur officium. . Judæ epistola increpat rero Græci sermonis eloquio ediderunt. Epistolas Paulus blasphemantes in Christo, et quosdam impudicos, sub exemplo apostolus quatuor-decim prædicationis suæ perstrinxit stylo; impiorum. ... Actuum apostolorum historia nascentis ecclesiæ ex quibus aliquas propter typum septiformis ecclesiæ septem fidem opusque describit, cujus quidem scriptor Lucas evanscripsit ecclesiis, conservans potius, non excedens numerum gelista monstratur. ... In Apocalypsi Joannis. .. .. Præterea Sacrainenti, propter septiformem Spiritûs efficaciam. Scripsit comedit evangelista librum testamenti, oris prædicatione suaailem ad Romanos, ad Corinthios, ad Galatas, ad Ephesios, vissimum, &c. Pr. Libr. N. T. p. 282.
The first chapter of the sixth book of the said Origines is entitled, Of the Old and the New Testament. Here, having enumerated the books of the Old Testament, he says, “In the New • Testament are two parts or classes: the first is that of the gospels; in which are Matthew, • Mark, Luke, and John: the second is that of the apostles; in which are Paul, in fourteen
epistles; Peter, in two; John, in three; James and Jude, each in one epistle; the Acts of the • apostles; and the Revelation of John.'
4. The second chapter of the same book is entitled, Of the Writers and Phrases of the sacred books. Here he enumerates again the books of the Old and New Testament, and speaks more distinctly and largely of the writers of them, and their titles and design ; and then concludes the chapter in this manner: “ These are the writers of the sacred books, who, speaking • by the Holy Spirit, have written for our instruction both the precepts of a good life, and the (rule of faith. Then he adds,
Then he adds, that beside these, there are other books, called apocryphal, • the writers of which are uncertain; in which there are some truths, mixed with falsehood; but • they are of no authority: and he supposes them to be written by heretics : many such books •
there were,' he says, which had been of old written in the names of prophets, and since of • apostles; but, after careful examination, they had been rejected, and not allowed to be of canonical authority.'
5. Before I proceed, I would observe here, that at the beginning of the second part of the Allegories of the sacred scriptures, which relate to the New Testament, the four evangelists, with their symbols, are expressly mentioned. 6. Again, in another place, speaking of the four evangelists, and their gospels, he says,
« Of • all the evangelists, Luke, the third in order, is reckoned to have been most skilful in the • Greek tongue; for he was physician, and wrote his gospel in Greece.'
III. We may now make some remarks, and they are exceeding easy and obvious.
2. About some of these there were then, or had formerly been, doubts; particularly about the epistle to the Hebrews, the epistle of James, the second epistle of Peter, the second and third of John. This he mentions freely: in which I think he is in the right; for it is very fit that the truth of things should be known and acknowledged.
3. There were not any Christian writings whatever, beside those of the apostles and evangelists, now received by us, which were of authority: there were, indeed, some books, called apo
apocryphal; but they were so much disliked, and were so contemptible, and so universally rejected and disregarded, that he did not think it needful to mention expressly the names or titles of any of them; nor has he, in any one of the catalogues of the books of scripture, mentioned any writing after the book of the Revelation, which made any claim to be a part of the New Testament, or to be esteemed of canonical authority.
4. The order of the books of the New Testament, as mentioned by Isidore, deserves some notice. There were two parts, or divisions; one called the gospels or evangelists, the other the apostles; and in this last the book of the Acts is placed: moreover, in all the catalogues we see this order; first the gospels, then the epistles of the apostle Paul, then the catholic epistles, after them the Acts, and lastly the Revelation; so it is in every chapter, where the books of the New Testament are enumerated by this writer.
5. They who are desirous to see Isidore's catalogues of the books of the Old Testament, placed together, with remarks upon them, may consult' H. Hody. Those catalogues would have been here likewise, and with remarks, if I had had room: as I have not, I must forbear; for it is time to hasten to a conclusion.
* In Novo autem Testamento duo sunt ordines; primus auctoritas veracium scripturarum certissima et notissima sucevangelicus, in quo sunt Matthæus, Marcus, Lucas, et cessione pervenit. In iis apocryphis etsi inveniatur aliqua Joannes; secundus apostolicus, in quo sunt Paulus in quatuor- veritas, tamen, propter multa falsa, nulla est in eis canonica decim epistolis, Petrus in duabus, Joannes in tribus, Jacobus auctoritas. Nam multa et sub nominibus prophetarum, et et Judas in singulis, Actus apostolorum, et Apocalypsis Joannis. recentiora sub noininibus apostolorum ab hæreticis proferun. Origin. 1. 6. c. 1. p. 44.
tur. Quæ omnia sub nomine apocryphorum auctoritate • De scriptoribus et vocabulis sanctorum librorum.
canonicâ diligenti examinatione remota sunt. Ib. cap. 2. € Hi sunt scriptores sacrorum librorum, qui per Spiritum
d P. 351. Sanctum loquentes ad eruditionem nostram et præcepta vivendi * Tertius Lucas inter omnes evangelistas Græci sermonis et credendi regulam conscripserunt.-Præter hæc et alia eruditissimus, quippe ut medicus, in Græcià evangelium scripvolumina apocrypha nuncupantur. Apocrypha autem dicta, sit. Orig. 1. 6. c. 2. p. 45. id est, secreta, quia in dubium veniunt. Èst enim eorum De Biblior, Text. Orig. Col. 69.16.72. p. 653, 654.
origo, nec patet patribus, ex quibus usque ad nos
IV. A word or two will suffice, for shewing the respect which he had for the sacred books of scripture. It appears, in what has been already transcribed, where he speaks of the Holy Spirit as their author, they having been written by inspired prophets and apostles; and he expressly says, that they contain the precepts of life, and the rule of faith. Moreover, I shall refer a to a chapter in the first book of sentences; where he says, that by the law, rightly understood, we come to Christ; and he shews, that the scriptures may be profitably read by all sorts of men.
V. 1. In his Chronicle, under the reign of the emperor Caius Caligula, who died in the beginning of the year 41, Isidore says, ' At this time the apostle Matthew wrote, the first, his gospel in Judea.
2. Under the reign of Claudius, who died in the year 54, he says, ' In his reign the apostle · Peter went to Rome to oppose Simon Magus. The evangelist Mark also preaching Christ at • Alexandria, wrote his gospel:' nevertheless, before d he said, that Mark wrote in Italy.
3. Under Nero, whose reign ended in 68, he says, “In his time Simon Magus, who had proposed a dispute with the apostles Peter and Paul, and had promised to fly up to heaven, at • the prayers of Peter and Paul was, at noon day, thrown down by the dæmons who had carried « him
up into the air: on account of whose death, by order of Nero, Peter was crucified, and Paul beheaded.'
4. I must not stay to make many remarks: I only observe, that this must be reckoned by all very inaccurate, and also inconsistent. Peter, as before said, went to Rome in the reign of Claudius, to oppose Simon Magus.
Simon Magus. Here the dispute with Simon Magus, and his death, are placed in the reign of Nero, and near the end of it; for about that time the martyrdoms of the two forementioned apostles are supposed to have happened.
5. Of Domitian, whose reign is computed from 81 to 96, he says, · He fraised a persecution against the Christians. In his time the apostle John, having been banished into the island • Patmos, wrote the Revelation.'
C H A P, CLVIII. .
1. LEONTIUS was for some time an advocate at Constantinople, and is generally supposed to have been a native of that city: he afterwards retired from the world, and lived a monk in Palestine. By : some he is reckoned a writer of the sixth, by others of the seventh century; or said to have lived partly in the one, partly in the other. Cave · placeth him as flourishing about the year 590; Fabricius k at 610, to whom I refer for accounts of his works.
2. Though he be so late a writer, he deserves our notice, as he has left a complete catalogue of books of scripture, received by Christians in that part of the world where he lived.
3. • The ' books received by the church, says he, are the books of the ancient, and of the
Via per quam itur ad Christum, lex est, per quam vadunt virtutem esse Dei magnam, medio die dum ad patrem volare ad eum hi, qui, ut est, intelligunt eam
promittit in cælum, a dæmonibus, a quibus in aëre ferebatur,
adjurante eos Petro per Deum, Paulo vero orante, dimissus Scriptura sacra pro uniuscujusque lectoris intelligentiâ varia- crepuit. Ob cujus necem a Nerone Petrus crucifigitur, tur, sicut manna, quod populo veteri pro singulorum delecta- Paulus gladio cæditur. Ib. p. 268. tione varium dabat saporem.
Juxta sensuum capacitatem His post Neronem secundus, superbiâ exsecrabilis, Deum singulis sermo Domini congruit. Sentent. I. 1. c. 18. And se appellari jussit, Christianos persequi paganis instituit. Sub see Ja. Basnage Hist. de l'Egl. I. 9. ch. 3. sect. 11.
quu apostolus Joannes, in Pathmon insulam relegatus, Apo6 Matthæus apostolus evangelium primus in Judæâ scripsit. calypsim scripsit. Ibid. Isid. Chr. p. 268.
Ś Vid. Du Pin. Bib. des Aut. Ec. T. v. p. 85. Hody de Eo regnante, Petrus apostolus, contra Simonem Magum, Bibl. Text. Orig. p. 648. J. Ens. Biblioth. Sacr. p. 169. Romam pergit. Marcus quoque evangelista, Alexandriæ n S. Basnag. Hist. de l'Eglise, 1. 8. c. X. p. 445. Christum prædicans, evangelium scripsit. Ibid.
i H. L. T. i. p. 543. « See p. 367:
Bib. Gr. T. vii.
P. Hujus temporibus Simon Magus, cum altercationem pro- .. Tεως αριθμησωμεθα τα εκκλησιαστικα βιβλια. Των posuisset cum Petro et Paulo, apostolis, dicens se quamdam τοινυν εκκλησιαστικων βιβλιων τα μεν της παλαιας εισι γραφης, ,
* new scripture. The ancient scripture is that written before the coming of Christ, the new
since. Of the ancient scripture there are two and twenty books; some historical, some pro* phetical, some moral and poetical.
• The historical books are twelve: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy: • and of these books, called the Pentateuch, Moses is universally allowed to be the author: but • the names of the writers of the books, which follow next, are unknown. The sixth is the book
of Joshua the son of Nun: the seventh is called the book of the Judges: the eighth is the book • of Ruth: the two next contain the history of the kingdoms; they are really four books, but are • reckoned two only; the ninth and tenth then are the books of the Kingdoms: the eleventh is • the Remains, so called, because it contains things omitted by the writers of the books of the
Kingdoms: the twelfth is Ezra (meaning our Ezra and Nehemiah], containing the history of the • return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity, in the reign of Cyrus. These are the his• torical books. .
· The prophetical books are five: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and the book of the * twelve Prophets.
• The moral and poetical are also four: Job, by some supposed to be written by Joseph: the • Proverbs, the Ecclesiastes, the Canticles, which three were written by Solomon: after them is • the Psalter. These are the two and twenty books of the ancient scripture.
• The books of the New Testament are six: the first two of which contain the four evange• lists; the first Matthew and Mark, the second Luke and John: the third is the Acts of the apostles: the fourth the catholic Epistles, being seven in number; the first is the epistle of • James, the second and third are the epistles of Peter, the fourth, fifth, and sixth, the epistles of • John, the seventh is the epistle of Jude; they are called catholic, because they are not written • to one nation, as Paul's epistles, but in general to all: the fifth book is the fourteen epistles of • Paul: the sixth is the Revelation of John. These are the ancient and the new books, which • are received in the church as canonical: all the ancient are received by the Jews.'
4. I shall add a passage, which is not far below, in the next section, where he says, “ Again • the times from Christ to Constantine have a threefold division: the first is from the nativity of • Christ to his ascension; the next is after his ascension, of which the Acts of the apostles treat; • the third is from that period, and the death of the apostles, to the reign of Constantine; the affairs of which have been related by several ecclesiastical historians, as Eusebius Pamphili, and Theodoret, whom we are not obliged to receive; for, beside the Acts of the apostles, no such writings are appointed to be received by us.'
5. This shews the great regard which was paid to the book of the Acts of the apostles.
6. I scarce need to make any remarks upon the catalogues above transcribed; every one perceives how clear they are. The catalogue of the books of the Old Testament is exactly and completely the canon of the Jews, except that the book of Esther is not mentioned. Here is no notice taken of those books of the Old Testament which protestants generally call apocryphal; and it affords a strong argument, that those books never were reckoned to be of authority.
7. The catalogue of the books of the New Testament contains all which are now generally received by us, and no others: here is no notice taken of the Constitutions, or Recognitions, or any other Christian writings; the books above named were all which were esteemed canonical by that part of the church with which this writer was acquainted.
τα δε της νεας. Παλαιαν δε λεγομεν γραφήν την προ της και ε, και 5, Το Ιωαννε η δε ζ το Ιεδα. Καθολικαι δε εκληθηπαρασιας τα Χριςο, νεαν δε την μετα την παρασιαν. Της σαν, επειδαν και προς έν εθνος εγραφησαν, ως αι τα Παυλο, μεν εν ταλαιας βιβλια εισιν κι', ων τα μεν εισιν ισορικα, τα δε αλλα καθολά προς τανία. Πεμπτον βιβλιον αι ιδ' τα αγια προφητικα, τα δε παραινεζικα, τα δε προς το ψαλλείν γενομενα Παυλο επιςολαι. Εκλον εςιν η Αποκαλυψις το αγιο Ιωαννα. ...Τα τοινυν ισορικα βιβλια εισι ις... Και ταυτα μεν ίςορικα. Ταυλα εςι τα κανονιζομενα βιβλια εν τη εκκλησια, και ταλαια Προφηθικα δε εισι πενθε, ων πρωτον εςιν ο Ησαϊας, δεύτερον και και νεα ων τα παλαια σανία δεχονται Εβραιοι. Leont. Ιερεμιας, τρίλον ο Εζεκιήλ, τελαρίoν ο Δανιηλ, πεμπτον το δωδε. Advocat..Byzant. de Sectis. Act. ii. Αp. Bib. PP. Paris. 1644. καπροφηθον λεγομενον, εν ω δωδεκα προφητων κείται προφηθεια. Τ. xi. p. 496.... 498. Conf. Bib. PP. Lugdun. T. ix. Παραινεζικα εισι βιβλια .... Εισι δε ταυτα τα τρια βιβλια
p. 662, 663. Σολομωνίας. Mεία ταυλα εςι το ψαλτηριον. Και ταυλα μεν «...οι δε απο της αναληψεως, περι ων διαλαμβανεσιν αι εισι τα κζ ζιζλια της παλαιας. Της δε νεας εξ εισι ζιβλια: Πραξεις των αποφολων: οι δε απο της περιοδε και τελευτης των ων δυο περιεχει τας τεσσαρας ευαγγελισας. Το μεν γαρ εχει απoσoλων, αχοι της αρχής της βασιλειας Κωνσταντινο. Περι Ματθαιον και Μαρκον, το δε έτερον Λεκαν και Ιωάννην. Τριλον ων διαλαμβανεσι τινες εκκλησιαςικοι ισορικοι. .. 8ς εξ ανάγκης εσιν αι Πραξεις των αποστόλων. τειαρίου αι καθολικαι επιςολαι, ου δεχομεθα. Μεχρι γαρ των Πραξεων των αποσολων κεκαεσαι επία, ων πρωτη το Ιακωβο εςιν, η β', και η γ Πείρα, ή δ', νογιςαι δεχεσθαι ημας. Αct. 3. p. 503. Α. Β. C.