ever be prevailed upon to give a dinner? It is really curious to observe the exact conformity which prevails in many of our little liabits and customs with those formerly practised by the ancients. I am aware how easily the human mind is warped by a favourite hypothesis ; and therefore it is probable that some of the resem. blances which I may produce, exist only in my own fancy : as Lord Erskine's imagination identifies every thing with the Trial by Jury, and as Sir Francis Burdett thinks it is expected that he should make a speech whenever the word Corruption is used: But let me ask, is there no association of ideas between a city= feast and this line in Virgil ?

Implentur vereris Bacchi pinguisque ferinæ. Can any person doubt, that the custom with cooks of throwing flour upon meat when roasting, is either à tradition handed down from very remote ages, or derived from an attentive perusal of Homer, who certainly in his Odyssey alludes to the practice :

Οπτήσας δ' αμα παντα φερων παρεθηκ’ Οδυσης,
Θερμ αυτοις οβελoισιν' οδό αλφιτα λεύκα παλυνεν.

Odyss. B. XIV, 1.-90, Which Mr. Pope tery properly translates--

Then on the floor display'd,
The ready meal before Olysses laid,

With ffour imbrown'd. In the punishments which Virgil allots to the guilty souls in Tartarus, are there not evident allusions to English customs and feelings. What is the dantem salmonea pænas, as I heard a gentlemån of high attainments observe, but an open allusion to our practice of crimping salmon, cod, and other fish? Why is Theseus described as such a very sedentary person; or who would have thought of mentioning perpetual sitting as one of the in. fernal punishments, but a person, who witnessing the restless and onquiet habits of an Englishman, would from thence be led to imagine that a privation of locomotion might constitute the severest of punishments. That Virgil beheld it in this light is evident from this : that after describing this gentleman's sedentary habits, sedet æternumque sedebit; he immediately adds, as if struck with compassion at his pitiable situation, infelix Theseus. I am persuaded, that if a due consideration had been made for this inherent tendency in us to follow the practices of the ancients, a man of respectable family, whose name need not be mentioned, would have been exposed to less obloquy for undertaking to superintend the masticating and bibulous operations of a low pugilist : let any person peruse the Odes of Pindar, and see in what light the wipta or trainer was held formerly, and he will no longer be

surprised surprised that an officer should abandon his professional pursuits for so high and honourable an employment as that of regulating the secretions of a boxer. It must gratify every true scholar to hear, that the science of boxing is extended every day. In what estimation this art was held by the Greeks is evident from the pathetic complaints which Antilochus makes in Homer's Iliad; that his father Nestor (who was undoubtedly a man of fashion in his day, and even one of the old school) could no longer indulge in the amusements of boxing and foot-racing; and from the glee with which the old gentleman recounts his former achievements in those arts. I have alluded to Nestor's rank in society, because I know many people affect to be indignant, that boxing and foot. races form the principal amusements of many of our present men of fashion. I have already hinted at the perverted view, under which objects are apt to appear to a person who is forming a system: it is with deference, therefore, that I suggest the following new translation of a passage in that exquisite poem of Mu. sæus, the Loves of Hero' and Leander. The passage which I allude to is that in which the young lady tells her lover,

Παρθενικης επι λεκτρον αμηχανον εσιν ικεσθαι. . Which is commonly renđered, that it is a difficult matter to ascend the bed of a virgin. Now this we know is not so very true in point of fact, as to warrant Hero in making so broad and general an assertion; besides, after the lengths she had gone and the Íengths' which she appeared disposed to go with the young gen. tleman, the expression does not seem applicable to the existing state of things as they then stood between the two parties. A modern fashion with regard to the furniture of a bed-chamber led me to think that a more' true translation of the passage might be given in the following manner :- Apinzaroy is a compound of the privitive d, and jingarna ladder. The expression, therefore, meant nothing less than an assignation; and gave Leander to understand, that it was easy to reach a young lady's bed without a ladder, contrasting the couch of an unmarried person with that of a wedded woman, which in general it is very difficult to ascend without that convenience. I candidly confess, that I have not a Musæus at hand to see whether the context bears me out in this fdea ; and therefore, as I said before, I leave it at the reader's mercy. If I have not already said enough to prove, that from the very close resemblance which our language bears to that of the two learned nations of antiquity, we might very reasonably be justified in claiming for ourselves at least as early an origin as themselves, I will submit two more facts to the reader's consia deration, and then beg of him to say, whether there would be any extravagance' in asserting that we have a claim to the title of higher antiquity than Greece, and that one of the most distinguishing features in her public amusements is clearly derived from the shores of England.

Let not the reader imagine that I am trifling with him, when I say that the two facts on which I rest for establishing this posia tion are no less than the two genuine English passions,-a love for beef and a love of horses. On this latter position I shall dilate at very considerable length. The former is of too learned a nature to be discussed in a slight essay like the present. I shall merely say therefore on this head, that I consider the Enga lish passion for beef, as the remains of their fondness for the Helio-arkite mysteries, in which the Bull made so conspicuous a figure. I beg the devourer of 'that athodox food not to be startled at this assertion; for the eating it ignorantly betrays no more ideas of infidelity, than our young ladies do of indecorum, when they dance round a may-pole, and thereby undesignedly celebrate the orgies of the Phallic worship. That the Helio-arkite mystem ries were established at a very early period in this country, is proved by many incontestible facts, but particularly by that stupendous monument of antiquity, Stonehenge. I shall remark no further on this curious subject, than by observing, that no body of men are thought to be more partial to this national food than the English clergy, and that on no day does it so generally appear at their tables as on Sunday ;-both evident tokens, in my miud at least, of a latent feeling for an old religious prejudice. I shall think myself happy, if the suggestion which I have here thrown out, should lead us to set an additional value upon the name which we bear in the world of John Bull-a name most probably derived from the enthusiastic ardour with which our ancestors, in very remote ages, delighted to celebrate the mysteries of the diluvian Bull; and which marks an antiquity for us that few nations can boast.,

On the passion for horses, which prevails universally among English men of fashion, and the very strong coincidence which is found between them and the Greeks in this respect, I shall expatiate with pleasure, and shall consider it in its simple and compound state-or jockeyship and coachmanship. It was an opinion of antiquity, recorded by Amphysciarius, that to see a horse at full speed was a sort of mystery. Πωλον τρεχοντα βλεπεις Muusixov Tho. Does not this opinion account most satisfactorily for the eagerness with which people of all descriptions in England hurry to a race. The very mention of a race puts a whole county in motion. The manufactories are ransacked for new equipages, and the milliners' shops for new dresses. The ladies bustle with zinusual activity, and the country 'squires seem as if they meant something. The duke and the peer,--the senator and the judge,


the knight and the 'squire, all seem deeply interested in an event, which gives the eye two minutes and a half pleasure. For this they repair on foot or on horseback, in curricles or coaches, to this mysterious sport, where they stand or sit, --with eyes fixed, mouths open, and heads stretched out, heedless of rain or sun, heat or cold. The mystery spoken of by Amphysciarius must certainly be the efficient cause of all this eagerness; but what that mystery is, I have not yet been able to learn. Jockies in general are men of few words--the common consequence of being master of a secret. As to coachmanship, it is impossible that the candidates for the Olympic prizes could ever have studied the art with more perseverance and zeal than many of our present professors. I have heard of one little Lord, who, in his zealous endeavours to arrive at pre-eminence in his art, determined to encounter all the horrors of 'Thames-street, at one o'clock; when such a scene exhibits itself as would have made Cato add a fourth article to his catalogue of things to be repented of,--that of being present in such a scene, without having previously made a necessary disposal of your property. It was not to be expected that the Noble Lord, with all his ardour, should pass quite unhurt through the dreadful conflict of carts, coaches, and waggons : the danger from these, however, he did escape; but unfortnnately passing down a narrow lane near the wharfs, his Lordship was not aware of certain large iron hooks, which, being let down by a crane and missing their intended prey, seized upon the head of his phaeton, and conveyed him and his four sorrels into mid air; of which perilous situation the workmen above were not advertised, till the repeated screams and exclamations of the unfortinate charioteer had nearly exhausted him. It is said that an epic poem will speedily appear upon the subject, under the title of The Battle of the Pygmy and the Crane. It has often struck me as a very singular thing, that our modern Jehus should carry their imitation of those polite whips the Grecians so far, as even to copy their very mode of whipping their horses. Many persons, besides myself, have no doubt remarked the delicate cut, which the fashionable drivers of curricles delight to administer across their horses' shoulders. Now - this is precisely the cut used by all the men of ton, whom we read of in Homer,- --as lector, Diomel, Nestor, &c. : κατ' ομαδον ηλασεν ιππές. And from what follows in Homer, I am persuaded, that it was used upon the true principle of the manège ;-to procure that elastic spring with which every horse steps forward upon the slightest touch of the whip, after being first thrown back on his haunches : for Homer invariably adds after mentioning this lash, τω δ' εκ ακοντε METEOIRY, and the horses flew along with the utmost cheerfulness. It is true, the bard says nothing about throwing them back on their haunches; but that poet, as well as Virgil, is eloquent in his silence: having shewn the effect, he leaves us to guess that he was acquainted with the cause. We all know the honours which were paid to those among the ancients, who distinguished themselves in the chariot races: their heads were circled with a crown of olive,—they were distinguished by the honourable title of Olympionicæ, and statues were erected to them at Olympia in the sacred wood of Jupiter. Their return home was celebrated with all the triumph of a conqueror returning from victory: they were drawn in a chariot by four horses, and every where received with the shouts and acclamations of the admiring populace. Their entrance into their native city was not through the gates, but, to make it more grand and solemn, a breach was made in the walls; Painters and poets were employed in celebrating their names ; and Pindar, the greatest of poets, thinks it necessary to caution one of those successful charioteers, not to wish to be a god. I will not contrast with this account the very inferior recompence which is paid to the modern charioteer; and yet surely it can be no common effort of patriotism, which can detain men of fortune and family in their stables and among their grooms, when such grand scenes are acting upon the theatre of the world, as múst make every noble mind eager to be engaged in them. History, how. ever, it is hoped, will be more grateful to them than their country ; and I think posterity will have no mean idea of the present age, when they read,- In this age the battle of Vimiera was foughts and the Buxton bit was invented : about this time Lerd Welá lington broke the ranks of the combined armies, and Lord Sefton his four new bays; General Hill drove the French before him, and Mr. Osbaldeston his canary

It must rejoice every person, who feels interested in the proa gress of the science of coachmanship, to hear, that in no places is it more patrouized than in those two spots, where we should most expect to see the mysteries of antiquity respected—the two Universities; as the following extract of a letter, written by a Gentleman when paying a visit to one of those seats of learning, wilt testify :-" There are two men employed in driving the coach to Cambridge: the first is a staid, sober, steady man, known by the name of Quaker Will; the other is occupied in the last part of the journey, and is a man of nó little consequence in this part of the world: his bold manner of driving has long procured him, among Cambridge men, the title of siell-fire Dick; and the general name of Jehu may, I am sure, be applied with great propriety to him individually,-his driving being literally like the driving of Jehu, the son of Nimshi; før he driveth furiously. Among the amateur whips of Cambridge, Dick is perfectly idolized ; and I am actually assured, that the brothir of a certain Baronet takes lessons


and four greys.

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