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and the providence of God evidently preparing his way and marking out bis retreat, he retired into the country. By these steps the good hand of God; unknown to me, was providing for me one of the principal blessings of my life; a friend and a counsellor, in whose company for almost seven years, though we were seldom seven successive waking hours separated, I always found new pleasure. A friend who was not only a comfort to myself, but a blessing to the affectionate poor people, among whom I then lived.
his principal subjects the same acumen, which distinguished him in the early period of life, is happily employed in illustrating and enforcing the truths, of which he received such deep and unalterable impressions in his maturer years.
His satire, if it may be called so, is benevolent, (like the operations of the skilful and humane surgeon, who wounds only to heal) dictated by a just regard for the honour of God, and indignant grief excited by the profligacy of the age, and a tender compassion for the souls of
Some time after inclination had thus removed him from the hurry and bustle of life, he was still more secluded by a long indisposition, and my pleasure was succeeded by a proportionable degree of anxiety and concern. But a hope, that the God whom be served would support him under his affliction, and at length vouchsafe him a happy deliverance, neret forsook me. The desirable crisis, I trust, is not nearly approaching. The dawn, the presage of returning day, is already arrived. He is again enabled to resume his pen, and some of the first fruits of his recovery are here presented to the public. In
His favourite topics are least insisted on in the piece entitled Table Talk; which therefore, with some regard to the prevailing taste, and that those, wboare governed by it, may not be discouraged at the very threshold from proceeding farther, is placed first. In most of the large Poems which follow, his leading design is more explicitly avowed and pur: sued. He aims to communicate his own perceptions of the truth, beauty, and influence of the religion of the Bible-A neligion, which, however discredited by the misconduct of many, who have not renounced the Christian name, proves itself, when
rightly understood, and cordially embraced, to be the grand desideratum, which alone can relieve the mind of a man from painful and unavoidable anxieties, inspire it with stable peace and solid hope, and furnish those motives and prospects, which, in the present state of things, are absolutely necessary to produce a conduct hy of a rational creature, distinguished by a vastness of capacity, which no assemblage of earthly good can satisfy, and by a principle and preintimation of immortality.
At a time when hypothesis and conjecture in philosophy are so justly exploded, and little is considered as deserving the name of knowledge, which will not stand the test of experiment, the very use of the term experimental in religious concernments is by too many unhappily rejected with disgust. But we well know, that they, who affect to despise the inward feelings, which religious persons speak of, and to treat them as enthusiasm and folly, have inward feelings of their own, which, though they would, they cannot suppress. We have been too long in the secret ourselves, to account the proud, the ambitious, or the voluptuous, happy. We must
lose the remembrance of wliat we once were, before we can believe, that a man is satisfied with himself, merely because he endeavours to appear so. A smile upon the face is often but a mask worn occasionally and in company, to prevent, if possible, a suspicion of what at the same time is passing in the beart. We know that there are people, who seldom smile when they are alone, who therefore are glad to hide themselves in a throng from the violence of their own reflections; and who, while by their looks and their language they wish to persuade us they are happy, would be glad to change their conditions with a dog. But in defiance of all their efforts they continue to think, forebode, and tremble. This we know, for it has been our own state, and therefore we know how to commiserate it in others.
From this state the Bible relieved us-When we were led to read it with attention, we found ourselves described.-We learnt the causes of our inquietude-we were directed to a method of reliefWe tried, and we were not disappointed.
Deus nobis hæc otia fecit.
We are now certain, that the Gospel of Christ is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth. It has reconciled us to God, and to ourselves, to our duty, and our situation. It is the balm and cordial of the present life, and a sovereign antidote against the fear of death.
Sed hactenus hæc. Some smaller pieces upon less important subjects close the volume. Not one of them, I believe, was written with a view to publication, but I was unwilling they should be omitted.
JOHN NEWTON. Charles Square, Hoxton,
February 18, 1782.
of God unto salvation to every one that
The Yearls Distress, or Tithing Time at Stock in Essex ... ....... 216
Sonnet to Henry Cowper, Esq.
Charles Square, Horton,
Lines addressed to Dr. Darwin
February 18, 1789.
On Mrs. Montagu's Feather-Hangings
Verses supposed to be written by Alexander Selkirk, during his Abode
in the Island of Juan Fernandez
On the Fromotion of Edward Thurlow, Esq., to the Chancellorship
Ode to Peace ........
Human Frailty .........................
The modern Patriot ...........
Ou observing some Names of little Note recorded in the Biographia
Report of an adjudged Case, not to be found in any of the Books.... 238
On the Burning of Lord Mansfield's Library
On the same ........
The Love of the World reproved
On the Death of Lady Throckmorton's Bulfinch .................... 244
The Dovag ........