Establishment of Standard Weights for Various Commodities: Hearings Before the Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures, House of Representatives, Sixty-fourth Congress, First Session, on H. R. 150

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Side 50 - The United States in congress assembled shall also have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the respective states: fixing the standard of weights and measures throughout the United States...
Side 49 - States provides that the Congress shall have power — To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures: To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States.
Side 51 - The diversities of opinion, therefore, which have existed on this subject have arisen from the different views taken of the nature of this power. But when the nature of a power like this is spoken of, when it is said that the nature of the power requires that it should be exercised exclusively by Congress...
Side 50 - If, in the opinion of congress, uniform laws concerning bankruptcies ought not to be established, it does not follow, that partial laws may not exist, or that state legislation on the subject must cease. It it not the mere existence of the power, but its exercise, which is incompatible with the exercise of the same power by the states.
Side 51 - to provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States," and " to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations.
Side 50 - .Congress shall have power to establish . . . uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States.
Side 50 - Pol. Sci. and Const. L., 141.) " When this power is exercised, it is exclusive, or there would be no ' standard.' " (Cooley, Prin. Const. L., 85.) Where, however, as in this case, a power Is vested in Congress which is neither made exclusive by the terms of the grant nor expressly prohibited to the States, the true test of determining whether or not it is exclusive was long ago laid down by Chief Justice Marshall in Sturgis v.
Side 51 - to coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin"; the power was exclusive because the state 21Nettels, National Economy, p.
Side 51 - ... clause of the Constitution authorizing Congress to provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States does not embrace within its language the offence of uttering or circulating spurious or counterfeited coin (the term counterfeit...
Side 3 - ... or by imprisonment for not more than three months, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

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