literature for the college of philosophy and letters. Yet in spite of this fact, and in spite of earnest appeals from some prominent educators, it seems impossible to substitute for the present unified course a varied, elective or optional curriculum. Similar conditions exist in most Latin American countries. Vocational training even of a modified character has never found a permanent abiding place in the regular high school. As a result, in those countries that have felt the need of such instruction there has grown up a system of parallel institutions, state supported and state directed; commercial high schools, technical high schools, and normal high schools. The policy is wasteful from a financial standpoint, and . tends to create and maintain class distinctions.

The high school should be as democratic as the elementary school. However, the single-course school with its rigid general curriculum was re-affirmed as the Argentine ideal by the last national congress of teachers held in Cordoba in February, 1913, in these words: "Secondary education constitutes a grade of general instruction and therefore should not strive to develop particular aptitudes, or aim at specialization, but should endeavor to develop harmoniously the entire capacity of the student, and initiate him into the fundamental concepts of knowledge. It must be considered as a necessary complement of the elementary school and as the indispensable basis of the higher." This resolution was passed in the most conservative of the larger cities of Argentina, in the shadow of the old colonial university, and its conservatism should perhaps be discounted not a little in view of these circumstances. But when all has been said, it undoubtedly reflects educational ideals, while it certainly pictures the Argentine high school of today.


Examination Outline for Language Work

(High School, First Year.)


I. (Literature read during the year.) 1. Tabulate as follows the literature you have studied during the year:

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(Punctuation and Capitals.) 1. The following passage from "Through the Looking-Glass” is written without indentation, punctuation, or capital letters. Rewrite correctly.

alice to change the subject asked does she ever come out here i daresay youll see her soon said the rose shes one of the thorny kind where does she wear her thorns alice asked with some curiosity why all round her head of course the rose replied i was wondering you hadnt got some too i thought it was the regular rule shes coming now cried the larkspur i hear her footstep thump thump along the gravel walk.

2. Write a quotation of ten lines from something you have studied this year.

3. Write and address a letter to James Smith who is a physician living in New Rochelle, New York, at number fifteen Webster street, asking him to send you a pamphlet written by him and published on the twentieth day of May. Tell him that you live in Coleville, a village in Kentucky, and that you are on the rural free delivery route.


(Words and syntax.) 1. Rewrite each sentence, using the singular number instead of the plural:—The phenomena of nature are truly wonderful; He


up so late.



prepared two analyses to-day; The indices of these books are incomplete; They are alumni of the same college; Count the vertebrae in that skeleton; He saw two oases in the great desert; Point out the parentheses on this page; There are two series in use; Our country has passed through many crises. 2. Fill the blanks with the correct form of lie or sit.

You should -down, now. b. You must not C. They around the fire. d. I will the table for lunch.

I— on the couch an hour. 3. Classify the following words (1) as to number of syllables ; (2) as to source. Define each in a well written sentence. Designate the pronunciation of each :-Famine, benediction, geometry, yacht, ruffian, algebra, depot, brogue, goodness, telephone. 4. Complete the following rules :

The subject of a finite verb is b. The predicate after the verb to be

The object of a verb or prepositiond. Pronouns agree with

Verbs agree with f. Adjectives agree with g. An is used before h. Two negatives i. The to which precedes an infinitive must not j. Conjunctions


(Figures of Speech.) 1. What is meant by (1) literal language; (2) figurative language? To what subject treated of in Rhetoric do these two defini. tions form an introduction? What name is given to the figure illustrated by the sentences below

As for man, his days are as grass. b. Bread is the staff of life.

All night have the roses heard

The flute, violin, bassoon. d. He must earn his bread by the sweat of his brow.

And thrice the Saxon blade drank blood.





f. Thou hast taught me, Silent River,

Many a lesson, deep and long. 2. Rewrite, in literal language, the thought of each of the above sentences.


(Definitions.) 1. Define:-Colloquialism, description, narration, exposition, drama, rhyme, meter, fiction, rhythm, blank verse, theme, abstract, outline, idiom, obsolete word, paraphrase, archaic word, amplification, paragraph.


(Sentences and Paragraphs.) 1. Classify sentences in three ways. Describe each sentenceform. Assign the following sentence to one of each of these three classes.

In that same village, and in one of these very houses, there lived, many years since, while the country was yet a province of Great Britain, a simple, good-natured fellow, of the name of Rip Van Winkle.

2. Write on any subject a brief article which shall contain at least two paragraphs, one balanced sentence, an adjective clause, an infinitive phrase, a simile, quotation marks, a hyphen, an interjection, a predicate adjective, a compellative, a word derived from the Latin, an inverted sentence.


(Composition.) 1. Name the different kinds of literary composition about which you have studied during the year. Reproduce a descriptive passage from Miles Standish or Evangeline. What form of composition did you use when you were writing definitions in an earlier question ?

2. Assign each of the following to its class :—The stanzas about the June day from The Vision of Sir Launfal; Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice; Franklin's Autobiography; Irving's Christmas Sketches; Burke's Speech on Conciliation; Coleridge's Ancient Mariner; Cooper's Last of the Mohicans; Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress.


3. In writing a composition, we consider (1) the choice of words. What name is given to this subject? What are the three requirements in the choice of words?

Use the correct word in the place of the italicised one in each of the following sentences. Write a sentence using correctly the rejected word in each of the following sentences :

(1). I except your offer.
(2). The exchange was affected without delay.
(3). I expect he did it.
(4). I am yours respectively.
(5). This is a very healthy place in which to live.
(6). We have boats to hire.
(7). He learned me how to shoot.
(8). At what hotel have you been stopping?


VIII. (Construction and Arrangement of Sentences.) 1. In writing a composition, we consider (2) the treatment and arrangement of the words chosen and the structure of the sentence. What do you understand by the expression literary style?

2. How do these stanzas differ in style? Describe the different effects produced upon the mind by these passages.

Hurrah! hurrah! a single field hath turned the chance of war!

Hurrah! hurrah! for Ivry and King Henry of Navarre! b. How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank!

Here will we sit and let the sounds of music
Creep in our ears; soft stillness and the night
Become the touches of sweet harmony.
Sit, Jessica. Look how the floor of heaven
Is thick inlaid with patines of bright gold.
This above allto thine own self be true,
And it must follow, as the night the day,

Thou canst not then be false to any man.
d. From my wings are shaken the dews that waken

The sweet buds every one;
When rocked to rest on their mother's breast,

As she dances about the sun.


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