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ARITHMETIC. Der. Arithmetic is the art of computing by number; there are two primary rules by which all the operations may be performed ; to wit : Addition and Subtraction.
ADDITION.-LESSON 3. Der. Addittion exhibits a method of putting two or more numbers together, and finding their amount.
RULE 1. Place the given numbers under each other, in such a way that units may stand under units,—tens, under tens, and hundreds, under hundreds, and so on,-and draw a line under the last number.
2. Begin at the units column, and add together, upward, all the figures in it, and place the amount, if less than ten, under that column.
3. If the amount be just ten, place'a cypher under that column, and carry one to the next left hand column.
4. If more than ten, or two or more even tens, set down all there is over, and carry one for each even ten, to the next left hand column.
5. Proceed in this way through all the columns, and set down the full amount under the last.
PROOF. Add the columns downward, carrying in the same manner as in adding them upward, and if the two results agree, then the work is right.
62 225 3246 ENGLISH GRAMMAR.--LESSON 4. Dr. English Grammar exhibits the method of speaking and writing the English Language agreeably to its true idioni, and the most approved usages. The words of which the language is composed, may be classed under ten heads, called parts of speech.
Remark. I should regard this early introduction of the grammar of our language to the attention of the young pupil, as a capital error in the arrangement of the parts of the Common School Manual, were I not convinced that I ha'e succeeded in stripping the subject of its learned and technical obscurity, and the consequent difficult, dry, and uninteresting dress in which it has generally appeared, and in tendering it simple, familiar, and inviting, and capable of being perfectly understood and correctly applied,
by ordinary pupils of ten or twelve years of age.
In the leading principles of the language, I have followed Mr. Murray ; not, however, because his system is unexceptionable, but because it is suthcient for all the purposes of teaching the language correctly; and, because, it is the only generally acknowledged system now in print. Besides, -it is no where prostituted to the base purpose of outraging common decency, by wantonly stabbing the reputation, and insulting the ashes of those who had previously dared to think or write on the same subject.
SPELLING.-LESSON 5. brine'-pit drõn'-ish fé'-răl
fire -màn brin'-ish drū'-id
fè'-rine fire'-ship dāte'-trēē dū'-ăl
fire'-stone dē'-mon dūr'-ing fi'-bril
fla'-grănt di'-ăl ē'-dite fi'-năl
flā'-měn di'-ět ē'-ther fi'-nite
fla'-tûs dire'-ful fa'-tăl
fire'-ball flo'-răl Jöle'-ful fā'-těd
fire'-bûsh flo-ret dolt'-ish · feel'-ing fire'-side flo'-rist. do'-nor fe'-line
fire'-brănd flū'-ěnt do'-tărd fè'-māle
READING.-LESSON 6. 4. The time may come', good man', when this poor
lamb will sport and play upon the green', and crop the tender grass', and the new blown rose'; when all its present pains and fears', will be lost in the pleasures of existence'; when its rich fleece of fine, soft wool', will amply repay you for your present care', and future labour',
5. From this poor lamb', you may rear a flock of thriving sheep', that shall one day whiten all your hills and fields', and fill your
house with wool and your purse with gain'. 6. And yet', good man', should the lamb die', and go back', like its dam, to its mother earth', your duty will have been done'; and your reward will be sure'. All good deeds', soon or late', meet with a just return. Your effort was
heari was righľ'; and your motive was good" : hence', you will be silent', and feel that God does all things well.
Obs. The pupil should be required to numerate and value each line of figures, until he can express their value with perfeci accuracy and facility.
The first Part of speech. "The now is the first part of speech; and it implies nume; Tlence, all words that stand for names, are nouns.
Ås, book, pen, bird, beast, man, fish, hill, world, hope, fear, sy, time, news, sin, grace, faith, &c.
Obs. 1. Now, you will always know a noun, because it Inscris name, and no other part of speech can be made a name. . Vames or Terms are given to whatever you can see, hear, taste, soucli, smell or feel, or of which you can speak or think.
All He other parts of speech are converted into nouns, when they are made the subject of thought or discourse.
Obs. 2. All the parts of speech derive their names from some properly which they respectively possess, or some office which. They perforin in the construction of language.
SPELLING.---LESSON 9. fü'-id
före'-tôôth frēz'-stone Cura'-ěnd före'-top frö'-ward gold'-bound före'-hånd fört'-ěd
gold-ing jeo-măn fö'-rúm fü'-mid
gold'-smith Cure'-most fra'-gor
ga'-lă grāte'-ful Core'-nôôn frā'-grănt
gāze'-fûl gră'-tis re'-part freel-born glēë'-ful
frēē'-höld go'-ing grāy'-ingi öze'-skin free”-măn
lle hugs a lamb to keep it warm';
Lets fall its head and seems to die!
Congeal its blood', and stop its breath',
One draught of milk", - saving sup.
grass on yon green plain'; And often yield a rich, soft fleece's
Repay your care', your wealth increase!. 4. Yet', should stern fate its life demand', And crush the labours of
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The second part of speech. The second part of speech is the article; and it is used to limit the meaning of the noun or name before which it is placed. There are but two articles in the language ;-a or an, and the. They are placed before nouns, and refer to them in limitation.
As, a book, a pen, a bird, a beast, the man, the hill, the world, the news, a sin, a grace, the faith, &c.
Ogs. You will henceforth know the article, for it comes be fore the name or noun, and limits its import.
SPELLING.LESSON 13. grëēn'-house he'-ro homel-spún
jū’ră grēēn'-ish hide'-bòûnd home'-ward
jū’-rist grēēn'-r00m hind'-most
hõpe'-IQI lā'-běl grēēn'-sward hire'-ling hu-măn lā'-bēnt grēēn'-wēēd höld-fãst hū'-mid lā'-bră grēēt'-ing
ire'-fül la'-pis grēë'-găl home'-bòrn i'-ris
lā'-těd hā'-lo home'-bred i'-těm
lao-tbnt hāte'-fûl home'-félt ja'-dish lāte'-ish hā'-tred home'-mäde jū’-lap
Little Mary. 1. Dr. John Blake, of Maine', had a daughter, called Mary'. She was about twelve years old'; had a fine form', a pretty face', blue eyes', rosy cheeks', and a rich growth of auburn hair'. She was very small of her age', and, therefore, was generally known by the name of Little Mary'.
2. Handsome as she was to look upon', yet, the beauties of her mind', the goodness of her heart', and the sweetness of her temper', gave her much higher and more powerful charms'. At four, she began to read'; and at six, she had gone through all her little story books', and could repeat many pretty hymns'.
3. Mary had good parents'; they made the path of her duty plain to her', and she followed it with cheerfulness'. At seven, she began her studies at Pine Hill School. Mrs. llall', the Madam', was very fond of her', and she soon became the idol of the whole school'.
4. The Madam feared that Mary would', by and by', learn herself that she was handsome ; and be vain of it'; and', in the end', would neglect her mind', and depend upon her beauty'; a rock on which has been wrecked the happiness of many thousand little girls'.
ADDITION.-LESSON 15. . 14. What is the amount of 38, 96, 124, 1172 and 16.
Answer, 1832. 15. What is the amount of 304, 201, 830, and 20 ?
Answer, 1355. 16. What is the amount of 32, 106, 41, 90, 12, 76, 13,000, 21 ?