1912, September 24.-The United States decided to send to Santo Domingo under the treaty of 1907 two commissioners and 750 marines to re-establish the orderly collection of customs. 1912, September 25.-The Nicaraguan revolutionary leader, General Mena, surrendered to the American forces.

R. of Rs. Vol. 47, p. 544.

1912, October 4.-Four United States marines were killed and five others wounded in the capture of a position held by Nicaraguan insurgents near Masaya, which menaced railroad communications with the coast. Forty of the insurgents were killed.

R. of Rs. Vol. 46, p. 544.

1912, October 6.-Town of Leon in Nicaragua, said to be the last stronghold of the revolutionists, surrendered to the American forces. Two American sailors and a marine were killed during an attack by rebels.

R. of Rs. Vol. 47, p. 544.


1912, November 15.-The final agreement between the United States and Great Britain, adopting, with certain modifications, the rules and method of procedure recommended in the award of September 7, 1910, of the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration, having been signed at Washington, July 20, 1912; the ratifications were exchanged.

Sup. Am. J. Inter. L. Vol. 7, p. 41.

1912, December 9.-Great Britain formally demanded that the United States either repeal the grant of free passage to American ships through the Panama Canal, or submit the matter to arbitration.

R. of Rvs. Vol. 47, p. 35.

1913, January 1.-The Commercial Treaty between Russia and the United States expired. It has been announced at St. Petersburg, however, that minimum rates would still be in effect. See Am. J. Inter. L. Vol. 7, p. 398. Am. R. of Rs. Vol. 47, p. 166.


1913, February 3.-A treaty was negotiated granting to the United States the exclusive right to construct a canal across Nicaragua, to establish a naval base in Fonseca Bay on the Pacific Coast and a lease for ninety-nine years, renewable at the pleasure of the United States, of coaling stations on the Great and Little Corn Islands in the Caribbean Sea. In return the United States is to pay Nicaragua the sum of $3,000,000 in gold, payment to be made to a depository, an American banking association, and to be used for public works or public education or the advancement of the welfare of Nicaragua as agreed by the contracting parties. The treaty was signed at Managua, February 8, sent to United States Senate February 25, ratified by National Assembly of Nicaragua, February 27. Washington Post, June 6, 1913.


1913, February 13.-The Arbitration Treaty extended for a period of five years.

R. of Rs. Vol. 47, p. 461.

Ratification advised by Senate, February 19.

Ratification by President, February 25, U. S. Treaty, Ser. No. 577.

By France, February 28. Ratifications exchanged at Washington, March 14, and proclaimed, March 15, 1913.

1913, February 20.-Two conventions signed at Washington for parcel post exchange between the Islands of, Martinique and Guadeloupe and the United States. French decree proclaimed in France, March 29, 1913. French text in L. O. France, March 31, 1913.

1913, February 26.-The Senate advised and consented to the ratification of an amended existing treaty signed by the representatives of the United States and Italy by which the rules of the decisions of the State and Federal Courts that an alien heir or representative cannot recover damages for the wrongful death. of a relative were in respect to Italian citizens modified. Article one of the amended treaty is as follows:

"The citizens of each of the high contracting parties shall receive in the states and territories of the other the most constant security and protection for their persons and property, for their rights, including that form of protection granted by any state or national law which establishes a civil responsibility for injuries or for death caused by negligence or fault, and gives to relatives or heirs of the injured party a right of action, which right shall not be restricted on account of the nationality of said relatives or heirs; and shall enjoy in this respect the same rights and privileges as are or shall be granted to nationals, provided that they submit themselves to the conditions imposed on the latter."

Am. J. Inter. L. Vol. 7, pp. 367 to 371.


1913, March 1.-Joint International Commission organized. First hearing March 17, 1913.

P. A. U. 36, 577.

1913, March 19.-By a statement issued by President Wilson after consultation with the Secretary of State, the United States repudiated the policy of (so called) dollar diplomacy in the far East.

Am. J. Inter. L. Vol.

p. 335.

1913, March 29.-Colombia refused the proposals of the United States for an option to construct an interoceanic canal from the Gulf of Araba on the Atlantic to the Pacific, through the region of the Atrato River, and that Colombia concede a coaling station in the Islands of San Andres and Providencia, the United States paying $10,000,000, the United States to use. her good offices to settle differences between Colombia and Panama and to grant Colombia preferential rights to the use of the canal.

N. Y. Nation, Apr. 3, 1913.

1913, April 4.-The Japanese Ambassador informally protested to the Secretary of State of the United States against the proposed legislation of California prohibiting ownership of land by Japanese.

R. of Rs. Vol. 47, p. 517.


1913, April 17.-Declaration effected by exchange of notes between United States and Panama, permitting consuls to take note in person or by authorized representatives of declarations of values of exports made by shippers before customs officers. Signed at Washington, April 17, 1913.

U. S. Treaty Ser. 578.

1913, April 24.-The Secretary of State of the United States presented to the diplomatic representatives of the various powers at Washington a plan for the peace of the world, providing for submission of all controversies to investigation by an international commission before war shall be declared.

R. of Rs. Vol. 47, p. 674.

1913, April 28.-Guatemala appealed to the United States following a demand from Great Britain for a settlement of $10,000,000 bond indebtedness.

R. of Rs. 47, 674.

1913, May 2.-The Government of the Republic of China was recognized by the United States.

1913, May 9.-The Japanese Ambassador at Washington formally protested against the Anti-Alien Land Bill passed by the legislature of California.

R. of Rs. Vol. 47, p. 674.

1912, May 9.-General Huerta, Provisional President of Mexico, informed the American Ambassador that as the United States refused to recognize the Mexican Administration the latter cannot grant diplomatic standing to the Ambassador.

R. of Rs. Vol. 47, p. 674.

1913, May 13.-The tribunal for the settlement of American and British pecuniary claims met in Washington for the hearing of claims. The arbitrators were:



1913, May 19.-The Anti-Alien Land Bill passed by the legislature of California was signed by Governor Johnson of California.

1913, May 30.-The Secretary of State announced that favorable replies to his peace plan had been received from Italy, Great Britain, France, Brazil, Sweden, Norway, Peru, Japan and Russia and they have asked for further details.


1913, May 31.-The renewal of the Arbitration Convention of 1908 for another period of five years was signed by British and American representatives.

1913, June 10.-The Supreme Court of the United States decided the appeal of Paul Charlton as next friend of Porter Charlton, Applt., against James J. Kelly, Sheriff of Hudson County, N. J., affirming the action of the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of New Jersey in dismissing a petition for a writ of habeas corpus.

The extradition of Porter Charlton, under charge of murder committed in Italy, was demanded. It was resisted on the ground that Italy had refused to extradite her citizens and that this discharged the United States from the reciprocal treaty obligation to surrender her own citizen.

It is decided that the Department of State treats the extradition treaty with Italy as still in force and that this is binding on the court and that the word "person" in the treaty includes citizens.


1913, June 16.-The renewal of the special arbitration treaty which will expire by limitation June 24th was agreed to by Norwegian and American representatives for another term of five years.

Wash. Post, June 17, 1913.

During the revolutionary changes in the Government of Mexico, and the consequent disorders, the Government of the United States has adhered scrupulously to the policy of non

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